Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.
KC
December 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion and Toy.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 7English Toy Spaniels
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
Small toy spaniels have been known in Europe and Great Britain since the 16th century and were popular subjects of the most famous painters from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is descended from these toy spaniels. Early toy spaniels were quite common as ladies’ pets, and during the reign of King Charles II, they were given the royal title King Charles Spaniel. When serious show dog breeding began in England, the dog's face structure changed to have the look of the Pug until an American, Roswell Eldridge, offered a cash prize at the Crufts Dog Show for a dog that resembled those in the early paintings. With careful breeding, the shorter-faced dogs became the English Toy Spaniel, and those that more closely resembled the originals became known as the Cavalier. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1980.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Active, graceful and well balanced, with gentle expression.
KC
Active, graceful and well balanced, with gentle expression.
UKC
The Cavalier is an active, graceful, elegant toy spaniel, with a gentle expression. It stands 12 to 13 inches in height and weighs from 12 to 18 pounds. It has a long, silky coat that comes in four color variations, and is characteristically untrimmed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Sporting, affectionate, absolutely fearless.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Sporting, affectionate, absolutely fearless. Gay, friendly, non-aggressive; no tendency towards nervousness.
KC
Gay, friendly, non-aggressive; no tendency to nervousness.
UKC
Very gay, fearless and sporting, yet gentle and affectionate.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull almost flat between ears. Stop shallow. Length from base of stop to tip of nose about 3.8 cms (11/2 ins). Nostrils black and well developed without flesh marks, muzzle well tapered. Lips well developed but not pendulous. Face well filled below eyes. Any tendency to snipiness undesirable.
UKC
Appears flat across the top due to the high placement of the ears. Stop is shallow.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Almost flat between ears.
UKC
Slightly rounded, but without any dome or prominence of occiput.

Stop

:
FCI
Shallow.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nostrils black and well developed without flesh marks.
UKC
Nostrils should be well developed, open and black. Fully-pigmented.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Length from base of stop to tip of nose about 1 1/2 ins. (3,8 cm). Well tapered. Face well filled below eyes. Any tendency to snipiness undesirable.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Approximately 1½ inches in length, tapering well towards the end, but without snipiness. The lips are well-covered, but not pendulous. Cushioning below the eyes contributes to the characteristic expression, which is sweet and gentle.

Lips

:
FCI
Well developed and not pendulous.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, dark, round but not prominent; spaced well apart.
KC
Large, dark, round but not prominent; spaced well apart.
UKC
Large, dark and round, but not prominent. Set well apart. No haw showing.

Ears

:
FCI
Long, set high, with plenty of feather.
KC
Long, set high, with plenty of feather.
UKC
Set high, leather long with plenty of feathering.

NECK

:
FCI
Moderate length, slightly arched.
KC
Moderate length, slightly arched.
UKC
Moderate in length, without throatiness. Slightly arched at the crest. Set smoothly into nicely sloping shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Short-coupled with good spring of rib. Level back.
UKC
Short-coupled, with ribs well-sprung, but not barreled. Chest moderately deep, leaving ample room for heart. Back level. Slightly less body at flank than last rib, but no tucked up appearance.

Back

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Short-coupled.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderate; good spring of ribs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Length of tail in balance with body, well set on, carried happily but never much above the level of the back. Docking previously optional when no more than one-third was to be removed.
KC
Length of tail in balance with body, well set on, carried happily but never much above the level of the back. Docking previously optional when no more than one-third was to be removed.
UKC
Set to be carried with the level of the back. Tail should be in constant motion when the dog is in action. Docking is optional. If docked then leave at least two-thirds and dock to leave a white tip.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs moderately boned, straight.
KC
Chest moderate, shoulders well laid back; straight legs moderately boned.
UKC
Shoulders should slope back with moderate angulation.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight and well under the dog, with moderate bone. Elbows close to sides.

FEET

:
KC
Compact, cushioned and well feathered.
UKC
Compact and well feathered, with well-cushioned pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Compact, cushioned and well feathered.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs with moderate bone.
KC
Legs with moderate bone; well turned stifle – no tendency to cowhocks or sickle-hocks.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well turned.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Hind legs moderately muscled; well angulated at the stifles and hocks. Rear pasterns relatively short and at right angles to the ground when standing. Viewed from behind, rear legs should be parallel to each other from hock to heel, with no tendency to cow hocks, spread hocks or sickle hocks.

Hock

:
FCI
No tendency to cow- or sickle-hocks.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free-moving and elegant in action, plenty of drive from behind. Fore-and hindlegs move parallel when viewed from in front and behind.
KC
Free-moving and elegant in action, plenty of drive from behind. Forelegs and hindlegs move parallel when viewed from in front and behind.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Long, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible. Plenty of feathering. Totally free from trimming.
KC
Long, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible. Plenty of feathering. Totally free from trimming.
UKC
Long, silky, and free from curl, though a slight wave is permissible. There should be plenty of feathering. No trimming.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Recognized colours are
  • Black and Tan: Raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and underside of tail. Tan should be bright. White marks undesirable.
  • Ruby: Whole coloured rich red. White markings undesirable.
  • Blenheim: Rich chestnut markings well broken up, on pearly white ground. Markings evenly divided on head, leaving room between ears for much valued lozenge mark or spot (a unique characteristic of the breed).
  • Tricolour: Black and white well spaced, broken up, with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside ears, inside legs, and on underside of tail.
Any other colour or combination of colours highly undesirable.
KC
Colour Recognised colours are: Black and Tan: raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and underside of tail. Tan should be bright. White marks undesirable. Ruby: whole coloured rich red. White markings undesirable. Blenheim: rich chestnut markings well broken up, on pearly white ground. Markings evenly divided on head, leaving room between ears for much valued lozenge mark or spot (a unique characteristic of the breed). Tricolour: black and white well spaced, broken up, with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside ears, inside legs, and on underside of tail. Any other colour or combination of colours highly undesirable.
UKC
There are four acceptable colors: Black and Tan. Raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs, and underside of tail. Tan should be bright. White markings are undesirable. Ruby. Whole colored rich red. White markings are undesirable. Blenheim. Rich chestnut markings well broken-up on a pearly white background. The red on the head must extend around the eyes as well as down over the ears. There should be a white blaze between the eyes and ears in the center of which is the lozenge or "Blenheim Spot" unique within the Blenheim Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, a highly desirable, but not essential characteristic of the Blenheim. Tri-color. Jet black markings well broken-up on a pearly white background with tan markings over the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, inside legs, and on underside of tail. Any other color, or combination of colors, is highly undesirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Weight: 5.4-8.2 kgs (12-18 lbs). A small, well balanced dog well within these weights desirable.
UKC
Height, measured at the withers, is 12 to 13 inches. Weight is in proportion to height, averaging from 12 to 18 pounds. Slight variations from the ideal are acceptable as long as the dog retains breed type.

Weight

:
FCI
5,4 - 8 kg (12 - 18 lbs). A small, well-balanced dog well within these weights desirable.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.