Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Castro Laboreiro Dog

(Cão de Castro Laboreiro)

Cao de Castro Laboreiro


ORIGIN

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FCI
Portugal.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
04.11.2008.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Guard dog, watch dog and livestock guarding dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland and Renée Sporre-Willes.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
One of the most ancient breeds in the Iberian Peninsula, it owes its name to the village of Castro Laboreiro, located in the Melgaço municipality in the extreme north of Portugal, where it comes from. It is a rustic mountainous area, ranging from the Minho River to the Peneda and Soajo Mountains with altitudes of up to 1400 m. It is delimited by the Minho, Trancoso, Laboreiro and Mouro rivers.
UKC
Named for a small village in the mountains of Portugal, the Cao De Castro Laboreiro is an ancient breed of the Iberian Peninsula. The breed is common only in a limited range at variable altitudes in the northern part of the country. The Cao De Castro Laboreiro was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
The breed has a slight mastiff type. A vigorous animal, of attractive morphology and often of striking coat. It has a severe an serious expression and the rusticity of a mountaineer.
UKC
A strongly built, mastiff type dog, rectangular in proportion, with a pleasant appearance and, quite often, a striking coat. He has a noble carriage and is very hardy.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Moderately long (Sub-longilinear), with length of body to height at withers relation of 76; the depth of the chest is slightly less than half of the height at withers. The superior cranium-facial axes are slightly divergent. The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, i.e. skull to muzzle relation is 65.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
A loyal and docile companion to its family, it is essential in flock protection against wolf attacks which, in the breed’s area of origin, are still very frequent. Due to its constant vigilance, it is an ideal sentinel of property entrusted to it, patrolling it frequently. Of noble nature. Very agile and active, it can show some hostility, without being quarrelsome. It has a characteristic alarm bark, starting with a deep sound, rising to low-pitched and ending in prolonged high-pitched sounds.
UKC
The Cao De Castro Laboreiro is a loyal and obedient herd guardian. He is still used to defend against wolves that frequent his homeland. He is sometimes hostile, but not aggressive, though he has a severe expression.

HEAD

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FCI
Of medium size, showing lightness rather than coarseness; smooth without being lean; skin well developed but without wrinkles; long and tending to rectilinear.
UKC
Slightly long, rectangular in shape, light rather than coarse, and free of wrinkles.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Moderately developed, slightly prominent and moderately broad. The superior cranium-facial axes are slightly divergent with a profile tending to rectilinear.; The superciliary arches are slightly developed with a hardly noticeable frontal furrow; the occipital protuberance is not pronounced.
UKC
Rather broad, flat on top and arched at the sides, with slight frontal furrow and no prominence of occiput. The amount of stop is slight.

Stop

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FCI
Not pronounced, placed at greater distance from the occipital protuberance than from the tip of the nose.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Well developed, in line with nosebridge and large. Nostrils wide open. Always black.
UKC
Large, and always black, with well-opened nostrils.

Muzzle

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FCI
Long, straight; strong; tapering gradually towards the tip, without being narrow or pointed.
UKC
Long, strong, and tapering in width from eyes to nose, but never pointed. Length of the foreface is slightly less than the length of the skull. The lips are clean and close-fitting, never pendulous. Mucous membranes, hard palate and edges of lips are all strongly pigmented in black.

Lips

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FCI
Well cut, with medium and inconspicuous commissures; neither fleshy nor pendulous; the mucous membranes of palate and edges of lips are strongly pigmented in black.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Powerful, well muscled and close fitting jaws. Full dentition, strong, white teeth, well adjusted and well set into the jaw; scissors bite, a pincer bite may be accepted.
UKC
The Cao De Castro Laboreiro has a complete set of evenly-spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

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FCI
Flat, converging moderately to the tip of the muzzle without tapering.

Eyes

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FCI
Of medium size, almond shaped, slanting, set level, neither prominent nor sunken. Brown in colour, ranging from light brown in paler coats to dark brown, almost black, in the darker coats. The expression is somewhat severe. Black eyelids.
UKC
Medium size, almond-shaped, and obliquely set. Varying shades of brown, from hazel to nearly black. The expression is severe and hard.

Ears

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FCI
Fairly high set, falling naturally parallel to both sides of the head; hanging. Thin and almost triangular, rounded at the tip; of medium size (length equal to width). When attentive the ears turn forward.
UKC
Medium size, triangular in shape, with rounded tips. Set fairly high, the ears hang naturally close and flat to the head. When the dog is attentive, the ears turn forward.

NECK

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FCI
Well set into the body and head, conferring to the head a proud carriage; short; straight; well developed and of proportional thickness; without dewlap.
UKC
Straight, short and clean, carried proudly.

BODY

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UKC
The chest is fairly deep and oval in shape. The back is straight. The loin is short, strong and well muscled. The croup is gently sloping. There is a distinct tuck-up.

Topline

:
FCI
Level or slightly sloping.

Withers

:
FCI
Well set into the neck and body.

Back

:
FCI
Medium length; strong; longer than the loin.

Loin

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FCI
Short; broad; well muscled; in harmonious connection to the croup.

Croup

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FCI
Short, broad, well muscled, with a smooth inclination. May be slightly higher than the withers.

Chest

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FCI
Oval shaped medium width and depth.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Considerable rise from sternum to groin; the belly is not voluminous and shows a distinct difference in line between the sternum and the belly area.

TAIL

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FCI
Natural, of higher than average set, thick at the base; at rest, it falls down to the hock, hanging not too close between the fringed buttocks; tail with thick and long hair, especially on the underside, giving it a thicker look in the middle, with a very hairy underside on the third part of the tail. It has a graceful scimitar shape and is usually carried low; if the animal is excited, the tail rises over the top line, tilting up, forward and slightly sideways, but never down to touch the back.
UKC
Set fairly high, thick at the base, reaching to the hock joint. Saber shaped and well furnished on the underside. When the dog is excited, the tail is carried above the topline but never curled over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Strong and well muscled. Very straight, when seen from the front and sides; well developed bones.
UKC
Shoulder blade and upper arm form an open angle.

Shoulder

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FCI
Well developed joints. Medium angle between scapula-humerus.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Well developed with powerful muscles.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Long and straight, with well-developed bone and muscle. Pasterns are short and slightly sloping.

Forearm

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FCI
Straight and gradually tapering from top to the pastern; well developed bones, somewhat cylindrical in shape.

Pastern

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FCI
Neither too long nor too inclined.

FEET

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UKC
Rather round, with large, arched toes and thick pads. Single or double dewclaws are acceptable.

Forefeet

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FCI
Proportioned to the size and more round than long, tending to cat feet; with thick, tight-fitting toes, naturally arched, neither turning outwards nor inwards; well developed nails, black or dark grey, smooth, hard, moderately worn. Thick and hard pads.

Hind feet

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FCI
Identical to the forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and well muscled. Very upright, when seen from the back; well developed bones.
UKC
Extremely muscular, the upper thighs have distinct muscle masses that are evident when viewed from behind.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well developed with powerful muscles, easily seen from behind.

Stifle

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FCI
Moderately open femur-tibial angle.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
There is moderate angulation of the stifle and hock. The rear pasterns slope a little forward when viewed from the side.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed bones, well muscled.

Hock

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FCI
High; the hock line slopes slightly forward; well developed joints and moderately open tibia-tarsus angle.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Well developed bones, somewhat cylindrical in shape. May have single or double dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
The gait is rhythmical and easy, with the legs moving parallel to the middle body line. The most common gaits are a natural walk and sometimes an easy amble trot; it will only move faster (trot or gallop) when a strong reason urges it to do so.
UKC
The Cao De Castro Laboreiro has an easy, rhythmical gait, moving with the legs parallel to the median plane of the body. The dog normally moves at a walk or an amble.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI
Short hair on body (approximately 5 cm); without undercoat. Slightly dull, smooth, flat on most of the body and very thick; in general it is shorter and denser on the head and ears, where it is thin and soft, and on the limbs below the elbow and hock. The hair is thick and long on the buttocks, which are very hairy; thick, resistant and somewhat harsh to touch.
UKC
Short, thick, coarse and weather resistant, the coat is shorter and finer on the head and ears and on the front of the legs. It is thicker and longer on the underside of the tail and the thighs. There is no undercoat.

COLOUR

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FCI
The most common is the wolf colour and the most preferred colour is the “mountain colour”, so called by the locals and considered as an ethnic trait by the breeders in Castro Laboreiro. It is a brindle coat with a base colour of different shades of grey overlaid with lighter and darker shades of black brindling. It is typical with hair of three different colours; ranging from pine-nut to reddish and mahogany. The brindling can be of lighter and darker shades on different parts of the body; darker on head, back and shoulders; medium dark on body, croup and thighs and lighter on belly and lower parts of the limbs. A small white spot is permitted 0n the chest.
UKC
Wolf colors in all shades from very light through medium to very dark, sometimes all occurring on the same dog. Most preferred is a coat of mixed shades of grey interspersed with brown or reddish hairs on parts or all of the body. Faults: White markings or any color other than breed typical.

SIZE

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UKC
Average height for males is 21½ to 23½ inches; for females it is 20½ to 22½ inches. Faults: Deviations over or under the average heights.

Height at withers

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FCI

Males 58 - 64 cm (with a tolerance of + 2 cm).
Females 55 - 61 cm (with a tolerance of + 2 cm).

Weight

:
FCI

Males 30 - 40 Kg.
Females 25 - 35 Kg.

FAULTS

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FCI

  • Behaviour Animals showing signs of shyness or distrustfulness.
  • Head Too voluminous, bony or fleshy, too narrow, long or pointed.
  • Ears Atypical set-on, too big, fleshy and round.
  • Colour Small white spot outside the limits set by the standard.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC

Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Eyes: Wall eyes.
Tail: Curled, docked or natural bob tail.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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FCI

  • Eyes Yellow, loose lids.
  • Tail Hunting-horn shape, curled or with hook at the tip.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

  • Behaviour Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Skull/Muzzle Convergent longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
  • Nose Any colour other than black.
  • Jaws Undershot or overshot.
  • Eyes Wall eye or difference in sizes.
  • Deafness Congenital.
  • Tail Docked or rudimentary. Anurous.
  • Colour Albinism. Pied or very different from breed type.
  • Size Oversized or undersized.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.