Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Chihuahua

(Chihuahueño)

Chihuahua (Smooth Coat)


ORIGIN

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FCI
Mexico.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
28.07.2009.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 6Chihuahueño
Without working trial

KC
Toy

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Chris Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Chihuahua is regarded as the smallest pedigree dog in the world and carries the name of the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua). One assumes that these dogs used to live in the wild and, at the time of the Toltec civilization, were captured and domesticated by the natives. Representations of a Toy dog called « Techichi » which lived in Tula, were used as decorations on town architecture. These statues are very similar to the present day Chihuahua.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
This dog has a compact body. Of great importance is the fact that his skull is apple-shaped and that he carries his moderately long tail very high, either curved or forming the shape of a semicircle with the tip pointing towards the loin region.
KC
Small, dainty, compact.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Length of body slightly greater than height at withers. Desired, however, is an almost square body, especially in males. In bitches, because of the function of reproduction, a slightly longer body is permitted.
KC
Alert little dog; swift-moving with brisk, forceful action and saucy expression.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Quick, alert, lively and very courageous.
KC
Gay, spirited and intelligent, neither snappy nor withdrawn.

HEAD

:
KC
Well rounded ‘apple dome’ skull, cheeks and jaws lean, muzzle moderately short, slightly pointed. Definite stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Well rounded apple head (a characteristic of the breed).

Stop

:
FCI
Well marked, deep and broad as the forehead is rounded above the set-on of muzzle.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Any colour permitted. Moderately short, pointing slightly upwards.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Short, straight seen from side, broad at set-on, tapering towards the tip.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

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FCI
Lean and close fitting.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Scissor or pincer bite. Overshot, undershot, as well as any other anomaly in position of upper or lower jaw must be strictly penalized.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Only slightly developed, very clean.

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, roundish in shape, very expressive, not protruding, perfectly dark. Light eyes permissible, but not desired.
KC
Large, round, but not protruding; set well apart; centre of eye is on a plane with lowest point of ear and base of stop; dark or ruby. Light eyes in light colours permissible.

Ears

:
FCI
Large, upright, widely open, broad at set-on, gradually tapering towards their slightly rounded tip. In repose inclined laterally forming an angle of 45°.
KC
Large, flaring, set on at an angle of approximately 45 degrees; giving breadth between ears. Tipped or broken down highly undesirable.

NECK

:
FCI
Upper profile slightly arched. Medium length. Thicker in dogs than in bitches. Without dewlap. In the long-haired variety, the presence of a neck-ruff with longer hair is highly desirable.
KC
Slightly arched, medium length.

BODY

:
FCI
Compact and well built.
KC
Level back. Body, from point of shoulder to rear point of croup, slightly longer than height at withers. Well sprung ribs, deep brisket.

Topline

:
FCI
Level.

Withers

:
FCI
Only slightly marked.

Back

:
FCI
Short and firm.

Loin

:
FCI
Strongly muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad and strong; almost flat or slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Ribcage broad and deep, ribs well sprung. Seen from front, roomy but not exaggerated. Seen from side, reaching to elbows. Not barrel shaped.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Formed by a clearly tucked up belly. Slack belly is permitted but not desired.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, flat in appearance, of moderate length; broad at root, tapering gradually towards the tip. Tail carriage is an important characteristic of the breed when the dog is moving it is carried either high in a curve or in a semicircle with tip towards the loin region, which gives balance to the body, it should never be carried between the hindlegs nor curled below the backline. The hair on the tail depends on the variety and is in harmony with the body coat. In the long haired variety, the tail coat forms a plume. Tail is pendant in repose and forms a slight hook.
KC
Medium length, set high, carried up and over back (sickle tail). When moving never tucked under or curled below the topline. Furry, flattish in appearance, broadening slightly in centre and tapering to point.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Forelegs seen from the front form a straight line with the elbows. Seen from the side, they are upright.
KC
Shoulders well laid; lean, sloping into slightly broadening support above straight forelegs, set well under chest giving freedom of movement without looseness.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Clean and moderately muscled.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Good angulation between shoulder-blade and upper arm.

Elbow

:
FCI
Firm and fitting close to body, which ensures free movement.

FORELEGS

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Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and of good length.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, strong and flexible.

FEET

:
KC
Small and dainty, turning neither in nor out; toes well divided but not spread, pads cushioned, fine, strong, flexible pasterns. Neither hare- nor cat-like, nails moderately short.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Very small and oval with toes well apart but not splayed (neither hare- nor cat-foot). Nails particularly well arched and moderately long. Pads well developed and very elastic. Dewclaws are not desirable.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hindlegs well muscled with long bones, vertical and parallel to each other with good angulation at hip, knee and hock joints, in harmony with angulation of forequarters.
KC
Muscular; hocks well let down, with good turn of stifle, well apart, turning neither in nor out.

HIND LEGS

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Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short hocks with well developed Achilles’ tendons; seen from rear, they are well apart straight and vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Steps are long, springy, energetic and active with good reach and drive. Seen from rear, hind legs should move almost parallel to each other, so that the footprints of the hind feet fit directly into those of the front feet. With increasing speed, the limbs show a tendency to converge towards the median plane (single track). Movement remains free and springy without visible effort, head raised and back firm.
KC
Brisk, forceful action, neither high-stepping nor hackney; good reach without slackness in forequarters, good drive in hindquarters. Viewed from front and behind legs should move neither too close nor too wide, with no turning in or out of feet or pasterns. Topline should remain firm and level when moving.

SKIN

:
FCI
Smooth and elastic all over body.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI

In this breed there are two varieties of coat.
Smooth-haired: Coat is short, lying close all over body. If there is an undercoat, the hair is somewhat longer; sparse coat on throat and belly permissible; slightly longer on neck and tail, short on face and ears. Coat is glossy and its texture is soft. Hairless dogs are not tolerated.
Longed-haired: Coat should be fine and silky, smooth or slightly wavy. Not too thick undercoat desired. Coat is longer, forming feathering on ears, neck, rear of front and hind legs, on feet and on tail. Dogs with long billowing coat will not be accepted.
KC
Smooth Coat: smooth, of soft texture, close and glossy, with undercoat and ruff permissible.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours in all possible shades and combinations are admitted, except merle colour.
KC
Any colour or mixture of colours but never merle (dapple).

SIZE

:
FCI
In this breed only the weight is taken into consideration, not the height.
KC
Weight: up to 2.7 kgs (6 lbs), with 1.8 - 2.7 kgs (4 - 6 lbs) preferred.

Weight

:
FCI

Ideal weight between 1.5 and 3 kgs. Weight between 500 gr. and 1.5 kgs tolerated.
Subjects weighing less than 500 gr and more than 3 kg shall be disqualified.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Missing teeth.
  • “Double teeth” (persistence of temporary teeth).
  • Pointed ears.
  • Short neck.
  • Long body.
  • Roach or hollow back (Lordosis or Kyphosis).
  • Steep croup.
  • Narrow chest, flat ribcage.
  • Tail incorrect set-on, short or twisted.
  • Short limbs.
  • Out at elbow.
  • Too close behind.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Narrow skull.
  • Eyes small, deep set or protruding.
  • Long muzzle.
  • Under or overshot mouth.
  • Unstable stifle.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Deer type dogs (dogs with an atypical or extremely stylized structure refined head, long neck, slender body, long limbs).
  • Dogs with an open fontanel.
  • Drop ear or short ear.
  • Deformed jaws.
  • Extremely long body.
  • Absence of tail.
  • In the long- haired variety Dogs with very long, fine and billowing coat.
  • In the smooth-haired variety Bald patch (alopecia).
  • Merle colour.
  • Subjects weighing less than 500 gr and more than 3 kg.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.