Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Bullmastiff

Bullmastiff

Bullmastiff


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Watchdog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Bullmastiff evolved from the Old English Mastiff and the Bulldog. Primarily used as a guard dog and, in olden times, to help the gamekeeper in the apprehension of poachers. The Bullmastiff is intelligent and observant; he is totally reliable both physically and mentally and can quickly assess a situation. His bravery and courage and defending against intruders is legendary.
UKC
In its present form, this is a fairly new breed, developed about 1860. The purpose for the development of the breed (a 60% Mastiff, 40% Bulldog cross), was to stop poaching in the English estates. The landowners wanted the poachers thrown and held but not mauled. The Mastiff, while powerful and courageous, was not fast enough and sufficiently aggressive. The Bulldog was a little too ferocious and not large enough for the task. This cross resulted in the development of a breed that was totally utilitarian. The Bullmastiff was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Powerful build, symmetrical, showing great strength, but not cumbersome; sound and active.
KC
Powerful build, symmetrical, showing great strength, but not cumbersome; sound and active.
UKC
The Bullmastiff is symmetrical in structure. The breed is powerfully built, showing great strength and endurance, and is active. It is alert and fearless, yet docile in manner. It may be red, fawn or brindle in color, with a natural tail and ears.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Powerful, enduring, active and reliable.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Powerful; enduring, active and reliable. High-spirited, alert and faithful.
KC
High-spirited, alert and faithful.
UKC
High spirited, alert and reliable, the Bullmastiff is a dependable family companion and protector.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull large and square, viewed from every angle, fair wrinkle when interested, but not when in repose. Skull broad and deep with well filled cheeks. Pronounced stop. Muzzle short; distance from tip of nose to stop approximately one-third of length from tip of nose to centre of occiput, broad under eyes and sustaining nearly same width to end of nose; blunt and cut off square, forming right angle with upper line of face, and at same time proportionate with skull. Under-jaw broad to end. Nose broad with widely spreading nostrils; flat, neither pointed nor turned up in profile. Flews not pendulous, never hanging below level of lower jaw.
UKC
The head is broad with well-developed cheeks and a fair amount of wrinkles showing when the dog is alert.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Skull large and square, viewed from every angle, fair wrinkle when interested, but not when in repose. Broad and deep.
UKC
The skull is large and square; the circumference of the skull may be equal to the height of the dog at the shoulder. The stop is pronounced.

Stop

:
FCI
Pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well opened nostrils. Nose broad with widely spreading nostrils; flat neither pointed nor turned up in profile.
UKC
The nose is black. The nostrils are large and broad.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Muzzle short; distance from tip of nose to stop approximately one-third of length from tip of nose to centre of occiput, broad under eyes and sustaining nearly same width to end of nose; blunt an cut off square, forming right angle with upper line of face, and at same time proportionate with skull.
KC
Level desired but slightly undershot allowed but not preferred. Canine teeth large and set wide apart, other teeth strong, even and well placed.
UKC
The muzzle is short, blunt and squared off. It is approximately one-third of the length of the entire head. The flews are not pendulous. A dark muzzle is preferred.

Lips

:
FCI
Flews not pendulous, never hanging below level of lower jaw.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Under-jaw broad to end. Level (Pincer bite, edge to edge) desired but slightly undershot allowed but not preferred. Canine teeth large and set wide apart, other teeth strong, even and well placed.
UKC
A full complement of large, strong, white teeth meet in a level or slightly undershot bite. The canine teeth are large and set wide apart.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well filled.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark or hazel, of medium size, set apart the width of muzzle with furrow between. Light or yellow eyes highly undesirable.
KC
Dark or hazel, of medium size, set apart the width of muzzle with furrow between. Light or yellow eyes highly undesirable.
UKC
The eyes are dark and of medium size. They are set well apart, and there is a furrow between them.

Ears

:
FCI
V-shaped, folded back, set on wide and high, level of occiput giving square appearance to skull which is most important. Small and deeper in colour than body. Point of ear level with eye when alert. Rose ears highly undesirable.
KC
V-shaped, folded back, set on wide and high, level of occiput giving square appearance to skull which is most important. Small and deeper in colour than body. Point of ear level with eye when alert. Rose ears highly undesirable.
UKC
The medium-sized, V-shaped ears are set wide and high on the skull, level with occiput and close to the cheeks, giving a squared-off appearance to the skull.

NECK

:
FCI
Well arched, moderate length, very muscular and almost equal to skull in circumference.
KC
Well arched, moderate length, very muscular and almost equal to skull in circumference.
UKC
The slightly-arched, muscular neck is of moderate length; it has almost the same circumference as the skull.

BODY

:
KC
Back short and straight, giving compact carriage, but not so short as to interfere with activity. Roach and sway backs highly undesirable.
UKC
In proportion, the Bullmastiff is just slightly longer, from the breastbone to the buttocks, than he is tall, resulting in a fairly square appearance. The chest is wide and deep, and well let down between the forelegs. The back is short and straight, giving a compact carriage. The loin is wide and has good depth.

Back

:
FCI
Short and straight, giving compact carriage, but not so short as to interfere with activity. Roach and sway backs highly undesirable.

Loin

:
FCI
Loins wide and muscular with fair depth of flank.

Chest

:
FCI
Chest, wide and deep, well let down between forelegs, with deep brisket.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set high, strong at root and tapering, reaching to hocks, carried straight or curved, but not hound fashion. Crank tails highly undesirable.
KC
Set high, strong at root and tapering, reaching to hocks, carried straight or curved, but not hound-fashion. Crank tails highly undesirable.
UKC
The tail is set high, and is carried straight or curved. It is strong at the root, and tapers, reaching to the hocks.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs set wide apart, presenting a straight front.
KC
Chest, wide and deep, well let down between forelegs, with deep brisket. Shoulders muscular, sloping and powerful, not overloaded. Forelegs powerful and straight, well boned, set wide apart, presenting a straight front. Pasterns straight and strong.
UKC
The shoulders are muscular, sloping, and powerful, but not loaded.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulders muscular, sloping and powerful, not overloaded.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The powerful, straight, well-boned forelegs are set wide apart, showing a straight front. The pasterns are straight and strong.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs powerful and straight, well boned.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pasterns straight and strong.

FEET

:
KC
Well arched, cat-like, with rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toenails desirable. Splayed feet highly undesirable.
UKC
The feet are medium-sized, with well-arched, rounded toes. The pads are thick and tough. Dark toenails are desirable.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Well arched, cat-like, with rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toenails desirable. Splayed feet highly undesirable.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hind legs strong and muscular.
KC
Loins wide and muscular with fair depth of flank. Hindlegs strong and muscular, with well developed second thighs, denoting power and activity, not cumbersome. Hocks moderately bent. Cowhocks highly undesirable.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are strong and muscular, with a well-developed second thigh. When viewed from the rear, they are parallel. The hocks are moderately bent.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed lower thighs, denoting power and activity, not cumbersome.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Moderately bent. Cow hocks highly undesirable.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Movement indicates power and sense of purpose. When moving straight neither front nor hind legs should cross or plait, right front and left rear leg rising and falling at same time. A firm backline unimpaired by powerful thrust from hindlegs denoting a balanced and harmonious movement.
KC
Movement indicates power and sense of purpose. When moving straight neither front nor hindlegs should cross or plait, right front and left rear leg rising and falling at same time. A firm backline unimpaired by powerful thrust from hindlegs denoting a balanced and harmonious movement.
UKC
Free and powerful, indicating a sense of purpose. Legs do not cross or interfere and the back remains firm and level.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and hard, weather-resistant, lying flat to body. Long, silky or woolly coats highly undesirable.
KC
Short and hard, weather-resistant, lying flat to body. Long, silky or woolly coats highly undesirable.
UKC
The coat is short and dense, and lies flat to the body, giving protection to the weather.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any shade of brindle, fawn or red; colour to be pure and clear. A slight white marking on chest permissible. Other white markings undesirable. Black muzzle essential, toning off towards eyes, with dark markings around eyes contributing to expression.
KC
Any shade of brindle, fawn or red; colour to be pure and clear. A slight white marking on chest permissible. Other white markings undesirable. Black muzzle essential, toning off towards eyes, with dark markings around eyes contributing to expression.
UKC
Any shade of brindle, fawn or red; to be pure and clean. A slight white marking on the chest is permissible. A dark muzzle is essential. The ears are darker than the body.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at shoulder: dogs: 64-69 cms (25-27 ins); bitches 61-66 cm (24-26 ins). Weight: dogs: 50-59 kgs (110-130 lbs); bitches: 41-50 kgs (90-110 lbs).
UKC
Males: 25 to 27 inches at the shoulders, and from 110 to 130 pounds. Females: 24 to 26 inches at the shoulders, and from 100 to 120 pounds. Size is proportionate to weight, with the heavier dog being preferred.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 64 - 69 cms.
Females 61 - 66 cms.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 50 - 59 kgs.
Females 41 - 50 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Body: Roached back; sway back.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Muzzle: Lack of foreface, with the nostrils set on top of the muzzle such as in the Bulldog.
Eyes: Light or yellow eyes.
Ears: Rose ears.
Hind Legs: Cow hocks.
Feet: Splayed feet.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.