Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

English Springer Spaniel

Spaniel (English Springer)

English Springer Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
28.07.2009.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Flushing dog, Retriever.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 2Flushing Dogs
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Breed is of ancient and pure origins, oldest of sporting gundogs; original purpose was finding and springing game for net, falcon or greyhound. Now used to find, flush and retrieve game for gun.
UKC
The English Springer Spaniel is the oldest and best-established sporting gun dog. It is the taproot of all the sporting land spaniels (except the Clumber Spaniel). The name undoubtedly comes from his actions afield where he springs at his quarry and flushes it for the net, falcon or greyhound. Today he is used as a flusher and retriever. The breed's popularity has given way to the Cocker, but still remains in the top 20 most popular breeds of dogs. The English Springer Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1932.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Symmetrically built, compact, strong, merry, active. Highest on leg and raciest in build of all British land Spaniels.
KC
Symmetrically built, compact, strong, merry, active. Highest on leg and raciest in build of all British land Spaniels.
UKC
The English Springer Spaniel is a well-proportioned and balanced dog that is never overly exaggerated. This medium-sized dog has a compact body and the tail is usually docked. He is the tallest and raciest of the British land spaniels. He looks the part of a useful hunting dog, capable of great endurance, and at the same time is stylish and beautiful. The approximate size is about 20 inches at the shoulders and weight is about 50 pounds.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Breed is of ancient and pure origins, oldest of sporting gundogs; original purpose was finding and springing game for net, falcon or greyhound. Now used to find, flush and retrieve game for gun.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Friendly, happy disposition, biddable. Timidity or aggression highly undesirable.
KC
Friendly, happy disposition, biddable. Timidity or aggression highly undesirable.
UKC
Friendly, affectionate and easily trained. These qualities are essential when being trained for the field or shown in the ring. The Springer’s long ears, soft expression and happy disposition clearly show him to be a member of the ancient family of spaniels. It is uncharacteristic for a gun dog to be aggressive towards other dogs or people, therefore aggression is unacceptable behavior. Tentativeness is to be equally penalized with allowances for young puppies.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull of medium length, fairly broad, slightly rounded, rising from foreface, making a brow or stop, divided by fluting between eyes, dying away along forehead towards occipital bone which should not be prominent. Cheeks flat. Foreface of proportionate length to skull, fairly broad and deep, well chiselled below eyes, fairly deep and square in flew. Nostrils well developed.
UKC
The head should be impressive without being heavy. Its beauty lies in a combination of strength and refinement. Stop: Moderate, divided by a groove or fluting between the eyes that gradually gives way towards the occiput, which is not prominent. Cheeks: Are flat, and the face is well chiseled under the eyes.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Of medium length, fairly broad, slightly rounded, rising from foreface, making a brow or stop, divided by fluting between eyes, dying away along forehead towards occipital bone which should not be prominent.
UKC
Medium length and fairly broad, slightly rounded.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nostrils well developed.
UKC
Nostrils well open and broad, liver or black, depending on the color of the coat. Fully pigmented.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Foreface of proportionate length to skull, fairly broad and deep, well chiselled below eyes.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Approximately the same length as the skull, and when viewed from above, half the width of the skull. Lips come down full and rather square to cover the line of the lower jaw, but are not pendulous. Nasal bone is straight.

Lips

:
FCI
Fairly deep and square.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Flat.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium size, almond-shaped, not prominent nor sunken, well set in (not showing haw), alert, kind expression. Dark hazel. Light eyes undesirable.
KC
Medium size, almond-shaped, not prominent nor sunken, well set in (not showing haw), alert, kind expression. Dark hazel. Light eyes undesirable.
UKC
Medium size, oval shaped and set rather far apart. The color of the iris in harmony with the color of the coat, preferably a dark hazel in liver dogs and black or deep brown in black dogs. There is to be full pigmentation around the eye rims, matching the color of the coat. The lids are to be tight with little or no haw.

Ears

:
FCI
Lobular, good length and width, fairly close to head, set in line with eye. Nicely feathered.
KC
Lobular, good length and width, fairly close to head, set in line with eye. Nicely feathered.
UKC
Long, lobular and hanging close to the head, set on a line with the corner of the eye.

NECK

:
FCI
Good length, strong and muscular, free from throatiness, slightly arched, tapering towards head.
KC
Good length, strong and muscular, free from throatiness, slightly arched, tapering towards head.
UKC
Moderately long, muscular and slightly arched at the crest. Free from throatiness and smoothly blending into sloping shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Strong, neither too long nor too short.
KC
Strong, neither too long nor too short. Chest deep, well developed. Well sprung ribs. Loin muscular, strong with slight arch and well coupled.
UKC
The body is strong and compact, slightly longer than tall when measured from the forechest to the buttocks and the withers to the ground. Chest deep, but not so wide or round as to interfere with the action of the front legs. The brisket is sufficiently developed to reach to the elbows. The back is straight and strong, loin slightly arched, croup gently rounded to the set on of the tail. Very little tuck-up. Topline slopes very gently.

Loin

:
FCI
Muscular, strong with slight arch and well coupled.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, well developed. Well sprung ribs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Set low, never carried above level of back. Well feathered with lively action.
Undocked: Set low, never carried above level of back. Well feathered with lively action. In balance with the rest of the dog.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set low, never carried above level of back. Well feathered with lively action. Undocked: Set low, never carried above level of back. Well feathered with lively action. In balance with the rest of the dog.
UKC
Docked or natural, well furnished. Set follows the natural line of the croup. Carriage is level or slightly elevated, never straight up or tucked between the legs. Merry action is typical of the breed.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs straight and well boned.
KC
Forelegs straight and well boned. Shoulders sloping and well laid. Elbows set well to body. Strong flexible pasterns.
UKC
The shoulder blades slope back to form an angle with the upper arm of approximately 90 degrees, setting the legs well under the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping and well laid.

Elbow

:
FCI
Set well to body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs should be straight with good, but not excessive, bone. Elbows close, with free action from the shoulders. Strong, flexible pasterns.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong, flexible.

FEET

:
KC
Tight, compact, well rounded, with strong, full pads.
UKC
The feet are round, or slightly oval, compact, well arched, medium size with thick pads; well feathered between the toes. Excess hair may be removed to show the natural shape and size of the foot.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Tight, compact, well rounded, with strong, full pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hind legs well let down.
KC
Hindlegs well let down. Stifles and hocks moderately bent. Thighs broad, muscular, well developed. Coarse hocks undesirable.
UKC
The hips are well muscled and nicely rounded, blending smoothly into the hind legs. Moderate angulation at the stifle and the hock. Rear pasterns short, strong and parallel.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad, muscular, well developed.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderately bent.

Hock

:
FCI
Moderately bent. Coarse hocks undesirable.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Strictly his own. Forelegs swing straight forward from shoulder, throwing feet well forward in an easy free manner. Hocks driving well under body, following in line with forelegs. At slow movement may have a pacing stride typical of this breed.
KC
Strictly his own. Forelegs swing straight forward from shoulder, throwing feet well forward in an easy free manner. Hocks driving well under body, following in line with forelegs. At slow movement may have a pacing stride typical of this breed.
UKC
The Springer has a gait that is distinct and strictly his own. A prerequisite to good movement is balance of the front and rear assemblies. The forelegs should swing freely and smoothly from the shoulder, throwing the feet well forward. Rear legs reach well under the body, following the line of the front legs. The topline should neither dip nor roll when viewed from the side. At slow movements, many Springers have a pacing stride typical of the breed.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Close, straight and weather resisting, never coarse. Moderate feathering on ears, forelegs, body and hinquarters.
KC
Close, straight and weather resisting, never coarse. Moderate feathering on ears, forelegs, body and hindquarters.
UKC
The coat should consist of an outer coat and an under coat. The outer coat may be straight or wavy. The Springer's ears, chest, legs and belly are nicely furnished with a fringe of feathering. On the head, front legs and below the hocks on front of hind legs, the hair is short and fine. The under coat is short, soft and dense. Quantity of undercoat is affected by the climate and seasons, but some should be apparent. A proper coat substantially enhances the dog’s resiliency to adverse weather conditions. Minimal grooming is necessary to neaten up the head, ears, neck and feet. Quantity of coat is not to be preferred over correct condition and quality of coat. Over-trimming, or non-natural looks are to be penalized in the show ring.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Liver and white, black and white, or either of these colours with tan markings.
KC
Liver and white, black and white, or either of these colours with tan markings.
UKC
Liver and white, black and white, predominately white with black or liver markings, blue or liver roan, tricolor (any of the aforementioned colors with the addition of tan points, usually found above eyes, on cheeks, inside of ears and under the tail.) Any portion of the white coat may be flecked with ticking.

SIZE

:
KC
Approximate height: 51 cms (20 ins).
UKC
Ideal heights are: males, 20 inches; females, 19 inches. Weight ranges from 40 to 50 pounds, depending on the individual dog's dimensions.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Approximate height at withers 51 cm (20 ins).

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Even bite or misaligned teeth.
Eyes: Eyes that jut or are round, golden or harsh.
Gait: Elevated strides, uneven or short gait.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Teeth: Overshot, undershot, or wry mouth.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Characteristics: Dogs showing aggression towards people or other dogs in the ring are not to receive an award. Color: Any dog with a color and/or pattern not described above is not to receive an award.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.