Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Dutch Shepherd Dog

(Hollandse Herdershond)

Dutch Shepherd

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

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FCI
The Netherlands.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
28.07.2009.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Companion dog and Sheepdog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

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FCI
N.H.C. (Nederlandse Herdershonden Club, 08.07.2008)

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
Originally the main function of the Dutch Shepherd Dog was that of a shepherd’s dog in the countryside. From early times, the Dutch had an arable culture that was – among other things – maintained by flocks of sheep. The dogs had to keep the flock away from the crops, which they did by patrolling the borders of the road and the fields. They also accompanied the flocks on their way to the common meadows, markets and ports.
At the farm, they kept the hens away from the kitchen garden, they herded the cows together for milking and pulled the milk carts. They also alerted the farmers if strangers entered the farmyard. Around 1900, sheep flocks had for the greater part disappeared in the Netherlands. The versatile skills of the Dutch Shepherd Dog made him suitable for dog training, which was then starting to become popular. Thus he started on a new career as a police dog, as a search- and tracking dog and as a guide dog for the blind. He is, however, still capable of herding sheep. The breed’s first standard dates from 12 June 1898.
UKC
The Dutch Shepherd, native to Holland, was originally a sheepdog, and was also used by Dutch farmers as a general purpose farm dog. Currently enjoying a resurgence in popularity in its homeland, it is also being used as a companion and guard dog. The Dutch Shepherd is very similar in coat types and physical characteristics, except for color, to the Belgian Shepherd Dog. The brindle color pattern is the only acceptable pattern in the Dutch Shepherd. The Dutch Shepherd was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
A medium-sized, middle-weighted, well-muscled dog of powerful and well-balanced structure. A dog with lots of endurance, a lively temperament and an intelligent expression. Depending on the coat the breed is distinguished in the following varieties short-, long- and wire haired.
UKC
The Dutch Shepherd is a medium-sized, well-proportioned, well-muscled dog, with a powerful, well-balanced structure, an intelligent expression and a lively temperament. The length of the body exceeds the height, at the withers, in a ratio of 10:9. The Dutch Shepherd has three coat types: short coat, long coat, and rough coat.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI

The length of the body (from point of shoulder to point of buttock) exceeds the height at the withers, approximately at a ratio of 109, as suits a trotting dog.
The proportion of the length of the skull to the muzzle is 11.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
Very loyal and reliable, always alert, watchful, active, independent, with persistence, intelligence, prepared to be obedient and gifted with the true shepherding temperament. The Dutch Shepherd Dog works willingly together with its owner and he deals independently with any task which is assigned to him.
When herding larger flocks he must have the capacity to work together with several other dogs
UKC
He is alert, devoted to his owner, obedient, and eager to please and oblige. He is a good guardian, is very faithful and reliable, undemanding, with plenty of stamina, is vigilant, active and is gifted with a typical shepherd temperament. He may be somewhat reserved and should be well socialized.

HEAD

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FCI
In good proportion to the body. Seen from above and in profile it is wedge-shaped. Its shape is rather elongated , without wrinkles; dry, with flat cheeks and no pronounced cheekbones. Because of the coat, the head of the wire-haired variety appears to look more square, but this is an illusion.
UKC
The size of the head is in proportion to the body. It is wedge-shaped, smooth, and dry. The skull is flat. The muzzle is slightly longer than the skull. The top of the muzzle is straight and runs parallel to the top of the skull. There is a slight stop. The lips are tight. The head of a rough-coated dog appears to be more square, but this is an illusion.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Flat

Stop

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FCI
Slight, though clearly present.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black.

Muzzle

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FCI
Slightly longer than the flat forehead. Bridge of the muzzle straight and parallel to the top line of the cranial region.

Lips

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FCI
Tight and well pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Scissors bite, strong, regular and complete.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

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FCI
Dark coloured and medium sized. The eyes are almond shaped and slightly oblique. The eyes should not be set too wide and should not protrude.
UKC
The dark, medium-sized, almond-shaped eyes are placed somewhat obliquely.

Ears

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FCI
Medium sized. When the dog is alert, the ears are carried high and erect.
UKC
The triangular-shaped ears are small rather than large. Placed on top of the head, they are carried somewhat forward and firmly erect.

NECK

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FCI
Not too short, dry, without folds and gradually flowing into the body.
UKC
The neck is clean and not too short. It flows gently into the backline.

BODY

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FCI
Firm, but not coarse.
UKC
The body is firm. The ribs are well-sprung. The chest is deep, but not narrow. The underline of the brisket flows gradually into the underline. The short back is straight and powerful. The firm loins are neither long nor shallow. The croup is not short, nor does it slope excessively.

Topline

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FCI
There is a smooth, gentle transition from the neck to the top line of the body, in which head and neck are carried in a natural pose.

Back

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FCI
Straight and firm.

Loin

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FCI
Firm, neither long nor narrow.

Croup

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FCI
Slightly sloping, not short.

Chest

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FCI
Chest: Deep and long enough, not narrow, ribs slightly sprung.
Forechest: Fairly well developed.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Slight tuck up.

TAIL

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FCI
At rest, hanging straight down or with a slight curve. Reaches to the hock. In action, carried gracefully upwards, never curled or carried sideways.
UKC
When at rest, the tail hangs straight or is gently curved, reaching to the level of the hock. When the dog is in action, the tail is carried gracefully upwards. It never curls up over the back nor falls sideways.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
The forelegs are powerful, of good length, well muscled. The bone is solid but not heavy. Always generally showing a straight line, but with sufficient suppleness of pastern.
UKC
The powerful, well-muscled forequarters have good bone. The shoulders lay well back against the brisket. The upper arm is of good length.

Shoulder

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FCI
Shoulder-blades well joined to the body and well sloping.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Approximately equal length to the shoulder-blades and well angulated with the connecting bones.

Elbow

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FCI
Well attached.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The forelegs are straight, with sufficient spring to the slightly sloping pasterns.

FEET

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UKC
The firm feet have well-arched, close-knit toes. The pads are firm and dark. The nails are black.

Forefeet

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FCI
Oval. Well knit, toes arched. Black nails and elastic dark pads.

Hind feet

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FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
The hind-legs are powerful and well muscled. The bone is solid but never heavy. Not excessively angulated.
UKC
The powerful, well-muscled hindquarters have good bone. Stifle angulation is normal, without exaggeration.

Thigh

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FCI
Of approximately equal length as lower thigh.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The hock is moderately angled, enough so that the rear pastern is perpendicular to, or slightly less than, the ischium. There are no dewclaws on the hind legs.

Hock

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FCI
Perpendicular below the point of buttock.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Dewclaws: None present

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
The Dutch Shepherd Dog is a trotter with free, smooth and supple movement, without exaggerated drive or stride.
UKC
Movement is smooth, supple, and normal. The legs are not brought forward in a tied way, neither floating not far-reaching.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI

Short hair: All over the body, quite hard, close-fitting, not too short coat with woolly undercoat. Ruff, breeches and tail plume are clearly visible.
Long hair: All over the body, long, straight, well fitting, harsh to the touch, without curls or waves and with a woolly undercoat. Distinct ruff and breeches.
Tail abundantly coated. Head, ears and feet and also the hind legs below the hocks are short and densely coated. The backsides of the forelegs show a strongly developed coat, shortening in length towards the feet, the so-called feathering. No fringes at the ears.
Wire hair: Dense, harsh tousled coat and a woolly, dense undercoat all over the body except for the head. The coat should be close.
Upper- and lower lip should be well-covered with hair, the whiskers and beard, and two well defined, coarse rough eyebrows that are distinct but not exaggerated.
Furnishings are not soft. The hair on the skull and on the cheeks is less strongly developed. In profile it seems as if the head has a more square appearance. Strongly developed breeches are desirable. Tail is covered all round with hair. The brindle colour may be less pronounced because of the tousled coat.
The wire hair coat should be hand-plucked on average twice a year.
UKC
SHORT COAT The outer coat is rather hard, smooth, and close-lying all over the body A too-short coat is not desired. There is a woolly undercoat. A ruff, trousers, and feathered tail are clearly evident. LONG COAT The long, sturdy hair is straight and close-lying all over the body There are no curls or waves. There is a woolly undercoat. The head, ears, feet, and the hind legs below the hock are covered with short, dense hair. There is no feathering on the ears. The back of the forelegs are feathered, which gets shorter toward the feet. The tail is well-covered with long hair. ROUGH COAT The entire body is covered with a rough, harsh, tousled outer coat. There is a dense, woolly undercoat. The hair on the head forms eyebrows, which must be strong and off-standing. The hair on the cheeks and ears is less strongly developed. Both the upper and lower lips must be well-covered with hair, forming a moustache and a beard. Well-developed trousers are preferred. The tail is abundantly feathered.

COLOUR

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FCI

Brindle. The basic colour is golden or silver. Golden can vary from light sand- coloured to chestnut red. The brindle is clearly present all over the body, in the ruff, breeches and tail. Too much black is undesirable. A black mask is preferable.
Heavy white markings on chest or feet is not desirable.
UKC
Must be brindle. Brindle is defined as a black or very dark streaked or striped effect, with hairs of a lighter background color. Very small white accents may occur on the breast and/or on the feet. SHORT COAT & LONG COAT Brindle, on either brown or gray ground; and brindle all over the body, including the collar, trousers, or tail. A black mask is preferred. ROUGH COAT Brindle, on either brown or gray ground; and brindle all over the body, including the collar, trousers, or tail. A black mask is preferred. Compared to the other coat types, the brindle is less pronounced in the outer coat. Faults (all coat types): Too much white on the breast. Too much white on the feet. Wrong colors. Mis-markings.

SIZE

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Height at withers

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FCI

Males 57 - 62 cm.
Females 55- 60 cm.
UKC
Height range for males is from 22½ to 24½ inches. Height range for females is from 21½ to 23½ inches.

FAULTS

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FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC

Teeth: Overshot bite. Undershot bite.
Nose: A nose that is not black.
Eyes: Round eyes. Bulging eyes.
Ears: Soft ears. Spoon-like ears. Cropped ears.
Tail: Curled tail. Docked tail.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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UKC
Color: White stripes or white spots on any part of the body other than the breast or feet.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Lack of breed-type.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical of behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Solid black body patches. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.