Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Welsh Corgi Cardigan

Welsh Corgi (Cardigan)

Cardigan Welsh Corgi


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.06.1987.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Herding & companion.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Herding Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Cardigan is one of two Welsh Corgi breeds, the other being the Pembroke. Several theories exist regarding the origin of these very old breeds, one being that they were brought to Wales by the Celts. Another theory is that they are descended from the Swedish Vallhunds, which were crossed with the local Welsh herding dogs. The Cardigan is a herding dog, originally used to drive cattle to pasture. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1959.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Sturdy, tough, mobile, capable of endurance. Long in proportion to height, terminating in fox-like brush, set in line with body.
KC
Sturdy, tough, mobile, capable of endurance. Long in proportion to height, terminating in fox-like brush, set in line with body.
UKC
The general impression of a Cardigan Welsh Corgi is that of an intelligent, handsome, powerful, sturdily-built, small dog that is long in proportion to his height. He has a fox-like brush that is carried in line with his body.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Length of foreface in proportion to head 3 to 5.
KC
Alert, active and intelligent.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Alert, active and intelligent. Steady, not shy nor aggressive.
KC
Alert, intelligent, steady, not shy or aggressive.
UKC
Cardigans are even tempered, loyal, affectionate and adaptable. They are alert and watchful, yet friendly.

HEAD

:
FCI
Foxy in shape and appearance.
KC
Head foxy in shape and appearance, skull wide and flat between ears tapering towards eyes above which it is slightly domed. Moderate stop. Length of foreface in proportion to head 3 to 5, muzzle tapering moderately towards nose which projects slightly and in no sense blunt. Under-jaw clean cut. Strong but without prominence. Nose black.
UKC
The head is foxy in shape and appearance, with ears that are rather large in proportion to the size of the dog.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Wide and flat between ears; tapering towards eyes above which it is slightly domed.
UKC
Wide and flat between the ears, tapering in width towards the eyes. It is slightly rounded above the eyes. There is a moderate stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black., projects slightly and in no sense blunt.
UKC
The nose is black. In blue merles, a butterfly nose is tolerated, with a black nose being preferred.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Tapering moderately towards nose.
KC
Teeth strong, with scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle tapers moderately towards the nose, which projects slightly beyond the end of the muzzle, so that the foreface does not end in an abrupt wedge shape. The length of the muzzle is less than half the length of the entire head. The underjaw is clean and strong but not prominent.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth strong with scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Underjaw clean cut. Strong but without prominence.
UKC
A full complement of strong, regular, white teeth meet in a scissors bite, with the inner side of the upper incisors fitting closely over the outer side of the lower incisors.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium size, clear, giving kindly, alert but watchful expression. Rather widely set with corners clearly defined. Preferably dark, or to blend with coat, rims dark. One or both eyes pale blue, blue or blue flecked permissible only in blue merles.
KC
Medium size, clear, giving kindly, alert but watchful expression. Rather widely set with corners clearly defined. Preferably dark, to blend with coat, rims dark. One or both eyes pale blue, blue or blue flecked, permissible only in blue merles.
UKC
The medium size eyes are wide set and have distinct corners and dark rims. Eye color is clear and dark, in harmony with the coat color. Blue eyes (which includes partially blue eyes and one dark and one blue eye), are permissible only in blue merles.

Ears

:
FCI
Erect, proportionately rather large to size of dog. Tips slightly rounded, moderately wide at base and set about 8 cm ( 3,5 ins) apart. Carried so that tips are slightly wide of straight line drawn from tip of nose through centre of eyes, and set well back so that they can be laid flat along neck.
KC
Erect, proportionately rather large to size of dog. Tips slightly rounded, moderately wide at base and set about 8 cms (31/2 ins) apart. Carried so that tips are slightly wide of straight line drawn from tip of nose through centre of eyes, and set well back so that they can be laid flat along neck.
UKC
The large, prominent ears are slightly rounded at the tip, wide at the base and have good strong leather. They are carried erect, sloping slightly forward when alert. When the ears are erect, the tips are slightly wide of a straight line drawn from the tip of the nose through the center of the eye. The ears are set well back so that they can be laid flat against the neck.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular, well developed, in proportion to dog’s build, fitting into well sloping shoulders.
KC
Muscular, well developed, in proportion to dog’s build, fitting into well sloping shoulders.
UKC
The clean, moderately long, muscular neck is well set on, fitting cleanly into sloping shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Fairly long and strong.
KC
Chest moderately broad with prominent breast bone. Body fairly long and strong, with deep brisket, well sprung ribs. Clearly defined waist. Topline level.
UKC
The moderately broad chest has a prominent breastbone and a deep brisket that is well let down between the forelegs. The well-sprung ribs extend well back. The topline is level. The loin is strong and short. The croup is slightly sloped downward to where it meets the base of the tail. There is a moderate tuck-up, with a well-defined waist.

Topline

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Waist clearly defined.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad with prominent breast bone. Brisket deep. Well sprung ribs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Like a fox’s brush set in line with the body and moderately long ( to touch or nearly touch ground). Carried low when standing but may be lifted a little above body when moving, not curled over back.
KC
Like a fox’s brush, set in line with the body and moderately long (to touch or nearly touch ground). Carried low when standing but may be lifted a little above body when moving, not curled over back.
UKC
The long, fox-like tail is low set and reached to the ground, or nearly so. It is carried low when the dog is standing, and may be lifted a little above the body when the dog is moving. Never carried curled over the back.

LIMBS

:
FCI
Strong bone. Legs short but body well clear of the ground.

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders well laid, angulated at approximately 90 degrees to upper arm; muscular, elbows close to sides. Strong bone carried down to feet. Legs short but body well clear of the ground, forearms slightly bowed to mould round the chest. Feet turned slightly outwards.
UKC
The long, well-laid-back scapula (shoulder blade) meets the humerus (upper arm) at an approximate right angle, the humerus and scapula being nearly the same length. The elbows are held close to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid, angulated at approximately 90 degrees to upper arm, muscular.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to sides.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The front legs are short, but keep the body clear of the ground. They are heavy in bone. The forearms are slightly bowed so that they mold around the chest. The feet turn out slightly.

Forearm

:
FCI
Slightly bowed to mould round the chest.

FEET

:
KC
Round, tight, rather large and well padded.
UKC
Round and tight, rather large. Well padded.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round, tight, rather large and well padded. Turned slightly outwards.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Round, tight, rather large and well padded.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, well angulated and aligned with muscular thighs and lower thighs ; strong bone carried down to feet. Legs short.
KC
Strong, well angulated and aligned with muscular thighs and second thighs, strong bone carried down to feet, legs short; when standing, hocks vertical, viewed from side and rear.
UKC
Strong and well angulated, with muscular thighs and second thighs.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Short, with strong bone all the way down to the feet. When standing, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another viewed from the rear, and perpendicular to the ground when viewed from the side.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical when standing, viewed from side and rear.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free and active, elbows fitting close to sides, neither loose nor tied. Forelegs reaching well forward without too much lift, in unison with thrusting action of hindlegs.
KC
Free and active, elbows fitting close to sides, neither loose nor tied. Forelegs reaching well forward without too much lift, in unison with thrusting action of hindlegs.
UKC
Free, smooth, effortless movement is of utmost importance. When viewed from the side, at a trot, the forelegs reach well forward without too much lift. The hind legs reach well under the body, moving in line with the forelegs, in one continuous motion. They drive powerfully behind, well beyond the set of the tail. The hocks turn neither in nor out. When viewed from the front, the legs do not move in exact parallel planes; they incline slightly inward to compensate for the characteristic shortness of the legs and chest width. The feet travel parallel to the line of motion with no tendency to swing out, cross over or interfere.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short or medium, of hard texture. Weather-proof, with good undercoat. Preferably straight.
KC
Short or medium of hard texture. Weather-proof, with good undercoat. Preferably straight.
UKC
Short or medium in length, with hard texture of outer coat and good undercoat. The coat should be weather proof. A straight coat is preferred. The correct coat forms a slight ruff around the neck, pants on the back of the hind legs, and brush on the tail. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is shown in natural condition. No trimming is permitted except to tidy the feet and, if desired, to remove the whiskers.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any colour, with or without white markings, but white should not predominate.
KC
Any colour, with or without white markings, but white should not predominate.
UKC
Acceptable coat colors include: all shades of red, sable and brindle; black, with or without tan or brindle points; and blue merle (black and gray marbled), with or without tan or brindle points. No one color is preferred over any of the others. White markings may found on the legs, chest, neck (either in or as part of a collar), muzzle, underparts, as a blaze on the face, and on the tip of the tail, but white should not predominate.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: ideal 30 cms (12 ins) at shoulder. Weight in proportion to size with overall balance the prime consideration.
UKC
Overall balance is more important than absolute sizes. When standing naturally, dogs and bitches range from 10½ to 12½ inches, measured at the withers. The ideal length to height ratio is 1.8:1 when measuring from the breastbone to the buttocks and the withers to the ground. The ideal weight range for dogs in working condition is from 30 to 38 pounds; for bitches is from 25 to 34 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Ideal height at withers 30 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Weight in proportion to size with overall balance the prime consideration.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Eyes: Bulging eyes.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Teeth: Overshot, undershot, or wry bite.
Ears: Small and/or pointed ears.
Forelegs: Bone so heavy as to appear coarse and reduce agility. Straight front. Fiddle front. Knuckling over.
Feet: Splayed toes.
Tail: High tail set. Tail curled over the back.
Coat: Distinctly long coat. Fluffy coat.
Coat: Wiry, curly or silky outer coat. Uniform length coats. Overly short and/or flat coats.
Color: Predominant white on the head.
Gait: Short, choppy movement. Rolling or high stepping gait. Close, or overly wide coming or going.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Nose color other than black, except for a butterfly nose on a blue merle dog. Drop ears after six months of age. Blue eyes, or partially blue eyes, in any coat color other than blue merles. Any coat color other than those specified. Body color predominantly white. Albinism.
Eyes: Blue eyes, or partially blue eyes, in any coat color other than blue merles.
Nose: Nose color other than black, except for a butterfly nose on a blue merle dog.
Ears: Drop ears after six months of age.
Color: Any coat color other than those specified. Body color predominantly white. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.