Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Cairn Terrier

Cairn Terrier

Cairn Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.06.1987.
KC
March 1994

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 2Small-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Cairn Terrier was developed in Scotland to hunt otter, fox and other vermin along the shoreline. The Scottish, West Highland White and Cairn terriers were developed from the same stock, first called Scotch terriers and later Skye terriers. The three were often found in the same litter, distinguished only by color. The Cairn first competed for challenge certificates in England in 1912. The Cairn Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1959.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Agile, alert, of workmanlike, natural appearance. Standing well forward on forepaws. Strong quarters. Deep in rib, very free in movement. Weather-resistant coat.
KC
Agile, alert, of workmanlike, natural appearance. Standing well forward on forepaws. Strong quarters. Deep in rib, very free in movement. Weather-resistant coat.
UKC
A small working terrier, agile and alert, with a shaggy, weather resistant coat and a natural appearance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Should impress as being active, game and hardy.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Should impress as being active, game and hardy. Fearless and gay disposition ; assertive but not aggressive.
KC
Fearless and gay disposition; assertive but not aggressive.
UKC
Active and game, with a fearless, gay but not aggressive disposition.

HEAD

:
FCI
Small, but in proportion to body. Well furnished.
KC
Head small, but in proportion to body. Skull broad; a decided indentation between the eyes with a definite stop. Muzzle powerful, jaw strong but not long or heavy. Nose black . Head well furnished.
UKC
The head is shorter and wider than on any of the other terriers, and well furnished with hair, giving the dog a somewhat foxy expression.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad ; a decided indentation between the eyes.
UKC
Is broad in proportion to its length and there is a decided stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Definite.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Powerful.
KC
Large teeth. Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Powerful, with strong jaws, but they are not long or heavy.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth large. Jaw strong, but not long or heavy with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. Upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, large, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Wide apart, medium in size, dark hazel. Slightly sunk with shaggy eyebrows.
KC
Wide apart, medium in size, dark hazel. Slightly sunk with shaggy eyebrows.
UKC
Set wide apart and fairly deep, medium in size, dark hazel in color. Shaggy eyebrows.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, pointed, well carried and erect, not too closely set nor heavily coated.
KC
Small, pointed, well carried and erect, not too closely set nor heavily coated.
UKC
Small and pointed, well carried and erect. Not too closely set nor heavily furnished.

NECK

:
FCI
Well set on, not short.
KC
Well set on, not short.
UKC
Well set on, not short.

BODY

:
KC
Back level, medium length. Well sprung deep ribs; strong supple loin.
UKC
The back is level, of medium length, and ribs are well sprung and deep. Strong, supple loin.

Back

:
FCI
Level, medium length.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong, supple.

Chest

:
FCI
Well sprung deep ribs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Short, balanced, well furnished with hair but not feathery. Neither high nor low set, carried gaily but not turned down torwards back.
KC
Short, balanced, well furnished with hair but not feathery. Neither high nor low set, carried gaily but not turned down towards back.
UKC
Short, in balance with the head, well furnished with hair, but not feathery. Neither high nor low set, carried gaily, but not curled over back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs medium length, good but not too heavy bone. Covered with harsh hair.
KC
Sloping shoulders, medium length of leg, good but not too heavy bone. Forelegs never out at elbow. Legs covered with harsh hair.
UKC
Sloping shoulders.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping.

Elbow

:
FCI
Never out at elbow.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Medium length of leg with good, but not too heavy bone. Forelegs never out at the elbows. Legs perfectly straight, but feet may turn slightly out. Covered with harsh hair.

FEET

:
KC
Forefeet, larger than hind, may be slightly turned out. Pads thick and strong. Thin, narrow or spreading feet and long nails objectionable.
UKC
Thick, strong pads. Forefeet larger than hind feet. Thin or splayed feet are objectionable.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Forefeet, larger than hind, may be slightly turned out. Pads thick and strong. Thin, narrow or spreading feet and long nails objectionable.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Very strong muscular thighs. Good, but not excessive, bend of stifle. Hocks well let down inclining neither in nor out when viewed from the rear.

Thigh

:
FCI
Very strong and muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
With good, but not excessive bend.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Very strong and muscular thighs. Good, but not excessive bend of stifle. Hocks well let down, inclining neither in nor out when viewed from the rear.

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down, inclining neither in nor out when viewed from the rear.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Very free-flowing stride. Forelegs reaching well forward. Hindlegs giving strong propulsion. Hocks neither too close nor too wide.
KC
Very free-flowing stride. Forelegs reaching well forward. Hindlegs giving strong propulsion. Hocks neither too close nor too wide.
UKC
Free flowing, with good reach and drive.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Very important. Weather-resistant. Must be double-coated, with profuse, harsh, but not coarse, outer coat ; undercoat short, soft and close. Open coats objectionable. Slight wave permissible.
KC
Very important. Weather-resistant. Must be double-coated, with profuse, harsh, but not coarse, outer coat; undercoat short, soft and close. Open coats objectionable. Slight wave permissible.
UKC
Very important. Weather resistant. Must be double coated with profuse, harsh, but not coarse, outer coat; undercoat short, soft and close. A slight wave is permissible. Open coats are objectionable.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Cream, wheaten, red, grey or nearly black. Brindling in all these colours acceptable. Not solid black, or white, or black and tan. Dark points, such as ears and muzzle, very typical.
KC
Cream, wheaten, red, grey or nearly black. Brindling in all these colours acceptable. Not solid black, or white, or black and tan. Dark points, such as ears and muzzle, very typical.
UKC
Cream, wheaten, red, gray or nearly black. Brindling in these colors acceptable. Dark ears, muzzle and tail tip are typical.

SIZE

:
FCI
Approximately 28-31 cm (11-12 ins) at withers, but in proportion to weight-ideally 6-7,5 kg (14-16 lbs).
KC
Approximately 28-31 cms (11-12 ins) at withers, but in proportion to weight – ideally 6-7.5 kgs (14-16 lbs).
UKC
Height: 11 to 12 inches in height Weight: 14 to 16 pounds in weight.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.