Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeaux


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Guard, defence and dissuasion.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

KC
Working

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Tim Taylor and Raymond Triquet. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland 2007.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The dogue de Bordeaux is one of the most ancient French breeds, probably a descendant of the Alans and, in particular, the alan vautre of which Gaston Phebus (or Febus), Count of Foix, wrote in the 14th century, in his Livre de Chasse that “he holds his bite stronger than three sighthounds”. The word “dogue” appeared at the end of the 14th century.
In the middle of the 19th century these ancient dogues were hardly renowned outside the region of Aquitaine. They were used for hunting large game such as boar, for fighting (often codified), for the guarding of houses and cattle and in the service of butchers. In 1863 the first French dog show took place in Paris in the Jardin d’Acclimatation. The Dogues de Bordeaux were entered under their present name. There have been different types The Toulouse type, the Paris type and the Bordeaux type, which is the origin of today’s Dogue.
The breed, which had suffered greatly during the two world wars, to the point of being threat ened with extinction after the second world war, got off to a fresh start in the 1960’s.
First standard (“Caractère des vrais dogues”) in Pierre Megnin, Le Dogue de Bordeaux, 1896.
2nd standard in J. Kunstler, Etude critique du Dogue de Bordeaux, 1910.
3rd standard by Raymond Triquet, with the collaboration of Vet. Dr. Maurice Luquet, 1971.
4th standard reformulated according to Jerusalem model (FCI) by Raymond Triquet, with the collaboration of Philippe Serouil, President of the French Dogue de Bordeaux Club and its Committee, 1993.
Precisions were added in 2007 by Raymond Triquet (Honorary President of the SADB), Sylviane Tompousky (President of the SADB) and Philippe Sérouil (committee member of the SADB).

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Typical concave lined brachycephalic molossoid. The Dogue de Bordeaux is a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body yet retaining a harmonious general outline. It is built rather close to the ground, the distance sternum-ground being slightly less than the depth of the chest. Stocky, athletic and imposing, it has a very dissuasive aspect.
KC
Powerful with muscular body. Has harmonious outline. Not appearing leggy in any way nor too low to the ground.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock, is superior to the height at the withers, in the proportion of 11/10.
The depth of the chest is more than half the height at the withers.
The maximum length of the muzzle is equal to one third of the length of the head.
The minimum length of the muzzle is equal to one quarter of the length of the head.
In the male, the perimeter of the skull corresponds more or less to the height at the withers.
KC
Powerful, stocky, athletic, imposing. Distinctive head with forbidding expression.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
An ancient fighting dog, the Dogue de Bordeaux is gifted for guarding, which it assumes with vigilance and great courage but without aggressiveness. A good companion, very attached to its master and very affectionate. Calm, balanced with a high stimulus threshold.
The male normally has a dominant character.
KC
Natural guarding instincts, vigilant and courageous without aggression. A good companion and very affectionate.

HEAD

:
FCI
Voluminous, angular, broad, rather short, trapezoid when viewed from above and in front. The longitudinal axes of the skull out of the bridge of nose are convergent (towards the front). The head is furrowed with symmetrical wrinkles, each side of the median groove. These deep ropes of wrinkle are mobile depending on whether the dog is attentive or not. The wrinkle which runs from the inner corner of the eye to the corner of the mouth is typical. If present, the wrinkle running from the outer corner of the eye to either the corner of the mouth or the dewlap should be discreet.
KC
Large with characteristic expression and appearance. The skull is broad, wider at ears than eyes. The upper region of the skull is slightly rounded from side to side. Pronounced stop forming a near right angle with the muzzle. Distinct median groove, lessens towards the back of the skull. The forehead is a prominent feature of the face but does not overhang it. The head is slightly furrowed with fine symmetrical wrinkles on each side of the median groove, but without excess. These are mobile when the dog is alert. Prominent cheeks due to very strong muscle development. The muzzle is powerful, short and slightly hollowed below the eyes with moderate folds, the width hardly decreasing towards the tip of the muzzle, when viewed from above looks square. Topline of muzzle is slightly turned up. Length from nose to stop between a quarter and one third of the length of the head. Broad, well-opened nostrils, well pigmented according to mask colour. Jaws very powerful and broad. Lower jaw curves upwards. The chin is well defined and must not overlap the upper flew excessively nor be covered by it. Upper flew thick, moderately pendulous in profile and shows a rounded lower line. In front, the edge of the upper lip meets with the lower lip then drops on each side, forming an inverted wide 'v'.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
In the male: the perimeter of the skull measured at the level of its greatest width corresponds roughly to the height at the withers.
In bitches: it may be slightly less.
Its volume and shape are the consequences of the very important development of the temporals, supra-orbital arches, zygomatic arches and the spacing of the branches of the lower jaw. The upper region of the skull is slightly convex from one side to the other. The frontal groove is deep, diminishing towards the posterior end of the head. The forehead dominates the face but does not overhang it. However it is still wider than high.

Stop

:
FCI
Very pronounced, almost forming a right angle with the muzzle (95° to 100°).

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Broad, well opened nostrils, well pigmented according to the colour of the mask. Upturned nose permissible but not if it is set back towards the eyes.

Muzzle

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FCI
Powerful, broad, thick, but not fleshy below the eyes, rather short, upper profile very slightly concave, with moderately obvious folds. Its width hardly decreasing towards the tip of the muzzle, when viewed from above it has the general shape of a square. In relation to the upper region of the skull, the line of the muzzle forms a very obtuse angle upwards. When the head is held horizontally the tip of the muzzle, truncated, thick and broad at the base, is in front of a vertical tangent to the anterior face of the nose. Its perimeter is almost two thirds of that of the head. Its length varies between one third and minimum one quarter of the total length of the head, from the nose to the occipital crest. The limits stated (maximum one third and minimum one quarter of the total length of the head) are permissible but not sought after, the ideal length of the muzzle being between these two extremes.
KC
Undershot, the back of the lower incisors not in contact with the front of the upper incisors. Strong teeth, particularly the canines. Lower canines set wide apart and slightly curved. Incisors of good size, well aligned, especially in the lower jaw where they form an apparently straight line. Teeth not visible when mouth closed.

Lips

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FCI
Upper lip thick, moderately pendulous, rectractile. When viewed in profile it shows a rounded lower line. It covers the lower jaw on the sides. In front the edge of the upper lip is in contact with the lower lip, then drops on either side thus forming an inverted wide V.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Jaws powerful, broad. Undershot (the undershot condition being a characteristic of the breed). The back of the lower incisors is in front of and not in contact with the front face of the upper incisors.
The lower jaw curves upwards. The chin is well marked and must neither overlap the upper lip exaggeratedly nor be covered by it.
Teeth: Strong, particularly the canines. Lower canines set wide apart and slightly curved. Incisors well aligned especially in the lower jaw where they form an apparently straight line.

Cheeks

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FCI
Prominent, due to the very strong development of the muscles.

Eyes

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FCI
Oval, set wide apart. The space between the two inner corners of the eyelids is equal to about twice the length of the eye (eye opening). Frank expression. The haw must not be visible. Colour hazel to dark brown for a dog with a black mask, lighter colour tolerated but not sought after in dogs with either a brown mask or without a mask.
KC
Oval, set wide apart. Frank expression. Showing no haw. Colour hazel to dark brown for dog with black mask, lighter colour tolerated in dogs with brown mask or no mask.

Ears

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FCI
Relatively small, of a slightly darker colour than the coat. At its set on, the front of the base of the ear is slightly raised. They must fall down, but not hang limply, the front edge being close to the cheek when the dog is attentive. The tip of the ear is slightly rounded; it must not reach beyond the eye. Set rather high, at the level of the upper line of the skull, thus appearing to accentuate its width even more.
KC
Relatively small, of slightly darker colour than coat. The front of the base of the ear is slightly raised. They must fall forward and down but not hang limply, the front edge being close to the cheek when the dog is alert. The tip of the ear is slightly rounded, not reaching beyond the eye. Set rather high, at the level of the upper line of the skull, appearing to accentuate its width even more.

NECK

:
FCI
Very strong, muscular, almost cylindrical. This skin is supple, ample and loose. The average circumference almost equals that of the head. It is separated from the head by a slightly accentuated transversal furrow, slightly curved. Its upper edge is slightly convex. The well defined dewlap starts at the level of the throat forming folds down to the chest, without hanging exaggeratedly. The neck, very broad at its base, merges smoothly with the shoulders.
KC
Strong, muscular and solid, skin supple and loose. Circumference almost equals that of head. The well defined dewlap starts at the level of the throat forming folds down to the forechest without exaggeration. Neck very broad at base merging smoothly into the shoulders.

BODY

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KC
Chest broad, powerful and deep, let down below the elbows. The depth of the chest is slightly more than half of the height of the dog at the withers. Ribs well sprung, but not barrel shaped. Back solid, broad and muscular. Topline as straight as possible and maintained while on the move. The length of the body is greater than the height at the withers as 11 is to 10 measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock. Underline slightly tucked up.

Topline

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FCI
Well sustained.

Withers

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FCI
Well marked.

Back

:
FCI
Broad and muscular.

Loin

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FCI
Broad. Rather short and solid.

Croup

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FCI
Moderately sloping down to the root of the tail.

Chest

:
FCI
Powerful, long, deep, broad, let down lower than the elbows. Broad and powerful forechest whose lower line (inter-axillae) is convex towards the bottom. Ribs well let down and well sprung but not barrel shaped.
The circumference of the chest must be between 25 cm to 35 cm greater than the height at the withers.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Curved from the deep brisket to the rather tucked up, firm abdomen, being neither pendulous nor nor too tucked up.

TAIL

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FCI
Very thick at the base. Its tip preferably reaching the hock and not below. Carried low, it is neither broken nor kinked but supple. Hanging when the dog is at rest, generally rising by 90° to 120° from that position when the dog is in action, without curving over the back or being curled.
KC
Very thick at the base. Tip preferably reaching the hock. Carried low. Raised when the dog is in action, but never curving over the back or curled. Kinked tail highly undesirable.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Strong bone structure, legs very muscular.
KC
Well laid shoulders, withers well defined. The legs are strong, exceptionally muscled and as straight as is compatible with a broad-chested dog. Pasterns strong and slightly sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Powerful, prominent muscles. Slant of shoulder-blade medium (about 45° to the horizontal), angle of the scapular-humeral articulation a little more than 90°.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Very muscular.

Elbow

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FCI
In the axis of the body, neither too close to the ribcage nor turned out.

Forearm

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FCI
Viewed from the front, straight or inclining slightly inwards thus getting closer to the median plane, especially in dogs with a very broad chest. Viewed in profile, vertical.

Pastern

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FCI
Powerful. Viewed in profile, slightly sloping. Viewed from the front sometimes slightly outwards compensating for the slight inclination of the forearm inwards.

FEET

:
KC
Strong. Toes tight. Nails strong and curved. Pads well developed and supple. Well up on his toes despite his weight. Hind feet slightly longer than front feet.

Forefeet

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FCI
Strong. Toes tight, nails curved and strong, pads well developed and supple the Dogue is well up on his toes despite his weight.

Hind feet

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FCI
Slightly longer than the front feet, toes tight.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Robust legs with strong bone structure; well angulated. When viewed from behind the hindquarters are parallel and vertical thus giving an impression of power even though the hindquarters are not quite as broad as the forequarters.
KC
Broad loin, rather short and solid. Croup moderately sloping down to the root of the tail. Hind legs strong and muscular. Well angulated stifles. Well developed second thigh. Low set hocks.

Thigh

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FCI
Very developed and thick with visible muscles.

Stifle

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FCI
In a parallel plane to the median plane or very slightly out.

Lower thigh

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FCI
Relatively short, muscled, descending low.

Hock

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FCI
Short, sinewy, angle of the hock joint moderately open.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Robust, no dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Quite supple for a molossoid. When walking the movement is free and supple, close to the ground. Good drive from the hindquarters, good extension of the forelegs, especially when trotting, which is the preferred gait. When the trot quickens, the head tends to drop, the topline inclines towards the front, and the front feet get closer to the median plane while striding out with a long reaching movement of the front legs. Canter with rather important vertical movement. Capable of great speed over short distances by bolting along close to the ground.
KC
Movement is free, quite supple for his size and weight and close to the ground. Good drive from hindquarters, good extension of the forelegs. At a faster gait, the head is carried lower. Absolute soundness essential.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thick and sufficiently loose fitting, without excessive wrinkles.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Fine, short and soft to the touch.
KC
Fine, short and soft to the touch. The skin is thick and loose fitting, without excessive wrinkles. Folds on the ribs or limbs highly undesirable.

COLOUR

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FCI

Self-coloured, in all shades of fawn, from mahogany to isabella. A good pigmentation is desirable. Limited white patches are permissible on the forechest and the extremities of the limbs.
Black mask: The mask is often only slightly spread out and must not invade the cranial region. There may be slight black shading on the skull, ears, neck and top of body. The nose is black.
Brown mask: (used to be called red or bistre). The nose is brown; the eyerims and edges of the lips are also brown. There may be non-invasive brown shading; each hair having a fawn or sandy zone and a brown zone. In this case the inclined parts of the body are a paler colour.
No mask: The coat is fawn the skin appears red (also formerly called “red mask”). The nose can then be reddish.
KC
Self-coloured, in all shades of fawn, from mahogany to Isabella. Chocolate highly undesirable. Good pigmentation is desirable. Limited white patches are permissible on the chest and the extremities of the limbs. White patches on the head or body highly undesirable. Three mask colours allowed: Black mask - mask must not extend above the eyes. Slight black shading allowed on ears, skull, neck and down the topline. Nose black. Brown mask - nose and eye rims are brown No mask - coat is fawn, skin appears red, nose may be reddish.

SIZE

:
FCI
Height should more or less correspond to the perimeter of the skull.
KC
Ideal height at the shoulder: dogs 60-68 cms (23½ - 26¾ ins); bitches 58-66 cms (22¾ - 26 ins). Weight: dogs at least 50 kgs (110 lbs); bitches at least 45 kgs (99 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

For males 60-68 cm.
For females 58-66 cm.
1 cm under and 2 cm over will be tolerated.

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs at least 50 kg.
Bitches at least 45 kg.
Females Identical characteristics but less pronounced.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Disproportioned head (too small or exaggerately voluminous).
Bulldoggy hypertype Flat skull, muzzle measuring less than a quarter of the total length of the head. Swollen fold (roll) behind the nose. Important fold around the head.
Important lateral deviation of the lower jaw.
Incisors constantly visible when the mouth is closed. Very small incisors, unevenly set.
Arched back (convex).
Fused but not deviated vertebrae of the tail.
Forefeet turning inwards (even slightly).
Forefeet turning outwards too much.
Flat thighs.
Angle of hock too open (straight angulation).
Angle of the hock too closed, dog standing under himself behind.
Cow hocks or barrel hocks.
Stilted movement or serious rolling of rear.
Excessive shortness of breath,rasping.
White on tip of tail or on the front part of the forelegs, above the carpus (wrist) and the tarsus (hock) or white, without interruption, on the front of the body from the forechest to the throat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Long, narrow head with insufficiently pronounced stop, with a muzzle measuring more than a third of the total length of the head (lack of type in head).
Muzzle parallel to the top line of the skull or downfaced, Roman nose.
Twisted jaw.
Mouth not undershot.
Canines constantly visible when the mouth is closed.
Tongue constantly hanging out when the mouth is closed.
Blue eyes; bulging eyes.
Tail knotted and laterally deviated or twisted (screw tail, kink tail).
Atrophied tail.
Fiddle front and down on pasterns.
Angle of the hock open towards the rear (inverted hock).
White on the head or body, any other colour of the coat than fawn (shaded or not) and in particular brindle or solid brown called “chocolate” (each hair being entirely brown).
Identifiable disabling defect.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.