Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Croatian Shepherd Dog

(Hrvatski Ovcar)

Croatian Sheepdog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Croatia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.11.2014.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
His instinct to herd and guard the flock is strongly developed, but he can also be well used as a guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Croatian Sheepdog (also known as the Hrvatski Ovcar) is a native breed that is descended from the dogs the Croats brought with them when the settled the land. It has been bred and used as a sheep and cattle herder in the plains of Slavonia for centuries. The earliest written document that has been found about the breed dates from the year 1374. The Croatian Sheepdog was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Croatian Shepherd Dog is at the lower limit of the medium sized dogs. The basic colour is black. The short hair on the head and the legs is the characteristic sign of the breed.
UKC
The Croatian Sheepdog is a medium sized, rectangular shaped, black dog with short hair on its head and legs.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body exceeds that of the height at withers by about 10 % making the body outline rather rectangular.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively, attentive, modest and easy to train.
UKC
The breed is lively, attentive, modest and easy to train.

HEAD

:
UKC
Fairly light and wedge shaped, with the muzzle slightly shorter than the skull.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
Relatively light, wedge-shaped. The length of the muzzle compared with that of the skull is of 9 to 11. The total length of the head is about 20 cm.

Skull

:
FCI
While narrowing, continues into the muzzle; the superciliary arches are not developed, the cheeks are rounded, but the head on the whole is lean. The frontal furrow is not marked, the skull seen from above is oval. The occipital protuberance can be marked.
UKC
Broadest between the ears, lean and oval in shape when viewed from above. The cheeks are rounded and the frontal furrow is not marked. The occipital protuberance can be felt. There is a slight stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Slightly marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Always black and not prominent.
UKC
Always black and not prominent.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Lean, the profile of the nasal bridge is straight, and this in conical shape is an extension of the upper part of the skull. The lower jaw is in good proportion with the foreface so that the muzzle is neither too pointed nor too blunt.
UKC
Lean and tapering, not too blunt, with a straight nasal bridge. The lips are thin, tight fitting and elastic, with black edges.

Lips

:
FCI
Thin, tight fitting and elastic, with firm labial corners. The visible mucous membrane of the lips is black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Well developed and in scissor bite. The pincer bite is permitted but undesirable. Complete dentition.
UKC
The Croatian Sheepdog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite. A level bite is acceptable.

Eyes

:
FCI
Brown to black, medium size, almond shape, with lively expression. The eyes are not set oblique. The well fitting eyelids are dark in pigmentation.
UKC
Medium in size and almond in shape, the eyes are set on a horizontal plane and are brown or black in color. The eyerims are dark and the expression is lively.

Ears

:
FCI
Triangular, pricked or semi-pricked, of medium length and set slightly to the side. The pricked ears are desirable. Cropping is not permitted.
UKC
Ears may be pricked or semi-pricked, but pricked are more desirable. They are triangular in shape, of medium length and set slightly to the side of the head. Cropping is not permitted.

NECK

:
FCI
The neck is oblique in comparison with the topline; in profile upper and lower lines are straight; moderately long, deep, muscular, well rounded but not too strong.
The skin is without folds, covered with thick hair.
UKC
Moderately long, clean, muscular and well rounded.

BODY

:
UKC
In proportion, the body is longer than it is tall. The chest is rather broad and deep, but the forechest is not pronounced. The ribs are well sprung. The withers are not prominent. The back and loin are short and muscular. The rump is of medium length, slightly sloping and broad. There is a slight tuck up.

Withers

:
FCI
Not prominent. The transition from the neck region to the back is gradual and hardly visible.

Back

:
FCI
Short, muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and well muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Of medium length, slightly oblique, well muscled and visibly broad.

Chest

:
FCI
Of medium length, rather broad and deep, well sprung ribs. Forechest not pronounced, in profile its line is merging with the lower line of the neck.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly tucked up. The flanks full and firm.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set moderately high, the hair dense and bushy. At rest, carried low or level with the back; when the dog is alert, it is carried above the back line. The puppies may be born without tails or they are docked so that they are not longer than 4 cm on the adult dog.
UKC
Puppies may be born without tails, or they are customarily docked to be approximately one inch in length. The tail is set moderately high, covered with bushy hair, and is carried low at rest and above the backline when the dog is alert.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The forelegs are straight and parallel seen from the front. The angulations are fairly open making the forequarters rather upright. The legs are of medium length. The shoulders slightly oblique, medium length, well muscled. The upper arm is relatively short, forearm long and muscled. Light bone structure. The pastern joint is lean and not distinguishable from the rest of the forearm, the pastern not completely vertical; the foot small, of elongated shape. The toes are tight, the nails black or grey, the pads firm.
UKC
The shoulder blade is of medium length and slightly oblique. The upper arm is rather short and the shoulder angulation is open, making the forequarters appear upright.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forearm is long and muscular with light bone. The pastern joint is lean and the pastern is slightly sloping.

FEET

:
UKC
Small and elongated in shape, with tight toes, firm pads and black or grey nails.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The hindquarters have moderately open angulations. Seen from behind, the limbs are parallel; the thigh is rather long and the hock close to the ground. The thigh moderately broad, muscled. The hock is lean, well developed with a moderately open angle. The feet are similar to the front feet, although more elongated. Dewclaws should be removed.
UKC
The hindquarters have fairly open angulation, matching the forequarter.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Seen from behind, the legs are parallel. The thighs are rather long and broad and the hock joint is close to the ground and moderately angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Preferred gait is the trot and the length of the stride is moderate.
UKC
At a trot, the length of stride is moderate.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The hair on the back is of 7 to 14 cm long. The facial part of the head is invariably covered with short hair. The outer side of the ears is covered with short hair and with longer hair on the inner side. The backside of the forelegs is fringed with long hair down to the pastern. The hind legs have culottes (fringes) which go down to the hock. The hair is relatively soft, wavy or even curly. Must never be wooly. The undercoat must be dense.
UKC
The coat is soft, dense, double and wavy or curly. The coat on the back is moderately long. On the face and front of legs it is short. The back of the front legs is fringed with hair and the hind legs have culottes. Disqualifications: Wooly coat or overly long coat. Long hair on the face.

COLOUR

:
FCI
The basic colour of the hair is black. A few white markings are allowed. White markings on the head, the body and the tail are not permitted, whereas below the throat, the chest and under the chest, they are permitted but undesirable. Stockings or socks lessen the qualification.
UKC
Black, with a few white markings allowed only under the throat, on the chest and under the chest or on the feet and legs. Disqualification: White markings on the head, body or tail.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI
The size at the withers for males and females varies from 40 to 50 cm.
UKC
Height for both males and females varies from 16 to 20 inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any other than black pigmentation of the nose.
Loss of more than 2 first premolars (PM1).
Undershot or overshot mouth.
Light or albino eyes.
Hanging ears.
Coat entirely woolly or too long.
Long hair on the face.
White markings on the head, the body and the tail.
Height at withers more than 50 cm and below 40 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Height under 16 inches or over 20 inches.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Lack of complete black pigment of the nose. Any missing teeth other than the first premolars. Undershot or overshot bite. Yellow eyes. Hanging ears. Wooly coat or overly long coat. Long hair on the face. White markings on the head, body or tail.
Teeth: Any missing teeth other than the first premolars. Undershot or overshot bite.
Nose: Lack of complete black pigment of the nose.
Eyes: Yellow eyes.
Ears: Hanging ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.