Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Dandie Dinmont Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.06.1987.
KC
September 2000

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 2Small-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is descended from the rough native terriers that were kept in the border country between England and Scotland. They were first recorded as a distinct type around 1700, and were used to hunt otter and badger. Sir Walter Scott discovered them during his travels and made the breed famous in his book Guy Mannering published in 1814. In the book, a character named Dandie Dinmont kept six of these terriers, and since the time of the book, the breed has been known by this name. The Dandie Dinmont Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1918.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Distinctive head with beautiful silky covering, with large, wise intelligent eyes offsetting long, low weaselly body. Short, strong legs ; weatherproof coat.
KC
Distinctive head with beautiful silky covering, with large, wise, intelligent eyes offsetting long, low, weaselly body. Short, strong legs; weatherproof coat.
UKC
The Dandie Dinmont is a breed with distinctive physical characteristics. He is long and low, has a large head and a weaselly body, heavily boned legs and a weatherproof coat.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Game, workmanlike terrier.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Game, workmanlike Terrier. Independant, highly intelligent, determined, persistent, sensitive, affectionate and dignified.
KC
Independent, highly intelligent, determined, persistent, sensitive, affectionate and dignified.
UKC
The Dandie is an intelligent, affectionate and dignified companion, yet is very game and workmanlike, and has great persistence and determination.

HEAD

:
FCI
Head strongly made, large but in proportion to dog’s size, muscles showing extraordinary development, especially the maxillary.
KC
Head strongly made, large but in proportion to dog's size, muscles showing extraordinary development, especially the maxillary. Skull broad, narrowing towards eye, measuring about the same from inner corner of eye to back of skull, as from ear to ear. Forehead well domed; head covered with very soft, silky hair not confined to mere ‘topknot’. Cheeks gradually tapering towards deep and strongly made muzzle. Muzzle in proportion to skull as three is to five. Top of muzzle has triangular bare patch pointing backwards to eyes from nose about an inch broad. Nose black.
UKC
The strongly made head is large, but not out of proportion to the dog's size. The muscles of the head show extraordinary development, especially in the upper jaw (maxillary). Head is covered with soft, silky hair.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, narrowing torwards eye, measuring about the same from inner corner of eye to back of skull, as from ear to ear. Forehead well domed ; head covered with very soft, silky hair not confined to mere « topknot ».
UKC
broad between the ears, gradually tapering toward the eyes, and approximately the same width as length. The forehead is well domed.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
In proportion to skull as three is to five. Top of muzzle has triangular bare patch pointing backwards to eyes from nose about 2,5 cm ( 1 in.) broad.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Any deviation highly undesirable. Teeth very strong especially canines which are extraordinary in size for a small dog. Canines fit well against each other, to give greatest available holding and punishing power. Inside of mouth black or dark coloured.
UKC
approximately three inches in length, deep and strongly made. The proportion to the skull being as 3 is to 5. The muzzle is generally bare for about an inch from the back part of the nose. The bareness comes to a point toward the eye; is about one inch wide at the nose.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Any deviation highly undesirable.
Teeth very strong, especially canines which are extraordinary in size for a small dog. Canines fit well against each other, to give greatest available holding and punishing power. Inside of mouth black or dark coloured.
UKC
A full complement of very strong, evenly-spaced, white teeth meet in a tight scissors bite. The canines are of an extraordinary size for a dog of this size. The canines mesh well to provide the greatest available holding and punishing power.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Gradually tapering towards deep and strongly made muzzle.

Eyes

:
FCI
Rich dark hazel ; set wide apart and low, large, bright, full and round but not protruding.
KC
Rich dark hazel; set wide apart and low, large, bright, full and round but not protruding.
UKC
The large, full, round eyes are set wide apart, low, and look straight forward. They are a rich, dark hazel in color and have a wise, intelligent expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Pendulous, set well back, wide apart, low on skull, hanging close to cheek with very slight projection at base ; broad at junction of head and tapering almost to a point, fore part of ear coming almost straight down from its junction with head to tip. Cartilage and skin of ear very thin. Length of ear, from 7 ½ -10 cm (3-4 ins). Ears harmonise in colour with body colour. In a pepper dog, covered with soft, straight, dark hair (in some cases almost black).
In a mustard dog, hair mustard in colour, a shade darker than body but not black. Both should have a thin feather of light hair starting about 5 cm (2 ins) from the tip, and of nearly the same colour and texture as « topknot », giving ear appearance of a distinct point. This may not appear until after age of two years.
KC
Pendulous, set well back, wide apart, low on skull, hanging close to cheeks with very slight projection at base; broad at junction of head and tapering almost to a point, fore part of ear coming almost straight down from its junction with head to tip. Cartilage and skin of ear very thin. Length of ear, from 7.5-10 cms (3-4 ins). Ears harmonise in colour with body colour. In a pepper dog, covered with soft, straight, dark hair (in some cases almost black). In a mustard dog, hair mustard in colour, a shade darker than body but not black. Both should have a thin feather of light hair starting about 5 cms (2 ins) from the tip, and of nearly the same colour and texture as ‘topknot’, giving ear appearance of a distinct point. This may not appear until after the age of two years.
UKC
The pendulous ears are set well back, wide apart and low on the skull; hanging close to the cheek. Ear length is from three to four inches. They are broad at the top, tapering nearly to a point. The leather is thin.

NECK

:
FCI
Very muscular, well developed and strong, showing great power. Well set into shoulders.
KC
Very muscular, well developed and strong, showing great power. Well set into shoulders.
UKC
Very strong and muscular.

BODY

:
FCI
Long, strong and flexible.
KC
Long, strong and flexible; ribs well sprung and round, chest well developed and well let down between forelegs; back rather low at shoulders having slight downward curve and corresponding arch over loins, slight gradual drop from top of loin to root of tail. Backbone well muscled.
UKC
Chest is well developed and well let down between the forelegs. Ribs are round and well sprung. Body is long, flexible and gently curves from rather low shoulders, to an arch over the loin, then gently drops from the top of the loin to the root of the tail.

Back

:
FCI
Rather low at shoulders having slight downward curve and corresponding arch over loins, slight gradual drop from top of loin to root of tail. Backbone well muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Chest: Well developed and well let down between forelegs.
Ribs: Well sprung and round.

TAIL

:
FCI
Rather short from 20-25 cm (8-10 ins), rather thick at root, getting thicker for about 10 cm ( 4 ins ) and tapering off to a point. Not twisted or curled in any way but with a curve like a scimitar, the tip when excited being in a perpendicular line with root of tail, set neither too high nor too low. When not excited carried gaily a little above body level.
KC
Rather short from 20-25 cms (8-10 ins), rather thick at root, getting thicker for about 10 cms (4 ins) and tapering off to a point. Not twisted or curled in any way but with a curve like a scimitar, the tip when excited being in a perpendicular line with root of tail, set neither too high nor too low. When not excited carried gaily a little above body level.
UKC
The tail is eight to ten inches in length, and set as a natural continuation of the gradual drop off the loin. It is thick at the base, then even thicker for about four inches, before tapering off to a point. It is curved like a scimitar, with the tip carried on a perpendicular line with the base, or somewhat more gaily when the dog is excited.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs short with immense muscular development and bone, set wide apart and chest coming well down between them. Bandy legs highly undesirable.
KC
Shoulders well laid back but not heavy. Forelegs short with immense muscular development and bone, set wide apart and chest coming well down between them. Forearms to follow line of chest with feet pointing forward or slightly outward when standing. Bandy legs highly undesirable.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back but not heavy.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The short forelegs are set well apart. They have an immense muscular development and heavy bone.

Forearm

:
FCI
To follow line of chest.

FEET

:
KC
Round and well padded. Hindfeet smaller than forefeet. Nails dark but varying in shade according to colour of body. Flat or open feet highly undesirable.
UKC
Round and well padded, the front feet are considerably larger than the hind feet. Nail color varies according to body color. White nails are acceptable.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Pointing forward or slightly outward when standing.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Round and well padded. Hindfeet smaller than forefeet. Nails dark but varying in shade according to colour of body. Flat or open feet highly undesirable.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hindlegs a little longer than forelegs ; set rather wide apart, but not spread out in an unnatural manner.
KC
Hindlegs a little longer than forelegs; set rather wide apart, but not spread out in an unnatural manner; thighs well developed. Stifles angulated, hocks well let down. Dewclaws, if present, customarily removed.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Stifle

:
FCI
Angulated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are slightly longer than the forelegs. They are set wide apart, but not spread in an unnatural manner. The thighs are well developed. Stifles are well bent and rear pasterns are short. Dewclaws are removed from the hind feet.

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down. Dewclaws, if present, customarily removed.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Strong, straight impulsion from rear, giving a fluent free and easy stride, reaching forward at the front. A stiff, stilted, hopping or weaving gait highly undesirable.
KC
Strong, straight impulsion from rear, giving a fluent free and easy stride, reaching forward at the front. A stiff, stilted, hopping or weaving gait highly undesirable.
UKC
Strong and straight with a free, easy stride. There is good propulsion from the hindquarters.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Very important feature of the breed. Double coat with a soft linty undercoat and a harder topcoat, not wiry but giving crisp feel to the hand. The coat should not « shed » down the back, but should lie in pencils caused by the harder hair coming through the softer undercoat. The forelegs have feather about 5 cm (2 ins) long. Upper side of tail covered with wiry hair, underside not so wiry with neat feathering of softer hair.
KC
Very important feature of the breed. Hair should be about 5cms (2ins) long. Double coat with a soft linty undercoat and a harder topcoat, not wiry but giving crisp feel to the hand. The coat should not ‘shed’ down the back, but should lie in pencils caused by the harder hair coming through the softer undercoat. The forelegs have feather about 5 cms (2 ins) long. Upper side of tail covered with wiry hair, underside not so wiry with neat feathering of softer hair.
UKC
The double coat of the Dandie Dinmont is an important breed characteristic. Body coat is crisp to the touch, a combination of hard outer hair and soft undercoat. It is not wiry. It appears to pencil down the back due to the combination. The entire head is covered with very soft, silky hair. The ear has a thin feather of light hair, of nearly the same color and texture as the hair on the head, starting about two inches from the tip; giving the ear the appearance of a distinct point. The dog is often one or two years of age before the ear feather is shown. The hair on the under part of the body is lighter in color and softer in texture than on the top. The forelegs have a nice feather, approximately two inches in length, that is lighter in color than the hair on the forepart of the legs. The hair on the hind legs is of the same color and texture as that on the forelegs, but there are no feathers. The upper side of the tail is covered with wiry hair of a darker color than that of the body. The underside of the tail is light in color and not so wiry, with nice feathers about two inches long that get shorter nearer to the tip.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Pepper or mustard.
Pepper: Ranges from dark bluish black to light silvery grey, intermediate shades preferred. Body colour coming well down shoulder and hips gradually merging into colour of legs and feet which varies according to body colour from rich tan to pale fawn. Profuse silvery white « topknot ».
Mustard: Varies from reddish brown to pale fawn. Profuse creamy white « topknot », legs and feet of a darker shade than head.
In both colours feather on forelegs rather lighter than hair on fore part of leg. Some white hair on chest and white nails permissible. White feet undesirable. Hair on underside of tail lighter than on upperside which should be darker colour than body.
KC
Pepper or mustard. Pepper: Ranges from dark bluish black to light silvery grey, intermediate shades preferred. Body colour coming well down shoulder and hips gradually merging into colour of legs and feet which varies according to body colour from rich tan to pale fawn. Profuse silvery white ‘topknot’. Mustard: Varies from reddish brown to pale fawn. Profuse creamy white ‘topknot’, legs and feet of darker shade than head. In both colours feather on forelegs rather lighter than hair on fore part of leg. Some white hair on chest and white nails permissible. White feet undesirable. Hair on underside of tail lighter than on upperside which should be darker colour than body.
UKC
The acceptable colors are Pepper or Mustard. Pepper ranges from a dark bluish-black to a light silvery gray, with the intermediate shades being preferred. The body color comes well down the shoulders and hips and gradually merges into the leg color, which varies from rich tan to pale fawn. Profuse silvery white topknot. Mustard varies from a reddish brown to a pale fawn. The head is a creamy white and the legs and feet are a shade darker than the head. Some white on chest acceptable, but white feet are undesirable. Ear color is in harmony with the body color. In a Pepper dog, the ears are covered with soft, straight, dark hair, in some cases nearly black. In a Mustard dog, the ears are mustard in color; a shade darker than the body, but not black.

SIZE

:
KC
The height at withers should be from 20-28cms (8-11ins), length from withers to root of tail should not be more than twice the height, but preferably 1inch to 2ins less. Weight: 8-11 kgs (18-24 lbs) for dogs in good working condition. The lower weights preferred.
UKC
Height, measured at the top of the shoulder, is from eight (8) to eleven (11) inches. Body length, measured from the top of the shoulder to the root of the tail, is not more than twice the dog's height; preferably one (1) or two (2) inches less. The preferred weight range, for dogs in good working condition, is from 18 to 24 pounds.

Weight

:
FCI
8-11 kg ( 18-24 lbs) for dogs in good working condition. The lower weights preferred.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Feet: Flat feet.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.