Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Dandie Dinmont Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.06.1987.
KC
September 2000

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 2Small-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Distinctive head with beautiful silky covering, with large, wise intelligent eyes offsetting long, low weaselly body. Short, strong legs ; weatherproof coat.
KC
Distinctive head with beautiful silky covering, with large, wise, intelligent eyes offsetting long, low, weaselly body. Short, strong legs; weatherproof coat.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Game, workmanlike terrier.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Game, workmanlike Terrier. Independant, highly intelligent, determined, persistent, sensitive, affectionate and dignified.
KC
Independent, highly intelligent, determined, persistent, sensitive, affectionate and dignified.

HEAD

:
FCI
Head strongly made, large but in proportion to dog’s size, muscles showing extraordinary development, especially the maxillary.
KC
Head strongly made, large but in proportion to dog's size, muscles showing extraordinary development, especially the maxillary. Skull broad, narrowing towards eye, measuring about the same from inner corner of eye to back of skull, as from ear to ear. Forehead well domed; head covered with very soft, silky hair not confined to mere ‘topknot’. Cheeks gradually tapering towards deep and strongly made muzzle. Muzzle in proportion to skull as three is to five. Top of muzzle has triangular bare patch pointing backwards to eyes from nose about an inch broad. Nose black.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, narrowing torwards eye, measuring about the same from inner corner of eye to back of skull, as from ear to ear. Forehead well domed ; head covered with very soft, silky hair not confined to mere « topknot ».

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
In proportion to skull as three is to five. Top of muzzle has triangular bare patch pointing backwards to eyes from nose about 2,5 cm ( 1 in.) broad.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Any deviation highly undesirable. Teeth very strong especially canines which are extraordinary in size for a small dog. Canines fit well against each other, to give greatest available holding and punishing power. Inside of mouth black or dark coloured.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Any deviation highly undesirable.
Teeth very strong, especially canines which are extraordinary in size for a small dog. Canines fit well against each other, to give greatest available holding and punishing power. Inside of mouth black or dark coloured.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Gradually tapering towards deep and strongly made muzzle.

Eyes

:
FCI
Rich dark hazel ; set wide apart and low, large, bright, full and round but not protruding.
KC
Rich dark hazel; set wide apart and low, large, bright, full and round but not protruding.

Ears

:
FCI
Pendulous, set well back, wide apart, low on skull, hanging close to cheek with very slight projection at base ; broad at junction of head and tapering almost to a point, fore part of ear coming almost straight down from its junction with head to tip. Cartilage and skin of ear very thin. Length of ear, from 7 ½ -10 cm (3-4 ins). Ears harmonise in colour with body colour. In a pepper dog, covered with soft, straight, dark hair (in some cases almost black).
In a mustard dog, hair mustard in colour, a shade darker than body but not black. Both should have a thin feather of light hair starting about 5 cm (2 ins) from the tip, and of nearly the same colour and texture as « topknot », giving ear appearance of a distinct point. This may not appear until after age of two years.
KC
Pendulous, set well back, wide apart, low on skull, hanging close to cheeks with very slight projection at base; broad at junction of head and tapering almost to a point, fore part of ear coming almost straight down from its junction with head to tip. Cartilage and skin of ear very thin. Length of ear, from 7.5-10 cms (3-4 ins). Ears harmonise in colour with body colour. In a pepper dog, covered with soft, straight, dark hair (in some cases almost black). In a mustard dog, hair mustard in colour, a shade darker than body but not black. Both should have a thin feather of light hair starting about 5 cms (2 ins) from the tip, and of nearly the same colour and texture as ‘topknot’, giving ear appearance of a distinct point. This may not appear until after the age of two years.

NECK

:
FCI
Very muscular, well developed and strong, showing great power. Well set into shoulders.
KC
Very muscular, well developed and strong, showing great power. Well set into shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Long, strong and flexible.
KC
Long, strong and flexible; ribs well sprung and round, chest well developed and well let down between forelegs; back rather low at shoulders having slight downward curve and corresponding arch over loins, slight gradual drop from top of loin to root of tail. Backbone well muscled.

Back

:
FCI
Rather low at shoulders having slight downward curve and corresponding arch over loins, slight gradual drop from top of loin to root of tail. Backbone well muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Chest: Well developed and well let down between forelegs.
Ribs: Well sprung and round.

TAIL

:
FCI
Rather short from 20-25 cm (8-10 ins), rather thick at root, getting thicker for about 10 cm ( 4 ins ) and tapering off to a point. Not twisted or curled in any way but with a curve like a scimitar, the tip when excited being in a perpendicular line with root of tail, set neither too high nor too low. When not excited carried gaily a little above body level.
KC
Rather short from 20-25 cms (8-10 ins), rather thick at root, getting thicker for about 10 cms (4 ins) and tapering off to a point. Not twisted or curled in any way but with a curve like a scimitar, the tip when excited being in a perpendicular line with root of tail, set neither too high nor too low. When not excited carried gaily a little above body level.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs short with immense muscular development and bone, set wide apart and chest coming well down between them. Bandy legs highly undesirable.
KC
Shoulders well laid back but not heavy. Forelegs short with immense muscular development and bone, set wide apart and chest coming well down between them. Forearms to follow line of chest with feet pointing forward or slightly outward when standing. Bandy legs highly undesirable.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back but not heavy.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
To follow line of chest.

FEET

:
KC
Round and well padded. Hindfeet smaller than forefeet. Nails dark but varying in shade according to colour of body. Flat or open feet highly undesirable.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Pointing forward or slightly outward when standing.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Round and well padded. Hindfeet smaller than forefeet. Nails dark but varying in shade according to colour of body. Flat or open feet highly undesirable.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hindlegs a little longer than forelegs ; set rather wide apart, but not spread out in an unnatural manner.
KC
Hindlegs a little longer than forelegs; set rather wide apart, but not spread out in an unnatural manner; thighs well developed. Stifles angulated, hocks well let down. Dewclaws, if present, customarily removed.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Stifle

:
FCI
Angulated.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down. Dewclaws, if present, customarily removed.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Strong, straight impulsion from rear, giving a fluent free and easy stride, reaching forward at the front. A stiff, stilted, hopping or weaving gait highly undesirable.
KC
Strong, straight impulsion from rear, giving a fluent free and easy stride, reaching forward at the front. A stiff, stilted, hopping or weaving gait highly undesirable.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Very important feature of the breed. Double coat with a soft linty undercoat and a harder topcoat, not wiry but giving crisp feel to the hand. The coat should not « shed » down the back, but should lie in pencils caused by the harder hair coming through the softer undercoat. The forelegs have feather about 5 cm (2 ins) long. Upper side of tail covered with wiry hair, underside not so wiry with neat feathering of softer hair.
KC
Very important feature of the breed. Hair should be about 5cms (2ins) long. Double coat with a soft linty undercoat and a harder topcoat, not wiry but giving crisp feel to the hand. The coat should not ‘shed’ down the back, but should lie in pencils caused by the harder hair coming through the softer undercoat. The forelegs have feather about 5 cms (2 ins) long. Upper side of tail covered with wiry hair, underside not so wiry with neat feathering of softer hair.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Pepper or mustard.
Pepper: Ranges from dark bluish black to light silvery grey, intermediate shades preferred. Body colour coming well down shoulder and hips gradually merging into colour of legs and feet which varies according to body colour from rich tan to pale fawn. Profuse silvery white « topknot ».
Mustard: Varies from reddish brown to pale fawn. Profuse creamy white « topknot », legs and feet of a darker shade than head.
In both colours feather on forelegs rather lighter than hair on fore part of leg. Some white hair on chest and white nails permissible. White feet undesirable. Hair on underside of tail lighter than on upperside which should be darker colour than body.
KC
Pepper or mustard. Pepper: Ranges from dark bluish black to light silvery grey, intermediate shades preferred. Body colour coming well down shoulder and hips gradually merging into colour of legs and feet which varies according to body colour from rich tan to pale fawn. Profuse silvery white ‘topknot’. Mustard: Varies from reddish brown to pale fawn. Profuse creamy white ‘topknot’, legs and feet of darker shade than head. In both colours feather on forelegs rather lighter than hair on fore part of leg. Some white hair on chest and white nails permissible. White feet undesirable. Hair on underside of tail lighter than on upperside which should be darker colour than body.

SIZE

:
KC
The height at withers should be from 20-28cms (8-11ins), length from withers to root of tail should not be more than twice the height, but preferably 1inch to 2ins less. Weight: 8-11 kgs (18-24 lbs) for dogs in good working condition. The lower weights preferred.

Weight

:
FCI
8-11 kg ( 18-24 lbs) for dogs in good working condition. The lower weights preferred.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.