Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

English Setter

English Setter

English Setter


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
28.07.2009.
KC
November 2002

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Pointing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 2.2British and Irish Pointers and Setters, Setter
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
As the name implies, the breed originated in England and may have been a trained bird dog for 400 years. The spaniel is considered the root stock of the breed. The development of the modern English Setter is largely attributed to Edward Laverack (1800-1877) who acquired a pair of setters, “Ponto” and “Old Moll”, from the kennels of a Rev. A. Harrisson in 1825. For the next 50 years, Laverack bred a line of setters famous for their hunting qualities and beauty. During the latter half of the 19th Century, R.L Purcell Llewellin acquired dogs from Laverack and made selective crosses with a focus on hunting that resulted in a unique strain of dogs. Dogs from both strains were exported world-wide, but the labels remain; today’s field setters are still commonly referred to as Llewellin setters while show dogs are more commonly referred to as Laverack setters. The English Setter was recognized by the United Kennel Club in the early 1900's.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Of medium height, clean in outline, elegant in appearance and movement.
KC
Of medium height, clean in outline, elegant in appearance and movement. The working English Setter may be proportionally lighter in build.
UKC
The English Setter is clean in outline, elegant in appearance, and efficient in movement. It is a symmetrical gun dog with the ideal balance of strength, stamina, grace and style. The field setter characteristically carries its tail higher, and is often smaller, lighter boned, and shorter coated than the show type. Color varies from white to tri-colored and includes white and orange ticked, white and blue ticked to tri-colored. Working dogs are not to be penalized under any conditions for scars or blemishes that are due to hunting injuries.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Very active with a keen game sense.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Very active with a keen game sense. Intensely friendly and good natured.
KC
Intensely friendly and good natured.
UKC
The disposition is that of a people-oriented, athletic gun dog. The temperament is affectionate, friendly, without shyness, fear or viciousness.

HEAD

:
FCI
Carried high; long and reasonably lean.
KC
Head carried high, long and reasonably lean, with well defined stop. Skull oval from ear to ear, showing plenty of brain room, a well defined occipital protuberance. Muzzle moderately deep and fairly square, from stop to point of nose should equal length of skull from occiput to eyes, nostrils wide and jaws of nearly equal length, flews not too pendulous; colour of nose black or liver, according to colour of coat.
UKC
The head is long and lean, with a well-defined stop. The skull is oval from ear to ear and of medium width, with a moderately defined occipital protuberance. The muzzle is long and square, with a width in harmony with that of the skull. The lips are square and fairly pendant. On field type dogs, the skull and muzzle may appear to have less length, but are balanced and in proportion to the overall dog.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Oval from ear to ear, showing plenty of brain room; occipital protuberance well-defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Colour of nose black or liver, according to colour of coat. Nostrils wide.
UKC
Is black or dark liver in color, except in white, orange and white, or liver and white, when it may be lighter colored.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Moderately deep and fairly square, from stop to point of nose should be equal to length of skull from occiput to eyes.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable.

Lips

:
FCI
Not too pendulous.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong and of nearly equal length, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Bright, mild and expressive. Colour ranging between hazel and dark brown, the darker the better. In liver beltons only, a lighter eye acceptable. Eyes oval and not protruding.
KC
Bright, mild and expressive. Colour ranging between hazel and dark brown, the darker the better. In liver beltons only, a lighter eye acceptable. Eyes oval and not protruding.
UKC
Bright, mild, intelligent and dark brown in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Moderate length, set on low, and hanging in neat folds close to cheek, tip velvety, upper part clothed in fine silky hair.
KC
Moderate length, set on low, and hanging in neat folds close to cheek, tip velvety, upper part clothed in fine silky hair.
UKC
Carried close to the head, well back and set low, of moderate length and level with the eye.

NECK

:
FCI
Rather long, muscular and lean, slightly arched at crest, and clean cut where it joins head, towards shoulder larger and very muscular, never throaty nor pendulous below throat, but elegant in appearance.
KC
Rather long, muscular and lean, slightly arched at crest, and clean-cut where it joins head, towards shoulder larger and very muscular, never throaty nor pendulous below throat, but elegant in appearance.
UKC
Not too throaty, should be long and lean and arched at the crest.

BODY

:
FCI
Moderate length.
KC
Moderate length, back short and level with good round widely sprung ribs and deep in back ribs, i.e. well ribbed up.
UKC
The chest should be deep, but not so wide or round as to interfere with the action of the forelegs. The back should be strong and straight and sloping very slightly from the withers to the tail. Loins should be strong and of moderate length.

Back

:
FCI
Short and level.

Loin

:
FCI
Wide, slightly arched, strong and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep in brisket, very good depth and width between shoulder blades. Ribs good round, widely sprung and deep in back ribs, i.e. well ribbed up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set almost in line with back, medium length, not reaching below hock, neither curly nor ropy, slightly curved or scimitar-shaped but with no tendency to turn upwards flag or feathers hanging in long pendant flakes. Feather commencing slightly below the root, and increasing in length towards middle, then gradually tapering towards end; hair long, bright, soft and silky, wavy but not curly. Lively and slashing in movement and carried in a plane not higher than level of back.
KC
Set almost in line with back, medium length, not reaching below hock, neither curly nor ropy, slightly curved or scimitar-shaped but with no tendency to turn upwards: flag or feathers hanging in long pendant flakes. Feather commencing slightly below the root, and increasing in length towards middle, then gradually tapering towards end, hair long, bright, soft and silky, wavy but not curly. Lively and slashing in movement and carried in a plane not higher than level of back.
UKC
Tail should be straight, taper to a point, and reach to the hock joint. Tail carriage is level with the back. The field-type carry their tail considerably higher and, when on point, can exhibit a nearly vertical “12 o'clock” tail, making it visible in taller cover. Regardless of the degree of carriage, the tail is straight, never sickle shaped, and should not curl above the level of the back. It should have a cracking action like a buggy whip while running and searching for game.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders well set back or oblique, chest deep in brisket, very good depth and width between shoulder blades, forearms straight and very muscular with rounded bone, elbows well let down close to body, pasterns short, strong, round and straight.
UKC
The shoulder blade is laid back to approach the ideal angle of 45 degrees from the vertical. They are fairly close together at the tips, but with sufficient width between the blades to allow the dog to easily lower its head to the ground.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well set back or oblique.

Elbow

:
FCI
Well let down close to body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The upper foreleg should be equal in length to the shoulder blade and form a 90-degree angle with the shoulder blade. This enables the elbow to be placed directly under the back edge of the shoulder blade and brings the heel pad directly under the pivot point of the shoulder, thus giving a maximum length of stride. When viewed from the front or side, the forelegs should be straight and parallel. The pastern should be short, strong, and nearly round, with the slope from the pastern joint to the foot deviating very slightly from the perpendicular.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and very muscular with rounded bone.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short, strong, round and straight.

FEET

:
KC
Well padded, tight, with close well arched toes protected by hair between them.
UKC
Should be closely set and strong; pads well developed and tough; toes well arched and protected with short, thick hair.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Well padded, tight, with close well arched toes protected by hair between them.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs well muscled including second thigh. Long from hip to hock.
KC
Loins wide, slightly arched, strong and muscular, legs well muscled including second thigh, stifles well bent and thighs long from hip to hock, hock inclining neither in nor out and well let down.
UKC
The length of the croup determines the tail set. The pelvis should slope at an angle of 30 degrees from the horizontal. The length of the upper thigh should be equal with the pelvis to provide balance.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh should be muscular, with well-developed lower thighs. It should have a well-bent stifle. Hocks should be wide and flat. When viewed from the rear the legs should be straight and parallel.

Hock

:
FCI
Inclining neither in nor out and well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free and graceful action, suggesting speed and endurance. Free movement of the hock showing powerful drive from hindquarters. Viewed from rear, hip, stifle and hock joints in line. Head naturally high.
KC
Free and graceful action, suggesting speed and endurance. Free movement of the hock showing powerful drive from hindquarters. Viewed from rear, hip, stifle and hock joints in line. Head naturally high.
UKC
An effortless graceful movement demonstrating speed and endurance while covering the ground efficiently. When moving at a trot, the properly balanced dog will have a tendency to converge toward a line representing the center of gravity of the dog.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
From back of head in line with ears slightly wavy, not curly, long and silky, as is coat generally, breeches and forelegs nearly down to feet well feathered.
KC
From back of head in line with ears slightly wavy, not curly, long and silky as is coat generally, breeches and forelegs nearly down to feet well feathered.
UKC
Should be flat and of good length without curl, not soft or woolly in texture. The coat should have moderate but adequate feathering on the ears, chest, belly, underside of the thighs, the back of all legs and on the tail. It Field type setters typically carry less length of feathering but retain the same properties of texture.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Black and white (blue belton), orange and white (orange belton), lemon and white (lemon belton), liver and white (liver belton) or tricolour, that is blue belton and tan or liver belton and tan, those without heavy patches of colour on body but flecked (belton) all over preferred.
« Belton » is the customary term used for the description of the distinctive coat-ticking of the English Setter. Belton is a village in Northumberland. This expression has been created and spread out by the book about the English Setter written by Mr. Edward Lavarack, breeder who has had a preponderant influence upon the actual appearance of the breed (note of the standard committee).
KC
Black and white (blue belton), orange and white (orange belton), lemon and white (lemon belton), liver and white (liver belton) or tricolour, that is blue belton and tan or liver belton and tan, those without heavy patches of colour on body but flecked (belton) all over preferred.
UKC
Black, white and tan; black and white; blue belton; lemon and white; lemon belton; orange and white; orange belton; liver and white; liver belton; and solid white. Dogs without heavy patches of color on the body, but flecked all over, are preferred.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 65-69 cms (251/2-27 ins); bitches: 61-65 cms (24-251/2 ins).
UKC
About 25 inches and 55 to 70 pounds for males, about 24 inches and 50 to 60 pounds for females; however, allowances are made proportionately to include the smaller and lighter field type setters.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 65-68 cm (25,5-27 ins).
Bitches 61-65 cm (24-25,5 ins).

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Note to breeders: The English Setter has become two distinct types in some parts of the world. In North America, in particular, while show type setters have won awards in some hunting events, field trial dogs are rarely if ever competitive in the show ring. It should be the goal of all English Setter breeders to adopt and promote the UKC philosophy of the "total dog,” that is, to have a dog that is a good example of the breed standard and can do a good job for which it was created, to hunt.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.