Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Bouvier des Flandres

(Vlaamse Koehond)

Bouvier Des Flandres


ORIGIN

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FCI
Belgium/France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.10.2000.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

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FCI
Originally the Bouvier des Flandres was used as a herding dog, as a draught dog and as churning dog. The modernisation of farm equipment has affected these first tasks and nowadays the Bouvier des Flandres is above all used as a guard dog for the estate and the farm, as a defence and police dog. Its physical and behavioural aptitudes, its great qualities of scent, initiative and intelligence warrant its use as a tracking dog, a messenger dog and a gamekeeper’s dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 2Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
With working trial

KC
Working

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Jeans-Brown. Revised by Dr. R. Pollet, with the collaboration of R. Triquet and John Miller.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
As its name indicates, the Bouvier des Flandres (Flanders Cattle Dog) is native to Flanders, to both Belgian and French regions of that name, since they are not divided by any natural frontiers. The cowmen and drovers of stock in Flanders needing good dogs to drive their herds, only selected from the local dogs available those specimens which possessed the required physical and behavioural qualities. The present day Bouvier des Flandres has inherited these qualities.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Sub-brachymorphic. Short and compact body, strong and well-muscled limbs. The Bouvier des Flandres gives the impression of power, but without clumsiness.
The Bouvier des Flandres is to be judged in its natural stance, without physical contact with the handler.
KC
Compact body, short-coupled, powerfully built, well boned, strongly muscled limbs, giving impression of great power but without clumsiness in general deportment.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Length of body from point of shoulder to point of buttock should be approximately equal to height at withers.
Proportions of length of skull to length of muzzle are 3 to 2.
KC
Lively appearance revealing intelligence, energy and audacity. Its harsh beard is very characteristic giving forbidding expression.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Bouvier des Flandres has the calm, thoughtful character of a sensible, but fearless dog. Its lively look indicates intelligence, energy and audacity. It is essential that the Bouvier des Flandres should retain its aptitude for work. Any change which could harm this must be penalised.
KC
Calm and sensible.

HEAD

:
FCI
The head has a massive appearance, still more accentuated by the beard and moustache. It is in proportion to the body and stature. Its clean cut lines are obvious to the touch.
KC
In proportion to build and stature general impression is of strength, accentuated by beard and moustache. Head clean cut. Skull well developed, flat, somewhat longer than wide. Proportions of skull to muzzle are 3:2. Stop shallow, but appears deep due to upstanding eyebrows. Muzzle broad, powerful, well boned, straight in upperline, sloping slightly toward nose which should never become pointed. Circumference measured just in front of eyes approximately equal to length of head. Nose should be very well developed, thus extending the foreface in a slightly convex line towards its tip, rounded at edges, always black. Nostrils wide. Cheeks flat and clean.

CRANIAL REGION

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FCI
Well-developed and flat, slightly less broad than long. Toplines of skull and muzzle are parallel. Frontal groove hardly denoted.

Skull

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Stop

:
FCI
Only slightly pronounced; more apparent than real, due to upstanding eyebrows.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Nose continues the muzzle in a line which is slightly convex towards its end. It must be well-developed, rounded at the sides and always black in colour. Wide-open nostrils.

Muzzle

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FCI
Broad, powerful, well-boned, straight in its upper line, narrowing towards the nose, but never becoming pointed. Its length should be shorter than the skull by 2 3. Circumference measured just below the eyes should be approximately equal to length of head.
KC
Jaws strong. Teeth strong and white with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Well-fitting and strongly pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Jaws must be powerful and of equal length. Teeth are strong, healthy, white and evenly set. Scissor or pincer bite. Dentition must be complete.

Cheeks

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FCI
Flat and clean, zygomatic arches are not very protruding.

Eyes

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FCI
Frank and energetic expression, neither protruding nor sunken. They should be slightly oval in shape, set horizontally. Colour should be as dark as possible in relation to coat. Light and wild-looking eyes should be strongly penalised. Lids black, without the slightest indication of unpigmented areas. Haw should never be visible.
KC
Alert in expression. Neither protruding nor sunken. Slightly oval in shape and horizontally placed but not too close together. As dark as possible in relation to coat colour. Light or wild-looking eyes highly undesirable. Eyerims always black, lack of pigmentation undesirable. Haw never visible.

Ears

:
FCI
Cropped ears: Cropped in triangle, carried upright, set high, very mobile; a crop proportioned to the head size is recommended.
Un-cropped ears: Position set high, above eye level, flaps falling vertically. The fold must not stand higher than the top of the skull.
Shape and carriage: Half-long, forming an equilateral triangle, slightly rounded at tip, lying flat against cheeks, except the slight lift-up at top of ear set; neither folded nor curled, in proportion with head size; covered with very short hair.
KC
Set on high, very flexible, triangular and in proportion to head.

NECK

:
FCI
Should spring cleanly from the shoulders and is carried sufficiently upright. Strong, well muscled, widening gradually towards the shoulders. Length slightly shorter than length of head. Nape powerful and slightly arched. No dewlap.
KC
Strong, well muscled and thickening slightly towards shoulders. A little shorter than length of head, nape strong and slightly arched. Without dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Powerful, close-coupled and short.
KC
Short, strong, deep, broad, compact with very little tuck-up. Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock about equal to height at withers. Chest descends to level of elbows and is not cylindrical, although ribs well sprung. Croup extends horizontal line of back, blends imperceptibly with curve of rump; broad but not excessively so in dogs, broader in bitches. A rising croup, or one which falls away very definitely undesirable.

Topline

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FCI
Upper line of back and loins horizontal, tight and firm.

Withers

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FCI
Slightly raised.

Back

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FCI
Short, broad, muscled and well-supported, with no sign of weakness, yet remaining flexible.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad, well muscled; must be flexible, with no sign of weakness.

Croup

:
FCI
Must follow as closely as possible the horizontal line of the back and blend imperceptibly into the curve of the buttocks. Broad but not excessively so in males, more developed in bitches. A croup which falls away or a goose rump is a serious fault.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and well let down as far as level of elbows, but not cylindrical. The first ribs are slightly arched, the others rounded and well-sloped to the rear, giving the desired length of chest. Flat ribs to be severely penalised. The distance from the point of the breast-bone (manubrium) to the last rib must be considerable, about 7/10 of the height at the withers.

Underline and belly

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FCI
The underside of the chest rises very slightly towards the belly, which is only slightly tucked up. Flanks must be short, especially in males.

TAIL

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FCI
Set relatively high, the tail must continue the line of the backbone. Some dogs are born tailless and must not be penalised for this. The tail should be docked in the first week of birth leaving 2 or 3 vertebrae. In countries where docking is banned, the whole tail is admitted.
KC
Previously customarily docked or may be born tailless. Docked: Docked to 2-3 vertebrae. Undocked: Continuing normal line of vertebral column. Carried gaily when moving. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Front legs have strong bone and are well-muscled. Perfectly straight and parallel seen from the front.
KC
Forelegs very strong and absolutely straight. Shoulders relatively long, muscular without heaviness, obliquely placed. Shoulder blade and upper arm of equal length. Elbows well set into body and parallel, turning neither in nor out. Forearms, seen from front or side, straight, parallel to each other, perpendicular to ground. Well muscled, heavy boned. Pasterns strong, fairly short, sloping very slightly.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Relatively long, muscled, without being heavy, moderately oblique. Shoulder blade and humerus are approximately of the same length.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Moderately oblique.

Elbow

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FCI
Close to body and parallel. Elbows turning in or out, in a natural stance or on the move, are considered a fault.

FORELEGS

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Forearm

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FCI
Whether seen in profile or from the front, they must be perfectly straight, parallel to each other and perpendicular to the ground. They must be well-muscled and with good bone.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Exactly in line with forearm. Only the pisiform bone juts out at the back of the wrist. Strong bone.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong bone, quite short, sloping forward very slightly.

FEET

:
KC
Short, round and compact. Toes tight and well arched. Nails black and strong. Pads thick and hard.

Forefeet

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FCI
Short, round, compact, neither toeing in nor toeing out. Toes should be tight and arched, with strong and dark nails. Thick and hard pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Round, solid, toes tight and arched, with strong black nails. Thick hard pads.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, with pronounced muscle, upright and perfectly parallel seen from the rear. Must move in the same planes as the front legs.
KC
Moderate angulation, firm and well muscled, with large, powerful thighs. Legs strong and sturdy with hocks well let down and perfectly perpendicular when viewed from rear.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad, well-muscled, parallel in direction to the median plane of the body. Femur must be neither too straight nor too sloping. Buttocks well let down, trousered and firm.

Stifle

:
FCI
Set approximately on an imaginary straight line from the highest point of the hip (iliac crest) perpendicular to the ground.

HIND LEGS

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Lower thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, well-muscled, neither too straight nor too sloping.

Hock

:
FCI
Rather close to the ground, broad, tight. Seen from behind they should be straight and perfectly parallel when standing. On the move they should turn neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Strong and lean, rather cylindrical, perpendicular to the ground when the dog is in a natural standing position. No dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The whole of the Bouvier des Flandres must be harmoniously proportioned to ensure free, true and proud movement. Walking and trotting are the normal gaits, although one does also encounter amblers. At a normal trot the Bouvier des Flandres covers its traces i.e.covers the front pad marks with the rear.
KC
Powerful, driving, free and easy; ambling permitted but not desirable.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight fitting; no excessive slackness; the edges of the eyelids and lips are always very dark.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
The coat is very abundant, the outercoat forming with the dense undercoat a protective layer perfectly adapted to the sudden climatic changes in this breed’s native land. The hair must be coarse to the touch, dry and matt, neither too long nor too short (about 6 cm.), slightly tousled but never woolly or curly. Shorter on the head and very short on the outside of the ears. The inner part of the ear flap is protected by medium long hair. The upper lip carries a moustache and the chin a full beard, giving the forbidding expression so typical of this breed. The eyebrows consist of raised hairs, accentuating the shape of the superciliary ridges without ever veiling the eyes. The coat is particularly harsh and rasping on the upper part of the back. It shortens very slightly on the limbs but remains harsh. A flat coat should be avoided because it denotes a lack of undercoat. The undercoat is a padding made up of fine dense hair which grows beneath the outer coat and together with the topcoat it forms a waterproof covering.
KC
Abundant, so thick that when separated by hand skin barely visible. Hair coarse to touch, dry and matt. Neither too long nor too short (about 6 cms (21/2 ins)). Unkempt-looking but never woolly nor curly, gradually becoming shorter as it comes down the legs, always harsh. Flat coat denoting lack of undercoat highly undesirable. Undercoat dense and close grained. On head shorter, outside of ears very short. Upper lip well moustached, lower carrying a full harsh beard giving forbidding expression so characteristic of breed. Eyebrows formed of backward-sweeping hairs accentuating shape of eyebrows but never veiling eyes.

COLOUR

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FCI
The Bouvier des Flandres’ coat is usually grey, brindle or overlaid with black. A completely uniform black is also accepted, without being favoured. Light-coloured, so-called washed-out coats are not acceptable. A white star on the chest is tolerated.
KC
From fawn to black including brindle. White star on chest permissible. White predominating or chocolate brown highly undesirable. Light washed-out shades undesirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 62-68 cms (24½-27 ins); bitches: 59-65 cms (23-251/2 ins). Weight approx: dogs: 35-40 kgs (77-88 lbs); bitches: 27-35 kgs (59-77 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

62-68 cm for males,.
59-65 cm for females, with a tolerance of plus or minus 1 cm.
For both sexes the ideal size is the middle range, i.e. 65 cm for males, 62 cm for females.

Weight

:
FCI

Approximately 35 - 40 kg for males
27 – 35 kg for females.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Timid dog.
Molossoid appearance, too heavy a dog.
Body obviously too long (slight tolerance for females) or too light.
Too massive a head, marked stop, pronounced frontal groove, very prominent zygomatic arches.
Domed skull, narrow skull, very prominent occipital crest, important lack of parallelism between the toplines of skull and muzzle.
Muzzle too long, pinched nose.
Loose, thick or overlapping lips.
Wry jaw; malocclusion.
Small, unhealthy or poorly set teeth.
Light eyes, bulging eyes, untypical expression.
Uncropped ears which are curled or folded.
Cylindrical neck, dewlap.
Back very sagging, very arched.
Very faulty stance, obviously camped stance, sickle hocks.
Silky coat, lack of undercoat, puffed up coat, shiny, over-groomed.
Lack of head furnishings.
Simultaneous faults in pigmentation (nose, lips, eyelids).

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Obvious lack of type.
  • Unpigmented nose or of any colour other than black.
  • Pointed muzzle.
  • Pronounced over- or undershot bite.
  • Any missing teeth other than one P1.
  • Wall eyes or wild expression.
  • Entropion, ectropion, unpigmented eyelids.
  • Coat chocolate brown, white, pepper and salt, washed-out colour and any other pale fawn going from light to red, even with black overlay.
  • Height at withers outside the range of the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.