Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Central Asia Shepherd Dog

(Sredneasiatskaya Ovtcharka)

Central Asian Shepherd

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

:
FCI
Central Asia.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Russia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Guard and watch dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Dmitry Mescheryakov, edited by Elena Krutsenko. Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes / Original version (EN).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Central Asia Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of dogs. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in the vast territory, which spreads nowadays from the Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan. Its heritage is from the most ancient dogs of Tibet, Cattle Dogs from various nomad tribes’ dogs that are closely related to the Mongolian Shepherd Dog and the Tibetan Mastiff. The CASD were mainly used to protect cattle, caravans and the owner’s dwellings, and being exposed to rigid natural selection. Hard living conditions and constant struggle against predators have had influence on the shape as well as the dog’s character and it has made it strong, fearless, and taught it to save its energy. In the places of primordial habitation, the CASD were used mainly to protect herds from predators and also as guard dogs.
The work with the breed started in the USSR in the 1930s.
UKC
For thousands of years, large, heavily-built dogs with cropped ears and tails have been used by the nomadic tribes of Central Asia to protect livestock from predators and other property from thieves. The breed developed as a result of rather harsh natural selection. The climate in the countries where the Central Asian Shepherd Dog developed ranges from hot and dry, to bitterly cold and windy. Only the hardiest of pups survived and only those with strong guarding instincts were allowed to stay with the flocks. Working Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are still found today in Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgyzstan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The breed is still very rare in the United States.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is of harmonious build and large stature, moderately long (neither long nor short in body).
Robust, muscular body, voluminous, but not with visible muscles. Sexual dimorphism is clearly defined. The males are more massive and courageous than females with more pronounced withers and a larger head. Full maturity is reached by the age of 3 years.
UKC
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a dog of great size with massive bone structure and powerful muscles. The body is slightly longer than tall. The head is massive. Ears are normally cropped close to the head but are naturally small, drop, and set low on the head. The tail is high set and thick at the base, and when undocked, hangs down to the hock with a sickle shape. Two coat lengths are accepted, but all are double-coated and thick. Gender differences are well expressed in this breed. Males are more massive and powerful; females are smaller and lighter in build. Dogs should be presented in hard, muscular condition. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog should be evaluated as a working livestock guardian dog, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog's ability to work. Honorable scars resulting from field work are not to be penalized.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of body only slightly exceeds the height at withers. Larger stature is desirable but proportional constitution must remain. Length of forelegs up to the elbow is 50-52 % of the height at the withers. The length of muzzle is less than 1/2 the length of head, but more than a 1/3.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Self assured, balanced quiet, proud and independent. The dogs are very courageous and have high working capacity, endurance and a natural instinct of territory. Fearlessness towards large predators is a characteristic feature.
UKC
For centuries, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog worked alone or together with several other dogs, without much intervention from the herdsmen, relying on its own intelligence and instincts to do its job. While these dogs are very devoted to their family members, they expect to be treated with respect. They are inclined to be suspicious of strange people or dogs. Central Asians are steady, even-tempered dogs who adjust well to change in their environment. When threatened, they react quickly and with complete seriousness. Central Asians are slow to mature and require extensive socialization and patient training techniques. This breed is hardy and able to adapt to a wide range of climates.

HEAD

:
FCI
Massive and in balance with general appearance. Head shape is close to rectangular, seen from above and side.
UKC
The head is proportionate to the body. Viewed in profile, the stop is slight and the forehead is flat. The planes of the topskull and the bridge of the muzzle are parallel. SKULL- The skull is broad and massive with well-developed zygomatic arches. Cheeks are well developed but not prominent. The occiput is smoothed out by well-developed muscle tissue.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
Deep in skull. The forehead is flat and the skull part is flat and long. Occiput is well defined but hardly visible, because of well developed muscles. Supraorbital ridges are moderately defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Stop is moderately defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large, well developed but not exceeding the general contour of the muzzle. Colour of the nose is black but in white and fawn coloured dogs the nose can be lighter.
UKC
Nose is large, broad, and black. Some fading of nose pigment is acceptable in white and light fawn colored dogs.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The muzzle is blunt and of moderate length, it is almost rectangular viewed from above and sides and narrowing very slightly towards the nose. Muzzle is voluminous, deep and well filled under the eyes. Bridge of muzzle is broad, straight and sometimes with a slight down face. Chin is well developed.
UKC
Viewed in profile, the muzzle is deep and blunt, slightly shorter than the length of skull, and well filled up under the eyes. Viewed from above, the muzzle is wide at its base and tapers very little toward the nose. The upper lip is thick and hangs over the strong, wide lower jaw.

Lips

:
FCI
Thick, upper lips tightly covering the lower lips when the mouth is closed. Full black pigmentation is preferable.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
The jaws are strong and broad. Teeth are large, white and close to each other, 42 in total. Incisors are set on a line. Scissors bite, pincer bite and also reversed scissors bite is accepted. Canines are set well apart. An injury to the teeth that does not affect the use of the bite is of no consequence.
UKC
The jaw provides ample space for a full complement of large, evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite. The line of the incisors is straight and perpendicular to the outside lines of the jaw. Broken teeth should not be penalized provided they do not prevent accurate assessment of the bite. A level bite is acceptable but not preferred.

Cheeks

:
FCI
The Cheekbones are long and well developed, without interfering with the rectangular shape of head.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium sized, with oval form, set well apart, looking straight ahead, and moderately deep set. The colour of the eyes from dark brown to hazel. The darker colour is preferable. The eyelids are thick and preferably with lower eye lid not too loose. No visible third eyelid. Fully pigmented eyes rims are preferred. Whatever the colour of coat, eye rims should be black. Expression is confident and dignified.
UKC
Eyes are dark, oval and of small to medium size. They are set straight, deep and wide apart. The eyelids are fully pigmented.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium sized, triangular shape, thick, low set and hanging. Lower part of ear base is level with, or slightly below the eyes. Traditional ear-cropping, in the fashion illustrated on the cover, is still practiced in country of origin and in countries where it is not prohibited by law.
UKC
Ears may be cropped or uncropped. Uncropped, the ears are small, pendent, triangular, and set at or below eye level.

NECK

:
FCI
The neck is of medium length, very powerful, oval at cross-section, well muscled, and low set. Dewlap is a specific breed feature.
UKC
The neck is powerful and short, and is carried at an angle of 35 to 40 degrees to the line of the back. The length of the neck, from occiput to withers, should be about equal to the length of the head, from occiput to the tip of the nose. The neck tapers little and is almost round in cross-section. The skin of the neck is thick with well-developed and elastic subcutaneous tissue folds around the neck.

BODY

:
UKC
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is slightly longer than tall. The ribs are well sprung and let down to, or slightly below, the elbows. The chest is broad and deep. The line of the back declines very slightly downward from broad, muscular, prominent withers to a strong, broad back with a straight upper line. The loin is short, broad, muscular and slightly arched. The croup is broad, long, muscular, and slightly sloped. Tuck-up is moderate. The skin is thick and elastic.

Topline

:
FCI
Well proportioned and well sustained, and must keep typical topline in stance.

Withers

:
FCI
Well defined, especially in males, muscular, long and high, with well defined transition to the back.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, broad, well muscled, the actual length is about ½ of the length from the withers to tail set.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad, muscled, slightly arched.

Croup

:
FCI
Moderately long, broad, well muscled, slightly sloping to tail set. The height at the withers exceeds the height over rump by 1-2 cm.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, long, broad, distinctly developed, ribcage broadening towards the back. False ribs are long. Lower part of the chest is level with the elbow or slightly below. Fore chest extends slightly in front of the humerus/scapula joint.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly is moderately tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Thick at the base and set fairly high. The natural tail is carried in a sickle curve or curled in a loose ring that begins at the last third of the tail. When alert the tail rises to the line of back or slightly above. Hanging at rest. Traditional tail docking, in the fashion illustrated on the cover, is still practiced in country of origin and in countries where it is not prohibited by law.
Natural tail is of equal value to a docked tail.
UKC
The tail is set on high and may be docked close to the body or natural. An undocked tail is thick at the base, and tapering to the tip. When the dog is in repose, the tail just reaches to the hock, with the bottom third of the tail forming a hook. When the dog is in action or excited, the tail is carried as a sickle-shaped hook or ring above the level of the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs are straight with strong bone, seen from the front parallel and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
UKC
The shoulder blade is long, well muscled, and moderately laid back, forming, with the upper arm, an angle of about 100 degrees. Viewed from the front, the forelegs are straight, and set parallel and well apart. Leg bones are massive and round in cross-section. Legs are set well under the body. The length of the front leg (measured from point of elbow to the ground) should equal slightly more than one-half of the dog's height (measured at the withers). The pasterns are short, massive, and, when viewed from the side, slightly sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade long, well laid back, forming an angle with the upper arm about 100°. Well muscled.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Oblique, long, and strong.

Elbow

:
FCI
Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight, very strong bone, long, oval cross-section.

Pastern

:
FCI
Moderate length, broad, strong, upright pasterns.

FEET

:
UKC
The front feet are large and oval with well arched, firm, and compact toes. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large, rounded, arching toes, pads are voluminous and thick; nails could be of any color.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Viewed from the rear straight and parallel, set a little wider than forequarters.
UKC
The rear legs are well boned and moderately angulated at stifle and hock joints. The hocks are strong, broad, and well let down. Viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns are parallel to each other. From the side, they are perpendicular to the ground. When standing normally, the rear legs are spaced moderately apart and positioned so that a line dropped from the point of buttocks to the ground would fall just behind the point of hock.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad, moderately long and strongly muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out. The knee angulation is moderate.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Of almost the same length as upper thigh.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Moderate angle.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Very strong of moderate length, perpendicular. No dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Well balanced and elastic. Trot with free reach in the forequarters and with powerful drive from the hindquarters. Top line is steady while moving. All joints to bend without effort. The angulations in hindquarters is more distinct when moving than in standing pose.
UKC
At the trot, the Central Asian moves freely with strides of moderate length, usually unhurried. The back remains level, and the front and rear legs on each side move in a parallel fashion. The front and rear pasterns flex freely. The back and loin are elastic and springy. As speed increases, however, the width between the legs decreases and the tendency to single track increases until the dog breaks into a heavy, lumbering gallop.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thick, sufficiently elastic loose lying to prevent injuries if in combat with predators.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Abundant, straight coarse and with well developed undercoat. Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and dense. Coat on withers is often longer. The guard coat can be short or slightly longer. Depending on the length of the outer coat there can be either shorter hair (3-5 cm), covering the whole body or with longer hair (7-10 cm) which forms a mane on the neck, feathers behind the ears and on the back parts of the limbs and on the tail.
UKC
The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has a double coat consisting of longer, coarse outer guard hairs and dense undercoat made up of soft, fine hair. Coat on the muzzle, forehead, and the front of the legs is short and smooth. Two types of coat lengths are accepted without preference: Long coat. The hair of the outer coat is 2¾-3 inches in length, with well-developed furnishings on the ears, neck, back of the hind legs and on the tail. Short coat. The hair of the outer coat is 1½-2 inches in length, with no furnishings.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any, except genetic blue and genetic brown in any combination and black mantel on tan.
UKC
White, black, gray, straw-colored, reddish brown, gray brown, brindle, parti-colored and ticked.

SIZE

:
UKC
Minimum height at maturity, measured at the withers, is 25½ inches or over for males and 23½ inches or over for females. Weight should be in proportion to the height, giving a balanced, imposing appearance.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males Minimum 70 cms.
Females Minimum 65 cms.
Large size desirable, but proportional constitution must remain.

Weight

:
FCI

Males Minimum 50 kgs.
Females Minimum 40 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Slight deviations from the breed type.
  • Female tending male type.
  • Rounded skull, narrow muzzle & narrow lower jaw, small nose.
  • Eyes obliquely or close set, loose eyelids.
  • Ears high set.
  • Thin or loose hanging lips.
  • High over the croup. Slightly short croup.
  • Narrow front.
  • Exaggerated angulations in hindquarters.
  • Splayed feet and long toes.
  • Hackney gait, slightly un-balanced movement.
  • Very short coat
UKC

Appearance: Obesity.
Head: Eyerims incompletely pigmented; loose, sagging eyelids; protruding, round or close-set eyes.
Head: Absence of a single premolar; yellow enamel.
Head: High set ears.
Neck: Pronounced dewlap.
Body: Low withers; shallow or narrow chest; long loin; swayback; roached loin; narrow or steep croup; high in the rear.
Hindquarters: Hocks turned inward or outward; legs set too closely together or too far apart.
Feet: Splayed or flat feet.
Size: Mature males below 25½ inches, mature females below 23½ inches.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Highly strung.
  • Significant deviation from required type and constitution.
  • Leggy appearance; light in bone, soft muscles.
  • Eyes too light or bulging eyes.
  • Top line falling away.
  • Croup much higher than the withers.
  • Narrow, short and steep croup.
  • Natural stubbed tail, kinked tail.
  • Pasterns too high, down in pastern.
  • Hindquarters set too far under body.
  • Height at withers 2 cm less than stated minimum.
UKC

Characteristics: Irritable, nervous or fearful dogs are to be severely penalized.
Head: Narrow jaw causing incisors to be crowded; small, widely spaced teeth.
Head: Snipey muzzle; dish face.
Head: Narrow skull.
Hindquarters: Overangulated stifles or hocks; rear legs extended too far behind the dog.
Coat: Very short coat without undercoat.
Size: Mature males below 23½ inches, mature females below 23 inches.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Timid, overexcited.
  • Male of female type.
  • Overshot or distinctly undershot bite.
  • Eyes of different colour, blue or green eyes; squint.
  • Loose joints.
  • Coat of any combination of genetic brown or genetic blue colour.
  • Colour that is tan with distinctive black mantle.
  • Coat that is curly or soft.
  • Unbalanced movement.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Missing teeth other than a single premolar. Overshot bite or undershot bite. Wry mouth. Soft, curly or wavy coat. Albinism.
Head: Missing teeth other than a single premolar; overshot bite or undershot bite; wry mouth.
Coat: Soft, curly or wavy coat.
Note: Note: Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are not to be penalized for mild dog aggression, as it is a normal characteristic of this breed. Handlers, however, may be penalized for failure to properly control their dogs.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.