Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Boxer

(Deutscher Boxer)

Boxer

Boxer


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
01.04.2008.
KC
April 2010

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion, Guard and Working Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
With working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler, revised by Mrs Sporre-Willes and R. Triquet. Revised by J. Mulholland 2008.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
The small, so called Brabant Bullenbeisser is regarded as the immediate ancestor of the Boxer. In the past, the breeding of these Bullenbeissers was in the hands of the huntsmen, whom they assisted during the hunt. Their task was to seize the game put up by the hounds and hold it firmly until the huntsman arrived and put an end to the prey. For this job the dog had to have jaws as wide as possible with widely spaced teeth, in order to bite firmly and hold on tightly. A Bullenbeisser which had these characteristics was best suited to this job and was used for breeding. Previously, only the ability to work and utilization were considered. Selective breeding was carried out which produced a dog with a wide muzzle and an upturned nose.
UKC
The Bulldog is an ancestor of the Boxer; various terriers were also part of its make-up, which gives the breed its speed, agility and more graceful body. The term “boxer” is British, but the most recent home country for the breed is Germany. “Boxer” seems appropriate since it has a mannerism of using its front legs in combat, much as a man would in fighting. The breed was virtually ignored until World War II, when it was brought into use as a military or police dog. This helped to insure instant popularity with returning servicemen, and the breed became in demand in the United States. The Boxer was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Boxer is a medium sized, smooth coated, sturdy dog of compact, square build and strong bone. His muscles are taut, strongly developed and moulded in appearance.
His movement is lively, powerful with noble bearing. The Boxer must be neither cumbersome nor heavy, nor light or lacking in body substance.
KC
Great nobility, smooth-coated, medium-sized, square build, strong bone and evident, well developed muscles.
UKC
The Boxer is a medium sized, square built, smooth coated dog, with strong bone and a sturdy but never cumbersome appearance. His muscles are taut, well-developed and molded in appearance. He appears lively and powerful and has a noble bearing.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

a) Length of body / Height at withers Square build, which means that the horizontal line of the back is perpendicular to the vertical line passing through the point of shoulder and to the other vertical line passing through the point of buttock, thus defining a square outline.
b) Depth of brisket / Height at withers The chest reaches to the elbows. Depth of chest is half the height at withers.
c) Length of nose bridge / Length of head Length of nose bridge in relation to skull should be 1 2 (measured respectively from tip of nose to inner corner of eye and from inner corner of eye to occiput).
KC
Lively, strong, loyal to owner and family, but distrustful of strangers. Obedient, friendly at play, but with guarding instinct.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
The Boxer should be fearless self-confident, calm and equable. Temperament is of the utmost importance and requires careful attention. Devotion and loyalty towards his master and his entire household, his watchfulness and self-assured courage as a defender are famous. He is harmless with his family but distrustful of strangers. Happy and friendly in play, yet fearless in a serious situation. Easy to train on account of his willingness to obey, his pluck and courage, natural keenness and scent capability. Undemanding and clean, he is just as agreeable and appreciated in the family circle as he is as a guard, companion and working dog. His character is trustworthy, with no guile or cunning, even in old age.
KC
Equable, biddable, fearless, self-assured.
UKC
A breed of completely trustworthy character, the Boxer is energetic, agreeable, self confident and fearless. He is devoted and loyal to his family and a studied watchdog and defender.

HEAD

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FCI
This gives the Boxer his characteristic look. Must be in good proportion to the body and appear neither too light nor too heavy. Muzzle should be as broad and powerful as possible. The harmony of the head depends on the balance between muzzle and skull.
From whichever direction the head is viewed, from front, above or sideways, the muzzle must always be in the right proportion to the skull i.e. it must never appear too small. It should be clean, not showing any wrinkle. However, natural folds are formed in the cranial region when alerted. From root of nose, folds are always indicated running in a downward direction on both sides. The dark mask is confined to the muzzle and must be in sharp contrast to the colour of the head so that the face does not appear sombre.
KC
Head imparts its unique individual stamp and is in proportion to body, appearing neither light nor too heavy. Skull lean without exaggerated cheek muscles. Muzzle broad, deep and powerful, never narrow, pointed, short or shallow. Balance of skull and muzzle essential, with muzzle never appearing small, viewed from any angle. Skull cleanly covered, showing no wrinkle, except when alerted. Creases present from root of nose running down sides of muzzle. Dark mask confined to muzzle, distinctly contrasting with colour of head, even when white is present. Lower jaw undershot, curving slightly upward. Upper jaw broad where attached to skull, tapering very slightly to front. Muzzle shape completed by upper lips, thick and well padded, supported by well separated canine teeth of lower jaw. Lower edge of upper lip rests on edge of lower lip, so that chin is clearly perceptible when viewed from front or side. Lower jaw never to obscure front of upper lip, neither should teeth nor tongue be visible when mouth closed. Top of skull slightly arched, not rounded, nor too flat and broad. Occiput not too pronounced. Distinct stop, bridge of nose never forced back into forehead, nor should it be downfaced. Length of muzzle measured from tip of nose to inside corner of eye is one-third length of head measured from tip of nose to occiput. Nose broad, black, slightly turned up, wide nostrils with well defined line between. Tip of nose set slightly higher than root of muzzle. Cheeks powerfully developed, never bulging.
UKC
The head gives the Boxer its characteristic look. It must always be in correct proportion to the body, appearing neither too light nor too heavy. The harmony of the head depends upon the balance between the skull and foreface. The ratio of the length of the nose bridge to the length of the skull should be 1:2, measured from the tip of the nose to the inner corner of the eye, and the inner corner of the eye to the occiput. Head properties should remain free of exaggeration so as to not compromise breathing and/or obstruct normal vision.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
The cranial region should be as lean and angular as possible. It is slightly arched, neither too round and short, nor flat; nor should it be too broad. Occiput not too pronounced. Furrow in forehead only slightly marked, must not be too deep, especially between the eyes.
UKC
The skull should be clean and free from wrinkle; however, natural folds occur in the cranial region when the dog is alert. The skull should be lean and angular, slightly arched, never round or flat. The occiput is not too pronounced. There is a slight furrow in the forehead that must not be too deep. The forehead forms a distinct stop. The cheeks are well-developed but not bulging. They join the muzzle in a slight curve.

Stop

:
FCI
The forehead forms a distinct stop with the bridge of nose. Bridge of nose must not be forced back into the forehead as in the Bulldog, nor should it be downfaced.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Nose is broad and black and only slightly turned up with wide nostrils. Tip of nose is placed slightly higher than root of nose.
UKC
The nose is broad and black and only slightly upturned. The tip of the nose lies somewhat higher than the root of the muzzle, but the nose must not be forced back into the forehead, as in the Bulldog.

Muzzle

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FCI
The muzzle is powerfully developed in three dimensional volume, neither pointed nor narrow, nor short or shallow. Its appearance is influenced by a) Shape of jaw. b) Position of canine teeth. c) Shape of lips. The canines must be placed as far apart as possible and must be of good length, making the front of the muzzle broad, almost square and forming a blunt angle with bridge of nose.
KC
Undershot jaw, canines set wide apart with incisors (six) in straight line in lower jaw. In upper jaw set in line curving slightly forward. Bite powerful and sound, with teeth set in normal arrangement.
UKC
Powerfully developed, and influenced by the shape of the jaw, the position of the canine teeth and the shape of the lips. The canine teeth must be as far apart as possible and of good length, making the front of the muzzle broad and almost square. In front, the edge of the upper lip rests on the edge of the lower lip and the chin must not markedly protrude over the upper lip when viewed from the front. Neither should the chin be hidden by the upper lip. The tongue and the teeth of the lower jaw must not show when the mouth is closed. The upper lip is thick and padded and fills the space created by the undershot lower jaw. The lip is supported by the lower canines.

Lips

:
FCI
The lips complete the shape of the muzzle. The upper lip is thick and padded and fills the space formed by the undershot lower jaw; it is supported by the lower canines. In front, the edge of the upper lip rests on the edge of the lower lip. The part of the lower jaw with lower lip curved upwards, called the chin, must not markedly protrude over upper lip, seen from front. Nor should it be hidden by the upper lip but should be well defined from front and side.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
The canines and incisors of the lower jaw must not be visible when mouth is closed, neither should the tongue show. Median groove in the upper lip (philtrum) is clearly visible. The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw and is curved slightly upwards. The Boxer is undershot. The upper jaw is broad where it joins the cranial region, tapering only slightly towards the front. The teeth are strong and healthy. The incisors are as even as possible, set in a straight line. Canines wide apart and of good size.
UKC
The Boxer's normal bite is undershot. The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper and curves slightly upward. The canine teeth are widely separated in broad jaws. The teeth are strong and healthy and the incisors are even and set in as straight a line as possible.

Cheeks

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FCI
Cheeks are developed in proportion with the strong jaws without markedly bulging. They merge with the muzzle in a slight curve.

Eyes

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FCI
The dark eyes are neither too small nor protruding or deep set. Their expression conveys energy and intelligence and must not be threatening or piercing. Eye rims must be dark.
KC
Dark brown, forward looking, not too small, protruding or deeply set. Showing lively, intelligent expression. Dark rims with good pigmentation showing no haw.
UKC
The eyes are not too small or deep set, but never protruding. They are dark brown in color, with dark eye rims. Expression is energetic and intelligent.

Ears

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FCI
The natural ears are of appropriate size. They are set on wide apart on highest part of skull. In repose they lie close to the cheeks and turn forward with a definite crease, especially when the dog is alert.
KC
Moderate size, thin, set wide apart on highest part of skull lying flat and close to cheek in repose, but falling forward with definite crease when alert.
UKC
The ears are set high and far apart on the skull. If cropped, they come to a point, are fairly long, and the base is not too broad. If natural, the ears fold forward and lie close to the cheeks.

NECK

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FCI
Topline runs in an elegant arch from the clearly marked nape to the withers. It should be of ample length, round, strong and muscular.
KC
Round, of ample length, strong, muscular, clean cut, no dewlap. Distinctly marked nape and elegant arch down to withers.
UKC
The neck is clean, firm, and gracefully arched, blending cleanly into the shoulders. It is fairly long, round, strong and muscular.

BODY

:
FCI
Square body resting on sturdy, straight legs.
KC
In profile square, length from forechest to rear of upper thigh equal to height at withers. Chest deep, reaching to elbows. Depth of chest half height at withers. Ribs well arched, not barrel-shaped, extending well to rear. Withers clearly defined. Back short, straight, slightly sloping, broad and strongly muscled. Loin short, well tucked up and taut. Lower abdominal line blends into curve to rear.
UKC
The body is square and compact. The withers are pronounced and the back, including the loin, is short, straight, hard, broad and muscular. The chest is deep to the elbow and the forechest is well-developed. The ribs are well-sprung but not barrel shaped and extend well to the rear of the body. The croup is broad and slightly sloping. The underline is elegant due to an upward curve towards short, taut flanks which are slightly tucked up.

Withers

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FCI
Should be marked.

Back

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FCI
Including loin should be short, firm, straight, broad and muscular.

Croup

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FCI
Slightly sloping, broad and only slightly arched. Pelvis should be long and broad, especially in bitches.

Chest

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FCI
Deep, reaching to elbows. Depth of chest is half the height at withers. Well developed forechest. Ribs well sprung but not barrel-shaped, extending well to the rear.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Running towards rear in elegant curve. Short, taut flanks slightly tucked up.

TAIL

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FCI
Set on high rather than low. The tail is of normal length and left natural.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set on high and carried upward. Undocked: Set on high and carried gaily, of moderate thickness. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.
UKC
The tail is generally docked, set high and carried upward. If left natural, it is of normal length and in overall balance with the dog.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Front legs, seen from front, must stand parallel and have strong bone.
KC
Shoulders long and sloping, close lying, not excessively covered with muscle. Upper arm long, making right angle to shoulderblade. Forelegs seen from front, straight, parallel, with strong bone. Elbows not too close or standing too far from chest wall. Forearms perpendicular, long and firmly muscled. Pasterns short, clearly defined, but not distended, slightly slanted.
UKC
The shoulder blades and upper arms are long and sloping, forming an apparent right angle. They are connected firmly to the body and should be smoothly muscled.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long and sloping, connected firmly to body. Should not be too loaded.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Long, making a right angle to shoulder blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Neither too close to side of chest nor turned out.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The forelegs, when seen from the front, have strong bone and are straight and stand parallel to one other. The elbows do not press too closely to the chest wall, nor do they stand off too far. The pasterns are short and almost perpendicular to the ground. The length of leg from elbow to ground is one-half the height at the withers.

Forearm

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FCI
Vertical, long, lean and muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong, well defined, but not exaggerated.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short, almost perpendicular to ground.

FEET

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KC
Front feet small and cat-like, with well arched toes, and hard pads; hind feet slightly longer.
UKC
The feet are small, round, tight and well-cushioned.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, round, tight, well cushioned and hard pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Slightly longer than front feet, tight; well cushioned and hard pads.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Very muscular, the muscles brick hard and visible under the skin.
Hindlegs: Seen from rear straight.
KC
Very strong with muscles hard and standing out noticeably under skin. Thighs broad and curved. Broad croup slightly sloped, with flat, broad arch. Pelvis long and broad. Upper and lower thigh long. Good hind angulation; when standing, the stifle is directly under the hip protuberance. Seen from side, leg from hock joint to foot not quite vertical. Seen from behind, legs straight, hock joints clean, with powerful rear pads.
UKC
Well-angulated with strong, hard muscles that are visible under the skin.

Thigh

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FCI
Long and broad. Angles of hip and knee are open but as little as possible.

Stifle

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FCI
When dog is standing, should reach sufficiently forward so that it would touch a perpendicular line from point of hip to ground.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
Thighs are long and broad, lower thigh is very muscular. The hock is well defined but not exaggerated. The rear pastern is short. Viewed from the rear, the legs are straight and parallel from hip to foot.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Very muscular.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong and well defined but not exaggerated. Angle approximately 140 degrees.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short with slight inclination, 95-100 degrees to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Lively, full of strength and nobility.
KC
Strong, powerful with noble bearing, reaching well forward, and with driving action of hindquarters. In profile, stride free and ground covering.
UKC
The gait is alive with energy; firm, but elastic. The stride is free, roomy and ground-covering. The carriage is proud and noble.

SKIN

:
FCI
Dry, elastic without any wrinkles.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, hard, glossy and close fitting.
KC
Short, glossy, smooth and tight to body.
UKC
The coat is short, hard and shiny, and lies smooth and tight to the body.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Fawn or brindle Fawn comes in various shades from light fawn to dark deer red but the most attractive shades are in the middle range (red fawn). Black mask. The brindle variety fawn background of varying shades has dark or black stripes running parallel to ribs. Stripes must contrast distinctly to ground colour. White markings should not be discarded. They can be quite pleasant.
KC
Fawn or brindle. White markings acceptable not exceeding one-third of ground colour. Fawn: Various shades from dark deer red to light fawn. Brindle: Black stripes on previously described fawn shades, running parallel to ribs all over body. Stripes contrast distinctly to ground colour, neither too close not too thinly dispersed. Ground colour clear, not intermingling with stripes.
UKC
Acceptable colors are fawn and brindle. The fawn is found in various shades, from light yellow to a deep dark red. The brindle variety has black stripes on a golden yellow or red brown background. The stripes are clearly defined. White markings are permissible if attractively distributed, but not required. A black mask is absolutely required. When white stretches over the muzzle, that portion of the black mask disappears. However, there must not be so much white on the muzzle that all the black is displaced.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 57-63 cms (221/2-25 ins); bitches: 53-59 cms (21-23 ins). Weight: dogs: approximately 30-32 kgs (66-70 lbs); bitches: approximately 25-27 kgs (55-60 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 57-63 cm.
Females 53-59 cm.
UKC
Males: 22½ to 25 inches. Females: 21 to 23½ inches. Proper balance and individual quality are of primary importance.

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs over 30 kg when height at withers is ca 60 cm.
Bitches about 25 kg when height at withers is ca 56 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Behaviour / Temperament Lack of spirit.
Head Lack of nobility and typical expression, sombre face, Pinscher or Bulldog type head. Dribbling, showing of teeth or tongue. Muzzle too pointed or slight. Bridge of nose falling away. Leather or weather nose, pale nose leather. So called, “hawk eye”, lack of pigment in haw.
In uncropped ears Flying, half erect or erect ears, rose ears.
Wry jaw, slanting teeth, incorrect position of teeth, poorly developed teeth and unsound teeth due to illness.
Neck Short, thick and throaty.
Body Front too broad or low to the ground. Sagging body, roach or sway back. Lean, long, narrow, sagging loin, loosely coupled body.
Arched loin, croup falling away. Narrow pelvis, hollow flanks, pendulous belly.
Tail Low set on, kink tail.
Forequarters French front, loose shoulders, loose elbows, weak pastern, hare foot, flat, splayed feet.
Hindquarters Weak muscles. Too much or too little angulation, down on hocks, barrel hocks, cow hocks, narrow hocks, dewclaws, hare foot, flat, splayed feet.
Movement Waddling, insufficient reach, pacing, stilted gait.
Colour of coat Mask extending beyond muzzle. Stripes (brindling) too close together or too sparse.
Sooty ground colour. Mingled colours. Unattractive white markings such as a entirely white head or white on one side of the head. Other colours and white markings exceeding one third of the ground colour.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Muzzle: Heavy, “bulldoggy”, too light or non-typical head; teeth or tongue showing when mouth is closed; down face or snippiness; drooling; skull too round, too flat, too broad.
Teeth: Poor bite.
Eyes: Deep-set eyes; protruding eyes; light eyes; visible conjunctiva (haw).

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Naturally stumpy tail.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Color: Albinism. Any color other than fawn or brindle. White markings that exceed one-third of the entire coat.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Note: Albinism.
Color: Any color other than fawn or brindle.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.
Color: White markings that exceed one-third of the entire coat.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.