Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Bullmastiff

Bullmastiff


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Watchdog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

KC
Working

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Bullmastiff evolved from the Old English Mastiff and the Bulldog. Primarily used as a guard dog and, in olden times, to help the gamekeeper in the apprehension of poachers. The Bullmastiff is intelligent and observant; he is totally reliable both physically and mentally and can quickly assess a situation. His bravery and courage and defending against intruders is legendary.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Powerful build, symmetrical, showing great strength, but not cumbersome; sound and active.
KC
Powerful build, symmetrical, showing great strength, but not cumbersome; sound and active.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Powerful, enduring, active and reliable.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Powerful; enduring, active and reliable. High-spirited, alert and faithful.
KC
High-spirited, alert and faithful.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull large and square, viewed from every angle, fair wrinkle when interested, but not when in repose. Skull broad and deep with well filled cheeks. Pronounced stop. Muzzle short; distance from tip of nose to stop approximately one-third of length from tip of nose to centre of occiput, broad under eyes and sustaining nearly same width to end of nose; blunt and cut off square, forming right angle with upper line of face, and at same time proportionate with skull. Under-jaw broad to end. Nose broad with widely spreading nostrils; flat, neither pointed nor turned up in profile. Flews not pendulous, never hanging below level of lower jaw.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Skull large and square, viewed from every angle, fair wrinkle when interested, but not when in repose. Broad and deep.

Stop

:
FCI
Pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well opened nostrils. Nose broad with widely spreading nostrils; flat neither pointed nor turned up in profile.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Muzzle short; distance from tip of nose to stop approximately one-third of length from tip of nose to centre of occiput, broad under eyes and sustaining nearly same width to end of nose; blunt an cut off square, forming right angle with upper line of face, and at same time proportionate with skull.
KC
Level desired but slightly undershot allowed but not preferred. Canine teeth large and set wide apart, other teeth strong, even and well placed.

Lips

:
FCI
Flews not pendulous, never hanging below level of lower jaw.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Under-jaw broad to end. Level (Pincer bite, edge to edge) desired but slightly undershot allowed but not preferred. Canine teeth large and set wide apart, other teeth strong, even and well placed.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well filled.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark or hazel, of medium size, set apart the width of muzzle with furrow between. Light or yellow eyes highly undesirable.
KC
Dark or hazel, of medium size, set apart the width of muzzle with furrow between. Light or yellow eyes highly undesirable.

Ears

:
FCI
V-shaped, folded back, set on wide and high, level of occiput giving square appearance to skull which is most important. Small and deeper in colour than body. Point of ear level with eye when alert. Rose ears highly undesirable.
KC
V-shaped, folded back, set on wide and high, level of occiput giving square appearance to skull which is most important. Small and deeper in colour than body. Point of ear level with eye when alert. Rose ears highly undesirable.

NECK

:
FCI
Well arched, moderate length, very muscular and almost equal to skull in circumference.
KC
Well arched, moderate length, very muscular and almost equal to skull in circumference.

BODY

:
KC
Back short and straight, giving compact carriage, but not so short as to interfere with activity. Roach and sway backs highly undesirable.

Back

:
FCI
Short and straight, giving compact carriage, but not so short as to interfere with activity. Roach and sway backs highly undesirable.

Loin

:
FCI
Loins wide and muscular with fair depth of flank.

Chest

:
FCI
Chest, wide and deep, well let down between forelegs, with deep brisket.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set high, strong at root and tapering, reaching to hocks, carried straight or curved, but not hound fashion. Crank tails highly undesirable.
KC
Set high, strong at root and tapering, reaching to hocks, carried straight or curved, but not hound-fashion. Crank tails highly undesirable.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs set wide apart, presenting a straight front.
KC
Chest, wide and deep, well let down between forelegs, with deep brisket. Shoulders muscular, sloping and powerful, not overloaded. Forelegs powerful and straight, well boned, set wide apart, presenting a straight front. Pasterns straight and strong.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulders muscular, sloping and powerful, not overloaded.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs powerful and straight, well boned.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pasterns straight and strong.

FEET

:
KC
Well arched, cat-like, with rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toenails desirable. Splayed feet highly undesirable.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Well arched, cat-like, with rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toenails desirable. Splayed feet highly undesirable.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hind legs strong and muscular.
KC
Loins wide and muscular with fair depth of flank. Hindlegs strong and muscular, with well developed second thighs, denoting power and activity, not cumbersome. Hocks moderately bent. Cowhocks highly undesirable.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed lower thighs, denoting power and activity, not cumbersome.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Moderately bent. Cow hocks highly undesirable.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Movement indicates power and sense of purpose. When moving straight neither front nor hind legs should cross or plait, right front and left rear leg rising and falling at same time. A firm backline unimpaired by powerful thrust from hindlegs denoting a balanced and harmonious movement.
KC
Movement indicates power and sense of purpose. When moving straight neither front nor hindlegs should cross or plait, right front and left rear leg rising and falling at same time. A firm backline unimpaired by powerful thrust from hindlegs denoting a balanced and harmonious movement.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and hard, weather-resistant, lying flat to body. Long, silky or woolly coats highly undesirable.
KC
Short and hard, weather-resistant, lying flat to body. Long, silky or woolly coats highly undesirable.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any shade of brindle, fawn or red; colour to be pure and clear. A slight white marking on chest permissible. Other white markings undesirable. Black muzzle essential, toning off towards eyes, with dark markings around eyes contributing to expression.
KC
Any shade of brindle, fawn or red; colour to be pure and clear. A slight white marking on chest permissible. Other white markings undesirable. Black muzzle essential, toning off towards eyes, with dark markings around eyes contributing to expression.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at shoulder: dogs: 64-69 cms (25-27 ins); bitches 61-66 cm (24-26 ins). Weight: dogs: 50-59 kgs (110-130 lbs); bitches: 41-50 kgs (90-110 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 64 - 69 cms.
Females 61 - 66 cms.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 50 - 59 kgs.
Females 41 - 50 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.