Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

East-Siberian Laika

(Vostotchno-Sibirskaïa Laïka)

East Siberian Laika

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

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FCI
Russia.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
13.10.2010.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Hunting dog for all-round purposes.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 2Nordic Hunting Dogs
With working trial

UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Anna Samsonova, edited by Dr. Eugene Yerusalimsky. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland and Renée Sporre-Willes / Original version (EN).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
This native Russian hunting breed is one of the principle hunting dogs of the Taiga region as well as mountain areas in Central and East Siberia. The breed evolved from off-spring of Tungus, Yakut, pre-Baikal and pre-Amur Laikas. The first description of the pre-Amur Laika, which later become the basis of the breed standard, dates from the beginning of the 20th century. In 1947 East-Siberian Laika achieved breed status. In 1949 the provisional standard was published and in 1981 the final standard for was approved.
Nowadays the East-Siberian Laika is widespread in its native/original areas. Foundation stock from kennels with dogs well established in type and ability to work has been introduced to the Irkutsk region of the Russian Federation.
There is a vast population of the breed in the European part of Russia, especially in the Leningrad, Smolensk, and Tver regions and part of the Moscow region. The East-Siberian Laika is also appreciated in Scandinavia.
UKC
The East Siberian Laika is descended from the Spitz-like Aboriginal dogs that were most likely brought to the areas of the Baikal Lake region, Irkutsk Province, Evenki National Territory, Amur River basin and the Maritime Territory by tribes that were migrating from the west. Early Laikas in the east of Siberia were diverse in their size, head proportions, size of ears and shape and carriage of tail. Some of this diversity is still seen in the breed today. The East Siberian Laika is the largest of the Russian Laika breeds used for hunting. It is also used as an all purpose draft, sledge and drover dog. The East Siberian Laika was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
Dog of medium size with strong and compact built. The length of the body, from the forechest to the buttocks, is slightly superior to the height at the withers. The head is rather big and very strong.
The muscles are well developed. Strong bone structure; more powerful in males than in females. Sexual dimorphism is clearly pronounced.
UKC
The East Siberian Laika is a large, strong dog, nearly square in proportion, with a typical Spitz type head and a medium length, double coat of varying colors.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI

Males almost rectangular to rectangular and female slightly longer.
Index of format (height/length) Males 100/104-109.
Females 100/106-111.
The height at the withers exceeds the height at the croup by 1-2 cm (males) and is equal to or exceeds the height at the croup by 1 cm (females). The length of the muzzle is slightly less than half the length of the head.
The height from ground to elbow is equal to half the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
Steady, balanced temperament. A vigorous dog with a very well developed sense of scent and detection of game and a pronounced passion for hunting, especially larger prey. Very independent when hunting. Friendly, kind and trustful towards people.
UKC
A natural hunting dog, the East Siberian Laika has a strong instinct to hunt both large and small game. The breed is territorial and prone to be aggressive to any dog of the same sex that invades its property. They are not normally aggressive towards people, but can be good watchdogs.

HEAD

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FCI
Strong, rather big in proportion to the body; wedge-shaped it forms an equilateral triangle when viewed from above. Cranial area is relatively broad, especially in males.
UKC
The head is wedge shaped.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
The length of the skull is slightly more than the width. Superciliary arches only slightly developed; saggital crest and occiput are well pronounced.
UKC
The skull is broad, with a well-defined occipital protuberance. The stop is gradual, not abrupt.

Stop

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FCI
Gradually and moderately pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Black of medium size. In white and fawn dogs a brownish nose is tolerated.
UKC
Black, except in white or pale yellow dogs, where a brown nose is permitted.

Muzzle

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FCI
The length of the muzzle is a little less than the length of the skull. Viewed in profile the muzzle is wedge-shaped, moderately blunt
UKC
The muzzle is nearly as long as the skull. In profile, it is wedge shaped, with tight, dry lips. The top line of the muzzle lies in a plane parallel to the top of the skull.

Lips

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FCI
Moderately tight, but not pendulous.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Teeth white, large, strong, well developed and evenly positioned. Complete (42 teeth) dental formula; scissor bite.
UKC
The East Siberian Laika has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

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FCI
Cheekbones pronounced but not exaggerated.

Eyes

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FCI
Medium sized, oval shaped, slanting, neither deep set, nor protruding, with truthful and friendly expression. The eyes are dark brown or any shade of brown in accordance with coat colour.
UKC
Oval in shape, not large, dark in color, and set obliquely.

Ears

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FCI
Pricked, mobile, V-shaped with pointed or slightly rounded tips. Ears set wide, in line with the eyes. Ear-lobes are developed slightly. Inner part of the ear is well coated.
UKC
Pricked, triangular in shape.

NECK

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FCI
Muscular, dry, round or slightly oval in cross-section; the length is equal to that of the head or a little bit shorter. The neck is set at approximately 40° - 50° to the horizontal.
UKC
Nearly as long as the head, and muscular.

BODY

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UKC
The body is square or slightly longer than tall. Females may be slightly longer than males. The chest is deep, broad and muscular. The withers are well developed, rising above the line of the back. The loin is broad, muscular and slightly arched and the croup is broad, fairly long and slightly sloping. There is moderate tuck up.

Topline

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FCI
Firm and straight, sloping from the withers to the tail-set.

Withers

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FCI
Well developed, pronounced, especially in males, rising above the topline by 1-2 cm; moderately developed in females.

Back

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FCI
Straight, strong, well-muscled, moderately broad.

Loin

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FCI
Short, moderately broad, well-muscled and slightly prominent.

Croup

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FCI
Broad, slightly sloping, relatively long.

Chest

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FCI
Broad, deep (the chest reaches the point of the elbow or 1-2 cm below, especially in males), long; oval-shaped in lateral (cross) section.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Tucked up; the underline from the chest to the abdominal cavity rises slightly.

TAIL

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FCI
Curled or in sickle shape carried over the back. A sickle shape tail carried without touching the back or semi-dropped is acceptable. When fully straightened it reaches the hock joint or may be 1 to 2 cm shorter.
UKC
The tail is either sickle or ring shaped. The sickle tail is carried erect or curved toward the loins. The ring tail lies on the croup or buttocks. The tail is nearly long enough to reach to the hock.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Legs lean, muscular; viewed from the front are straight, moderately wide set and parallel. The height of the forelegs from the elbow to the ground is equal to half the height at the withers.
UKC
The forequarters are well angulated.

Shoulder

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FCI
Shoulder blades are long, muscular and moderately laid back.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Long, moderately oblique, muscular. The angle between the shoulder blade and the upper arm is well pronounced.

Elbow

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FCI
Fitting close to the body; point of the elbows are well developed and placed back parallel to the axis of the body.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Straight and parallel, with slightly inclined pasterns. Length of the leg from ground to elbow is slightly more than half the height at the withers.

Forearm

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FCI
Straight, dry, muscular, round in cross-section, viewed from the front moderately wide and parallel.

Pastern

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FCI
Not long, slightly inclined when viewed from the side.

FEET

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UKC
The feet are nearly round. Dewclaws may be apparent.

Forefeet

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FCI
Round or slightly oval, arched with tightly knit toes.

Hind feet

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FCI
Round or slightly oval, arched with tightly knit toes. Hind feet are slightly smaller than forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Muscular, with well defined angulations of all articulations.
When viewed from the rear the legs are straight and parallel.
UKC
The hindquarters are well angulated.

Thigh

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FCI
Moderately long, placed slightly obliquely.

Stifle

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FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
Straight and parallel, with good angulation at the stifle and hock joints. Rear pasterns vertical.

Lower thigh

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FCI
Long, placed obliquely, not shorter than the upper thighs.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Placed almost vertically. Seen from the side, a perpendicular line, from the buttocks to ground, should fall close to the front of the rear pastern, or slightly further of it.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Free mover. Typical movement is a far-reaching trot, alternating with gallop or walking pace.
UKC
The typical gait is a gallop, alternating with a trot.

SKIN

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FCI
Sufficiently thick and elastic; without any folds and subcutaneous cellular tissue.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI

Outer coat is harsh and straight. Undercoat is well developed, soft, rich and woolly. The coat on the head and ears is dense, short and shining.
The coat on shoulders and the neck is longer than on the body and forms a collar; on the cheekbones it forms side-whiskers. In males the coat on the withers is longer.
Limbs are covered with short, harsh, dense coat, which is only slightly longer on the back side of the fore limbs. The coat on the back of the rear legs forms trousers without feathering.
There is a protective growth of brush-like hair between the toes. The tail is profusely covered with straight and harsh hair that is just slightly longer on the underside but without feathering.
UKC
The medium length coat is double, with a coarse, dense, straight outer coat, and a soft, dense undercoat. The coat forms a collar on the neck and shoulders and a mane in males over the withers. The skin is thick, without folds.

COLOUR

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FCI
The most typical colours are black and tan, black, black and white, white and white with patches – piebald. Slight specks in shades of the main colour are permitted on the legs.
UKC
Pepper and salt, white, grey, black, red, and brown in all shades; patches, ticked; ticking in the corresponding color is permitted on the limbs.

SIZE

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Height at withers

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FCI
Males 57 - 64 cms. Females 53 - 60 cms.
UKC
Height for males is 21.5 to 25 inches. For females, it is 21 to 24 inches.

FAULTS

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FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
  • Deviation from the sexual characteristics.
  • Prominent forehead and snipy muzzle.
  • Partly missing pigmentation of the nose, lips, and eyelids.
  • Pale pigmented nose.
  • Absence of not more than 4 premolars PM1- PM2.
  • Pincer bite after the age of 6 years.
  • Teeth small and sparsely set.
  • Light or amber coloured eyes in dogs with all black coat colour.
  • Big ears; set low; soft in ear carriage; not enough hair inside ears.
  • Neck too oval in cross section.
  • Soft or roached back.
  • Long in loin; straight; arched loin.
  • Croup horizontal or steep.
  • Flat ribbed chest; narrow; lacking forechest; shallow.
  • Straight shoulders, bowed forearms, elbows turned out- or inwards.
  • Up-right or weak in pasterns.
  • East-west pointing feet; pigeon-toed feet.
  • Hindquarters slightly lacking correct angulations; cow hocked.
  • Splayed or soft feet, insufficiently developed hair between the toes.
  • Rear dewclaws.
  • Restricted gait.
  • Colour specks in nuances of base colour, on the body or head.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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FCI

  • Obvious deviation from the sexual characteristics.
  • Slight intolerance to people.
  • Obese or meagre.
  • Coarse in head.
  • Short muzzle; snipy nose.
  • Deep or hardly visible stop.
  • More than 4 missing premolars, including PM1 & PM2.
  • Round protruding eyes.
  • Ears with rounded tips, overdeveloped ear-lobes.
  • Square bodied.
  • Overbuilt.
  • Light in bone.
  • Over-angulated or straight in hindquarters.
  • Narrow in hindquarters; knees or hocks turning out.
  • Heavy, erratic movement or pacing.
  • Wrinkled, loose skin.
  • Long coat on the back-side of the forequarters and pronounced feathering on the back of thighs and the tail.
  • Wavy, curly, soft or too long coat; coat parting in the middle on the back and the withers during shedding.
  • Specks on the body which are not in the nuance of the main colour.
  • Deviation from the size by more than +-2 cm.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Incorrect bite.
  • Wry mouth.
  • 4 or more missing teeth regardless, including PM1-PM2s or M3s, excess incisors.
  • Wall eye, flecked eyes.
  • Ears dropped; semi-dropped.
  • Stumpy tail.
  • Too short or too long coat; no undercoat.
  • Coat colour that is genetic brown; genetic blue; brindle or albino.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism..


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.