Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

English Cocker Spaniel

Spaniel (Cocker)


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
08.10.2012.
KC
December 2011

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Flushing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 2Flushing Dogs
With working trial

KC
Gundog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Cocker Spaniels were recognized as a separate breed from Field and Springer Spaniels soon after the formation of the Kennel Club in 1873. He originated as the ‘cocking spaniel’, and derived this name from flushing woodcock. As with a number of gundog breeds there is nowadays a difference between those used for work and those used for show the show Cocker is a sturdier, heavier version of his working counterpart.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Merry, sturdy, sporting; well balanced; compact.
KC
Merry, sturdy, sporting; well balanced; compact; measuring approximately same from withers to ground as from withers to root of tail.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Measuring approximately the same from withers to ground as from withers to root of tail.
KC
Merry nature with ever-wagging tail shows a typical bustling movement, particularly when following scent, fearless of heavy cover.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Merry nature with ever-wagging tail shows a typical bustling movement, particularly when following scent, fearless of heavy cover. Gentle and affectionate, yet full of life and exuberance.
KC
Gentle and affectionate, yet full of life and exuberance.

HEAD

:
KC
Square muzzle, with distinct stop set midway between tip of nose and occiput. Skull well developed, cleanly chiselled, neither too fine nor too coarse. Cheek bones not prominent. Nose sufficiently wide for acute scenting power.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Well developed, cleanly chiselled, neither too fine nor too coarse.

Stop

:
FCI
Distinct, set midway between tip of nose and occiput.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Sufficiently wide for acute scenting power.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Square.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Not prominent.

Eyes

:
FCI
Full, but not prominent. Dark brown or brown, never light, but in the case of liver, liver roan and liver and white, dark hazel to harmonize with coat; with expression of intelligence and gentleness but wide awake, bright and merry; rims tight.
KC
Full, but not prominent. Dark brown or brown, never light, but in the case of liver, liver roan and liver and white, dark hazel to harmonise with coat; with expression of intelligence and gentleness but wide awake, bright and merry; rims tight.

Ears

:
FCI
Lobular, set low on level with eyes. Fine leathers extending to nose tip. Well clothed with long, straight silky hair.
KC
Lobular, set low on a level with eyes. Fine leathers extending to nose tip. Well clothed with long, straight silky hair.

NECK

:
FCI
Moderate in length, muscular. Set neatly into fine sloping shoulders. Clean throat.
KC
Moderate in length, muscular. Set neatly into fine sloping shoulders. Clean throat.

BODY

:
FCI
Strong, compact.
KC
Strong, compact. Chest well developed and brisket deep; neither too wide nor too narrow in front. Ribs well sprung. Loin short, wide with firm, level topline gently sloping downwards to tail from end of loin to set on of tail.

Topline

:
FCI
Firm, level, gently sloping downwards to tail from end of loin to set on of tail.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, wide.

Chest

:
FCI
Well developed and brisket deep; neither too wide nor too narrow in front. Ribs well sprung.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on slightly lower than line of back. Must be merry in action and carried level, never cocked up. Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Never too short to hide, nor too long to interfere with, the incessant merry action when working.
Undocked: Slightly curved, of moderate length, proportionate to size of body giving an overall balanced appearance; ideally not reaching below the hock. Strong at the root and tapering to a fine tip; well feathered in keeping with the coat. Lively in action, carried on a plane not higher than level of back and never so low as to indicate timidity.
KC
Set on slightly lower than line of back. Must be merry in action and carried level, never cocked up. Previously customarily docked. Docked: Never too short to hide, nor too long to interfere with, the incessant merry action when working. Undocked: Slightly curved, of moderate length, proportionate to size of body giving an overall balanced appearance; ideally not reaching below the hock. Strong at the root and tapering to a fine tip; well feathered in keeping with the coat. Lively in action, carried on a plane not higher than level of back and never so low as to indicate timidity.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs well boned, straight, sufficiently short for concentrated power. Not too short to interfere with tremendous exertions expected from this grand, sporting dog.
KC
Shoulders sloping and fine. Legs well boned, straight, sufficiently short for concentrated power. Not too short to interfere with tremendous exertions expected from this grand, sporting dog.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping and fine.

FORELEGS

:

FEET

:
KC
Firm, thickly padded, cat-like.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Firm, thickly padded, cat-like.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Wide, well rounded, very muscular; legs well boned.
KC
Wide, well rounded, very muscular. Legs well boned, good bend of stifle, short below hock allowing for plenty of drive.

Stifle

:
FCI
Good bend.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock joint

:
FCI
Short below the hock joint, allowing for plenty of drive.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
True through action with great drive covering ground well.
KC
True through action with great drive covering ground well.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Flat, silky in texture, never wiry or wavy, not too profuse and never curly. Well feathered forelegs, body and hind legs above hocks.
KC
Flat, silky in texture, never wiry or wavy, not too profuse and never curly. Well feathered forelegs, body and hindlegs above hocks.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Solid colours Black; red; golden; liver (chocolate); black-and-tan; liver-and-tan; No white allowed except a small amount on chest.
Particolours Bicolours; Black and white; orange and white; liver and white; lemon and white. All with or without ticking.
Tricolours Black, white and tan; liver, white and tan.
Roans Blue roan; orange roan; lemon roan; liver roan; blue roan and tan; liver roan and tan.
Any colour or marking other than the above is undesirable.
KC
Solid colours Black; red; golden; liver (chocolate); black and tan; liver and tan. No white allowed except a small amount on chest. Particolours Bicolours: Black and white; orange and white; liver and white; lemon and white. All with or without ticking. Tricolours: Black, white and tan; liver, white and tan. Roans: Blue roan; orange roan; lemon roan; liver roan; blue roan and tan; liver roan and tan. Any colour or marking other than the above is undesirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Height approximately: dogs: 39-41 cms (151/2-16 ins); bitches: 38-39 cms (15-151/2 ins). Weight approximately: 13-14.5 kgs (28-32 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Height approximately Males 39 - 41 cms
Females 38 - 39 cms.

Weight

:
FCI
Weight approximately 13 - 14, 5 kgs

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.