Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Broholmer

Danish Broholmer


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Denmark.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
26.06.2000.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog, guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
O.B.C. Christensen, DKK Standard Committee.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
As a type this breed has been known since the Middle Ages, when it was used for hunting (stag-hunting). Later on it was used mainly as guard dog for large farms and manors. At the end of the 18th century these dogs were pure-bred and increased in number thanks to the Count Sehested of Broholm, from whom the breed has inherited its name. After the Second World War the breed became almost extinct, but around 1975 a group of committed people - later organized as « The Society for Reconstruction of the Broholmer Breed » - supported by the Danish Kennel Club, began the work of reviving the breed.
UKC
The Broholmer has been in existence since the Middle Ages, when it was used to hunt stag. Later, the breed was used mainly as a guardian for farms and large manors. After the Second World War, the breed was nearly lost, but due to the dedication of a group of fanciers who organized in 1975 as the Society for Reconstruction of the Broholmer Breed, its numbers are increasing. The Danish Broholmer was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A Mastiff-type of dog of large size, rectangular and strongly built, with a composed and powerful movement. Its appearance is dominated by the powerful forequarters. The head is massive and wide, the neck is sturdy with some loose skin, the chest is broad and deep. At rest the head is carried rather low and stooping, and the tail is hanging down sabre-like. When moving, the tail is carried higher, but not over the topline. When the dog is attentive or aroused, the head is carried higher and the tail is raised above horizontal.
UKC
The Broholmer is a mastiff type dog of large size and imposing build. It has a massive head and extremely powerful forequarters.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Skull and muzzle are of equal length.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Calm, good tempered, friendly, yet watchful. Must show great self-confidence.
UKC
The Broholmer is good tempered. The breed is friendly and calm, but ever watchful. It is important that this breed shows great self confidence.

HEAD

:
FCI
Rather big and wide, with a heavy appearance.
UKC
The head is large and broad, giving a heavy appearance.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad and rather flat. Topline of skull is parallel to topline of muzzle and set a little higher.
UKC
Broad and rather flat. The topline of the skull is parallel to the topline of the muzzle. There is a moderate stop that is not too pronounced.

Stop

:
FCI
Not too pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Full and black.
UKC
Large and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Massive; looking rather short due to the heavy head. Upper and lower jaw are of equal length.
UKC
The muzzle is massive, and the same length as the skull, though it looks shorter due to the general heaviness of the head. The lips are pendulous, but not excessively so. The jaws are very powerful.

Lips

:
FCI
Pendulous, but not excessively so.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Powerful jaws with well developed muscles. Scissor- or pincer bite.
UKC
The Broholmer has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Round, not too big. Colour from light to dark amber. Expression should show great self-confidence.
UKC
The eyes are round, and not too large. They range in color from light to dark amber. The expression shows great self confidence.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium sized, rather high set. Carried hanging close to cheeks.
UKC
Medium sized, set rather high and carried hanging close to the cheeks.

NECK

:
FCI
Very powerful and muscular with some throatiness, yet not excessive.
UKC
Very powerful and muscular, with some throatiness.

BODY

:
UKC
In proportion, the Broholmer is slightly rectangular. The chest is deep and powerful, with a well-developed forechest. The withers are clearly defined. The back is rather long, and the topline is straight. The croup is slightly sloping.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight.

Withers

:
FCI
Strong and clearly defined.

Back

:
FCI
Rather long.

Croup

:
FCI
Medium length, slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Powerful and deep, with well a developed forebreast.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on rather low, broad at base. It is carried drooping and has no flag or feathering. When moving the tail is raised to a horizontal position, preferably not higher. It should never be carried over the back or in a curl.
UKC
Set on rather low, thick at the base, and free of feathering. When the dog is in motion, the tail is raised to a horizontal position, preferably not higher, and never carried curled over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, straight and powerful forelegs with muscular upper arms. The length and angulation of the bones should produce a free movement with good reach walking or trotting.
UKC
The length and angulation of the bones of the shoulder assembly should produce free movement, with good length of stride, whether the dog is walking or trotting. The upper arms are very powerful and muscular.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Very muscular.

Elbow

:
FCI
Moving close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight and strong, with elbows held close to the body and pasterns that are not too long.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and powerufl.

Pastern

:
FCI
Not too long.

FEET

:
UKC
Rounded, with close toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rounded and close.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Tight, as the front feet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful and muscular hindlegs with angulation able to produce good driving power. Seen from behind the hindlegs are straight and parallel.
UKC
The angulation of the hindquarter should match that of the forequarter to produce good drive and length of stride.

Thigh

:
FCI
Powerful and muscular.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Seen from behind, the legs are straight and parallel. The upper thighs are very muscular. The rear pastern is not too long.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Not too long.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Composed and stooping. Natural gaits are walking and trotting.
UKC
Composed, with good reach and drive. At slow speeds, the head is held rather low. When the dog is attentive, the head is carried higher and the tail raises to horizontal.

SKIN

:
FCI
Well pigmented and thick; generally profuse, especially at the neck.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and close lying, with a thick undercoat.
UKC
Short and close-lying, with a thick undercoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Yellow with black mask. Golden red. Black. White markings on chest, feet and tip of tail are optional.
UKC
Acceptable colors are yellow with a black mask; golden red; black. White markings on the chest, feet and tip of tail are optional.

SIZE

:
UKC
Average height for males is 29½ inches. For females, 27½ inches. Males weigh between 110-150 pounds. Females weigh between 90-130 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Male ca 75 cm; Bitch ca 70 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Male 50 - 70 kg; Bitch 40 - 60 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Insufficient in substance, forechest and depth of chest.
  • Too light and elegant in head and body.
  • Stop too marked; muzzle too light; corners of the mouth pendulous.
  • Ears too big or too small. Rose ears.
  • Tail set on too high or too low. Hook or kink tail.
  • Long and weak in pasterns; splayed feet.
  • Cowhocks.
  • Movement too elegant.
  • Fringes/flag on buttocks and tail.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Nervous, sharp or aggressive.
  • Squarely built, definitely insufficient in substance.
  • Nose other than black.
  • Overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Eyes of different colour.
  • Erect ears.
  • Tail curled up.
  • Coat Colour faulty; long-haired.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite. Nose other than black. Eyes of two different colors. Erect ears. Tail curled over the back. Distinctly long coat, Any color other than those listed.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Nose: Nose other than black.
Eyes: Eyes of two different colors.
Ears: Erect ears.
Tail: Tail curled over the back.
Coat: Distinctly long coat.
Color: Any color other than those listed.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.