Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Mastiff

Mastiff


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Watch and security dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

KC
Working

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Mastiff, perhaps not in exactly the form as we know it today, has been with us for many hundreds of years, and played its part in history since well before the Battle of Agincourt, in the early fifteenth century. Even then the Mastiff was known for his courage and guarding instincts. It is recorded that when the Romans invaded Britain they found a mastiff type dog already here, and were so impressed that they took some back to fight in the arenas of Rome. When the Normans came to Britain the mastiff type was so common that the French word dogue found its way into the English language.
The breed almost became extinct in Britain after the Second World War. Stock was then imported, and since that time the numerical strength and quality of the breed have taken an upsurge. Combining grandeur with good nature, he is an extremely large dog in both height and girth, broad and deep in body, full of substance, with large strong bones.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Head, in general outline, giving a square appearance when viewed from any point. Breadth desired and in ratio to length of whole head and face as 2 3.
Body broad, deep, long, powerfully built, on legs wide apart and set. Muscles sharply defined.
Size is desirable, but only if combined with quality and if absolute soundness is maintained. Height and substance important if both points are proportionately combined. Large, powerful, well-knit frame.
KC
Head, in general outline, giving a square appearance when viewed from any point. Breadth desired and in ratio to length of whole head and face as 2 : 3. Body broad, deep, long, powerfully built, on legs wide apart and set. Muscles sharply defined. Size is desirable, but only if combined with quality and if absolute soundness is maintained. Height and substance important if both points are proportionately combined.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Length of body taken from point of shoulder to point of buttock greater than height at withers.
KC
Large, powerful, well knit frame. A combination of grandeur and courage.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
A combination of grandeur and courage. Calm, affectionate to owners, but capable of guarding. Usually indifferent with strangers; timidity is unacceptable.
KC
Calm, affectionate to owners, but capable of guarding. Usually indifferent with strangers; timidity is unacceptable.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull broad between ears, forehead flat, but wrinkled when attention is excited. Brows (superciliary ridges) slightly raised. Muscles of temples and cheeks (temporal and masseter) well developed. Arch across skull of a flattened curve, with depression up centre of forehead from median line between eyes, to halfway up sagittal suture. Muzzle short, broad under eyes, and keeping nearly parallel in width to end of nose; truncated, i.e. blunt and cut off squarely, thus forming a right angle with upper line of face, of great depth from point of nose to under-jaw. Under-jaw broad to end. Nose broad, with widely spreading nostrils when viewed from front, flat (not pointed or turned up) in profile. Lips diverging at obtuse angles with septum, and slightly pendulous so as to show a square profile. Length of muzzle to whole head and face as 1 : 3. Circumference of muzzle (measured mid-way between eyes and nose) to that of head (measured before the ears) as 3 : 5. Whilst in repose, any exaggeration of wrinkle or excess of loose skin is unacceptable in mature adults.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Skull broad between ears, forehead flat, but wrinkled when attention is excited. Brows (superciliary ridges) slightly raised. Arch across skull of a flattened curve, with depression up centre of forehead from median line between eyes, to halfway up sagittal suture.

Stop

:
FCI
Stop between eyes well marked but not too abrupt.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black. Broad, with widely spreading nostrils when viewed from front, flat (not pointed or turned up) in profile.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Short, broad under eyes, and keeping nearly parallel in width to end of nose; truncated, i.e. blunt and cut off squarely, thus forming a right-angle with upper line of face, of great depth from point of nose to under-jaw. Length of muzzle to whole head and face as 1 3. Circumference of muzzle (measured mid-way between eyes and nose) to that of head (measured before the ears) as 3 5. Whilst in repose, any exaggeration of wrinkle or excess of skin is unacceptable in mature adults.
KC
Canine teeth healthy; powerful and wide apart; incisors level, or lower projecting beyond upper but never so much as to become visible when mouth is closed.

Lips

:
FCI
Lips diverging at obtuse angles with septum and slightly pendulous so as to show a square profile.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Under-jaw broad to end. Canine teeth healthy; powerful and wide apart. Incisors level (pincer bite, edge to edge) or lower projecting beyond upper (reversed scissor bite) but never so much as to become visible when mouth is closed.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Muscles of temples and cheeks (temporal and masseter) well developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Moderate size, wide apart. Colour hazel brown, darker the better, showing no haw. Loose eyelids highly undesirable. Free from obvious eye problems.
KC
Moderate size, wide apart. Stop between eyes well marked but not too abrupt. Colour hazel brown, darker the better, showing no haw. Loose eyelids highly undesirable. Free from obvious eye problems.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, thin to touch, wide apart, set on at highest points of sides of skull, so as to continue outline across summit and lying flat and close to cheeks when in repose.
KC
Small, thin to touch, wide apart, set on at highest points of sides of skull, so as to continue outline across summit, and lying flat and close to cheeks when in repose.

NECK

:
FCI
Slightly arched, moderately long, very muscular, and measuring in circumference about 2,5 – 5 cms less than skull before ears.
KC
Slightly arched, moderately long, very muscular, and measuring in circumference about 2.5-5 cms (1-2 ins) less than skull before ears.

BODY

:
KC
Chest wide, deep and well let down between forelegs. Ribs arched and well rounded. False ribs deep and well set back to hips. Back and loins wide and muscular; flat and very wide in bitch, slightly arched in dog. Great depth of flanks. Topline level and maintained whilst on the move. Length of body taken from point of shoulder to point of buttock greater than height at withers.

Topline

:
FCI
Level.

Back

:
FCI
Wide and muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Wide and muscular; flat and very wide in bitch, slightly arched in dog.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide, deep and well let down between forelegs. Ribs arched and well rounded. False ribs deep and well set back to hips. Underline and belly Great depth of flanks.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, and reaching to hocks, or a little below them, wide at its root and tapering to end, hanging straight in repose, but forming a curve with end pointing upwards, but not over back, when dog is excited.
KC
Set on high, and reaching to hocks, or a little below them, wide at its root and tapering to end, hanging straight in repose, but forming a curve with end pointing upwards, but not over back, when dog is excited.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Balanced and in harmony with hindquarters.
KC
Shoulder and arm slightly sloping, heavy and muscular. Legs straight, strong and set wide apart; bones being large. Elbows square. Pasterns upright. Balanced and in harmony with hindquarters.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, heavy and muscular.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, heavy and muscular.

Elbow

:
FCI
Elbows square.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs straight, strong and set wide apart; bones being large.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pasterns upright.

FEET

:
KC
Large, round and tight. Toes well arched. Nails black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large, round and tight. Toes well arched. Nails black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Broad, wide and muscular. Strength in hindquarters is of paramount importance, cow hocks in mature adults is unacceptable.
KC
Broad, wide and muscular, with well developed second thighs, hocks bent, wide apart, and quite squarely set when standing or walking. Strength in hindquarters is of paramount importance, cow hocks in mature adults unacceptable.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks bent, wide apart, and quite squarely set when standing or walking.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Powerful, easy extension, driven from the rear, fluent, sound, with ground-covering strides. Level topline maintained whilst on the move. Tendency to pace is undesireable. Absolute soundness essential.
KC
Powerful, easy extension, driven from the rear, fluent, sound, with ground-covering strides. Tendency to pace is undesirable. Absolute soundness essential.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and close-lying, but coarse over neck and shoulders.
KC
Short and close-lying, but coarser over neck and shoulders.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Apricot, fawn or brindle. In any case, muzzle, ears and nose should be black with black around eye rims, and extending upwards between them. Excessive white on body, chest or feet is unacceptable.
KC
Apricot, fawn or brindle. In any case, muzzle, ears and nose should be black with black around eye rims, and extending upwards between them. Excessive white on body, chest or feet is unacceptable.

SIZE

:

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.