Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Field Spaniel

Spaniel (Field)

Field Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.11.2014.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Flushing and retrieving dog. Ideal for rough shooting or companion for the country dweller. Not suitable for city.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 2Flushing Dogs
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
At one point in the breed’s history, the Cocker Spaniel and the Field Spaniel were the same breed only separated by weight. The Cocker Spaniel was shown under 25 pounds, and the Field Spaniel was shown over 25 pounds. The breed then took a different path, which nearly led to its destruction. The breed became a short-legged, heavy-boned dog, only 12 inches high and weighing as much as 40 pounds. In 1948, the Field Spaniel Society was reformed in Britain and breeders started eliminating the exaggerations in the breed. The breed now is a more balanced and a good working dog. During these intervening years, the English Cocker gained so many friends it is unlikely that the Field Spaniel will ever catch up. The Field Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1984.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Well balanced, noble, upstanding sporting Spaniel, built for activity and endurance.
KC
Well balanced, noble, upstanding sporting Spaniel built for activity and endurance.
UKC
It is a well-balanced, noble, sporting dog about 18 inches at the shoulders and weighing from 35 to 50 pounds. In proportion it is somewhat longer in body (measured from the prosternum to the buttocks) than it is tall. It is black, liver, golden liver, roan or mahogany in color, with a flat or slightly wavy coat.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Ideal for rough shooting or companion for the country dweller. Not suitable for city.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Unusually docile, active, sensitive, independent.
KC
Unusually docile, active, sensitive, independent.
UKC
Unusually docile, good natured. A good working dog.

HEAD

:
FCI
Conveys the impression of high breeding, character and nobility.
KC
Conveys the impression of high breeding, character and nobility. Well chiselled, occiput well defined, lean beneath eyes. A thickness here gives coarseness to whole head. Slightly raised eyebrows. Moderate stop. Nose well developed with good open nostrils. Muzzle long and lean neither snipy nor squarely cut. In profile curving gradually from nose to throat.
UKC
The head conveys the impression of high breeding, and must be in proportion with the size of the body.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Well chiselled, occiput well defined, lean beneath eyes. A thickness here gives coarseness to whole head. Slightly raised eyebrows.
UKC
Slightly wider at the back than at the brow, and lightly rounded on top with a well defined occiput. Clean and flat on the sides. Stop is moderate but nicely defined by the brows.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well developed with good open nostrils.
UKC
Large and fleshy with open nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Long and lean, neither snipy nor squarely cut. In profile curving gradually from nose to throat.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Long and lean with a straight nasal bone. In profile top line of muzzle is slightly divergent from top line of skull, and bottom line curves gradually from nose to throat. Muzzle is never snipey or squarely cut. Lean beneath the eyes.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Wide open but almond-shaped with tight lids showing no haw. Grave and gentle expression. Dark hazel in colour.
KC
Wide open but almond-shaped with tight lids showing no haw. Grave and gentle in expression. Dark hazel in colour.
UKC
Almond shaped, not too full, but not small, receding or overhung. Color dark hazel, brown or nearly black, depending on the color of the dog. Grave in expression, suggesting docility and intelligence, and showing no haw.

Ears

:
FCI
Moderately long and wide, set low and well feathered.
KC
Moderately long and wide, set low and well feathered.
UKC
Moderately long and wide, set low and sufficiently clad with nice setter-like feathers. They should fall in graceful folds, the lower parts curling inwards and backwards.

NECK

:
FCI
Long, strong and muscular enabling dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue.
KC
Long, strong and muscular enabling dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue.
UKC
Long, strong and muscular, so as to enable the dog to retrieve his game without undue fatigue.

BODY

:
FCI
Back and loin: Strong, level and muscular.
KC
Chest deep and well developed. Ribs moderately well sprung. Length of rib cage is 2two-thirds of the body length. Back and loin strong, level and muscular.
UKC
The chest is deep, but not too wide, with well developed forechest. Back is strong and level. Ribcage is long and moderately well sprung. Loin is short, strong and deep with little or no tuck-up. Croup is short and gently sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and well developed. Ribs moderately well sprung. Length of rib cage is two-thirds of the body length.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked. Set on low. Never carried above level of back. Nicely feathered, with lively action.
Docked: Docked by one third.
Undocked: Reaches approximately to the hocks. Of moderate length in balance with the rest of the dog.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Docked by one third. Set on low. Never carried above level of back. Nicely feathered, with lively action. Undocked: Set low. Never carried above level of back. Nicely feathered with lively action. Reaches approximately to the hocks. Of moderate length in balance with the rest of the dog.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs of moderate length. Straight, flat bone.
KC
Shoulders long and sloping and well laid back. Legs of moderate length. Straight, flat bone.
UKC
The shoulders should be long and sloping and well set back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long and sloping and well laid back.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs should be of fairly good length, with straight, clean, flat bone and nicely feathered. Dewclaws may be removed.

FEET

:
KC
Tight, round with strong pads and not too small.
UKC
Not too small, round with short, soft hair between the toes, and good strong pads. TAIL Docked or natural. Set on and carried low, if possible below the level of the back, in a straight line or with a slight downward inclination, never elevated above the back. In action, always kept low. If docked, to mature at about 4 to 6 inches in length.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Tight, round with strong pads and not too small.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, muscular.
KC
Strong, muscular; stifles moderately bent. Hocks well let down.
UKC
Strong and muscular, with broad thighs.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderately bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Stifles should be moderately bent and not turned either in or out. Rear pasterns short with bone that matches front legs. Dewclaws should be removed.

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Long, unhurried stride with great drive from the rear. Short, stumping action undesirable.
KC
Long, unhurried stride with great drive from the rear. Short, stumping action undesirable.
UKC
The gait is characterized by drive and the appearance of power rather than speed, indicative of the breed’s use as a hunter in dense cover and upland terrain. The stride is long and low. The head is carried proudly while in motion. The topline remains much the same whether in motion or standing. The legs move in a straight line with width between the front and rear legs that is appropriate to build and gait.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Long, flat, glossy and silky in texture. Never curly, short or wiry. Dense and weatherproof. Abundant feathering on chest, under body and behind legs, but clean from hock to ground.
KC
Long, flat, glossy and silky in texture. Never curly, short or wiry. Dense and weatherproof. Abundant feathering on chest, under body and behind legs, but clean from hock to ground.
UKC
Single, flat or slightly wavy. Sufficiently dense to resist the weather and not too short. Silky in texture, glossy and refined. Never curly, wooly or wiry. On chest, under belly and behind the legs, there should be abundant, but not excessive, feather. Clean below the hock joint.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Black, liver or roan. Any one of these with tan markings. In self-coloured dogs white or roan on chest permissible. Clear black/ white or liver/ white unacceptable.
KC
Black, black and tan, blue roan, blue roan and tan, liver, liver and tan, liver roan, liver roan and tan. In self coloured dogs, white or roan on chest is permissible. Clear black and white, liver and white, orange, red or golden unacceptable.
UKC
Black, liver, golden liver or roan, any permitted to have tri-color markings (tan over the eyes, on the cheeks, feet and pasterns). Bi-color dogs must have roaning or ticking, not clear white. Solid color dogs may have white or roan on the chest.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: approximately 46 cms (18 ins) at the shoulders. Weight: between 18-25 kgs (40-55 lbs).
UKC
Height about 18 inches at the withers, and weight from 35 to 50 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Approximately 45.7 cm (18 ins ) at the withers.

Weight

:
FCI
Between 18-25 kg (40-55 lbs).

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.