Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Italian Pointing Dog

(Bracco Italiano)

Bracco Italiano

Bracco Italiano


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Italy.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.11.2015.
KC
December 2011

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Pointing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.1Continental Pointing Dogs, 'Braque' type
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
This dog of ancient Italian origin used for bird hunting has modelled itself and developed over the ages; from the hunting of yesteryear by means of nets, he has adapted himself to the present hunting and shooting. Frescoes from the 14th century are proof of the indisputable timelessness of the Italian pointer over the centuries, whether either regarding his morphology or his aptitudes at hunting as a pointing dog.
UKC
The Bracco Italiano was developed in Italy as a pointing dog. Originally used to find and point game that was captured by nets, it has evolved over the years into a fine upland shooting dog. The Bracco Italiano was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Of strong and harmonious construction, powerful appearance. The preferred subjects are those with lean limbs, well developed muscles, well defined lines with a markedly sculpted head and a very obvious lower orbital chiselling, elements which all contribute to give distinction to this breed.
KC
Strong, well-balanced, powerful hunting dog, of noble appearance. Almost square, well muscled, with deep chest. Distinctive, sculpted head with chiselling under eyes.
UKC
A powerful, symmetrical dog with clean lines and strong muscles, the Bracco Italiano has a distinctly sculpted head that gives uniqueness to the breed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Length of the body is the same or a little more than the height at the withers. Length of head is equal to 4/10 of the height at the withers; its width, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches, is less than half its length. Skull and muzzle are of equal length.
KC
Strong and untiring, working in all types of terrain. Excellent scenting abilities. Dignified and intelligent.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Tough and adapted to all types of hunting, reliable, endowed with an excellent ability to understand, docile and easy to train.
KC
Hardy and adaptable, gentle and even tempered.
UKC
Tough enough for all kinds of hunting, yet docile, intelligent and very easily trainable. Working dogs are not to be penalized under any conditions for scars or blemishes that are due to hunting injuries.

HEAD

:
FCI
Angular and narrow at the level of the zygomatic arches; its length corresponds to 4/10 of the height at the withers; the middle of its length is at the level of a line which unite the inner angles of both eyes. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle are divergent, i.e. if extending the top line of the muzzle, this one must emerge in front of the occipital protuberance, ideally at mid-length of the skull.
KC
Long, angular and narrow at the zygomatic arches. Cheeks lean. Seen from the front, sides of muzzle converge slightly. Foreface of good width. Pronounced occiput and slight stop. Median line visible to mid skull. Measurement from nose to stop equal to that from stop to occiput. In profile, muzzle deep, straight or slightly arched. Well chiselled below the eyes. Viewed from side, the planes of the muzzle and skull are divergent. Nose large and spongy, protruding slightly over thin lips. Corners of lips marked but not pendulous.
UKC
Long, angular and narrow. Skull and muzzle are of equal length, and the toplines of the skull and muzzle are distinctly divergent.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Seen in profile, the skull is in the shape of a very open arch. Seen from the top, it forms lengthwise an elongated ellipse. The width of the skull, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches, should not exceed half of the length of the head. The bulge of the forehead and the supraorbital ridges are perceptible. The frontal groove is visible and ends at mid-length of the skull. The interparietal crest is short and not very prominent. The occipital protuberance is pronounced.
UKC
Arched in profile, oval when viewed from above. Width at the widest point should not exceed half the total length of the head. Occiput is prominent. Stop is slight; with a groove between the eyes that ends mid-way to the back of the skull. Forehead is pronounced. Cheeks are lean.

Stop

:
FCI
Not pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Voluminous, with large well opened nostrils, protrudes slightly over the lips with which it forms an angle. Colour More or less pink to flesh-colour or brown, depending on the colour of the coat.
UKC
Large and fleshy, with well-opened nostrils, the nose protrudes beyond the line of the lips. Brown, pink or flesh colored depending on coat color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Foreface either slightly arched or straight. Its length is equal to half of the length of the head and its depth measures 4/5 of its length. Seen from the front, the lateral sides of the muzzle converge slightly, still presenting a foreface of good width. The chin not very apparent.
KC
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Nearly as deep as it is long, with a straight or slightly convex nasal bone. Tapers in width slightly from stop to tip. Chin not prominent. Upper lips thin and loose without being flaccid. From the front, they form an inverted V beneath the nose.

Lips

:
FCI
Upper lips well developed, thin and floppy without being flaccid, covering the jaw; seen in profile, they overlap the lower jaw slightly. Seen from the front, they form an inverted « V » below the nose; the corner of the lips must be marked without being droopy.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Dental arches well adapted, with the teeth square to the jaw; scissor bite - pincer bite is also acceptable.
UKC
The Bracco Italiano has a complete set of strong, white teeth that meet in a scissors or level bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Lean.

Eyes

:
FCI
Semi-lateral position with a soft and submissive expression, neither deep set nor prominent. Eyes fairly large, eyelids oval-shaped and close fitting (no entropion or ectropion). The iris is of a more or less dark ochre or brown colour depending on the coat colour.
KC
Soft expression, fairly large, oval, with close fitting eyelids. Neither protruding nor too deep set. Dark ochre or brown, depending on coat colour.
UKC
Obliquely set, fairly large, oval in shape, with tight fitting lids. Expression is soft and submissive. Dark ochre or brown in color, depending on coat color.

Ears

:
KC
Set on level with corner of eyes. Leathers extend to tip of nose. Supple and folded inwards. Base rather narrow, widening out but lying close to cheeks. Slightly rounded tips.
UKC
Long and set low, and well back, without much erectile power. Rather narrow at the base, the front rim is well turned inwards, and the ears are carried close to the head. Slightly rounded at the tip.

Leathers

:
FCI
Well developed, in length they should, without being stretched, reach the tip of the nose. Their width is at least equal to half their length; raised only very slightly; base rather narrow, set rather backwards at level of zygomatic arches; a supple ear with a front rim well turned inwards and really close to the cheek is appreciated; the lower extremity of the ear ends in a slightly rounded tip.

NECK

:
FCI
Powerful, in truncated cone shape, length not less than 2/3 of the length of the head, well detached from the nape. The throat shows a soft double dewlap.
KC
Powerful, well-rounded, moderately short, widening towards the shoulders, with unexaggerated dewlap.
UKC
Long (not less than 2/3 of the length of the head), and arched with a soft double dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Overall appearance almost square. Length of body, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, equal to or very slightly longer than height at withers. Chest broad, deep, reaching to the level of elbows. Well sprung ribs. Loin wide and slightly arched, short and well muscled. Topline slopes very slightly down from raised withers to middle of back, without dipping, rising slightly to broad, muscular croup. Slight tuck-up.
UKC
Square or slightly longer than tall in proportion, measured from breastbone to buttocks and withers to ground. Chest broad and deep, reaching to elbows, but without a prominent keel. Ribs well sprung, and deep to the back of the body. Withers are well defined, and the tops of the shoulder blades are fairly far apart. Topline slopes downward from the withers to the 11th dorsal vertebrae, and then rises to a slight arch over the broad loin. The croup is long and broad, with the pelvis sloping 30 degrees off the horizontal.

Topline

:
FCI
The upper profile of the back is made up of two lines one, almost straight, slopes from the withers to the 11th dorsal vertebra; the other is slightly arched, joining with the line of the rump.

Withers

:
FCI
Well defined, with the points of the shoulder-blades well separated.

Loin

:
FCI
Wide lumbar region, muscled, short and slightly convex.

Croup

:
FCI
Long (about 1/3 of the height at the withers), broad and well muscled; the ideal pelvic angulation (angle formed by the pelvic girdle with a horizontal line) is 30°. Pelvis wide.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep and well let down to level of elbows, without forming a keel, with well sprung ribs, particularly in their lower part, and sloping.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Lower profile almost horizontal in its ribcage part, rising slightly in its abdominal part.

TAIL

:
FCI
Thick at the base, straight, with a slight tendency to taper; hair short. When the dog is in action and especially when questing, is carried horizontally or nearly like that. Should be docked at 15-25 cm from the root.
KC
Tail Docked: Covers genitals. Set on as continuation of croupline. Thick at base. Straight with a tendancy to taper. When moving, carried horizontally or slightly lower. Undocked: Carried horizontally. May be slightly curved but never held high or carried bent over the back.
UKC
Thick, straight, and slightly tapering. Should be docked from six to ten inches in length. When the dog is in motion, particularly when hunting, the tail is carried nearly up to the horizontal.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Strong. Shoulders long, well muscled and well laid back. Well defined withers. Top of shoulder blades well separated. Forelegs strong and straight with good, oval bone and well defined tendons. Pasterns of good length, slightly sloping. Point of elbow lies directly below top of withers.
UKC
Shoulder blades long, strong and sloping, with very free movement, with a corresponding long, well angled upper arm that sets the elbows back under the tops of the shoulder blades. The tops of the shoulder blades are well separated.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Strong, well muscled, long and sloping, very free in their movement.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Sloping, fitting to the ribcage.

Elbow

:
FCI
The point of the elbow should be on perpendicular line from the rear point of the shoulder-blade to the ground.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Long, straight and sinewy, with oval bone. Pasterns of good length and slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strong, straight, with strong and well marked sinews.

Pastern

:
FCI
Well proportioned, lean, of good length and slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, slightly oval, tight and well arched. Nails tone with coat colour. Dewclaws acceptable and double dewclaws tolerated.
UKC
Oval in shape, with well-arched, tight toes and lean, elastic pads. Nails white, yellow or brown depending on coat color. Rear feet may have single or double dewclaws.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Strong, slightly oval shaped; well arched and tight toes, with strong nails well curved towards the ground. Colour of nails is white, yellow or brown, of a more or less dark shade depending on the colour of the coat; pads elastic and lean.

Hind feet

:
FCI
With all the characteristics of the front feet; they have dewclaws, the absence of which is not a fault. Double dewclaw is tolerated.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Thighs long, parallel, muscular with rear edge almost straight. Good bend of stifles. Rear pasterns relatively short and lean with good width between the hocks.
UKC
Strong and muscular.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, parallel, muscular, with a rear edge almost straight.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Long upper thighs that are parallel when viewed from the rear. There is good bend of stifle. Hock joints are wide apart and the rear pastern is short and lean.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Strong.

Hock

:
FCI
Wide.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Relatively short and lean.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Extended and fast trot, with powerful impulsion from the hindquarters; head raised, nose held high in such a way that, when hunting, the nose is higher than the topline.
KC
True moving with powerful drive from hindquarters. Capable of untiring, extended fast trot. Head carried raised above topline.
UKC
An extended and fast trot, with strong drive from the rear quarters. Head carriage is raised, and the nose is held so that it is higher than the topline. The graceful, effortless ‘Bracco trot’ is the breed hallmark, with the dog appearing to float on a cloud.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tough but elastic; finer on the head, the throat, the armpits and on the lower parts of the body. The visible mucous membranes must be of a corresponding colour with the coat, but never show black spots. The mucous membranes of the mouth are pink; in the roans or white and chestnut coloured dogs they sometimes show brown or pale chestnut spotting.
UKC
Skin is thick but elastic, finer on the head, throat, armpits and lower body. Mucous membranes are a color that corresponds with the coat but must never be black.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, dense and glossy, finer and shorter on the head, the ears, front part of the legs and feet.
KC
Short, dense and glossy. Shorter and finer on head, ears and front part of legs and feet. Skin tough, but elastic. Pigment of skin, eyelids, nose, lips and pads - pale pink to dark brown, depending on coat colour, but never black.
UKC
Coat is short, dense and glossy, finer and shorter on the head, ears, front of legs and feet.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • White.
  • White with patches of varied size of an orange or more or less dark amber colour.
  • White with more or less large chestnut patches.
  • White speckled with pale orange (melato).
  • White speckled with chestnut (roano-marrone). In this last combination, a metallic sheen is appreciated, and a warm shade of chestnut is preferred, recalling the colour of a monk’s frock.
A symmetrical facial mask is preferred, but the absence of a mask is tolerated.
KC
White. White with orange, amber or chestnut markings. White may be speckled. Roan with solid markings. If chestnut, a warm shade with a metallic sheen is preferred. Symmetrical facial mask preferred, absence tolerated. Tricolour highly undesirable.
UKC
Solid white. White with orange or chestnut patches. Orange or chestnut roan. In the chestnut roan, a warm shade, reminiscent of a monk’s frock, is preferred. A symmetrical face mask is preferred but the absence of one is tolerated.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: Dogs 58-67 cms (223/4-26¼ ins), Bitches 55-62 cms (213/4 -241/2 ins). Weight 25-40 kgs (55-88 Ibs), in proportion to height.
UKC
Preferred size for males is 22¾ to 26¼ inches at the withers; for females, 21¾ to 24½ inches. Weight 55 to 88 pounds, depending on size.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Between 55 and 67 cm.
Preferred size for males 58 - 67 cm.
Preferred size for females 55 - 62 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Between 25 and 40 kg depending on size.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any faults should be regarded to its effect on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Convergence of cranial-facial axes.
  • Split nose.
  • Accentuated undershot mouth, overshot mouth.
  • Wall eye.
  • Coat black, white and black, tricolour, fawn, hazel, unicolor, with tan markings.
  • Absence of pigmentation (Albinism).
  • Mucous membranes, skin and annexes with traces of black.
  • Size of 2 cm above or below the limits indicated in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Parallel head planes. Overshot bite. Extremely undershot bite. Wall eyes. Split nose. Mucous membranes or skin that are black or have traces of black. Black, black and white, tricolor, fawn, hazel, any solid color, any tan markings.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Head: Parallel head planes.
Teeth: Overshot bite. Extremely undershot bite.
Eyes: Wall eyes.
Nose: Split nose.
Coat: Mucous membranes or skin that is black or has traces of black.
Color: Black, black and white, tricolor, fawn, hazel, any solid color, any tan markings. Albinism.
Size: More than one inch over or under the preferred size.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.