Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

(Ceskoslovenský Vlciak)

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

(Czechoslovakian Vlcak)


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Czechoslovakia.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Slovakia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.09.1999.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Working Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
With working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In the year 1955 a biological experiment took place in the CSSR of that time, namely, the crossing of a German Shepherd Dog with a Carpathian wolf. The experiment established that the progeny of the mating of male dog to female wolf as well as that of male wolf to female dog, could be reared. The vast majority of the products of these matings possessed the genetic requirements for continuation of breeding. In the year 1965, after the ending of the experiment, a plan for the breeding of this new breed was worked out. This was to combine the usable qualities of the wolf with the favourable qualities of the dog. In the year 1982, the Ceskoslovenský Vlciak, through the general committee of the breeders’ associations of the CSSR of that time, was recognized as a national breed.
UKC
The Czechoslovakian Vlcak is the result of a biological experiment that began in 1955 with the deliberate crossing of a German Shepherd Dog with a Carpathian Wolf. These experimental breedings continued for ten years, and in 1965 a plan was created for the breeding of this new breed, which combined the usable qualities of the wolf with the favorable qualities of the dog. In 1982 the Czechoslovakian Vlcak was recognized as a national breed in the former Czechoslovakian Republic. The Czechoslovakian Vlcak was recognized by the United Kennel Club in July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Firm type in constitution. Above average size with rectangular frame. In body shape, movement, coat texture, colour of coat and mask, similar to the wolf.
UKC
Firm type in constitution, above average size with a rectangular frame. In body shape, movement, coat texture and color of coat and mask it is similar to the wolf.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Length of body Height at withers = 10 9.
Length of muzzle Length of cranial region = 1 1.5.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively, very active, capable of endurance, docile with quick reactions. Fearless and courageous. Suspicious. Shows tremendous loyalty towards his master. Resistant to weather conditions. Versatile in his uses.
UKC
Fearless and courageous, suspicious of strangers but very loyal to his master. Useful for a variety of tasks and possessing the capability of great endurance.

HEAD

:
FCI
Symmetrical, well muscled. Seen from the side and from above, it forms a blunt wedge. Sex should be unmistakable.
UKC
Symmetrical and well muscled, shaped like a blunt wedge. The sex of the dog should be readily apparent when viewing the head.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Seen from the side and from the front, the forehead is slightly arched. No marked frontal furrow. Occipital bone clearly visible.
UKC
Slightly arched with a clearly visible occiput and no marked frontal furrow. There is a moderate stop. The length of the muzzle is longer than the length of the skull in a ratio of 1:1.5.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Oval shape, black.
UKC
Oval in shape and black in color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Clean, not broad; straight bridge of nose.
UKC
The muzzle is clean and not broad. The nasal bridge is straight. The lips are tight fitting and have black rims. The cheeks are clean and sufficiently muscled, but not protruding.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight fitting. No gap at corner of mouth. Rims of lips are black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong and symmetrical. Well developed teeth, specially the canines. Scissor or pincer bite with 42 teeth according to the usual tooth set. Regular teeth set.
UKC
The Czechoslovakian Vlcak has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite. The absence of two premolars (P1) or two third molars (M3) is not a fault. However, these teeth missing in combination (such as two P1 and 1 M3) should be considered as a fault.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Clean, sufficiently muscled, not markedly protruding.

Eyes

:
FCI
Small, slanting, amber coloured. Well fitting lids.
UKC
Small, slanting, and amber in color with tight fitting rims.

Ears

:
FCI
Pricked, thin, triangular, short (i.e. not longer than 1/6th of the height at withers); the lateral point of the set on of the ears and the outer corner of the eyes are in a direct line. A vertical line from tip of ear would run close along the head.
UKC
Short, triangular in shape, fully erect, with thin leather. Set with the outside edge in a direct line with the outer corner of the eye. A vertical line from the tip of the ear would run close alongside the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Dry, well muscled. In repose forms an angle of up to 40 degrees to the horizontal. The neck must be sufficiently long for the nose to touch the ground effortlessly.
UKC
Long, dry, and well muscled. In repose, the neck forms an angle of up to 40 degrees to the horizontal.

BODY

:
UKC
Longer than tall in a ratio of 10:9. The neck flows smoothly into the withers, which are pronounced but must not interfere with the smooth transition of the entire topline, which slopes slightly. The chest is pear shaped, narrowing towards the sternum, and does not reach to the elbows. There is no prominence of forechest in front of the point of the shoulder. The back is firm and straight, and the loin is short and well muscled, but not broad. The croup is short, not broad and slightly sloping. The underline is tucked up and slightly hollow in the flank.

Topline

:
FCI
Flowing transition from neck to body. Sloping away sligthly.

Withers

:
FCI
Well muscled, pronounced. Though pronounced, they must not interrupt the flow of the topline.

Back

:
FCI
Firm and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, well muscled, not broad, sloping slightly.

Croup

:
FCI
Short, well muscled, not broad, falling away slightly.

Chest

:
FCI
Symmetrical, well muscled, roomy, pear-shaped and narrowing towards the sternum. The depth of chest does not reach to the elbows. The point of the sternum does not extend beyond the shoulder joints.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Taut bellly, tucked up. Slightly hollow in flanks.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, hanging straight down. When dog is excited, generally raised in sickle shape.
UKC
Set on high and normally hanging straight down. When the dog is excited, it is raised in a sickle shape.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The front legs are straight, strong, clean and close together with slightly turned out feet.
UKC
The shoulder assembly is well muscled. The shoulder blade forms an angle of nearly 65 degrees with the horizontal. The upper arm forms an angle of approximately 120 to 130 degrees with the shoulder blade.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade is placed rather far forward, well muscled. It forms an angle of nearly 65 degrees to the horizontal.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Strongly muscled, forms an angle of 120 to 130 degrees to the shoulder blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close fitting, turned neither in nor out, well defined, flexible. Upper arm and forearm form an angle of approximately 150 degrees.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight, strong and clean, with tightly held elbows and feet that turn out slightly. The pasterns are long and flexible, forming an angle of at least 75 degrees with the ground. The length of the leg from elbow to ground is slightly more than half the height at the withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Long, clean and straight. The length of the forearm and pastern is 55% of height at withers.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pastern joint: Solid, flexible.
Pastern: Long, forms an angle of at least 75 degrees to the ground. Lightly springy in movement.

FEET

:
UKC
Large, oval in shape, with longish arched toes and elastic, dark pads. Strong, dark nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large, turned slightly outwards. Longish arched toes and strong, dark nails. Well defined, elastic, dark pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Longish, arched toes with strong dark nails.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful. The hind legs stand parallel. An imaginary vertical line drawn from the point of the ischium, would run midway through the hock joint. The dewclaws are undesirable and must be eliminated.
UKC
Powerful, with angulation of approximately 80 degrees between the pelvis and femur.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, well muscled. Forms an angle of 80 degrees to the pelvis. The hip joint is sturdy and flexible.

Stifle

:
FCI
Strong and flexible.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs stand parallel. They are long and well muscled, with flexible joints. A vertical line drawn from the point of the ischium would run mid way through the hock joint. Angulation at the hock joint is approximately 130 degrees. The rear pastern is long and almost perpendicular to the ground. Rear dewclaws must be removed.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, clean, well muscled. Forms an angle of about 130 degrees with the hock.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Clean, solid, flexible.

Hock

:
FCI
Long, clean. Position almost vertical to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Harmonious, light-footed, ground covering trot in which the limbs skim over the ground as closely as possible. Head and neck incline to the horizontal. Pacing when walking.
UKC
Harmonious, light footed and ground covering with the feet kept very close to the ground. The head and neck are carried forward, not vertically. At slow speeds, pacing is typical.

SKIN

:
FCI
Elastic, tight, without wrinkles, unpigmented.
UKC
The skin is elastic and tight without wrinkles or pigment.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Straight and close. Winter and summer coat differ greatly. In winter an immense undercoat is predominant and, together with the topcoat, forms a thick coat all over the body. It is necessary for the hair to cover the belly, the inside of the upper thigh, the scrotum, the inner part of the ear and the area between the toes. Well coated neck.
UKC
The coat is straight and close. It must cover the entire body including belly, insides of thighs, scrotum and the inner parts of the ears. The coat is very affected by climate, and the winter and summer coats vary greatly. In winter there is a tremendous undercoat that predominates.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Yellowish-gray to silver-gray with a charateristic light mask. Light hair also on the underside of the neck and the forechest. Dark gray colour with light mask is permissible.
UKC
Yellowish-gray to silver-gray, with a light mask and lighter shading on the underside of the neck and the chest. Dark gray with a lighter mask is also acceptable.

SIZE

:
UKC
Height at the withers for males is at least 25½ inches, for females, at least 23½ inches. Males weigh at least 57 pounds, females at least 44 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs at least 65 cm,
Bitches at least 60 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs at least 26 kg,
Bitches at least 20 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Heavy or light head.
  • Flat forehead.
  • The absence of two PM1 (premolar 1) or of both M3 (molar 3) is not to be penalized. However, the absence of one M3 in addition to 2 PM1 or the absence of one PM1 in addition to both M3 is to be considered as a fault.
  • Dark brown, black or different coloured eyes.
  • Coarse ear. High or low set-on of ear.
  • Neck carried high in repose; low position of neck when standing.
  • Unpronounced withers.
  • Untypical topline.
  • Long croup.
  • Tail long, set on low and not carried correctly.
  • Too little or too much angulation in forequarters.
  • Weak pastern.
  • Too little or too much angulation in hindquarters. Insufficient muscle.
  • Barely pronounced mask.
  • Short, wavy movement.
UKC

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Eyes: Dark brown or black eyes. Eyes of different colors. Untypical shape and position of the eyes.
Ears: Thick ears. Ears set too high or too low.
Neck: A neck carried high. Neck held low when standing.
Forelegs: Weak pasterns.
Body: Unpronounced withers. Long croup. Incorrectly shaped ribcage.
Tail: Tail set on low, too long or not carried correctly.
Color: A barely pronounced mask.
Gait: Short strides or any untypical movement.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Body: Any discrepancy from correct proportion.
Body: A sharp slope to the croup.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Discrepancy in proportions.
  • Faults in deportment and temperament.
  • Untypical head.
  • Missing teeth (except 2 PM1 and the M 3, see § faults), irregular bite.
  • Untypical shape and position of eyes.
  • Untypical set-on and shape of ears.
  • Dewlap.
  • Strong slope in croup.
  • Untypical ribcage.
  • Tail untypical in set on and carriage.
  • Faulty and untypical position of front legs.
  • Stand-off and untypical coat.
  • Colours other than those in the standard.
  • Slack ligaments.
  • Untypical movement.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Any missing teeth other than the P1 and M3 as stated in the teeth section. Any bite irregularity. Dewlap. Stand off or untypical coat. Any color other than listed in the standard.
Teeth: Any missing teeth other than the P1 and M3 as stated above. Any bite irregularity.
Neck: Dewlap.
Coat: Stand off or untypical coat.
Color: Any color other than listed in the standard.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.