Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Briard

(Berger de Brie)

Briard


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.
KC
November 2001

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sheepdog and guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
With working trial

KC
Pastoral

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Jennifer Mulholland.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Known for a long time as Chiens de Berger français de Plaine (French Lowlands Sheepdog). It was in 1809, in the Abbot Rozier’s “Complete Agricultural Course””, that the name “chien de Brie” appeared for the first time.
It was bred and selected for its herd-driving and guarding aptitudes. The French army also used it during the two world wars as, among other activities, sentinel and ambulance dog searching for the wounded in the war fields.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Briard is hardy, supple, muscled and well proportioned; lively and alert.
KC
Rugged appearance; supple, muscular and well proportioned.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The Briard is of medium build. The length of the body, from the point of shoulder to the point of buttock, should be slightly greater that the height at withers.
The head is long 2/5th of the height at withers. The width of the skull is slightly less than ½ of the length of the head. The skull and the muzzle are of equal length.
KC
Very intelligent, gay and lively.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Balanced temperament, neither aggressive nor timid. The Briard should be steady and fearless.
KC
Fearless, with no trace of timidity or aggressiveness.

HEAD

:
FCI
Strong, long, covered with hair forming beard, moustache and eyebrows slightly veiling the eyes. Seen from the side, the lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel.
KC
Skull slightly rounded and slightly longer from occiput to stop than it is wide when measured through points of cheekbones. Head is composed of two equal rectangles, occiput to stop and stop to end of nose, when viewed in profile from above. Muzzle square and very strong; any tendency to snipiness highly undesirable. Stop clearly defined. Nose large and square, always black.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Strong, very slightly rounded seen from the side.

Stop

:
FCI
Pronounced; at equal distance from the occiput and the tip of the nose.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Strong. The nostrils are well open. The nose is always black except in blue dogs which have either a blue or bluish nose.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The end of the muzzle is rather square. Muzzle strong, sufficiently broad and never pointed.
Nosebridge: Straight.
KC
Teeth very strong and white with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips always black.

Lips

:
FCI
Lips are tight fitting

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong jaws; white teeth. Scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Oval. Horizontal, well open, rather large and of dark colour. In blue dogs, paler coloured eyes are permitted.
KC
Horizontally placed, well open and rather large, not oblique. Intelligent and gentle in expression. Dark brown, eye rims always black.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on high, not plastered against the head and rather short if left natural. The length of the cartilage of the uncropped ear should be equal to or slightly less than half the length of the head. The ears are always flat and covered with long hair. If cropped, in countries where this practice is not forbidden, they should be carried erect, neither divergent nor convergent.
KC
Set on high and covered with long hair. Should not lie too flat against side of head. Fairly short, length of ear being equal to or slightly less than half length of head. When dog alert ears should be lifted slightly and swing very slightly forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscled and springing well up from the shoulders
KC
Of good length; strong and muscular; arched, giving proud carriage of head and flowing smoothly into well placed shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Back firm and level, chest broad, medium spring of rib, well let down, very slight slope at croup, determining set of tail. Very slightly longer in body than height at shoulder.

Topline

:
FCI
The back is straight. The loin is short and firm.

Croup

:
FCI
Only slightly sloping, of slightly rounded shape.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide and long, well let down to the elbows ribs well sprung.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural, carried low, it reaches at least the hock joint, without deviation, forming a slight hook like a “J”. In action, the tail may be carried at the highest in prolongation of the topline.
KC
Long, well covered with hair with upward hook at tip. Carried low but always held centrally. Bone of tail reaching at least point of hock.

LIMBS

:
FCI
Well muscled with strong bone and upright.

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders well angulated and well laid back, forelegs well muscled, strongly boned.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Oblique, well angulated, moderately long, fitting closely to the thoracic wall.

Elbow

:
FCI
In line with the body.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and muscled.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, seen from the side.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, turning neither in nor out, slightly rounded, about midway between cat foot and hare foot. Nails always black, pads firm and hard, toes close together. Well covered with hair.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Strong, round and well in axis with the body. The nails are always black (except in blues) and the pads hard. Toes should be well knit and arched.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Strong, round. The nails are always black (except in blues) and the pads hard. Toes should be well knit.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Well angulated, with hocks set not too low and turning neither in nor out, but leg below hock not quite vertical. Hindlegs, particularly thighs, well muscled. Double dewclaws set low on hindlegs of utmost importance.

Thigh

:
FCI
Muscled.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock joint

:
FCI
Not too low down and well angulated.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Perfectly vertical, seen from behind. By tradition, the shepherds want to keep the double dewclaws. The dewclaws form thumbs, well separated and with nails, relatively close to the foot.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Regular, supple, harmonious, in a manner which allows the dog to cover ground and accomplish its work with a minimum of effort and fatigue. The Briard should have a long trot with good reach and good thrust from behind.
KC
Effortless, and when dog extends himself covering a great deal of ground. Extremely supple, enabling dog to turn quickly. Strong, firm, very smooth with plenty of drive.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Goat-like texture, dry, supple, long, with slight undercoat.
KC
Long, not less than 7 cms (2¾ ins) on body. Slightly wavy and very dry. A fine dense undercoat required all over body. Head carries hair forming a moustache, beard and eyebrows, lightly veiling eyes.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Black, fawn, fawn with black overlay (slight to medium) often with mask, grey or blue.
A coat of warm fawn colour may show a lighter colour on the points and on the inclined parts of the body (fawn marked with sandy colour). Black, grey and blue coats can likewise display zones of a lighter shade. All colours may show different degrees of greying.
KC
All black, or with white hairs scattered through black coat. Fawn in all its shades, darker shades preferred. Fawns may have dark shadings on ears, muzzle, back and tail, but these shadings must blend gradually into rest of coat since any demarcation line denotes a bi-colour which is not permissible. May also be slate grey.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 61-69 cms (24-27 ins) at withers; bitches: 58-65 cms (23-25½ ins) at withers. Slight undersize before 18 months, or slight oversize in maturity permissible.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 62 – 68 cm at the withers
Females 56 – 64 cm at the withers.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Severe faults in limbs.
Overall coat colour too light
Coat insufficient length (less than 7cm), hair soft or woolly.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Stop absolutely not marked.
Nose of colour other than black or blue; presence of pink (unpigmented areas).
Overshot or undershot with loss of contact of incisors; absence of 2 lower PM4 or absence of 3 teeth or more whichever they are (except for PM1).
Eye too light (yellow), wall eye.
  • Ears curling inwards, set on too low beneath eye level, covered with short hair, naturally erect.
Tail curled up or carried vertically.
Single dewclaw or total absence of dewclaws on hindlegs.
White, brown or mahogany colour; coat of two distinct colours; white blaze, white hairs on the extremities of the limbs, fawn coat with saddle.
Size outside the limits of the standard with tolerance of +2cm or -1cm.
Fraudulent modification of the dog or evidence of such practice by use of substances or surgery.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.