Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Border Terrier

Border Terrier

Border Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.06.1987.
KC
September 2000

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 1Large and medium-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Border Terrier is one of the oldest terriers of Great Britain, developed in the border territory surrounding the Cheviot Hills. Farmers and shepherds who needed a dog that had legs long enough to follow a horse, yet was small enough to go to ground after a fox, kept him pure for generations. The Border Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Essentially a working terrier. Capable of following a horse.
KC
Essentially a working terrier.
UKC
The Border Terrier is built for endurance and agility. He is strongly made with medium bone and enough length of leg to follow a horse. The breed is rather narrow in shoulder, body and quarters, and is covered with a somewhat broken, close-fitting, intensely wiry jacket. His otter-like head is distinctive. In proportion, the height, measured at the withers, is slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the tail (for example, by about 1½ inches in a 14-pound dog).

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Capable of following a horse, combining activity with gameness.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Combining activity with gameness.
KC
Active and game as previously stated.
UKC
The breed is alert, active, agile and capable of squeezing through narrow openings as well as being able to travel rapidly over any type of terrain. They are extremely game when hunting, yet are good-natured, affectionate, obedient and easily trained.

HEAD

:
FCI
Head like that of an otter.
KC
Head like that of an otter moderately broad in skull, with short strong muzzle. Black nose preferable, liver- or flesh-coloured one not a serious fault.
UKC
Gives the impression of being like an otter.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Moderately broad.
UKC
moderately broad and flat, with plenty of width between the eyes the ears. The stop is a slight, moderately broad curve, not a pronounced indentation. The cheeks are slightly full.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black nose preferable, but liver or flesh-coloured one not a serious fault.
UKC
black preferred, but liver or flesh colored are acceptable.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Short, strong.
KC
Scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Level bite acceptable. Undershot or overshot a major fault and highly undesirable.
UKC
short and strong.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Level bite acceptable. Undershot or overshot a major fault and highly undesirable.
UKC
a full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark with keen expression.
KC
Dark with a keen expression.
UKC
dark with a keen expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, V-shaped, of moderate thickness, and dropping forward close to the cheek.
KC
Small, V-shaped; of moderate thickness, and dropping forward close to the cheek.
UKC
the ears are small, v-shaped and of moderate thickness. Set somewhat on the side of the head, not high, and drop forward close to the cheeks.

NECK

:
FCI
Of moderate length.
KC
Of moderate length.
UKC
Of moderate length, gradually widening into the shoulder.

BODY

:
FCI
Deep, narrow, fairly long.
KC
Deep, narrow, fairly long. Ribs carried well back, but not oversprung, as a terrier should be capable of being spanned by both hands behind the shoulder. Loins strong.
UKC
Deep, narrow and fairly long, capable of being spanned by a man’s hands behind the shoulder blades. Ribcage carried well back, but not overly sprung. Back supple but with no suggestions of weakness.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong.

Chest

:
FCI
Ribs carried well back, but not oversprung, as a terrier should be capable of being spanned by both hands behind the shoulder.

TAIL

:
FCI
Moderately short; fairly thick at base, then tapering. Set high, carried gaily, but not curled over back.
KC
Moderately short; fairly thick at base, then tapering. Set high, carried gaily, but not curled over back.
UKC
Moderately short tail, thick at the base, then tapering. Carried gaily when at attention; and may be dropped when the dog is at ease.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs straight, not too heavy in bone.
KC
Forelegs straight, not too heavy in bone.
UKC
Shoulder blades long and well laid back.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The straight forelegs are not too heavy in bone. They are placed slightly wider than those of a Fox Terrier.

FEET

:
KC
Small with thick pads.
UKC
Small and compact. The toes point forward and are moderately arched with thick pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small with thick pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Racy.
KC
Racy.
UKC
Muscular and racy.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Long thighs, well-bent stifles and hocks close to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Has the soundness to follow a horse.
KC
Has the soundness to follow a horse.
UKC
Movement is straight and rhythmical with good length of stride. The breed must be sound enough to follow a horse.

SKIN

:
FCI
Must be thick.
UKC
The hide is very thick while remaining loose fitting.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Harsh and dense; with close undercoat.
KC
Harsh and dense; with close undercoat. Skin must be thick.
UKC
Harsh, dense and straight, with close fitting undercoat. The Border Terrier is to be exhibited in as close to natural state as possible. Acceptable trimming includes tidying up the head, neck and feet.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Red, wheaten, grizzle and tan, or blue and tan.
KC
Red, wheaten, grizzle and tan, or blue and tan.
UKC
Acceptable colors are red, wheaten, grizzle and tan and blue and tan.

SIZE

:
KC
Weight: dogs: 6-7 kgs (13-151/2 lbs); bitches: 5-6.5 kgs (111/2 -14 lbs).

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs 5,9-7,1 kg (13-15 ½ lbs); bitches 5,1-6,4 (11 ½ lbs-14 lbs).
UKC
Dogs: 13 to 15½ pounds. Bitches: 11½ to 14 pounds. These are the preferred weights for Border Terriers in working condition.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the terrier’s ability to work and on the health and welfare of the dog.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree, its effect on the terrier's ability to work, and the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC

Teeth: undershot or overshot are serious faults.
Ears: ears breaking above the level of the skull.
Tail: Tail set on too high. Tail carried over the back.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.