Fédération Cynologique Internationale
The Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Brittany Spaniel(Epagneul Breton)
|Group 7||Pointing Dogs|
|Section 1.2||Continental Pointing Dogs, Spaniel type|
|With working trial|
John Miller and Raymond Triquet.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Of French origin and more precisely, from the centre of Brittany. At present, in first place numerically among French sporting breeds. Probably one of the oldest of the spaniel type dogs, improved at the beginning of the 20th century by diverse outcrosses and selections. A draft of a breed standard drawn up in Nantes in 1907 was presented and adopted at the first General Assembly held in Loudéac (in former Côtes du Nord department, now Côtes d’Armor), June 7, 1908. This was the first standard of the « Naturally Short-Tailed Brittany Spaniel Club ».
The Brittany originated in France and is the only pointing spaniel. Its name is derived from the French Province of Brittany. The first breed standard was written in France about 1907. The breed was introduced into America in the early 1930's. It is to the credit of responsible and involved breeders that they have consistently maintained the versatility and multi-purpose characteristics of the breed. They have succeeded in not allowing the breed to be divided into two types, show versus working. The Brittany was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.
Smallest of the pointing breeds. The Brittany spaniel is a dog with a Continental spaniel-type head (braccoïde in French) and a short or inexistent tail. Built harmoniously on a solid but not weighty frame. The whole is compact and well-knit, without undue heaviness, while staying sufficiently elegant. The dog is vigorous, the look is bright and the expression intelligent. The general aspect is « COBBY » (brachymorphic), full of energy, having conserved in the course of its evolution the short-coupled model sought after and fixed by those having recreated the breed.
Workmanlike. Substance without heaviness. Moderately well-boned. Lively with an intelligent expression. Square and cobby appearance.
The Brittany is square and compact, and is rather leggy for a spaniel, with its height being the same as the length of body. They are quick in movement, strong, vigorous and energetic, rugged without being clumsy. The tail is customarily no more than four inches in length. Working dogs are not to be penalized under any conditions for scars or blemishes that are due to hunting injuries.
The skull is longer than the muzzle, with a ratio of 3 2.
Head is in proportion to the body.
The depth of the chest, from withers to brisket, is slightly less than half the height of the dog.
The scapulo-ischial length (from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttocks) is equal to the height at the withers (the dog fits in a square).
Very energetic, intelligent, hunt-point-retriever. Exceedingly keen game sense, persistent in hunting and finding game. A naturally keen worker with distinctive gait.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Dog adapting itself to any environment, sociable, with an intelligent and attentive expression, mentally balanced. Versatile pointing dog, for any game on any terrain, precocious in revealing its hunting passion. Remarkable in its searching for game, its gaits, its scenting ability, its ranging in the field, its spontaneity and duration of pointing, its retrieving and its aptitude for training.
Gentle and affectionate yet full of life and exuberance.
In temperament, the Brittany is friendly and eager to please. These friendly little dogs hunt more like a Setter due to their pointing ability, and are higher on their legs than other Spaniels. The Brittany does not require a heavy hand in training. In fact, they may quit if the discipline is too stern. Much more is accomplished with a gentle hand. They seek human attention, which makes them easier to train than some other hunting breeds. They make close working hunting dogs, fine companions, and family pets.
The features are fnely chiselled. The skin fits tightly.
Skull slightly rounded as seen from front, side or above. Toplines of skull and muzzle should be parallel. Width of skull measured at the zygomatic arches is less than its length. Median line and occiput are slightly defined. Stop moderate. Muzzle tapered but not snipy. Ideal proportion of skull to muzzle as 3 is to 2. Nostrils open and well shaped.
Slightly rounded as seen from the front or the side. Seen from above, the lateral surfaces are slightly convex. The top lines of the head and the muzzle are parallel. The width of the skull measured between the zygomatic arches is less than its length. The supercilliary arches are not prominent but form a slightly rounded curve. The frontal furrow as well as the sagittal crest are slightly defined. The stop is moderate. The occipital crest as well as the zygomatic arches are moderately defined.
Rounded, of medium length, evenly made, and slightly wedge shaped.
Large, with very wide, humid and well-open nostrils, of a colour in harmony with that of the coat, as is the case of the edges of the eyelids and natural orifices.
Well-opened nostrils allow for good breathing and scenting. Accepted colors include black, brown, fawn, tan and deep pink. The color matches, in tone, the darkest body color.
Straight, with lateral surfaces practically parallel.
Jaws strong with a perfect regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips tight, upper lip slightly overlapping lower.
Approximately two-thirds the length of the skull. It gradually tapers both horizontally and vertically. The lips are tight to the muzzle.
Not loose, not very large, relatively thin and fitting tightly. The lower is discreetly masked by the upper whose contour bends progressively until reaching the commisure, which is not too apparent and tightly closed. The whole is free of depigmentation.
The teeth are set square to the jaws and form a complete and healthy set. Scissors bite.
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.
Not heavy, the skin fitting tightly.
Slightly oblique. With an intelligent, soft and frank expression. Somewhat oval, not protruding, with fine, well pigmented, tightly fitting eyelids. The colour of the iris is in keeping with the colour of the coat, preferably dark. Eye expression coupled with upward movement of the base of the ears gives rise to the true « Brittany expression ».
Expressive, brown to dark, in harmony with coat colour, Somewhat oval in shape and slightly obliquely set. Never light or hard in expression.
The eyes are well set into the head, and well protected from briars, etc., by heavy, expressive eyebrows. Darker colored eyes are preferred, but lighter shades of amber are not to be penalized.
Set high, triangular in shape, relatively large and rather short, (drawn forward, the tip of the ear reaches the stop). Partially covered with wavy hair, especially in the upper part, the extremity being covered by short hair. Always quite mobile when the dog is attentive or in action.
Triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tip. Relatively wide and rather short with slightly wavy hair. Set and carried high, falling flat against the cheek. When drawn forward, the ear tip reaches the stop.
In length, they reach approximately one-half the length of the muzzle. The short, triangular-shaped ears are set high on the head, above the level of the eyes. Ends of the ears are very slightly rounded. The ears are covered with dense, relatively short hair and have little fringe.
Of medium length and well muscled, in the form of a slightly curved, never arched, truncated cone. Set smoothly to the shoulders and without dewlap.
Medium length, clean and well set into shoulders.
The slightly arched neck is of medium length and is free of throatiness. It is strong, but not overly muscled.
Chest deep. Brisket reaching to elbow. Foreleg length is slightly greater than chest depth. Ribcage well rounded. Back short with loin short and strong. Topline slopes slightly from withers to croup. Croup very slightly sloping to set on of tail. Height at withers equal to length of body measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock.
The body is square. The length is approximately the same as the height, measured at the withers. The body length distance is measured from the point of the forechest (posternum) to the rear of the haunches (point of buttocks). The chest is deep, reaching to the level of the elbows. The ribs are well sprung. Adequate heart room is provided by depth and width. The back is short and straight. Topline is slightly sloped from the withers to the base of the tail. The loins are short, strong and firm. The flanks are fairly full, with a rounded, moderate tuck-up.
Level to the loins and the beginning of the croup.
Sufficiently mobile and hardly protruding, without being loaded.
Straight, short and rigid, well coupled.
Short, broad and muscular.
Hip: Very slightly slanting, broad and muscular.
Let down to elbow level, broad with ribs well sprung but not barrel chested. Sternum wide and scarcely rising towards the rear. The rearmost ribs long and supple.
Underline and belly:
Slightly rising and short.
Set high, carried horizontally (or slightly lowered), often lively when the dog is attentive or in action. The Brittany Spaniel can be born tailless or with a very short tail. When the tail is docked the ideal length is from 3 to 6 cm, the docked tail should not exceed 10 cm.
Naturally tailless, short or previously customarily docked. Docked: Set high, carried horizontally or slightly lower. Undocked: Set high, carried horizontally or slightly lower.
The tail is set high, as an extension of the spine. It is a natural bob or customarily docked to a length no longer than four inches.
Limbs well poised. Joints flexible and sturdy.
Shoulders muscular and moderately sloping. Angulation slightly less that that of the hindquarters. Tops of shoulder blades set fairly wide. Elbows close to body. Forelegs muscular, vertical and straight. Pasterns slightly sloping.
There is approximately two-fingers width between the top of the shoulder blades (at the withers). The shoulders have a 90-degree angle in the relationship of the blade and upper arm and to the point of the elbow nearest the ribs.
Mobile, long (30% of the height at the withers), close to the body with thick muscle. Its slope is that of a galloper, between 55 and 60 degrees from the horizontal. The tips of the shoulder blades are separated by 5 cm (2 ’’).
Heavy, thick and very muscular. It is slightly longer than the shoulder blade. The scapulo-humeral angle (between the shoulder blade and the arm) is between 115 and 120 degrees .
Close to body - neither in nor out.
Viewed from the front, the front legs are perpendicular. Viewed from the side, the pasterns are slightly bent. Long bones are clean and graceful, but not too fine. Dewclaws may be removed.
Muscular and clean. Slightly longer than the arm. It should be practically perpendicular to the ground.
Solid while maintaining a certain flexibility, slightly oblique (between 15 and 20 degrees from the vertical).
Rather round, tight and compact with little hair between the toes. Rear feet slightly longer.
The ideal foot is halfway between a hare foot and a cat foot. The feet are small, strong and close-fitting, with well-arched toes and thick pads. Toes are not heavily feathered.
Rather round, toes tight, pads firm, toenails short.
Longer than the forefeet, while maintaining the same characteristics.
Limbs well poised and parallel when seen from behind.
Moderate bend of stifle. Point of buttock and hock on approximately the same vertical. Thighs broad and muscular. Rear pastern vertical to ground.
The hindquarters are strong and powerful, with broad, muscular thighs, and well bent stifles.
Important with thick and bulging muscles. It should be slanted between 70 and 75 degrees from the horizontal.
Parallel when viewed from behind. The rear pasterns are moderately short and perpendicular when viewed from the side. Removal of rear dewclaws is preferred but not mandatory.
Very slightly longer than the thigh with clean, bulging muscles. Broad in the upper part, diminishing gradually in size towards its junction with the hock. The angle between the upper thigh and lower thigh is close to 130 degrees.
Clean, with visible tendons.
Solid, nearly vertical when seen from the side.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
The different gaits are easy but powerful, even and lively. The legs move straight without exaggerated bouncing of the body and without rolling, the top line staying level. The canter is the most common gait in the field, the strides are rapid and of medium length, the hind legs having little extension to the rear (collected canter).
Brisk, short stride, Should retain topline when moving. Hindlegs have little rear extension.
Gait is always smooth, with powerful drive from the hindquarters. As speed increases, the dog single tracks. The Brittany is a hunting dog, and movement must convey that of a well-balanced, strongly-built, agile, athletic dog capable of great stamina in the field.
Fine, tight fitting and well pigmented.
The skin is fine and fairly loose.
The coat is fine but not silky, lying flat on the body or with a hint of a wave. Never curly. Short on the head and the front of the limbs. The hind part of the latter has a heavier coat, furnished with abundant feathering, diminishing along their length down to the carpus (wrist) or the tarsus (hock), or even lower.
Body coat dense but fairly fine. Rather flat or slightly wavy. Forelegs slightly feathered and hindlegs well feathered to mid-thigh.
The coat is wavy or flat, and dense. Feathering of moderate appearance is found on both the front and rear legs. The thighs are well feathered, but not profusely, halfway to the hock. The ears carry little fringe.
White and orange, white and black, white and liver, with more or less extensive irregular white patches. Piobald or roan, sometimes with ticking on the top and sides of the muzzle or the limbs.
Equally, in the case of tricolour coats, with tan spotting (orange to dark tan) on the top and sides of the muzzle, over the eyes, on the limbs, on the chest and over the base of the tail.
A narrow blaze is desirable with any colour of coat.
A self coloured coat is not allowed.
Orange/white, liver/white, black/white, tricolour, or roan of any of these colours. Nose dark or in harmony with coat colour. Black & white and liver & white tricolours have orange markings over eyes, on sides of muzzle, either side of chest, on inside of front legs and outside from knee downwards, on inside of hindlegs and outside from stifle downwards, and around vent.
Orange and white, liver and white, and black and white, in clear or roan patterns. Some ticking is desirable. Tri-colors are allowed but not desirable.
Ideal height at withers:: Dogs: 48-51 cms (19-20 ins); Bitches: 47-50 cms (18½-193/4 ins).
17½ to 20½ inches, measured at the withers. The Brittany’s preferred weight is from 30 to 45 pounds. Quality is not to be sacrificed in favor of size.
Height at withers:
Males: 48 cm minimum (18,9 ’’) with a tolerance of 1 cm (0,4 ’’).
Males: 51 cm maximum (20,1 ’’) with a tolerance of 1 cm (0,4 ’’).
Males: Ideal height 49 to 50 cm (19,3 ’’ to 19,7 ’’).
Females: 47 cm minimum (18,5 ’’) with a tolerance of 1 cm (0,4 ’’).
Females: 50 cm maximum (20,1 ’’) with a tolerance of 1 cm (0,4 ’’).
Females: Ideal height 48 to 49 cm (18,9 ’’ to 19,3 ’’).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Character: Timidity, shifty-eyed.
- Head planes: Somewhat divergent.
- Nose: Very slightly depigmented, interior of the nostrils depigmented.
- Teeth: Pincer bite, teeth out of line.
- Muzzle: Pinched or snipy.
- Lips: Heavy, pendulous, upper lip covering the lower either insufficiently or excessively.
- Eyes: Prominent, round or almond shaped.
- Ears: Hung too low or falling away too sharply
- Back: Arched or saddle back.
- Croup: Too narrow or falling away too sharply.
- Abdomen: Bulky or too tucked up (whippety).
- Feet: Splayed, too round or too long.
- Neck: Heavy and lacking reach. Throatiness.
- Loin: Long, narrow, weak.
- Flank: Too hollow, often accompanied by a weak loin lacking breadth.
- Limbs: Insufficient bone. Out at the elbows, pigeon toed, slew feet.
- Coat: Not heavy enough on the body.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
Nose: Butterfly nose. Two-toned nose.
Hind Legs: Fat or weak hindquarters. Cow hocks.
- Behaviour: Sluggish .
- Skull: Zygomatic arches too prominent, stop very pronounced, superciliary arches too prominent.
- Eyes: Light, mean look, haw-like expression.
- Neck: Excessively long, distinct dewlap.
- Gait: Poor mover.
Muzzle: Apple headed. Dish faced. Loose or pendulous flews. Roman nose.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bites.
Eyes: Prominent, full or pop eyes. Haws, drooping or pouching eyelids. Light-colored eyes. Mean-looking eyes.
Nose: Tight nostrils.
Ears: Pendulous ears.
Neck: Ewe necked. Concave neck.
Forelegs: Straight shoulders. Weak pasterns. Excessive width in front.
Body: Long body.
Feet: Flat feet. Splayed.
Coat: Curly coat. Silky coat texture. Wiry coat texture. Long or profuse feathering.
Color: Washed-out colors.
- Any fault in temperament such as snapping, aggressiveness towards dog or man, excessive shyness.
- Lack of type: Insufficient breed characteristics, which means the animal on the whole doesn’t resemble other samples of the breed.
- Height: Outside the limits defined by the standard.
- Head planes: Marked convergence.
- Abnormal markings: White spot on the ear or eye in a white patch.
- Eyes: Very light in colour, heterochromia (eyes of different colours), squinting entropion, ectropion.
- Jaws: Overshot or undershot mouth.
- Teeth: The first premolars of both jaws and the last molars of the lower jaw are considered without importance. Can only be admitted the absence of 2 PM2 or 1 PM2 and 1 PM3. Contiguous absence of these two teeth (PM2 and PM3) is eliminating. Absence of any other tooth is eliminating.
- Pigmentation: Distinct unpigmented areas on the nose or eyelids.
- Presence of dewclaws, even if rudimentary.
- Serious morphological anomaly.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Size: Dogs measuring under 17½ inches or over 20½ inches.
Size: Dogs measuring under 17½ inches or over 20½ inches.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.