Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Clumber Spaniel

Spaniel (Clumber)

Clumber Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
March 2010

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Flushing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 2Flushing Dogs
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Clumber Spaniels are said to have come in the first place from France over two hundred years ago, the Clumber was brought to Great Britain by the Duke of Newcastle, and bred at his family home of Clumber Park in Nottinghamshire.
It is a very heavy dog, and his pace of working is more leisurely than that of other Spaniels. That has been allowed to become ever heavier since around the 1950s, and though the top weight for dogs now stands at 34 kgs, it would appear that some are in excess of even this figure. However, lovers of the breed should make certain that his great size does not encourage any weakness in his hindquarters.
UKC
There are several theories regarding the origin of the Clumber Spaniel. One states that it was developed in France by the French Duc de Noailles. Threatened by revolution, he transferred his dogs to the Duke of Newcastle, his close friend in England. The Duke's estate, Clumber Park, undoubtedly was the source of the breed’s name. Some believe that crosses with the heavy Alpine Spaniel and Basset Hound helped produce this breed. Due to his heavy build, he is slower at his work of upland hunting than his lighter-boned spaniel cousins. The Clumber Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1980.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Balanced, well boned, active with a thoughtful expression, overall appearance denoting strength. The Clumber should be firm, fit and capable of a day’s work in the field.
KC
Balanced, well boned, active with a thoughtful expression, overall appearance denoting strength. The Clumber should be firm, fit and capable of a day's work of beating in heavy cover.
UKC
General appearance is one of great power; a long, low, heavy-looking dog with a large, massive head. They are deliberate and sedate in movement, with a characteristic rolling, but never clumsy, gait. The coat is silky and straight, extremely dense, and white with lemon or orange colored markings. The sum of their characteristics indicates a dog that has the power and endurance to move through heavy underbrush in the pursuit of game.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Stoical, great-hearted, highly intelligent with a determined attitude enhancing his natural ability. A silent worker with an excellent nose.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Stoical, great-hearted, highly intelligent with a determined attitude enhancing his natural ability. A silent worker with an excellent nose. Steady, reliable, kind and dignified; more aloof than other Spaniels, showing no tendency towards aggression.
KC
Steady, reliable, kind and dignified; more aloof than other Spaniels, showing no tendency towards aggression.
UKC
The Clumber Spaniel has massive bone and a rectangular shape. The proportions of length, measured from the withers to the set on of the tail, to height, measured from the withers to the ground, are eleven to nine. Their expression is pensive, and their stature is dignified, accompanied by great enthusiasm for work and play. In temperament, they are a loyal and affectionate breed. They may be reserved with strangers, but are never hostile or timid.

HEAD

:
FCI
Large, square, medium length. No exaggeration in head and skull.
KC
Large, square, medium length, broad on top with decided occiput; heavy brows; deep stop. Square muzzle with well developed flews. No exaggeration in head and skull.
UKC
The head is massive.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad on top with decided occiput; heavy brows.
UKC
The flat topskull has a pronounced occiput. A slight furrow runs between the eyes, up through the center of the skull. The stop is marked. Brows are heavy.

Stop

:
FCI
Deep.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
UKC
The nose is large and square. Acceptable colors are shades of brown, to include beige, rose and cherry.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Square.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The broad, deep muzzle is conducive to retrieving. Flews on the upper jaw are strongly developed, overlapping the lower jaw; giving a square outline when viewed from the side.

Lips

:
FCI
Well developed flews.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely over-lapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Clean, dark amber. Full light eyes highly undesirable. Acceptable to have some haw showing but without excess. Free from obvious eye problems.
KC
Clean, dark, amber. Full light eyes highly undesirable. Acceptable to have some haw showing but without excess. Free from obvious eye problems.
UKC
The large eyes are set deep in either a diamond-shaped rim or a rim with a "V" on the bottom and a curve on the top. Some haw may show. They are dark amber in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Large, vine leaf-shaped, well covered with straight hair. Hanging slightly forward, feather not to extend below leather.
KC
Large, vine leaf-shaped, well covered with straight hair. Hanging slightly forward, feather not to extend below leather.
UKC
The ears are triangular in shape, broad at the top, with a rounded lower edge. They are set low and attached to the skull at about eye level. The ear leather is thick.

NECK

:
FCI
Fairly long, thick, powerful.
KC
Fairly long, thick, powerful.
UKC
The long, muscular neck fits into well-laid-back shoulders. Some slackness, or dewlap, is not to be faulted.

BODY

:
FCI
Long, well muscled and strong.
KC
Long, well muscled and strong. Chest deep. Well sprung ribs which are carried well back. Muscular loin, well let down in flank.
UKC
The straight, firm back is long and level. There is a slight arch over the loin. The chest is wide and the brisket deep; with well-sprung ribs.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, broad, long.

Loin

:
FCI
Muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep; well sprung ribs which are carried well back.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well let down in flank.

TAIL

:
FCI
Previously customarily docked.
Docked: Set low. Well feathered, carried level with back.
Undocked: Set low. Well feathered, carried level with back.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set low. Well feathered, carried level with back. Undocked: Set low. Well feathered, carried level with back.
UKC
The docked tail is set on just below the backline, and is carried parallel to the ground.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders strong, sloping, muscular; legs short, straight, well boned, strong.
UKC
The shoulders are well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Strong, sloping, muscular.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The upper arm is of sufficient length so that the elbow is placed directly in a line with the withers. The short, straight forelegs have heavy bone. The elbows are held close. The strong pasterns are slightly sloped. Dewclaws may be removed from the forelegs.

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs short, straight, well boned, strong.

FEET

:
KC
Large, round, well covered with hair.
UKC
The large, compact forefeet have thick pads. The hind feet are not as large as the forefeet but are of substantial size; and are compact, with thick pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large, round, well covered with hair.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Very powerful and well developed hindquarters.
KC
Very powerful and well developed. Hocks low, stifles well bent and set straight.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent and set straight.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The thighs are heavily muscled. When viewed from the rear, they appear round and broad. The stifle is moderately angulated. The rear pasterns are short and perpendicular to the ground.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Low.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Moving straight fore and aft, with effortless drive.
KC
Moving straight fore and aft, with effortless drive.
UKC
Their characteristic gait is easy and free, accompanied by good reach in the front and a strong drive from the rear. The hocks drive in a straight line. The proper Clumber “roll”, resulting from short legs and a wide body, occurs when the dog converges toward a centerline, rotating the hips downward while maintaining a level and straight back. This is a comfortable, efficient gait that can be maintained for a day of work in the fields.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Abundant, close, silky and straight. Legs and chest well feathered.
KC
Abundant, close, silky and straight. Legs and chest well feathered.
UKC
The ears are slightly feathered with straight hair. The neck frill is good and is never to be shaved. The weather-resistant body coat is dense, straight and flat. Trimming of the whiskers is up to the discretion of the owner. The rear pasterns may be trimmed. The hair on the feet may be trimmed to facilitate ease and efficiency of fieldwork, and to show the natural outline. No other trimming is acceptable.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Plain white body preferred, with lemon markings; orange permissible. Slight head markings and freckled muzzle.
KC
Plain white body preferred, with lemon markings; orange permissible. Slight head markings and freckled muzzle.
UKC
The primary body color is white, accompanied by lemon or orange markings. Equal consideration is given to markings around one or both eyes or to a white face. The fewer the markings on the body, the better. A spot near the set-on of the tail is common and acceptable. Freckles (ticking) on the muzzle and forelegs are acceptable.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal weight: dogs: 29.5 - 34 kgs (65 - 75 lbs); bitches: 25 - 29.5 kgs (55 - 65 lbs).
UKC
Height is measured at the withers. Ranges include: Males, 18 to 20 inches; Bitches, 17 to 19 inches. Weight ranges include: Males, between 70 and 85 pounds; Bitches, 55 and 70 pounds.

Weight

:
FCI

Ideal weight Males 29,5 – 34 kgs.
Females 25 – 29.5 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Gait: Crossing over. Elbowing out. Rocking or twisting of the hocks.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Eyes: Prominent eyes. Round-shaped eyes. Excessive tearing. Entropian. Ectropian.
Hind Legs: Lack of rear angulation.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.