Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Coton de Tuléar

Coton De Tulear

Coton De Tulear


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Madagascar.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.11.1999.
KC
September 2000

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 1.2Bichons and related breeds, Coton de Tuléar
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Pamela Jeans-Brown, Mrs.Renée Sporre-Willes, Mr. Raymond Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Introduced to France long before its official recognition in 1970, this newcomer from Madagascar quickly acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs of this country; today it is widespread all over the world.
UKC
The Coton de Tulear originates from the island of Madagascar, off the coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. The breed derives its name from the French word coton, meaning "cotton," and from the Madagascan port of Tulear. Tulear was once a popular port of merchant ships sailing the Indian Ocean, and it is believed that around the 15th or 16th century, European merchants introduced various Bichon-type companion dogs to Madagascar. It is probable that the breed evolved from the interbreeding of those Bichon strains. It is presumed that because of their beauty and affectionate personality, these dogs were offered to the King and Malagasy nobles. In the 17th century, the Coton de Tulear was adopted by the ruling "Merina" tribal monarchy, and it was forbidden that anyone other than royalty own the breed. Thus became the breed's prevalent title of "Royal Dog of Madagascar." The Coton de Tulear was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small, long-haired, companion dog with a white cotton textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression.
KC
Small, white dog. Slightly longer than high. Long coat of distinctive texture.
UKC
The Coton de Tulear is a small dog, with a long, cotton-like coat and round, dark, intelligent, expressive eyes. The ratio of height (measured at the withers) to body length is 2:3.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The height at the withers in relationship to the length of the body is 2 to 3.
The length of the head in relationship to that of the body is 2 to 5.
The length of the skull in relationship to that of the muzzle is 9 to 5.
KC
Lively, boisterous and intelligent.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life. The temperament of the Coton de Tuléar is one of the main characteristics of the breed.
KC
Loyal and friendly.
UKC
Happy, stable and sociable with people and with other dogs, the Coton de Tular’s only purpose is to be a charming companion. This excellent temperament is a hallmark of the breed.

HEAD

:
FCI
Short, seen from above triangular.
KC
Medium short foreface. Ratio of muzzle length to skull length 5:9. Skull slightly convex. Slight stop. Nose black.
UKC
The head is short, measuring approximately two-fifths (2/5) the length of the body. When viewed from above, it is triangular in shape.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Seen from the front slightly rounded; rather wide in relation to its length. Superciliary arches only slightly developed. Slight frontal groove. Occipital protuberance and crest only slightly accentuated. Well developed zygomatic arches.
UKC
the skull is rounded on top and rather broad in relationship to its length. There is a slight stop and no prominence of either occiput or crest. Zygomatic arches are well developed.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
In the extension of the nasal bridge; black; brown is tolerated; nostrils wide open.
UKC
The small nose has open nostrils. It is black or dark brown in color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Straight.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips black.
UKC
The muzzle is short, just over half the length of the skull. The nasal bone is straight, and the lips are fine and tight, matching the nose in color.

Lips

:
FCI
Fine, tight, of the same colour as the nose.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth well aligned. Scissor bite, pincer bite or inverted bite without losing contact. The absence of the PM1 is not penalised; the M3s are not taken into consideration.
UKC
A full complement of small, strong, white, perfect teeth meet in a scissors, level, or slightly undershot bite (reverse scissors, with no gap between the upper and lower teeth). The absence of the first premolars is not a fault. M3’s are not taken into consideration.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Lean.

Eyes

:
FCI
Rather rounded, dark, lively, wide apart; the rims of the eyelids are well pigmented with black or brown according to the colour of the nose.
KC
Round, dark and expressive. Well spaced. Black eye rims.
UKC
The rather round, dark eyes are bright and lively. They are set well apart. Eyelids are fine, with dark pigment that matches the nose.

Ears

:
FCI
Pendulous, triangular, high set on the skull, fine at the tips; carried close to the cheeks, reaching the corners of the lips. Covered with white hairs or with some traces of light grey (mixture of white and black hairs giving a light grey appearance) or red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs giving a red-roan appearance - lemon).
KC
High set on skull, pendulous, slender, well covered with fine long hair.
UKC
The thin, triangular, dropped ears are set high on the skull and are fine at the tips. They are carried close to the cheeks and in length reach to the corner of the lips.

NECK

:
FCI
Well muscled, slightly arched. Neck well set into shoulders. Proportion of neck to body = 1/5. Clean neck with no dewlap.
KC
Medium length, slightly arched. Tight skin.
UKC
Well-muscled, slightly arched and free of dewlap. The ratio of neck length to body length is 1:5.

BODY

:
FCI
Topline very slightly convex. Dog longer than high.
KC
Good depth of brisket, medium tuck-up, slight rise over loin.
UKC
Rectangular in appearance, with a slightly convex topline. Withers are only slightly pronounced. The chest is well developed and deep to the level of the elbow. The ribcage is long and well sprung. The loin is well muscled and the croup is short, strong and sloping. There is a moderate tuck up.

Withers

:
FCI
Only slightly pronounced.

Back

:
FCI
Strong back, topline very slightly arched. Loin well muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Oblique, short and muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Well developed, well let down to elbow level, long. Ribs well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Tucked up but not excessively.

TAIL

:
FCI
Low set, in the axis of the spinal column.
At rest carried below the hock, the tip being raised.
On the move Carried « gaily » curved over the back, with the point towards the nape, the withers, the back or the loin. In dogs with abundant coat, the tip may rest on the dorsal-lumbar region.
KC
Well feathered. Low set, tapering, never coiled. When at rest, tip slightly raised. Carried above back when dog is moving.
UKC
Set low, with the length reaching below the hock joint. At rest, the tail is carried low with the tip curved up. On the move, it is carried gaily over the back with the tip pointing toward the neck, withers, back or loin.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The frontlegs are upright.
KC
Shoulders well laid back. Forelegs straight.
UKC
The shoulder blade and upper arm are approximately the same length, and meet at an angle of 120 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Oblique shoulder, muscled. Scapulo-humeral angle about 120°. The length of the upper arm corresponds approximatively to that of the shoulder blade.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Are straight and parallel, with good bone. The pasterns are strong and slightly sloping. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Lower arms vertical and parallel, well muscled, with good bone. The length of the lower arm corresponds approximatively to that of the upper arm.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
A continuation of the line of the lower arm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong, seen in profile sloping very slightly.

FEET

:
KC
Small, round and tight. Black pads.
UKC
Small, round, with tight toes and pigmented pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, round, toes tight, arched; pads pigmented.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Similar to forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The hindlegs are upright. Though dewclaws are not sought after, their presence is not penalised.
KC
Well muscled legs, parallel when viewed from behind. Moderate angulation.
UKC
Strongly muscled and well angulated at the hip.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strongly muscled; coxo-femoral angle about 80°.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Straight from hip to foot, with a dry, well defined hock joint that is moderately angulated. The presence of dewclaws on the rear legs is not penalized.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Oblique, forming with the femur an angle of about 120°.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Dry, well defined, angle of the hock about 160°.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free and flowing, without covering a lot of ground; topline retained on the move. No sign of uneven movement.
KC
Smart and free; parallel movement fore and aft.
UKC
Free and flowing, but somewhat short strided. The convex topline is maintained on the move.

SKIN

:
FCI
Fine, stretched tight over all the body; although of pink colour, it can be pigmented.
UKC
Skin is fine and tight, and may be pink or pigmented.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
This is one of the main characteristics of the breed from which its very name derives. Very soft and supple, with the texture of cotton, never hard or rough, the coat is dense, profuse and can be very slightly wavy.
KC
Single coated. Approximately 8-9 cms (3-3½ ins) long, fine, slightly wavy, texture of cotton, shown in natural state. Colour White. Slight lemon or grey colour on ears acceptable; dark pigmentation.
UKC
Proper coat is a hallmark of the breed. It is very soft, supple and cottony in texture, never hard or harsh. The coat is dense and profuse, straight or slightly wavy.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Ground colour White. A few slight shadings of light grey colour (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated, if they do not alter the general appearance of white coat. They are however not sought after.
KC
White. Slight lemon or grey colour on ears acceptable; dark pigmentation.
UKC
Ground color: White. A few slight shadings of light gray color (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white & fawn hairs) are permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated on 10% of the entire coat as long as they do not alter the general appearance of the white coat. They are, however, not sought after.

SIZE

:
KC
25-32 cms (10-12½ ins).
UKC
Desirable height for males is 10 to 11 inches with a tolerance of 1/2" (half an inch) below and 1" (one inch) above. Desirable height for females is 9 to 10 inches with a tolerance of 1/2" (half an inch) below and 1" (one inch) above.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 26-28 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below.
Females 23-25 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below.

Weight

:
FCI

Males From 4 kg to a maximum of 6 kg.
Females From 3,5 kg to a maximum of 5 kg.
UKC
Acceptable weight is 9 to 13 pounds for males; 8 to 11 pounds for females, with a tolerance of up to one pound below and above the specified weights.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Skull Flat or too domed, narrow.
  • Muzzle Disproportion between skull and muzzle.
  • Eyes Light, too almond shaped; entropion, ectropion, prominent eyes.
  • Ears Too short, with insufficient length of hair; ears folding backwards (rose ear).
  • Neck Too short, too stuffy in shoulder, too slender.
  • Topline Too arched, sway backed.
  • Croup Horizontal, narrow.
  • Shoulder Straight.
  • Limbs Turned inwards or outwards; out at elbows; hocks wide set or too close; straight angulations.
  • Hair Too short, too wavy, curly.
  • Pigmentation Partially lacking or too light pigmentation of eyelids or lips; discoloured nose, with unpigmented areas.
UKC

Muzzle: Bridge of nose convex (Roman nose).
Eyes: Light eyes. Almond shaped eyes. Entropion. Ectropion.
Nose: Pigment of the nose, lips or eyerims that is too pale or any of those areas partially lacking in pigmentation.
Ears: Ears too short. Ears lacking sufficient hair. Rose ears.
Neck: Short, stuffy neck. Thin neck.
Tail: Ring tail. Short tail, not reaching to hock joint. Tail carried flat on the back. Tail absolutely straight, like a candle.
Size: Any departure from the above measurements.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • General type: Lack of type (insufficient breed characteristics which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble other examples of the breed). Size and weight outside the requirements and tolerance of the standard.
  • Particular points: Foreface Bridge of nose convex. Eyes Bulging, with signs of dwarfism; too light; wall eyes. Ears Pricked or semi-pricked. Tail Not reaching to hock; high set, completely curled (forming a tight ring); carried flat on the back or against the thighs; carried candle like; tailless. Hair Atypical, rightly curled, woolly, silky. Colour Heavily marked; any marking of a definite black. Pigmentation Total lack of pigment on eyerims, nose or lips.
  • Anomalies: Overshot or undershot mouth with lack of contact between the incisors; vertical gaping of the incisors. Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or the M3s. Aggressive or extremely shy specimen. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Wall eyes. Bulging eyes that show signs of dwarfism. No tail. Males weighing less than 8 pounds or more than 14 pounds. Females weighing less than 7 pounds or more than 12 pounds. The minimum weight requirement is not applicable to dogs in the puppy class. Any atypical coat such as wooly, silky or extremely curly. Any black marking in coat or any shading covering more than 10% of the body. Lips, nose and eye rims completely lacking in pigmentation. Undershot or overshot (no contact between the upper and lower incisors). Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or M3. Prick or semi-prick ears. Albinism.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot (no contact between the upper and lower incisors). Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or M3.
Eyes: Wall eyes. Bulging eyes that show signs of dwarfism.
Nose: Lips, nose and eye rims completely lacking in pigmentation.
Ears: Prick or Semi-prick ears.
Tail: No tail.
Coat: Any atypical coat such as wooly, silky or extremely curly.
Color: Any black marking on the coat or any shading covering more than 10% of the body.
Size: Males weighing less than 8 pounds or more than 14 pounds. Females weighing less than 7 pounds or more than 12 pounds. The minimum weight requirement is not applicable to dogs in the puppy class.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.