Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

(Ciobanesc Romanesc Carpatin)

Ciobanesc Romanesc Carpatin


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Romania.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
09.06.2015.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Herding dog used by Romanian shepherds in the Carpathian mountains for centuries to defend the herds while, at the same time, being an excellent guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Jennifer Mulholland and Raymond Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog was selected from an endemic breed present in the Carpatho-Danubian area. For centuries the principle criteria for selection has been utilisation, this dog having conserved its character intact to the present day.
The first standard was written in 1934 by the National Institute of Zootechny. This standard was modified and updated in 1982, 1999 and 2001 by the Romanian Cynological Association. The Technical Committee of the R.C.A. adapted the standard on 30.03.2002 to conform to the model proposed by the F.C.I.
UKC
The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has been used for centuries by the Romanian shepherds in the Carpathian Mountains to defend the herds and guard the camps. Selection was based upon performance rather than breed type until the first breed standard was written in 1934. The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Relatively large-sized dog, agile, never heavy, the general appearance being that of a vigorous dog. The body is rectangular, the croup is broad, slightly sloping, the chest is large and deep, the shoulder long and slightly sloping. Sexual dimorphism is well defined, the males should be taller and stronger than the females.
UKC
A relatively large dog, rectangular in shape, always giving the impression of agility. Secondary sex characteristics are strongly pronounced, with the males being taller and stronger than the females.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The length of the skull is slightly greater than or equal to half of the total length of the head.
The length of the body is always greater than the height at the withers. In females, the lumbar region may be a little longer.
The depth of the chest corresponds more or less to half of the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
A natural guardian and courageous, he distinguishes himself by his instinctive and unconditional attachment to the herd and his master. He is a dignified, calm and stable dog.
UKC
A natural and courageous guard dog, calm, dignified and unconditionally attached to the herd and his master.

HEAD

:
FCI
Lupoid type (wolf-like).
UKC
Wolf like, powerful but not heavy.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
The Carpathian Shepherd Dog is of the mesocephalic type, with a powerful but not heavy head. The forehead is wide and slightly domed; wider between the ears and narrowing progressively towards the stop. The frontal furrow is relatively long and sufficiently well defined.

Skull

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UKC
Wide and slightly domed, narrowing towards the eyes. Stop must be moderate.

Stop

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FCI
Moderate, never too pronounced nor too discreet.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Large, wide and always black.
UKC
Large, wide, and always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Powerful, of approximately oval section, slightly truncated cone shaped. The length of the muzzle is slightly less than or , at the most, equal to that of the skull.
UKC
Approximately the same length as the skull, never longer than the skull. Oval in shape with thick, tight, dark lips and lean cheeks.

Lips

:
FCI
Thick, well pigmented, tight and well closed at the corner of the mouth.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Strong, solid and straight jaws. Powerful dentition; scissor bite with the incisive arcades slightly rounded.
UKC
The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Lean, with strong but never prominent cheek muscles. The skin is tight.

Eyes

:
FCI
Almond shaped, slightly oblique, not too big compared to the size of the skull, colour dark brown. Neither protruding nor sunken in the sockets. The eyelids are black, tightly fitting the eyeball.
UKC
Almond shaped, fairly small, set somewhat obliquely. Dark brown in color with tight fitting black rims.

Ears

:
FCI
Not too big, triangular, attached a little higher than the line of the eye, with the tip slightly rounded, carried close to the cheek.
UKC
Triangular in shape, slightly rounded at the tips and set slightly above the outer corner of the eye. Carried dropped and close to the cheeks.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscled, very strong, of medium length presenting an angle of approximately 50° to the horizontal.
UKC
Medium length, very strong and carried at an angle of approximately 50 degrees to the horizontal.

BODY

:
FCI
Vigorous, well developed, slightly rectangular.
UKC
Longer than tall, giving a rectangular appearance. The chest is well developed and deep to the elbows, rather broad. The ribs are well-sprung but never barrel shaped. The back is of moderate length, strong and firm, and the topline is level. The loin is fairly short and muscular and the croup is of moderate length and slightly sloping but never falling away. The underline is gently curving.

Topline

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FCI
Straight and firm.

Withers

:
FCI
Only slightly pronounced.

Back

:
FCI
Of moderate length, straight, solid and muscled.

Loin

:
FCI
Powerful, muscled, but not too broad, of moderate length, neither too long (the topline would not be firm enough) nor too short. Croup Broad and muscled, of moderate length, slightly sloping, never falling away.

Chest

:
FCI
Well developed, deep, reaching to the elbows, relatively wide. Strong ribs, well sprung, never barrel like.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Moderately rising, belly tucked up but never drawn in nor pendulous.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on relatively high, bushy, with abundant coat. At rest, it is carried low, straight or slightly sabre-like, reaching to the hock. When the dog is alert or in action, tail is carried upwards and can be even higher than the topline but never lying on nor curled over the back.
UKC
Set on relatively high, reaching to the hock, at rest it is carried low or saber-like. When the dog is alert it can be slightly above the topline, but never curled or carried over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Strong bones.
Seen from the front or from the side, upright and perpendicular to the ground.
UKC
The shoulder blades are well muscled and moderately sloping.

Shoulder

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FCI
Strong, moderately sloping.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body, neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Straight, with strong, oval shaped bone and short, slightly sloping pasterns. Length of the foreleg from elbow to ground is one half the height at the withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight, very vigorous, with an oval section.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short, slightly sloping.

FEET

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UKC
Large, oval and compact with well arched toes and resilient pads.

Forefeet

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FCI
Oval, massive, compact.

Hind feet

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FCI
Oval, well developed and compact, a speck smaller than the front. Toes arched and tight. Dewclaws, if any, should be removed except in countries where their removal is forbidden by the law. The pads are resilient and resistant.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright. Muscled with strong bones and good angulation.
UKC
Well muscled with strong bone and good angulation.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad, very muscular.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
Very broad in upper thigh with a moderate length of lower thigh, a firm hock joint and a vertical rear pastern.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Powerful, muscled, of moderate length.

Hock

:
FCI
Solid, firm, neither too high (indicating an accentuation of the stifle angulation) nor too low.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Solid, vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, long-reaching movement. Vigorous and sustained trot. In action, the limbs are parallel.
UKC
Free and long reaching, giving the impression of great endurance.

SKIN

:
FCI
Ash grey pigmentation. The nose, the eyerims and the lips should be black. Ash grey or black preferred for the nails.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
The coat is harsh, dense and straight. The undercoat is dense and soft. With the exception of the head and the front part of the limbs where the coat is short and flat, the coat, of moderate length, is abundant all over the body. On the neck, the back of the limbs and the tail, the coat is longer – profuse coat on these parts being typical.
UKC
Harsh, dense, straight and double. Of moderate length and abundant all over the body, except on the head and the front of the legs where it is short and smooth. Profuse coat is typical on the neck, back of legs and tail.

COLOUR

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FCI
Pale fawn overlaid with black (wolf-grey) of different tones, often lighter on lateral parts and darker on the upper part of the body. Pale fawn overlaid with black (wolf-grey) with white marks preferably non predominant
UKC
Pale fawn overlaid with black (wolf grey), often with paler shadings on the under parts of the body. White markings are acceptable but should not be predominant.

SIZE

:
UKC
Ideal height at the withers for males is 25½ inches to 29 inches; for females it is 23 to 26½ inches. Weight should be in harmony with the size, giving the impression of strength but not heaviness.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Male Ideally 65 – 73 cm at the withers.
Female Ideally 59 – 67 cm at the withers.
However the overall impression is always more important.

Weight

:
FCI
In harmony with the size, giving the impression of a powerful but not heavy dog.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the preceding text and which hinders utilisation.
Weak or too heavy construction.
Eyes too light in colour.
Very drooping lower eyelids, showing the eyeball, lips too fleshy and drooping commissures.
Important pigmentation faults.
Excessive length of body (more than 10%) and square body.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive, overly shy or lethargic.
Subject clearly untypical with molossoid type appearance.
Absence of a P3 and another tooth, absence of a canine, absence of a P4, absence of a molar or absence of three or more teeth (except PM1).
Overshot, undershot or level bite.
Very light bone.
Chest insufficiently developed.
Lack of undercoat, coat other than short on the head and front of limbs, curly or bushy coat, wire coat, long coat, limp coat, silky coat, forming a distinct parting along the spine.
Important lack of pigmentation of eyelids, the nose, the skin and the lips; wall eye.
Colour brown, brindle, yellow, or flecked in these colours.
Males less than 62 cm, females less than 58 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.