Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Dogo Argentino

Dogo Argentino


ORIGIN

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FCI
Argentina.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
10.11.2011.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Big-game hunting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

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FCI
Mr. Jorge Nallem / Original version (Es).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
This breed is native to the province of Cordoba, in the Mediterranean region of Argentina. Its creator was Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez, a prominent and active surgeon (1907 – 1956). His work was based upon the methodical crossbreeding of the “Old Fighting Dog of Cordoba”, a breed of great power and strength, which was the product of crossbreeding among dog of the breeds Bulldogs and Bull Terriers. He selected completely white dogs for breeding, not undershot, with heavy heads and long muzzle. After a thorough and minute character study and selection, through different generations, his aim was accomplished forming different families always using as a start the Old Fighting Dog of Cordoba which was crossed at first with English Bull Dog, Great Dane, Pyrenean Mastiff, Bull Terrier, Boxer, Pointer, Dogue de Bordeaux and Irish Wolfhound.
In 1947 the breed was already created and its genotype and phenotype were stabilized. The same year the breed standard was presented at the Hunter’s Club in the City of Buenos Aires. Its strength, tenacity, sense of smell and bravery make it the best in the pack of dogs to hunt wild boars, peccaries, pumas and other predators of agriculture and livestock that inhabit the vast and diverse regions of Argentina. This is the traditional activity for which Antonio Nores created this breed.
In 1964 it was recognized as a breed by the FCA (Federación Cinologica Argentina) and the Sociedad Rural Argentina, which opened their studbook to initiate registry.
UKC
In 1928, Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez, a young Argentine physician, began to develop a new breed of dog, which he called the Dogo Argentino. Using a methodical system, Dr. Martinez crossed a local breed, known as the Old Fighting Dog of Cordoba, with a variety of breeds, including Mastiffs, Bulldogs and Bull Terriers. His new breed demonstrated a talent for hunting big game, including wild boars and pumas, as well as strong guarding instincts. The breed was recognized by the Federacion Cinologica Argentina in 1964, and by the FCI in July 1973. Today, the Dogo Argentino is still used as a hunting dog, a guardian of property, a family companion, and an all-around working dog. The Dogo Argentino was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 2001.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
It is an athletic dog, mesomorphic, normal type, of harmonious proportions. With powerful muscles and agile, his appearance gives the impression of power, energy and strength, in contrast to its expression of friendship and gentleness. All-white; can have a single dark spot on the skull.
UKC
The Dogo Argentino is a large, white, short-coated dog with a smooth, muscular body, displaying both power and athletic ability. The length of body is just slightly longer than tall, but bitches may be somewhat longer in body than dogs. The length of the front leg (measured from point of elbow to the ground) is approximately equal to one-half of the dog’s height at the withers. The head is powerful with a broad, slightly domed skull and a powerful muzzle that is slightly higher at the nose than the stop, when viewed in profile. Ears may be cropped, or hang naturally, close to the skull. The Dogo Argentino should be evaluated as a hunting dog, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog’s ability to work.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI

Mesocephalic, the muzzle should be the same length as the skull.
The height at the withers should be slightly greater than the height at the croup.
Depth of chest should represent at least 50% of the height at the withers.
The length of the body should exceed the height at the withers by only 10% (maximum).

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
It should be silent, never barking on the trail, with a keen nose and excellent flair, vent, agile, strong, robust and especially brave.
Should never be aggressive toward humans, a feature that will be severely observed. It must give you love without conditions or reservations.
UKC
The Dogo is an intelligent and courageous dog with a strong, natural instinct to protect its home and family. Dogos are very social dogs and are happiest when included in all family activities. Dogos make a strong distinction between familiar people and strangers, so it is imperative that they be well trained and socialized at an early age. Dogos are hunters of great courage and endurance, and will work individually or in packs. They have also successfully been used in police protection work. An unsteady temperament is a serious fault.

HEAD

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FCI
Of mesocephalic type, it looks strong and powerful.
The cranio-facial axes are convergent.
UKC
The head is large, but proportionate to the size of the body, and broad, giving the impression of great power and strength, without abrupt angles or distinct chiseling. Viewed from the front, the head is shaped like a square within a square. Viewed from above, the head is broad through the skull, narrowing slightly where muzzle joins the skull, and then tapering only slightly to the blunt end of the muzzle. When viewed from the side, the length of skull and muzzle are approximately equal, and they are joined by a distinct, but not abrupt, stop. The planes of the skull and muzzle are not parallel. The skull is slightly domed and the bridge of the muzzle rises slightly from the stop to the nose.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Compact, convex seen in profile and from the front due to the outline of the well developed masticatory and neck muscles.
Occiput: Occipital protuberance not visible due to powerful muscles of neck which hide it completely.
UKC
The skull is broad and slightly domed, with a median furrow that diminishes in depth and width from the stop to the occiput. Cheeks are well developed, relatively flat, and powerful. The supraorbital arches over the eyes are moderately well defined. The occiput is not prominent.

Stop

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FCI
Defined but should not be deep or have sharp/abrupt angles.

FACIAL REGION

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FCI
As long as the skull, the line joining the two frontal orbital muscles is equidistant from the occiput and the mandibular joint of the upper jaws.

Nose

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FCI
Strongly Black pigmented. Nostrils well opened.
UKC
Nose is large and black, with well-developed nostrils. Some pink pigment on the nose is acceptable, provided the nose is predominantly black.

Muzzle

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FCI
Same length as the skull, with concave top line.
UKC
The muzzle is powerful, slightly longer than deep, and narrowing very slightly from stop to nose. The bridge of the muzzle slopes slightly upward from stop to nose. Lips are tight and moderately thick. Black pigmentation on the edge of the lips is preferred.

Lips

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FCI
Tight, free edges, black pigmented, never pendulous.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Jaws correctly positioned, well-developed and strong, with no under or overshot, with healthy teeth, large and with normal implant. Full dentition is recommended. Scissor bite, pincer bite is accepted.
UKC
The Dogo Argentino has a complete set of large, evenly spaced, white teeth that meet in a scissors bite. An even bite is acceptable but not preferred. Large teeth and proper occlusion are of extreme importance.

Cheeks

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FCI
Large, marked, covered by strong skin, without folds. Well-developed masseter muscles.

Eyes

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FCI
Medium size, almond shaped, dark or hazel coloured, lids preferably with black pigmentation. Sub-frontal position, wide apart, lively and intelligent expression but at the same time remarkably firm.
UKC
Eyes are of medium size, almond shaped, and set well apart and deep in their sockets. Eye color may range from very dark brown to dark hazel, but darker eye color is strongly preferred. Eye rims are tight and preferably black in color, although lack of pigmentation is not a fault. Expression is alive, intelligent and hard.

Ears

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FCI
Set high, lateral, well apart due to the width of the skull. Functionally, they should be cropped and erect, in triangular shape and with a length that should not exceed 50% of the front edge of the auricle of the natural ear. Without being cropped, they are of medium length, broad, thick, flat and rounded at the tip.
Covered with smooth hair which is slightly shorter than on the rest of the body; they can have small spots, not to be penalized.
In natural position they hang down covering the back of the cheeks. When the dog is alert they may be carried semi-erect.
UKC
Ears are set on high on the outside edges of the topskull, and may be cropped or natural. Cropped ears should be triangular in shape, short, and erect. Natural ears are drop, broad at the base, short in length (reaching just to the corner of the lower jaw when hanging naturally) and tapering to a rounded tip. Ear leather is thick. At rest, the ears should hang nearly flat and close to the cheeks, with little or no fold. The ears may be semi-erect when the dog is alert. The outside of the ear is covered with smooth hair that is slightly shorter than the body coat. Ear color may range from heavily spotted to solid black or brindle.

NECK

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FCI
Thick, arched, the skin of the throat is very thick forming smooth folds without forming dewlap. The elasticity of the skin is due to the cellular tissue being very lax.
UKC
The neck is of medium length and muscular, with a slight arch at the crest, and tapering slightly from shoulders to the head. The skin on the throat is thick and elastic, and may form slight, smooth, non-pendent folds.

BODY

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FCI
Rectangular. The length of the body (measured from the point of shoulder to point of buttock) may exceed the height at the withers by only 10%.
UKC
The chest is deep, well filled in and wide with ample room for heart and lungs. The forechest does not extend much beyond the point of shoulder. The ribs extend well back and are well sprung from the spine, then flattening to form a deep body extending to or below the elbows. The back is strong and firm. The backline falls off slightly behind the withers and blends smoothly into the loin. The loin is short and broad with a muscular arch, and it blends smoothly into a gently sloping croup. The flank is moderately tucked up and firm.

Topline

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FCI
Higher at the withers, sloping gently to the croup. The adults have a median furrow along the spine caused by the prominence of the spinal muscles. See from the side should not have any depression.

Withers

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FCI
Strong, well defined and high.

Back

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FCI
Very strong, with muscles well defined.

Loin

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FCI
Short, broad, very muscular.

Croup

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FCI
Broad and strong. Moderately inclined.

Chest

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FCI
Broad and deep. Seen from the front and profile, the sternum must reach down to the level of the elbows, thereby giving maximum breathing capacity. The thorax is long with ribs moderately curved.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Rising slightly on the bottom line of the chest, never tucked up, strong and with good muscle tension.

TAIL

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FCI
Long, not to exceed the hock joint, thick medium set. At rest it hangs down naturally, in action it is raised in an arc with an ample curve.
UKC
The tail is set on moderately high and is thick at the base, tapering to a point. When the dog is relaxed, the tail is carried low and extends approximately to the hock. When the dog is moving, the tail may be carried slightly above the backline, moving rhythmically from side to side. When the dog is excited, the tail may be carried in a raised, upright position (challenge tail), but never curled over the back (gay tail).

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Legs straight, vertical, with short and tight toes.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long, wide, muscular, and well laid back. The upper arm is roughly equal in length to the shoulder blade and joins it at an apparent right angle, lying flat against the chest wall.

Shoulder

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FCI
Laid back, with great muscular development without exaggerations.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Same length as the shoulder; well inclined.

Elbow

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FCI
Sturdy, covered with a thicker and more elastic skin, without folds or wrinkles. Naturally placed against the chest wall.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The forelegs are well boned, strong and muscular. The elbows are set close to the body. Viewed from the front, the forelegs are set moderately wide apart and perpendicular to the ground. The pasterns are short, powerful, straight, and flexible. When viewed in profile, the bone of the pasterns is slightly flattened.

Forearm

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FCI
As long as the upper arm, perpendicular to the ground, straight with strong bone and muscles.

Pastern

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FCI
Pastern joint: Broad and in line with the forearm, without bony prominences or skin folds.
Pastern: Rather flat, well boned; seen from the side slightly inclined, without exaggeration.

FEET

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UKC
The feet are round and tight, with well arched toes. Pads are thick, black, and rough in texture. Nails are short, strong and white. Rear feet are slightly smaller and broader than front feet. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forefeet

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FCI
With short and tight-fitting toes. With strong thick and resistant pads, preferably black pigmented.

Hind feet

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FCI
Similar to forefeet, although somewhat smaller and slightly longer, maintaining the same characteristics.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Well muscled, with short pasterns and tight-fitting toes, without dewclaws. Moderate angulation.
UKC
The hindquarters are broad, strong and muscular, normally angulated to balance with the front assembly. HIND LEGS - Set well apart and parallel to one another when viewed from behind. Hocks are strong and turn neither in nor out. Rear pasterns are short.

Thigh

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FCI
Well proportioned, with visible and well developed muscles.

Stifle

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FCI
Well angulated.

Lower thigh

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FCI
Slightly shorter than upper thigh, strong and muscular.

Hock joint

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FCI
The tarsus-metatarsus section is short, strong and firm, ensuring powerful propulsion of the hind limb. Tarsus is robust, with the point of the hock very prominent. Hocks are strong, almost cylindrical and vertical, without dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Agile and firm; with noticeable modification when showing interest in something, changing into an alert attitude and responding with quick reflexes, typical for this breed. Calm when walking; trot is extended, with good front suspension and powerful rear propulsion. At gallop, the dog shows all of its energy, fully displaying its power. The movement is agile and firm when walking, trotting or galloping. Should be harmonious and balanced showing a solid body construction. Ambling (pacing) is not accepted and is considered a serious fault.
UKC
The Dogo Argentino moves with power and agility, able to change gait quickly and smoothly when in the field. When trotting, the gait is effortless, smooth, powerful, and well coordinated, showing good reach in front and drive behind. When moving, the backline remains level with only a slight flexing to indicate suppleness. Viewed from any position, legs turn neither in nor out, nor do feet cross or interfere with each other. As speed increases, feet tend to converge toward a center line of balance. At a walk, the Dogo moves like a lion; with power, dignity and the supreme confidence that he is king of all he surveys. Poor movement should be penalized to the degree to which it reduces the Dogo’s ability to perform the tasks it was bred to do.

SKIN

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FCI
Homogeneous, thick but elastic. The semi-loose subcutaneous tissue is elastic, without wrinkling, except on the throat, where the subcutaneous tissue is more lax. Lips and eyelids pigmented in black are preferred. Black pigmented skin is not penalized.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI

Uniform, short, smooth, with an average length of 1.5 to 2 cm.
Density and thickness vary according to climate.
UKC
Short and thick, with a glossy sheen. Hair is stiff, coarse and of uniform length. A field conditioned coat or working scars should never be faulted.

COLOUR

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FCI
Entirely white. Only one black or dark-coloured patch on the skull, but which can also be located on one ear or around one eye. The size of the spot must be in proportion to the size of the head, not exceeding 10% of the latter. Comparing two dogs of equal quality, the whiter should be preferred.
UKC
White. Skin pigmentation that shows through the coat is not to be penalized in mature dogs. One dark marking on the head is permitted provided that it does not cover more than 10% of the head. No other markings are allowed with the exception of some light ticking, which is not to be confused with a solid patch. All other things being equal, the whiter dog is preferred.

SIZE

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UKC
Height for mature males should range between 24½ and 27 inches. Height for mature females should range between 23½ and 25½ inches. A mature Dogo under the minimum height for its sex is disqualified. Dogos are not a giant breed so a mature Dogo over the maximum heights should be severely penalized, because the additional height detracts from its ability to work. Dogos should always be presented in hard, working condition. Weight should be sufficient so that the dog presents a harmonious blending of sturdiness and substance with agility and athleticism.

Height at withers

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FCI

Dogs 60 to 68 cm. Bitches 60 to 65 cm.
Dogs 64 to 65 cm.
Bitches 62 to 64 cm.

Weight

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FCI

Weight Approximately Males 40 to 45 kg.
Bitches 40 to 43 kg.

FAULTS

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FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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FCI

  • Lack of bone and muscle development (weakness).
  • Nose partially pigmented in adults specimens.
  • Small, weak or unhealthy teeth.
  • Entropion, ectropion.
  • Eyes of round appearance due to the shape of the eyelids, bulging eyes, light or yellow.
  • Barrel chest.
  • Keel chest. Flat ribs.
  • Lack of depth of chest, which does not reach the level of the elbows.
  • Lack of angulation on the limbs.
  • Croup higher than withers.
  • Ambling movement (pacing).
  • Males and females whose weight does not comply with the official valid standard and not in proportion to the size of the dog.
UKC

Teeth: Small, weak or decayed teeth; incomplete dentition.
Eyes: Functional abnormality of eyelids or eyelashes.
Body: Barrel chest; flat ribs.
Hindquarters: Over-angulation; long hocks.
Tail: Gay tail.
Size: Males over 27 inches. Females over 25½ inches; overweight; poorly conditioned dog.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

  • Spots on the hair of the body.
  • More than one spot on the head.
  • Height above or below the limits established in the standard.
  • Eyes of different colour or blue.
  • Lack of sexual dimorphism.
  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Over or undershot mouth.
  • Deafness.
  • Lack of type.
  • Long hair.
  • Total lack of pigmentation of the nose in dogs aged 2 years or more.
  • Brown nose.
  • Pendulous lips.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Lips that hang below the line of the lower jaw. Flesh colored, or predominantly flesh colored, nose. Overshot or undershot bite. Eyes of any color other than listed. Eyes not of matching colors. Unilateral or bilateral deafness. Long coat.
Muzzle: Lips that hang below the line of the lower jaw.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Nose: Flesh colored, or predominantly flesh colored, nose.
Eyes: Eyes any color other than listed above; eyes not of matching colors.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral deafness.
Coat: Long coat.
Color: A solid patch of color anywhere except on the head as described, not to be confused with ticking.

other

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FCI
History (details): Just in 1973 the breed was accepted by the FCI. This was possible thanks to the great passion and unique work and effort of Dr. Agustín Nores Martínez, brother of the founder of the breed, who achieved this recognition not only because of his individual actions but also from the institutional action of the FCA and the Dogo Argentino Club “Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez”.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.