Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Bull Terrier

Bull Terrier

Bull Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
05.07.2011.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 3Bull type Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
It was a certain James Hinks who first standardised the breed type in the 1850s, selecting the egg-shaped head. The breed was first shown in its present form at Birmingham in 1862. The Bull Terrier Club was formed in 1887. The truly interesting thing about the breed is that the standard says quite deliberately, “There are neither weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex. Dog should at all times be balanced.”
A smaller example of the Bull Terrier has been known since the early 19th century but fell out of favour prior to the First World War and was removed from the Kennel Club Breed Register in 1918. In 1938, a revival was spearheaded by Colonel Richard Glyn and a group of fellow enthusiasts who formed the Miniature Bull Terrier Club. The standard is the same as that of the Bull Terrier with the exception of a height limit.
UKC
Today's Bull Terrier is the direct descendant of the original bull-and-terrier crosses made in England, specifically to bait bulls and, later to fight in pits. The breed was standardized in England in the early 1850's by James Hinks. The first accepted color was white, but colored dogs were later allowed. The Bull Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Strongly built, muscular, well balanced and active with a keen, determined and intelligent expression. A unique feature is a downfaced, egg-shaped head. Irrespective of size dogs should look masculine and bitches feminine.
KC
Strongly built, muscular, well balanced and active with a keen, determined and intelligent expression.
UKC
The Bull Terrier is strongly built and muscular, presenting a symmetrical appearance, with a determined and intelligent expression. The breed is active, with a sweet disposition and is responsive to discipline. Dogs should look masculine; females should look feminine.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Courageous, full of spirit, with a fun loving attitude. A unique feature is a downfaced, egg-shaped head. Irrespective of size dogs should look masculine and bitches feminine.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Courageous, full of spirit, with a fun loving attitude. Of even temperament and amenable to discipline. Although obstinate is particularly good with people.
KC
Of even temperament and amenable to discipline. Although obstinate is particularly good with people.
UKC
Although their appearance is one of strength and agility, the breed is peaceful and tractable, with a jaunty air. The breed is categorized in two color varieties, white and colored, but is shown as one breed in UKC conformation events. The egg-shaped head, complete with naturally erect ears and small triangular eyes, give the breed a distinctive appearance.

HEAD

:
FCI
Long, strong and deep right to end of muzzle, but not coarse. Viewed from front egg-shaped and completely filled, its surface free from hollows or indentations. Profile curves gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose.
KC
Head long, strong and deep right to end of muzzle, but not coarse. Viewed from front egg-shaped and completely filled, its surface free from hollows or indentations. Top of skull almost flat from ear to ear. Profile curves gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose which should be black and bent downwards at tip. Nostrils well developed and under-jaw deep and strong.
UKC
The head is long, strong and deep right to the end of the muzzle. The face is full and oval in outline and filled in completely, giving the impression of fullness, with no hollows or indentations (i.e., egg-shaped), without excessive muscle in the cheeks. In profile, it curves gently downward from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose. The distance from the tip of the nose to the eyes is noticeably greater than the distance from the eyes to the top of the skull.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Top of skull almost flat from ear to ear.
UKC
The forehead is flat across, from ear to ear.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Should be black. Bent downwards at tip. Nostrils well developed.
UKC
The nose is black and bent downward at the tip. Nostrils are well developed.

Muzzle

:
KC
Teeth sound, clean, strong, of good size, regular with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips clean and tight.
UKC
The underjaw is deep and well defined. The lips are clean and tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Clean and tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Under-jaw deep and strong. Teeth sound, clean, strong, of good size, regular with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i. e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, even, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Appearing narrow and triangular, obliquely placed, black or as dark brown as possible so as to appear almost black and with a piercing glint. Distance from tip of nose to eyes perceptibly greater than that from eyes to top of skull. Blue or partly blue undesirable.
KC
Appearing narrow and triangular, obliquely placed, black or as dark brown as possible so as to appear almost black, and with a piercing glint. Distance from tip of nose to eyes perceptibly greater than that from eyes to top of skull. Blue or partly blue undesirable.
UKC
The eyes are well sunken and small, with a piercing glint. They should be as dark as possible. They are small, triangular in shape, and obliquely placed, set near together and high up on the head.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, thin and placed close together. Dog should be able to hold them stiffly erect, when they point straight upwards.
KC
Small, thin and placed close together. Dog should be able to hold them stiffly erect, when they point straight upwards.
UKC
The ears are small and thin. They are placed close together, and should be capable of being held stiffly erect, and should point upward.

NECK

:
FCI
Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head and free from loose skin.
KC
Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head and free from loose skin.
UKC
The long, muscular neck is arched and clean, tapering from the shoulders to the head. It is free from loose skin.

BODY

:
FCI
Well rounded with marked spring of rib and great depth from withers to brisket, so that latter nearer ground than belly.
KC
Body well rounded with marked spring of rib and great depth from withers to brisket, so that latter nearer ground than belly. Back short, strong with backline behind withers level, arching or roaching slightly over broad, well muscled loins. Underline from brisket to belly forms a graceful upward curve. Chest broad when viewed from front.
UKC
When viewed from the front, the chest is broad. There is great depth from the withers to the brisket, the brisket being nearer to the ground than the belly. The underline forms a graceful upward curve. Ribs are well sprung and the back is short and level behind the withers. Slight arch over the broad, muscular loin.

Back

:
FCI
Short, strong, with backline behind withers level, arching or roaching slightly over loins.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad, well muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad when viewed from front.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
From brisket to belly forms a graceful upward curve.

TAIL

:
FCI
Short, set on low and carried horizontally. Thick at root, it tapers to a fine point.
KC
Short, set on low and carried horizontally. Thick at root, it tapers to a fine point.
UKC
The tail is short, set on low, and carried horizontally. It is thick at the root, tapering to a fine point.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Dog should stand solidly upon legs and they should be perfectly parallel. In mature dogs length of forelegs should be approximately equal to depth of chest.
KC
Shoulders strong and muscular without loading. Shoulder blades wide, flat and held closely to chest wall and have a very pronounced backward slope of front edge from bottom to top, forming almost a right angle with upper arm. Elbows held straight and strong, pasterns upright. Forelegs have strongest type of round, quality bone, dog should stand solidly upon them and they should be perfectly parallel. In mature dogs length of foreleg should be approximately equal to depth of chest.
UKC
The shoulders are strong and muscular, but not heavy. The shoulder blades are wide and flat. There is a very pronounced backward slope from the bottom edge of the blade to the top edge, forming a nearly 90-degree angle with the upper arm.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Strong and muscular without loading. Shoulder blades wide, flat and held closely to chest wall and have a very pronounced backward slope of front edge from bottom to top, forming almost a right angle with upper arm.

Elbow

:
FCI
Held straight and strong.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs have strong, round bone and are perfectly straight and parallel, providing a strong base of support. Length of forelegs in mature dogs is approximately equal to the depth at the brisket. The elbows turn neither in nor out. The pasterns are strong and upright.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs have strongest type of round, quality bone.

Pastern

:
FCI
Upright.

FEET

:
KC
Round and compact with well arched toes.
UKC
The feet are round and compact. The toes are well arched.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round and compact with well arched toes.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hind legs parallel when viewed from behind.
KC
Hindlegs in parallel when viewed from behind. Thighs muscular and second thighs well developed. Stifle joint well bent and hock well angulated with bone to foot short and strong.
UKC
Muscular, with well-developed second thighs and good angulation at the stifle and hock.

Thigh

:
FCI
Muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Joint well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Parallel when viewed from behind, with short, strong rear pasterns.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well developed.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well angulated.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Bone to foot short and strong.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
When moving appears well knit, smoothly covering ground with free, easy strides and with a typical jaunty air. When trotting, movement parallel, front and back, only converging towards centre line at faster speeds, forelegs reaching out well and hind legs moving smoothly at hip, flexing well at stifle and hock, with great thrust.
KC
When moving appears well knit, smoothly covering ground with free, easy strides and with a typical jaunty air. When trotting, movement parallel, front and back, only converging towards centre line at faster speeds, forelegs reaching out well and hindlegs moving smoothly at hip, flexing well at stifle and hock, with great thrust.
UKC
The Bull Terrier moves smoothly, exhibiting a free, easy, ground-covering stride. When viewed from front or rear, front and hind legs move parallel to each other. The forelegs reach out well. The head is carried high, and the back remains level. The hind legs move smoothly at the hip, flexing well at the stifle and hock. The dog exhibits a jaunty air, suggesting agility and power.

SKIN

:
FCI
Fitting dog tightly.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, flat, even and harsh to touch with a fine gloss. A soft textured undercoat may be present in winter.
KC
Short, flat, even and harsh to touch with a fine gloss. Skin fitting dog tightly. A soft textured undercoat may be present in winter.
UKC
The coat is short, flat, glossy and harsh to the touch. The skin fits tightly.

COLOUR

:
FCI
For White, pure white coat. Skin pigmentation and markings on head not to be penalised. For Coloured, colour predominates; all other things being equal, brindle preferred. Black brindle, red, fawn and tricolour acceptable. Tick markings in white coat undesirable. Blue and liver highly undesirable.
KC
For White, pure white coat. Skin pigmentation and markings on head not to be penalised. For Coloured, colour predominates; all other things being equal, brindle preferred. Black, brindle, red, fawn and tricolour acceptable. Tick markings in white coat undesirable. Blue and liver highly undesirable.
UKC
The breed is categorized in two color varieties: White and Colored. White: The dog is white, though markings on the head are permissible. Skin pigmentation on the body is permissible. Colored: Any color other than white. The preferred color is brindle, but they may also be red, fawn, and tricolor. May have white markings, but color predominates.

SIZE

:
FCI
There are neither weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex.
KC
There are neither weight nor height limits, but there should be the impression of maximum substance for size of dog consistent with quality and sex.
UKC
There are no height or weight limits, but there is an impression of maximum substance in relation to the size of the individual dog.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Departures from the above standard are judged as faults; their severity determined by the degree of deviation from the ideal.
Muzzle: Coarse head.
Eyes: Blue or partially blue eyes.
Color: Ticking in white coat. Blue or liver color.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Unilateral or bilateral deafness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.