Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Chinese Crested Dog

Chinese Crested

Chinese Crested


ORIGIN

:
FCI
China.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 4Hairless Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Chinese Crested Dog comes in two varieties - the Hairless and the Powder Puff. The ‘Hairless’ have a crest of hair on their head extending part way down their neck, ‘socks’ covering their toes, and a plume on their tail. The rest of their body is, as their name implies, hairless. The ‘Powder Puff’ variety is covered entirely with a veil of long soft hair. While it is difficult to pinpoint their origin, it is said that they were owned by families of the Han Dynasty of China. The Chinese Cresteds were developed at this time as guardians of the treasure houses and, in a larger, heavier form, as hunting dogs. They were seen at shows in America from 1885 to 1926 but then were rarely ever seen for some fifty years.
UKC
The Chinese Crested is one of several hairless breeds in the world. They are believed to have evolved from the hairless dogs of Africa. They were traded by merchants and sailors and therefore were found in port cities around the world. The Chinese Crested enjoyed a temporary popularity in the late 1800s and early 1900s in the United States, then again became popular in the 1970s. The Chinese Crested was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A small, active and graceful dog; medium-to fine-boned, smooth hairless body, with hair on feet, head and tail only; or covered with a soft veil of hair. Two distinct types of this breed Deer type, racy and fine-boned, and Cobby type, heavier in body and bone.
KC
A small, active and graceful dog; medium- to fine-boned, smooth hairless body, with hair on feet, head and tail only; or covered with a soft veil of hair.
UKC
The Chinese Crested is a fine-boned, elegant, graceful, toy-type dog that comes in two coat types - Hairless and Powderpuff. The two types are born in the same litter. They are rectangular in proportion, and balanced to allow for freedom of movement. The Chinese Crested is fine-boned and slender, but not so refined as to appear breakable; nor do they have a robust, heavy structure.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Two distinct types of this breed; Deer type, racy and fine boned, and Cobby type, heavier in body and bone.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Happy, never vicious.
KC
Happy, never vicious.
UKC
The breed is gay, alert, playful and entertaining and they serve as loving companions.

HEAD

:
FCI
Smooth, without excess wrinkles. Distance from base of skull to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose. Head presenting graceful appearance with alert expression.
KC
Slightly rounded and elongated skull. Cheeks cleanly chiselled, lean and flat, tapering into muzzle. Stop slightly pronounced but not extreme. Head smooth, without excess wrinkles. Distance from base of skull to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose. Muzzle tapering slightly but never pointed, lean without flews. Nose a prominent feature, narrow in keeping with muzzle. Any colour nose acceptable. Head presenting graceful appearance, with alert expression. Lips tight and thin. An ideal crest begins at the stop and tapers off down neck. Long and flowing crest preferred, but sparse acceptable.
UKC
The head is wedge-shaped and smooth, without excess wrinkle, and presents a graceful appearance with an alert, intense expression.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Slightly rounded and elongated.
UKC
Fairly long and slightly arched. The cheeks are clean and flat. The stop is slight but distinct. The distance from the occiput to the stop is equal to the distance from the stop to the tip of the nose.

Stop

:
FCI
Slightly pronounced, but not extreme.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
A prominent feature, narrow in keeping with muzzle. Any colour nose acceptable.
UKC
Narrow, in keeping with the muzzle, and solid in color. A dark nose is preferred, but any color pigment is acceptable and varies with the color of the dog.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Tapering slightly but never pointed, lean without flews.
KC
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Tapering, but not pointed, with fine, tight lips.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight and thin.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite. Missing, mis-aligned or primitive-looking teeth are not to be faulted in the Hairless variety. Missing teeth in the Powderpuff variety are to be faulted.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Cleanly chiselled, lean and flat, tapering into muzzle.

Eyes

:
FCI
So dark as to appear black. Little or no white showing. Medium size, almond in shape. Set wide apart.
KC
So dark as to appear black. Little or no white showing. Medium size, almond in shape. Set wide apart.
UKC
The medium sized, almond shaped eyes are set wide apart. They are very dark in dark colored dogs but may be somewhat lighter in light colored dogs. There is little or no haw or white showing. Both eyes must be the same color. Eye rims match the coloring of the dog.

Ears

:
FCI
Set low highest point of base of ear level with outside corner of eye. Large and erect, with or without fringe, except in Powder Puffs where drop ears are permissible.
KC
Set low: highest point of base of ear level with outside corner of eye. Large and erect, with or without fringe, except in Powder Puffs where drop ears are permissible.
UKC
The uncropped ears are large and erect. They are placed so that the base of the ears is level with the outside corner of the eye. In the Powderpuff coat variety, drop ears are permissible. Ear carriage must be the same with both ears.

NECK

:
FCI
Lean, free from throatiness, long and sloping gracefully into strong shoulders. When moving, carried high and slightly arched.
KC
Lean, free from throatiness, long and sloping gracefully into strong shoulders. When moving, carried high and slightly arched.
UKC
The long, lean, clean neck is slightly arched from the withers to the base of the skull, and is carried high.

BODY

:
FCI
Medium to long, supple.
KC
Medium to long. Supple. Chest rather broad and deep, not barrel-ribbed. Breast bone not prominent. Brisket extending to elbows; moderate tuck-up.
UKC
The body is rectangular in proportion. The topline is level to the croup, where it slopes slightly. The loin is light and there is moderate tuck-up. The chest is fairly broad and deep, extending to the elbow. The breastbone is not prominent. Ribs are well-developed but not barrel shaped.

Back

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Taut.

Croup

:
FCI
Well rounded and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Rather broad and deep, not barrel-ribbed. Breast bone not prominent. Brisket extending to elbows.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Moderate tuck-up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set high, carried up or out when in motion. Long and tapering, fairly straight, not curled or twisted to either side, falling naturally when at rest. Plume long and flowing, confined to lower two-thirds of tail. Sparse plume acceptable.
KC
Set high, carried up or out when in motion. Long and tapering, fairly straight, not curled or twisted to either side, falling naturally when at rest. Plume long and flowing, confined to lower two-thirds of tail. Sparse plume acceptable.
UKC
The slender tail is long, fairly straight and tapering. It is set high and carried up or out, falling naturally when the dog is at rest.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs long and slender, set well under body.
KC
Shoulders clean, narrow and well laid back. Legs long and slender, set well under body. Elbows held close to body. Pasterns fine, strong, nearly vertical. Toes turned neither in nor out.
UKC
Shoulder angulation is 45 degrees to the point of the shoulder, allowing for good reach. Shoulders are clean and narrow. The elbows are held close to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Clean, narrow and well laid back.

Elbow

:
FCI
Held close to body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The straight forelegs are long and slender, and they are set well under the body. The upright pasterns are fine and strong. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed.

Pastern

:
FCI
Fine, strong, nearly vertical.

FEET

:
KC
Extended hare-foot, narrow and long. Nails any colour, moderately long. Socks ideally confined to toes, but not extending above top of pastern. Feet turning neither in nor out.
UKC
The hare feet are narrow, with elongated toes. Nails are trimmed to moderate length.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Extended hare-foot, narrow and long. Nails any colour, moderately long. Socks ideally confined to toes, but not extending above top of pastern. Feet turning neither in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hindlegs set wide apart. Angulation of the rear limb must be such as to produce a level back.
KC
Rump well rounded and muscular, loins taut, stifles firm and long, sweeping smoothly into the well let down hocks. Angulation of the rear limbs must be such as to produce a level back. Hind legs set wide apart.
UKC
Angulation of the hindquarter must produce a level back.

Stifle

:
FCI
Firm and long, sweeping smoothly into hock.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are set far apart. The stifle is firm, and the long second thigh sweeps smoothly into the hock joint. Rear pasterns are short. Dewclaws may be removed.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Long, flowing and elegant with good reach and plenty of drive.
KC
Long, flowing and elegant with good reach and plenty of drive.
UKC
The characteristic gait is elegant, agile, and smooth, with good reach and drive.

SKIN

:
FCI
Fine-grained, smooth, warm to the touch.
UKC
Wherever the body is hairless, the skin is soft and smooth.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
No large patches of hair anywhere on body. A long and flowing crest preferred, but sparse acceptable; ideally beginning at stop tapering off down neck. In Powder Puffs coat consists of an undercoat with soft veil of long hair, veil coat a feature.
KC
No large patches of hair anywhere on body. Skin fine-grained, smooth, warm to the touch. In Powder Puffs coat consists of an undercoat with soft veil of long hair, veil coat a feature.
UKC
Grooming is minimal, consisting of only what is necessary to present a clean and neat appearance. The Powderpuff type is completely covered with a double, soft, silky coat. The guard hairs are long and thin. The undercoat is short and silky. The coat is straight and of moderate density and length. The tail is completely covered with hair. Hair on the ears and face may be trimmed for neatness. Excessively heavy, kinky, or curly coat is to be penalized." The Hairless type has hair only on certain portions of the body: the head (referred to as a crest); the tail (referred to as a plume); and on the feet, from the toes to the pasterns on the front feet, and from the feet to the hock joint on the hind feet (referred to as the socks). The head crest begins at the stop and tapers off between the base of the skull and the back of the neck. Hair is permitted on the ears and face and may be trimmed for neatness. Two-thirds of the end of the tail is covered with a long, flowing feathering referred to as a plume. Hair texture is soft and silky. It flows to any length. Placement of the hair is not as important as overall type. Areas that have hair usually taper slightly.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any colour or combination of colours.
KC
Any colour or combination of colours.
UKC
Any color, or combination of colors, is acceptable.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height in dogs: 28-33 cms (11-13 ins) at withers; bitches: 23-30 cms (9-12 ins) at withers. Weight varies considerably, but should not be over 5.4 kgs (12 lbs).
UKC
The ideal height range is from 11 to 13 inches. Dogs that are slightly smaller or larger may be given full consideration.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Ideal height at the withers Males 28-33 cms. Females 23–30 cms.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Nose: Partially pigmented or butterfly nose.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Eyes: Blue or very light colored eyes. Eyes of two different colors.
Ears: One or both ears not completely erect in the Hairless variety. One or both ears that are not either completely erect or completely dropped in the Powderpuff variety.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.