Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Cesky Terrier

(Český Teriér)

Cesky Terrier

Cesky Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Czech Republic.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
11.03.1997.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Formerly a Terrier breed for hunting foxes and badgers, today more a house-and companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 2Small-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs Dipl. Ing. K. Bechov and Mrs R. Binder-Gresly.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Czech Terrier is the result of an appropriate crossbreeding between a Sealyham Terrier dog and a Scotch Terrier bitch, with the aim to develop a light, short legged, well pigmented hunting Terrier, with practical drop ears, easy to groom and easy to train. In 1949 Mr. Frantisek Hor k from Kl novice near Prague started to improve the breed by fixing their characteristics. In 1959 these dogs were shown for the first time, and the breed was finally recognized by the FCI in 1963.
UKC
The Cesky (Czesky) Terrier, also known as the Czech Terrier, originated in Czechoslovakia as a manmade breed developed by geneticist Dr. Frantisek Horak. Dr. Horak, a well-respected breeder of both Scottish and Sealyham Terriers, was seeking a breed for both going to ground and for hunting in the open field. Dr. Horak's cross-breedings of these two Terriers, beginning in 1949, brought the results he desired in a relatively short period of time, with the new stock breeding true by 1959. It was recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale in 1963. The Cesky Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1993.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Short legged, long haired, well made and well muscled Terrier with smallish drop ears, of a rectangular format.
KC
Short-legged, rectangular, drop-eared and long-coated. Well made and well muscled.
UKC
A short legged, well-muscled and solidly built terrier, rectangular in proportion, with long hair and drop ears, developed to hunt fox and badger. Unlike most of the other terrier breeds, the Cesky is trimmed by clipping, instead of stripping, and the tail is undocked.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Very agile working terrier, hardy and tough, plenty of stamina.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Balanced, non-aggressive, pleasant and cheerful companion, easy to train; somewhat reserved towards strangers; of calm and kind disposition.
KC
Friendly and companionable. Somewhat reserved towards strangers, but neither aggressive nor of a nervous disposition.
UKC
The Cesky is a pleasant and cheerful companion dog, easy to train and not aggressive. Bred to hunt both singly and in packs, the Cesky is calmer than the other terriers. The breed can be reserved with strangers.

HEAD

:
FCI
Shaped like a long, blunt, not too broad wedge, the plane of the forehead forming a distinctive breaking with the bridge of the nose.
KC
Relatively long. Skull slightly arched; slight but distinct stop. Head forms a blunt, long but not too broad triangle when viewed from above. Nostrils large. Nose black in grey-blue dogs; liver in light brown dogs.
UKC
A long, blunt, not too broad wedge, with divergent planes of the skull and muzzle and a slight but apparent stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Not too broad between the ears and tapering moderately towards the supraorbital ridges. Occipital protuberance easy to palpate; cheek bones moderately prominent. Frontal furrow only slightly marked.
UKC
Moderately broad between the ears, tapering in width slightly towards the eyes. Prominent occiput.

Stop

:
FCI
Not accentuated but apparent.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Dark and well developed. It should be black on Terriers with a grey-blue coat and liver-coloured on light-coffee brown Terriers.
UKC
Large, with well-developed nostrils. Black in the blue-gray dogs, and liver in the light coffee brown dogs.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Nosebridge: Straight.
KC
Perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
As long as the skull, with fairly prominent cheekbones and strong jaws. Lips are tight and fairly thick. No tendency to be weak or snipey.

Lips

:
FCI
Relatively thick, fitting neatly.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong jaws. Scissors or level bite; complete dentition (the absence of the 2 M3 in the lower jaw not being penalized). Teeth strong, regularly aligned and set square to the jaw.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Cheek bones not too prominent.

Eyes

:
FCI
Of medium size, slightly deep set, with a friendly expression; well covered by the overhanging eyebrows. Brown or dark brown in grey-blue coated dogs, light brown in light-coffee-brown dogs.
Eyelids black in grey-blue dogs, liver-colour in light-coffee-brown dogs.
KC
Medium-sized, friendly expression. In blue-grey dogs – black or brown; in light brown dogs – light to dark brown.
UKC
Medium size, set somewhat deeply. The expression is friendly. Eyes are brown to dark brown in blue-gray dogs and light brown in the light coffee brown dogs. Eye rims are black in the blue-gray dogs and liver in the light coffee brown dogs.

Ears

:
FCI
Of medium size, dropping in such a way as to well cover the orifice. Set on rather high and falling flat along the cheeks.
Shaped like a triangle, with the shorter side of the triangle at the fold of the ear.
KC
Medium size, triangular, high set, pendulous, carried close to cheeks.
UKC
Triangular in shape, medium sized. A typical dropped terrier ear, rather high set and falling flat against the cheeks.

NECK

:
FCI
Medium long, quite strong, carried on a slant. The skin at the throat is somewhat loose but without forming a dewlap.
KC
Medium long, elegant but strong. Slightly loose skin at throat.
UKC
Medium long, strong, well carried but not upright. Skin at the throat is loose, but without forming a dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Oblong.
KC
Medium length, rising slightly to well-arched loin. Brisket more cylindrical than deep. Ribs well sprung, loin relatively long, broad and muscular. Slight tuck up.
UKC
Brisket is round, rather than deep. Ribs are well sprung. Back is strong to slightly arched loin, croup is muscular and moderately sloping, with hipbones slightly higher than withers, giving the breed a distinctive topline that is not level. Tuck-up is slight. Correct proportion is approximately 1½ times as long (measured from brisket to rump) as tall (measured from withers to ground) but overall balance is more important that specific measurements.

Topline

:
FCI
Not straight because loins and rump are always moderately arched.

Withers

:
FCI
Not very pronounced; neck set on rather high.

Back

:
FCI
Back Strong, of medium length.

Loin

:
FCI
Relatively long, muscular, broad and slightly rounded.

Croup

:
FCI
Strongly developed, muscular; pelvis moderately slanting. Hip bones often slightly higher than the withers.

Chest

:
FCI
More cylindrical than deep; ribs well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly: Ample and slightly tucked up. Flanks well filled.

TAIL

:
FCI
The ideal length is 18-20 cm; relatively strong and low set. At rest hanging downward or with a slight bend at the tip; when alert the tail is carried sabre shape horizontally or higher.
KC
Long, medium set. At rest hangs with tip slightly raised. Carried slightly upwards when dog is moving.
UKC
Undocked, seven to eight inches in length. Thick and low set. At rest, the tail hangs down with a slight bend at the tip. In motion, it is carried saber like, at horizontal or higher.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The forelegs should be straight, well boned and parallel.
KC
Muscular, well laid shoulders. Elbows free moving. Forelegs straight, strong-boned.
UKC
Shoulders are muscular with well-laid-back blades. Elbows are loose but do not protrude.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Muscular.

Elbow

:
FCI
Somewhat loose, yet neither turned in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight and parallel with good bone.

FEET

:
KC
Round, arched and well padded. Forefeet larger than hindfeet.
UKC
The large feet have arched toes and strong toenails. The pads are full and well developed. The hind feet are smaller that the fore feet. Dewclaws may be removed from fore and hind legs.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large; well arched toes and strong nails. Pads well developed and thick.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Smaller than the forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hindlegs strong, parallel, well angulated and muscular.
KC
Strong, muscular upper thighs, short lower thighs. High set, strongly developed hock. Hind legs stand parallel.
UKC
Muscular and well angulated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Parallel when viewed from the rear, with a rather short, well-angulated lower thigh and a somewhat long rear pastern and a strongly developed hock joint.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Short.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Set relatively high, strongly developed.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, enduring, vigorous, with drive. Gallop rather slow but lasting. The forelegs extend in a straight forward line.
KC
Propulsive movement. Brisk and vigorous with plenty of drive. Parallel movement fore and aft.
UKC
Free and vigorous, with the forelegs extending straight without convergence.

SKIN

:
FCI
Firm, thick, without wrinkles or dewlap, pigmented.
UKC
Skin is firm, thick and pigmented.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Hair long, fine but firm, slightly wavy with a silky gloss; not too much overdone. The Czech Terrier is groomed by scissors (clipping). At the forepart of the head the hair is not to be clipped thus forming brows and beard. On the lower parts of the legs, under the chest and belly the hair should not be clipped either. In show condition the hair at the upper side of the neck, on the shoulders and on the back should not be longer than 1 - 1,5 cm; it should be shorter on the sides of the body and on the tail and quite short on the ears, cheeks, at the lower side of the neck, on elbows, thighs and round the vent. The transition between clipped and unclipped areas should be pleasing for the eye and never abrupt.
KC
Slightly wavy with silky sheen. Clipped except on foreface and skull (forming brows and beard), legs and belly. Eyebrows prominent. Transition between clipped and unclipped must be gradual. Hair on back and neck should be no more than 1.5 cm (½ in) long.
UKC
The hair is soft, fine but firm, slightly wavy and has a silky gloss. Furnishings long but not excessive. The coat is clipped and scissored, never stripped. The head is clipped, leaving a fall of hair over the eyes that blends into the beard. On the top of the neck and the back, the hair should be trimmed to ½ inch in length, blending smoothly into the longer furnishings on legs, sides and underbody. Hair on the ears, cheeks, throat and around the vent should be quite short.

COLOUR

:
FCI

The Czech Terrier has 2 varieties of coat colour
  • Grey-blue (puppies are born black)
  • Light-coffee-brown (puppies born chocolate brown)
In both colour varieties yellow, grey or white markings are permitted on the head (beard, cheeks), neck, chest, belly, the limbs and round the vent. Sometimes there is also a white collar or a white tip of the tail. The basic colour, however, must always be predominant.
KC
Grey-blue or light brown. Yellow and grey markings allowed on cheeks, underside of muzzle, neck, breast, lower parts of legs and under tail. White collar or tail tip permissible. Skin on grey-blue dog – grey; on light brown dog – flesh coloured.
UKC
Cesky Terriers come in two basic colors: blue gray and light coffee brown. Blue gray dogs are born black. Light coffee brown dogs are born chocolate. Yellow, gray and white markings are permissible in both colors. These markings appear on the head, on the cheeks and underside of the muzzle, on the neck, chest, belly, the lower parts of the legs and on the tip of the tail. There may occasionally be a white collar on the front of the neck. The basic color must predominate.

SIZE

:
KC
Height 25-32 cms (9¾-12½ ins). Ideal height: dogs 29 cms (11½ ins); bitches 27 cms (10½ ins). Weight 6-10 kgs (13¼-22 lbs).
UKC
Preferred height for males is 11½ inches; for females 10½ inches. Preferred weight range is 13-20 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Height at withers between 25 - 32 cm. Ideal size for a dog = 29 cm, for a bitch = 27 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
The weight must not be less than 6 kg and more than 10 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Weak construction.
  • Temporary loss of nasal pigmentation (snow nose).
  • Weak, short or snipey foreface, with weakly developed teeth.
  • Absence of one (1) incisor.
  • Eyes too big or protruding.
  • Ears too big or too small, or different in shape or carriage as described in the standard.
  • Back too long or too short.
  • Crooked forelegs, incorrect front.
  • Coat too fine or too coarse.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Small teeth. Missing teeth, except for the first premolar in the bottom jaw.
Eyes: Eyes too large or protruding. Entropion. Ectropion.
Nose: Snow nose.
Ears: Ears too short or long, or carried differently than described.
Tail: Tail curled or carried over the back.
Color: A long brindled coat on dogs over two years old. White markings that cover more that 20% of the body. A white blaze on the head.
Size: Any dog weighing under 13 pounds or over 22 pounds.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Absence of more than 4 teeth altogether; absence of 2 or more incisors.
  • Canine placed in vestibulo position.
  • Entropion or ectropion.
  • Chest circumference more than 50 cm.
  • Curled tail or carried over the back.
  • Long brindled coat on dogs older than 2 years.
  • Coarse or curled cotton-wool type hair.
  • White markings covering more than 20%; white blaze on the head.
  • Irregular, jerky, spasmodic movements ("Scottie cramp")
  • Weight above 10 kg or less than 6 kg.
  • Shyness, unbalanced or aggressive disposition.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.