Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Cirneco dell’Etna

Cirneco Dell`Etna

Cirneco dell’Etna


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Italy.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
27.11.1989.
KC
December 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog, especially for the hunting of wild rabbits.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 7Primitive type - Hunting Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Hound
UKC
Sighthound/Pariah

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The classical studies on the subject of canine breeds disseminated in the Mediterranean basin have come to the conclusion that the Cirneco dell’Etna would descend from ancient hunting dogs bred in the valley of the Nile at the time of the Pharaos, dogs which would have arrived in Sicily with the Phoenicians. But very recent researches speak in favour of a new conception, according to which it would concern a native breed of Sicilian origin from precisely the vicinity of Etna. Coins and engravings prove in effect that the Cirneco existed in those parts many centuries BC.
UKC
Coins and engravings appear to be proof that the Cirneco Dell’Etna has existed in the Etna region of Italy since many centuries BC. It is a primitive style hunting dog that was mainly used in the pursuit of wild rabbits. The Cirneco Dell’Etna was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Primitive type dog of elegant and slender shapes, medium size, not cumbersome, robust and strong. Of morphological conformation in slightly longish lines, of light construction; his body fits into a square; the coat is fine.
KC
Medium sized hunting dog. Elegant, slender build but strong and robust. Long limbed, of light construction and square outline.
UKC
A medium sized, elegant and slender primitive style dog, lightly constructed and square in shape.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Length of body equal to the height at the withers (built in a square).
Depth of chest slightly less than the height from ground to elbow.
Length of the muzzle does not reach half the length of the head (the ratio skull-muzzle is of 10 to 8, but preference is given to subjects whose length of muzzle reaches that of the skull.
KC
A keen hunter. Adaptable to difficult terrain. Hunts by scent, sight and hearing.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Hunting dog, adapted to difficult terrain suitable especially to the hunting of wild rabbits; endowed with a lot of temperament, he is at the same time gentle and affectionate.
KC
Strong, lively, independent temperament. Gentle and affectionate.
UKC
The Cirneco Dell’Etna is an excellent hunting dog, well adapted to difficult terrain. The breed is active and lively, yet gentle and affectionate with people.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull moderately narrow, in profile almost flat. Top of skull and foreface parallel or slightly divergent. Lean and well chiselled. Slight stop. Flat cheeks. Length of muzzle equal to or only slightly less than length of skull. Bridge of nose straight. Nose rather large, flesh coloured, blending with coat.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Oval shaped lengthwise, the superior axes of the skull and muzzle are hardly divergent or parallel. The upper profile of the skull is so slightly convex as to appear almost flat; the width of the skull between the zygomatic arches must not be more than half the length of the head; the superciliary arches are not very protruding; the frontal furrow is only slightly marked; the occipital crest and the occipital protuberance are only slightly developed.
UKC
The skull is oval in shape when viewed from above. In profile, the top of the skull is nearly flat. It’s width behind the eyes should not be more than half the length of the entire head. The frontal furrow is slightly marked, and the occipital bone is not prominent. There is a well accentuated stop. The cheeks are flat.

Stop

:
FCI
Well accentuated, in shape of about 140° angle.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Of quite rectangular shape, rather large, its colour corresponding to colour of the coat (rather dark chestnut, light chestnut, flesh colour).
UKC
Rather large, and rectangular in shape. The color corresponds to the color of the coat, ranging from flesh colored through to dark chestnut.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The length of the muzzle is at least 80% of the length of the skull; its depth or height (measured at the middle of the muzzle) reaches at least its proper length; its width (measured at the middle of the muzzle) is less than half its length. The muzzle is therefore pointed with a straight topline of the foreface; its lower lateral profile is defined by the mandible.
KC
Lower jaw lightly developed with receding chin. Perfect, regular and complete scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Thin, taut lips. Full dentition desirable.
UKC
The length of the muzzle should be at least 80 percent the length of the skull. Preference is given to dogs whose muzzle is the same length as the skull. The width of the muzzle is less than half of its length. The muzzle is fairly pointed, with a straight nasal bone and a receding underjaw. The lips are fine, thin and taut, barely covering the teeth of the lower jaw.

Lips

:
FCI
Fine, thin and taut, only just covering the teeth of the lower jaw. The mucous membrane at the corner of the lips is hardly visible.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws normally developed although do not appear strong; lower jaw lightly developed, with receding chin. Incisors, set square in the jaws, are perfectly in line and adapted. Teeth well developed and complete, scissor bite.
UKC
The Cirneco Dell’Etna has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissor bite. The jaws are normally developed, though they do not appear strong.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Flat.

Eyes

:
FCI
The eyes, which seem rather small, are of an ochre colour, not too dark, amber or even grey, never brown or dark hazel; in lateral position; soft expression; oval shaped, with pigmentation of the eyelid rims corresponding with the colour of the nose.
KC
Relatively small, oval in shape, semi-lateral position. Amber or ochre blending with coat.
UKC
The eyes are fairly small and ochre or grey in color; they should never be brown or dark hazel. They are laterally set, oval in shape, and have a soft expression. The color of the eyelids corresponds to the color of the nose pigment.

Ears

:
FCI
Set quite high and close together, erect and rigid, the opening towards the front; triangular shape with narrow tip, must not be cropped. Their length is not more than half the length of the head.
KC
Set very high and close together, erect and rigid, almost parallel when alert. Triangular shape with narrow tip. Length not more than half the head.
UKC
The ears are erect and rigid, triangular in shape, with narrow tips, and set high and quite close together. Their length is not more than half the length of the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Upper profile well arched (convex). The length of the neck is the same as that of the head. In shape similar to a truncated cone; the muscles are apparent, especially along the crest of the neck. Skin fine and taut, fitting closely; no dewlap.
KC
Strong, clean, well arched and muscular. Set well into shoulders.
UKC
The neck is approximately the same length as the head. It is well arched at the crest, with defined muscles at the crest and no dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock equal to height at withers. Straight topline sloping from withers towards croup. Croup has flat profile, sloping steeply downwards to root of tail. Chest reaches to, or nearly to, the elbow, without going beyond. Ribs slightly sprung, rather narrow without being flat. Clean, gently rising underline, without excessive tuck up.
UKC
The length of the body is equal to the height at the withers. The withers are narrow and fit cleanly at the base of the neck without a break. The chest is fairly narrow and reaches to, or nearly to, the elbow. The ribs are lightly sprung, but not flat. The topline slopes gracefully from the withers towards the rump. The loin is short and firm. The croup slopes at an angle of approximately 45 percent off the horizontal. The muscles of the rump are not visible. The belly is lean and tucked up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight, sloping gracefully from the withers towards the rump.

Withers

:
FCI
Raised above dorsal line, narrow because of the convergence of the shoulder blades; join harmoniously into the neck without any break in the line.

Back

:
FCI
Upper profile straight, with moderately developed muscles; the length of the thoracic part measures about 3 times the length of the lumbar part.

Loin

:
FCI
The length of the loins reaches about 1/5th of the height at the withers and its width is close to its length; muscles are short and slightly visible, but firm.

Croup

:
FCI
Upper profile rather flat, obliqueness below the horizontal reaching around 45°. The length of this lean and solid sloping rump reaches about the third of the height at the withers, and its width is nearly half of its length; muscles of the rump are not visible.

Chest

:
FCI
The length of chest is slightly more than half the height at the withers (about 57%) and its width (measured at the point of its largest width) is slightly less than the third of the height at the withers; the thorax reaches to, or nearly, the level of the elbow, but without going beyound that level; the ribs are only lightly sprung, but never flat; the perimeter of the chest which is more than the height of the withers by about 1/8th, determines a rather narrow chest.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
The lower profile corresponds with an evenly ascending line along the belly without any sudden interruption. Belly lean and tucked up, flanks of equal length to that of the renal region.

TAIL

:
FCI
Low set, rather thick and of equal thickness in its entire length, quite long, goes down to or slightly lower than the level of the hock; carried sabre fashion when in repose; lifted over the back, trumpet fashion, when the dog is alert; hair smooth.
KC
Low set, fairly thick at base, reaching to point of hock. Of equal thickness for most of its length. Carried high and curved when dog is in action; sabre fashion when in repose. Hair on tail is semi-long.
UKC
Long, low set, and rather thick for its entire length, carried saber fashion in repose and lifted above the back, trumpet fashion, when the dog is alert.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Straight and parallel. Seen in profile a vertical line drawn from the point of the shoulder touches the tip of the toes. Another vertical line, going from the radial-humeral articulation, divides the forearm and the carpus in two more or less equal parts ending at half - length of the metacarpus. Seen from the front, the limb must correspond to a vertical line lowered from the point of the shoulder which divides forearm, carpus, metacarpus and foot in two, more or less equal parts. The height of the foreleg from the ground to the elbow is slightly more than half the height at the withers.
KC
Shoulders strong, long, moderately laid back. Length of upper arm slightly less than length of shoulder. Forelegs straight and parallel when viewed from the front. Elbows well tucked in. Pasterns strong and slightly sloping.
UKC
The shoulder blades and upper arms are long and well muscled, meeting at an angle of approximately 120 degrees. The tips of the shoulder blades are fairly close together.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The length of the shoulder blade must reach about 1/3 of the height at the withers, with an obliqueness below the horizontal of 55° ; the upper tips of the blades are close to each other; the scapulo-humeral angle measures 115° to 120°.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Its length is equal to half the length of the leg measured from ground to elbow; almost perfectly parallel or almost so to the median plane of the body, slightly oblique below the horizontal, with noticeable and distinct muscles.

Elbow

:
FCI
Set at level or below the sternal line, parallel to the median plane of the body; the humeral-radial angle measures about 150°.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight and parallel, with light but solid bone. The length of the foreleg is slightly more than half the height at the withers. The pastern is flat, dry and slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Its length is equal to the third of the height at the withers; straight and parallel; the cubital-carpal groove is well obvious; bone structure is light but solid.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pastern joint: Extends the straight line of the forearm; pisiform bone prominent.
Pastern: Its length must not be less than 1/6 of the height of the foreleg, measured from the ground to the elbow; wider than the carpus, but flat and dry, the pastern is slightly sloping from back to front; bone structure is flat and lean.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, well knuckled, firm, slightly oval, turning neither in nor out. Well padded. Nails brown or flesh coloured.
UKC
Hare feet, with well-knit, arched toes. Nails and pads are brown or fleshy pink, never black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval shaped (harefoot) with well-knit and arched toes; nails strong and curved, brown or fleshy pink nearing brown, but never black; pads hard of the same colour as the nails.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Slightly oval with otherwise all the same characteristics as the forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Straight and parallel. Seen in profile, a vertical line, which descends from the rear point of the pelvic tuber to the ground, touches almost or touches the tips of the toes. Seen from behind, a vertical line drawn from the rear point of the buttock to the ground, splits the point of the hock, the metatarsal and the hind foot in two equal parts. The length of the hindlimb measures about the 93% of the height at the withers.
KC
Strong and muscular. Moderate bend of stifle. Broad, long, upper thigh with flat muscles. Well developed second thigh. Limbs parallel when viewed from behind.
UKC
The hindquarters are straight and parallel. The angle of the pelvis and femur is approximately 115 degrees. In profile, a line dropped from the rearmost projection of the pelvis will fall directly in front of the toes.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and wide. Its length measures one third of the height at the withers; muscles are flat and the rear edge of the buttock is slightly convex; its width (outer surface) is equal to 3/4 of its length; the ileum-femoral angle measures about 115°.

Stifle

:
FCI
Must be on the vertical which goes from the buttock to the ground; the tibia-femoral angle is about 120°.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh is long and wide, with flat muscles. The rear edge of the buttock is slightly convex. The angulation of the stifle is about 120 degrees. The angle of the hock joint is about 135 degrees. The rear pastern is cylindrical and vertical. There are no dewclaws.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Of slightly inferior length to that of the upper thigh, shows an obliqueness of 55° below the horizontal. The coverging muscles are lean and very distinct; bone structure is light; the groove along the Achilles tendon is well marked.

Hock

:
FCI
The distance from the sole of the foot to the point of the hock is not more than 27% of the height at the withers; its outer surface is wide; the tibial-tarsal angle is about 135°.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Its length is equal to a third of the length of the foreleg measured from ground to elbow; of cylindrical shape and in vertical position, thus perpendicular to the ground; no dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Gallop, with intermittent trotting phases.
KC
Springy trot without excessive extension. Viewed from behind, hind legs track the forelegs. Tendency to throw feet sideways or hackney action undesirable.
UKC
The natural gait is a gallop, with intermittent trotting phases.

SKIN

:
FCI
Fine, well fitting to the underlying tissues on all parts of the body. Colour varies according to that of the coat. The mucous membranes and the skin of the nose are in the colours described for the nose and must never show black patches nor be depigmented.
UKC
The skin is fine and close, ranging in color according to the color of the coat. The mucous membranes and the nose must never show black patches or lack of complete pigmentation.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Smooth on the head, on the ears and legs; semi-long (about 3 cm) but sleek and close lying on the body and the tail; hair straight and stiff like horse hair.
KC
Short on head, ears and legs. Short to semi-long (about 3cms) on body, but sleek and close, ranging from fine to slightly harsh. No feathering.
UKC
Smooth on the head, ears and legs. Longer (about an inch), but sleek and close lying on the body and tail. The hair is straight and stiff like horse hair.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Self-coloured fawn, more or less intense or diluted like isabella, sable, etc.
  • Fawn with more or less extensive white (white blaze on the head, white mark on the chest, white feet, white tip on tail, white belly; a white collar is less appreciated). Self-coloured white or white with orange patches is tolerated; a fawn coat with a mixture of slightly lighter and darker hairs is allowed.
KC
Self coloured. Light sand, Isabella, light to dark tan. Tan with a mixture of slightly lighter and darker hairs allowed. White markings allowed on chest, toes, head, foreface and tip of tail.
UKC
Self colored fawn, ranging from fairly dark to Isabella. Fawn with white markings on head, chest, feet, tail tip and belly (white collar is less appreciated). Solid white or white with orange patches is acceptable, but not preferred. A fawn coat that has a mix of light and darker hairs is allowed.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at shoulder: Dogs 46-50cms (18 ¼ -19 ½ ins); Bitches 42-46 cms (16 ½ - 18 ¼ ins).
UKC
Ideal height at the withers for males is 18 to 19.5 inches, with a tolerance up to 20.5 inches. Ideal height at the withers for females is 16.5 to 18 inches, with a tolerance up to 19.5 inches. Ideal weight for males is 22 to 26 pounds, for females it is 17.5 to 22 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males From 46 to 50 cm. Tolerance up to 52 cm.
Females From 42 to 46 cm. Tolerance up to 50 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 10 to 12 kg.
Females 8 to 10 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Convergence of the cranial-facial axes.
  • Concave foreface.
  • Accentuated over-or undershot mouth.
  • Wall eye.
  • Totally hanging ears or bat ears.
  • Tail curved up over the back.
  • Black nails.
  • Pads (digital and central) black.
  • Black depigmentation, even limited.
  • Self-coloured dogs brown or liver.
  • Black or brown patches.
  • Presence of black or brown hairs.
  • Brindle coat.
  • Black mucous membranes.
  • Total depigmentation.
  • Size above or by 2 cm below the margins indicated by the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Severe undershot or overshot bite. Black nose. Wall eyes. Black eye rims. Bat ears or hanging ears. Black nails or pads. Tail curved over the back. Any black, brown or brindle in the coat.
Teeth: Severe undershot or overshot bite.
Nose: Black nose.
Eyes: Wall eyes. Black eye rims.
Ears: Bat ears or hanging ears.
Feet: Black nails or pads.
Tail: Tail curved over the back.
Color: Any black, brown or brindle in the coat.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.