The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Canadian Eskimo Dog

Canadian Eskimo Dog


PUBLISHED

:
KC
June 2001

CLASSIFICATION

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KC
Working
UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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UKC
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is an aboriginal breed of dog that has a long and unique history of being interdependent with the Inuit people of the Arctic. As a primitive dog, it is primarily carnivorous, with a natural diet that consisted of seal, walrus, fish and caribou. For centuries, they were used as a draught, pack and hunting animal. The Canadian Eskimo Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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KC
Typical spitz dog with thick neck and broad chest, well boned legs of medium length. Majestic and powerful physique that is built for hard work, not speed.
UKC
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a powerfully built, spitz type dog of medium size with a thick neck and chest and medium length legs. He has a majestic and powerful build that gives the impression that he was built for hard work rather than for speed. During the winter the breed is thickly clothed with a dense, double coat that allows them to easily withstand the rigors of the high Arctic. Females have a shorter coat and are significantly smaller than the males.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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KC
Sled dog capable of surviving in extreme temperatures and pulling weights of 45-80 kgs (99-176lbs) per dog over 15-70 miles a day on snow, or carrying 15 kgs (33lbs) as pack dog in summer. Also used to locate game and hold it at bay.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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KC
Reflects tough, hard working function. When mature, affectionate, enjoying attention. Pack orientated with extremely rapid response to outside stimulus.
UKC
The temperament of the breed should reflect the hard working animal that it is. In general disposition, the mature Canadian Eskimo Dog is usually gentle and affectionate, exhibiting quiet friendliness or harmless curiosity, or being somewhat distant. They are very pack oriented, and if raised as a group the pack structure will be well controlled by dominant individuals. Compared to modern domestic breeds, the Canadian Eskimo Dog seems to be over stimulated by things such as food, work, fighting or play, and for this reason they should be the companions of adults, not a child’s pet.

HEAD

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KC
Large, well proportioned, broad and wedge shaped. Tapered muzzle of medium length. Females have much narrower skull than males.
UKC
The head is wolf-like, but more elevated in the forehead than the wolf. Immature females will have a much narrower skull than the males.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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UKC
Massive, but well-proportioned, broad and wedge shaped.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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UKC
Color of the nose ranges from black to light brown. Butterfly noses are occasionally seen.

Muzzle

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KC
Powerful heavy jaws with large teeth. Perfect regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips close fitting.
UKC
The muzzle is tapered and of medium length. The jaws are heavy and powerful. The lips are black or brown with pink.

Jaws/Teeth

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UKC
The Canadian Eskimo Dog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

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KC
Never round or bulging. Widely spaced, obliquely set. Generally dark but hazel and yellow occur, depending on pigmentation. Never blue.
UKC
The eyes are small, widely spaced and obliquely placed, giving the dog a rather wild appearance. They are generally dark colored, but hazel or yellow eyes do appear.

Ears

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KC
Short thick and triangular with slightly rounded tips. Carried erect, facing forwards, covered with dense short hair inside and out.
UKC
The erect ears are short, thick and slightly rounded at the tips. They are covered with dense, short hair.

NECK

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KC
Short, straight, thick and very muscular.
UKC
Short, straight, thick and very muscular.

BODY

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KC
Should accentuate overall power and endurance. Deep, wide well-developed chest, moderately sprung ribs and well developed loin. Level back, well-muscled throughout. Only slight tuck up. Skin thick and tough.
UKC
The body of the Canadian Eskimo Dog gives the impression of great strength and endurance, from a deep, wide and well muscled chest to a well developed loin. There is very little tuck-up at the flank. The spinal column, when felt through the heavy coat, is well pronounced. Above all, the body should be muscular, not fat. Females will have a smaller body than the males.

TAIL

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KC
Large, bushy, set moderately high, carried up or over the back. Mature bitches may carry tails down.
UKC
The tail is large and bushy, and usually carried up or curled over the back. Mature females may on occasion carry their tails down.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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KC
Broad shoulders, well laid back. Well muscled. Forelegs straight but well developed. Dew claws permitted.
UKC
The shoulders are broad, obliquely set, and moderately muscled.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The forelegs are straight, but they may give the impression of being bowed due to the well developed triceps muscle above and behind the elbow and the pronounced muscle of the forearm itself.

FEET

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KC
Large, almost round, well arched. Thick pads with hair between the toes.
UKC
The feet are large and nearly round, with well arched toes and thick pads that have thick fur between them. During harsh winter conditions, the fur will grow long enough to completely cover the bottom of the pads.

HINDQUARTERS

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KC
Not higher than withers. Good turn of stifle. Legs muscular with width of thigh continuing down towards hock. From behind, legs appear straight; hocks turning neither in nor out.
UKC
The hips may appear as pronounced and bony as the spine. The hip bones are about the same height as the withers.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The legs are very muscular, with the width of the thigh being carried well down towards the hock. The stifles are well bent. From the rear, the legs will appear straight, with the hocks turning neither in nor out.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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KC
Powerful, brisk trot with rear legs moving in line with front legs. Males with heavily muscular thighs may appear to move wide behind.
UKC
The working gait is a powerful and brisk trot, with the rear legs moving in a line with the front legs, but showing some abduction, particularly in mature males that have done many miles in harness. The abduction is due to a wide stance caused by well developed thighs. It is an efficient gait for heavy pulling day after day. Females are faster and freer in movement than males. Movement should never appear choppy or paddling.

COAT

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HAIR

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KC
Thick, dense undercoat with hard stiff guard hairs. Outer coat 8-15 cms (3-6 ins). In males, a mane over shoulders and neck giving appearance of greater height and bulk than actually exists. Females have shorter coat overall.
UKC
The coat is thick and dense, with a harsh, stiff outer coat that varies in length from 3 to 6 inches. Males grow a mane over the neck and shoulders which makes them appear taller than they actually are. Females usually have a shorter coat overall. The undercoat is very dense. The coat is subject to an annual molt, usually in August or September.

COLOUR

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KC
All colours and markings allowed including solid colours. Pigmentation from black to light brown depending on coat colour. Snow nose acceptable.
UKC
The following colors and patterns are all equally acceptable: Solid white. White with red, buff, cinnamon, grey or black markings around the ears or eyes and/or in small patches on the body. Parti-color, with white and either red, buff, cinnamon, grey or black in even 50-50 distribution. Red, buff or cinnamon with white on the chest and/or legs and underbelly. Sable, black or dark grey with white markings on legs, chest, underbelly or collar. Silver grey or grayish white. Buff or brown undercoat with black guard hairs. Dogs with mostly colored heads commonly have a mask-like shading of white around the eyes and/or muzzle, with or without white spots over the eyes. Occasionally tri-color markings appear on an otherwise two colored dog.

SIZE

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KC
dogs 58-70 cms (22-27½ ins), bitches 50-60 cms (19½-23½ ins). Weight dogs 30-40 kgs (66-88lbs), bitches 18-30 kgs (40-66 lbs).
UKC
Males range from 23-27½ inches in height at the withers, and from 66 to 88 pounds in weight. Females range from 19½ to 23½ inches in height at the withers, and from 40-66 pounds in weight.

FAULTS

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KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Excessively undershot or overshot jaw. Blue eyes. Ears that are not erect. This is not to be confused with ears that are battle torn. Dewclaws on rear legs. No evidence of a curled or upright tail in male dogs. (Recognizing that a tail may occasionally be held down due to subordination or stress.) Any clipping, scissoring or altering of coat. Albinism.
Teeth: Excessively undershot or overshot jaw.
Eyes: Blue eyes.
Ears: Ears that are not erect. This is not to be confused with ears that are battle torn.
Hind Legs: Dewclaws on rear legs.
Tail: No evidence of a curled or upright tail in male dogs. (Recognizing that a tail may occasionally be held down due to subordination or stress.)
Coat: Any clipping, scissoring or altering of coat.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.