Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Entlebuch Cattle Dog

(Entlebucher Sennenhund)

Entlebucher Mountain Dog

Entlebucher


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Switzerland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
28.11.2001.
KC
May 2013

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Driving-, watch-, guard-, and farm dog. Today also a versatile working and agreeable family dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 3Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The “Entlebucher” is the smallest of the four Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. He originates from Entlebuch, a valley in the region of the Cantons Lucerne and Bern. The first description under the name “Entlibucherhund” dates from the year 1889, but for a considerable time after that date, no difference was made between Appenzell and Entlebuch Cattle Dogs. In the year 1913 four examples of this small herding dog with congenital bobtail were exhibited at the dog show in Langenthal and presented to Prof.Dr.Albert Heim, the great patron of the Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dog breeds. On account of the judges reports, they were entered into the Swiss Canine Stud Book (SHSB) as the fourth Mountain and Cattle Dog breed. However, the first standard was only completed in 1927. After August 28th 1926, the date of the foundation of the Swiss Club of Entlebuch Cattle Dogs initiated by Dr. B. Kobler, this breed was promoted and continued as purebred. As the small number of entries into the SHSB (Swiss Stud Book) shows, the breed developed only slowly.
The Entlebuch Cattle Dog received renewed impetus when, apart from his hereditary qualities as a lively, tireless driving dog, his outstanding suitability as a utility and companion dog was proved. Today, still on a modest scale, this attractive tricoloured dog has found his admirers and enjoys increased popularity as a family dog.
UKC
The Entlebucher (Entlebuch Mountain Dog/Entlebucher Cattle Dog) is the smallest of the four Swiss Sennenhund breeds. The crossing of the Roman Mastiffs with the local Swiss working dogs during the time of the Roman invasion of Europe resulted in the Sennenhunds: the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Appenzeller, Entlebucher and Bernese Mountain Dog. It is generally accepted that the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog was the first of these breeds, and the other three developed from it. The Entlebucher was primarily used by Alpine herdsmen to drive cattle. The Entlebucher was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1993.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Only just medium-sized, compactly built dog of slightly elongated shape. Tricolour like all the Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs, very agile and deft; alert, clever and friendly facial expression.
KC
Tri coloured. Medium sized Swiss herding dog. Solidly built, longer than high.
UKC
The Entlebucher is a less than medium size breed. The overall impression is that the body is longer than tall, although this is largely due to the depth of the brisket. They have a short, smooth coat and a bob tail. The Entlebucher is always tricolored with a black ground coat and rich rust and clear white markings.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Ratio of height at withers to length of the body = 8 10.
Ratio of length of muzzle to length of the skull = 9 10.
KC
Agile, alert, clever, high spirited.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively, high-spirited, self-assured and fearless. Good-natured and devoted towards people familiar to him, slightly suspicious of strangers. Cannot be bribed as a watch dog. Cheerful and capable of learning.
KC
Self assured and fearless. Good natured, devoted to family but may be slightly suspicious of strangers.
UKC
The Entlebucher is harmoniously built and very agile, with a friendly expression and pleasant personality. They are excellent herding and watch dogs.

HEAD

:
FCI
In harmonious proportion to the body, slightly wedge-shaped, clean. Head planes of muzzle and skull more or less parallel.
KC
Head in proportion to body, clean and slightly wedge shaped. Length of muzzle slightly shorter than length of skull. Planes of muzzle and skull almost parallel. Skull flat, broadest between ears, tapering gently towards the muzzle. Slight furrow and stop without prominent occiput. Lips close fitting with black pigmentation. Prominent, black nose.
UKC
The skull is flat on top. The stop is well-defined, but not exaggerated. The muzzle is straight, strong, and well-formed. There is a clear division of the forehead and cheeks into the muzzle. The lips are clean and rather tight.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Rather flat, relatively broad, broadest between set-on of ears; slightly tapering towards muzzle. Occipital bone barely visible. Frontal furrow barely pronounced.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, protruding slightly over front edge of lips.
UKC
The nose is always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, well chiselled, clearly set off from forehead and cheeks, tapering evenly but not pointed. Slightly shorter than distance from stop to occipital protuberance. Bridge of nose straight.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite. Level bite tolerated.

Lips

:
FCI
Barely pronounced, close-fitting to jaw, with black pigmentation.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong, regular and complete scissor bite. Even bite tolerated. Absence of one or two PM1 (premolar 1) tolerated. Absence of M3 (molar 3) not taken into consideration.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Barely pronounced.

Eyes

:
FCI
Rather small, roundish, dark brown to hazel. Expression lively, friendly, alert. Eyelids well fitting. Black pigmentation on rims.
KC
Medium sized, round, dark brown to hazel, well fitting eyelids, eye rims black, lively expression.
UKC
The rather small, dark brown eyes have a lively expression. Eye rims are black.

Ears

:
FCI
Not too big. Set on high and relatively wide. Flaps pendulous, triangular, well rounded at tip. Firm, well developed ear-cartilage. In repose lying flat and close to head; when alert, slightly raised at set-on and turned forward.
KC
Set on high. Medium sized, pendulous, triangular in shape, relatively wide at base, well rounded at tip. Lying flat in repose. When alert slightly raised and brought forward.
UKC
The medium size, triangular-shaped ears are rounded at the tips. They are set on high and hang down against the cheeks. They are carried slightly forward when the dog is alert, which is typical of all pasture dogs.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length, strong and clean, merging smoothly with the body.
KC
Moderate length, muscular, strong and clean, merging smoothly into shoulders.
UKC
The short, smooth neck is well set into the shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Strong, slightly elongated.
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height at withers. Forechest well developed. Broad, oval chest, well sprung ribs with brisket reaching at least to the elbow, with slight tuck up to underline. Back strong, level with broad, well muscled loin.
UKC
The body is rather long; the length is greater than the height. The backline is level, with a slight slope over the croup. The chest is deep and capacious, with well-sprung ribs. The chest is broad and well let down. The brisket is deep.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, firm, broad, relatively long.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong, supple, not too short.

Croup

:
FCI
Sloping slightly, relatively long.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep, reaching to the elbows. Pronounced forechest. Ribs moderately rounded. Ribcage extended, roundish-oval in diameter.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slight tuck up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural tail set on in continuation of the gently sloping croup. Congenital bobtail. Natural long tail and bobtail equally acceptable.
KC
Set on of tail follows the line of the gently sloping croup, or natural bobtail, both equally acceptable, hanging straight down when at rest, never kinked. In motion or when alert can be elevated but not curled over the back. Ring tail highly undesirable.
UKC
The Entlebucher is born with a natural bob-tail. Any medium-length or long tails are to be docked.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strongly muscled but not too heavy. Forelegs placed neither too wide nor too close together; forelegs short, sturdy, straight, parallel and placed well under the body.
KC
Shoulders long, strong, sloping and well muscled, forming a distinct angle with upper arm which appears approximately equal in length to shoulder. Elbows set close to body and positioned vertically below withers. Forearm well boned, straight when viewed from all sides. Slight slope to relatively short pastern.
UKC
The long, well-muscled shoulders are well laid back. They are never loose.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Muscular, shoulder blade long, slanting and well attached to the body.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Length equal or slightly shorter than shoulder blade. Angle to shoulder blade about 110-120 degrees.

Elbow

:
FCI
Well attached to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight and strong. Dewclaws may be removed from the forelegs.

Forearm

:
FCI
Relatively short, straight, well boned, clean.

Pastern

:
FCI
Seen from the front in straight continuation of the forearm; seen from the side very slightly angulated. Relatively short.

FEET

:
KC
Round and compact with well arched toes, turning neither in nor out. Pads thick and strong.
UKC
The feet are round and compact. The toes are arched and the nails are strong.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Roundish, with tight, well arched toes, pointing straight forward. Nails short and strong. Pads coarse and robust.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well muscled. Seen from behind hind legs not too close together, straight and parallel.
KC
Croup long, broad and gently sloping. Well developed first and second thigh with moderate bend of stifle. Hock joint strong and distinctly angulated. Hocks well let down. Viewed from behind, legs not too close together, straight and parallel.

Thigh

:
FCI
Fairly long. Forming a rather wide angle with the lower thigh at the stifle joint. Thighs broad and strong.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are straight and robust. The stifles are moderately bent. The hocks are well let down. The rear pasterns are straight when viewed from behind. Dewclaws must be removed from the hind legs.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Approximately equal length to upper thigh, clean.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Strong, set relatively low, well angulated.

Hock

:
FCI
Fairly short, sturdy, vertical and parallel in position. Dewclaws must be removed, except in those countries where the removal is prohibited by law.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Ground covering, free, easy movement with strong drive from rear. Seen from front or rear, legs track in a straight line.
KC
Free, easy movement with good drive from the hindquarters.
UKC
There is good reach in the forequarters. There is a powerful drive from the hindquarters. A level back is maintained during movement.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double coat (Stockhaar). Topcoat short, close fitting, harsh and shiny. Undercoat dense. Slightly wavy hair on withers and/or back tolerated, but not desirable.
KC
Double coated. Topcoat short, close fitting, harsh and shiny, dense undercoat. Slight wavy hair on withers and/or back tolerated but not desirable.
UKC
The short, hard hair coat has a bright, natural sheen.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Typically tricolour. Basic colour black with “yellow- to reddish-brown” tan markings which should be as symmetric as possible. The tan markings are placed above the eyes, on cheeks, on muzzle and throat, on either side of chest and on all four legs. On the legs the tan markings are situated between the black and the white. Undercoat dark grey to brownish.
White markings.
Distinct small with blaze which runs without interruption from top of the head over the bridge of nose and can wholly or partially cover the muzzle.
White from chin over throat without interruption to chest.
White on all four feet.
On a long tail white tip desirable.
Undesirable but tolerated small white patch on nape of neck (not more than half the size of a palm).
KC
Tricolour, predominant colour black, with symmetrical tan markings and clean white markings. Tan markings: above the eyes, on cheeks, muzzle, throat, either side of chest and on all four legs. Tan markings on the legs are between the black and the white. White markings: a distinct blaze which runs without break from top of head over bridge of nose, wholly or partially covering muzzle from under jaw to chest. White on all four feet. On full length tail a white tip is desirable. Small white patch on nape of neck is undesirable but tolerated.
UKC
The Entlebucher is tri-colored, with a jet black ground color and rich rust and clear white markings. Symmetry of markings is desired. The rust markings appear over each eye, on the cheeks (reaching to at least the corner of the mouth), on each side of the chest, on all four legs and under the tail. Wherever the rust markings appear, they are invariably located between the black and white areas. There is a white blaze and muzzle band. The white marking on the chest typically forms an inverted cross. White on the feet is desired, but must not extend higher than the pasterns.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at withers Dogs 44-50 cms (17 ½ - 19 ¾ ins); Bitches 42-48 cms (16 ½ - 19 ins). An upper size tolerance of 2 cms (¾ in) acceptable.
UKC
Height, measured at the withers, ranges from 16 to 20 inches. Weight ranges from 55 to 65 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 44-50 cm, tolerance up to 52 cm.
Bitches 42-48 cm, tolerance up to 50 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Feet longish, spread toes.
Movement short stride, stilted, close coming and going, weaving.
Faults in marking.
  • Interrupted blaze.
  • White patch on nape of neck bigger than half of a palm.
  • White distinctly reaching above pasterns (“boots”).
  • White not on all 4 feet.
  • White collar around the whole neck (serious fault).
  • Divided white on chest (serious fault).
  • Forelegs absence of tan between the white and the black (serious fault).
  • Absence of any white on head = totally black head (very serious fault).
Unsure behaviour, absence of liveliness, slight sharpness.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Lack of typical sex-specific appearance.
Distinctly unbalanced.
Bone too coarse or too fine.
Insufficient musculature.
Round skull.
Stop too defined.
Muzzle short, too long or snippy; nasal bridge not straight.
Mouth very slightly undershot.
Absence of teeth other than 2 PM1 (premolars 1).
Eyes too light, too sunken or protruding.
Eyelids slightly slack.
Ears too deep-set, too small or too pointed, carried standing-off or folded.
Back too short, swayback or roach back.
Croup overbuilt or falling away.
Chest too flat-ribbed or barrel-shaped, lacking in forechest.
Kinky tail; tail carried over back.
Forequarters not sufficiently angulated.
Forelegs turned out or crooked.
Pastern weak, or down on pastern.
Hindquarters not sufficiently angulated, cow-hocked or bandy legs, close behind.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Head: Round skull. Bulging forehead. Long, thin, or curved muzzle.
Teeth: Level bite. Incomplete dentition.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Ears: Short, pointed and/or badly carried ears.
Feet: Splay feet.
Coat: Too long or too soft hair.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Teeth: Overshot. Undershot.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Overly shy or aggressive.
Overshot, distinctly undershot or wry mouth.
Entropion, ectropion.
Yellow hawk eyes, wall eyes, blue eyes.
Ring tail.
Coat too long, soft (no double coat).
Faults in colour.
  • Other than tricoloured coat.
  • Basic colour other than black.
Undersize, oversize regarding tolerances.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Any color other than black. Albinism. Blue eyes.
Color: Albinism.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.