Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Border Collie

Border Collie

Border Collie


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.06.1987.
KC
March 1994

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sheepdog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
With working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Herding Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Border Collie's rootstock is of western European origin, with northern England and Scotland being the specific areas of development. People wanting specific herding characteristics isolated individual dogs exhibiting those traits and bred them, thereby developing a "pure breed.” The Border Collie breed was established just over 100 years ago. They are specifically known for their "eye,” or almost hypnotic stare, when herding stock. Other specific traits include intelligence, speed, strength and an innate herding instinct. The Border Collie sets the standard in herding, particularly on sheep. This breed was historically bred for working ability rather than type. The Border Collie was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1961.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Well proportioned, smooth outline showing quality, gracefulness and perfect balance, combined with sufficient substance to give impression of endurance. Any tendency to coarseness or weediness undesirable.
KC
Well proportioned, smooth outline showing quality, gracefulness and perfect balance, combined with sufficient substance to give impression of endurance. Any tendency to coarseness or weediness undesirable.
UKC
The Border Collie has good body balance, which enables him to change directions and speed quickly, from a high speed to a creep, a stalk to a steady lift. The smooth outline should show quality, gracefulness and perfect balance. There should be sufficient substance to convey endurance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Skull and foreface approximately equal in length. Body slightly longer than height at shoulder.
KC
Tenacious, hard-working sheep dog, of great tractability.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Tenacious, hard-working, of great tractability. Keen, alert, responsive and intelligent. Neither nervous nor aggressive.
KC
Keen, alert, responsive and intelligent. Neither nervous nor aggressive.
UKC
The Border Collie is a fast, alert and intelligent dog that is anxious and able to work livestock under the direction of its master. They should be neither nervous nor aggressive, but keen and responsive.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull fairly broad, occiput not pronounced. Cheeks not full or rounded. Muzzle, tapering to nose, moderately short and strong. Skull and foreface approximately equal in length. Stop very distinct. Nose black, except in brown or chocolate colour when it may be brown. In blues nose should be slate colour. Nostrils well developed.
UKC
Essentially an old-fashioned Collie type.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Fairly broad, occiput not pronounced.
UKC
Fairly broad, no prominence of occiput. Stop well-defined. No fullness in cheeks.

Stop

:
FCI
Very distinct.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, except in brown or chocolate colour when it may be brown. In blues nose should be slate colour. Nostrils well developed.
UKC
Black, except in brown dogs where it may be brown; and in blue dogs, where it should be slate. Well developed nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Tapering to nose, moderately short and strong.
KC
Teeth and jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Tapering to the nose, moderately short and strong. Approximately the same length as the skull.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth and jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The Border Collie has a full complement of strong teeth that meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Not full or rounded.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set wide apart, oval shaped, of moderate size, brown in colour except in merles where one or both or part of one or both may be blue. Expression mild, keen, alert and intelligent.
KC
Set wide apart, oval-shaped, of moderate size, brown in colour except in merles where one or both or part of one or both may be blue. Expression mild, keen, alert and intelligent.
UKC
Set wide apart, moderate in size, and oval in shape. Brown in color, except in merles where one, or both, or a part of one, may be blue. Expression should be mild, keen and intelligent.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium size and texture, set well apart. Carried erect or semi-erect and sensitive in use.
KC
Medium size and texture, set well apart. Carried erect or semi-erect and sensitive in use.
UKC
Ears are medium size, broad at the base and taper towards the tip. May be carried drop, semi-erect or prick, and need not be matching. Are sensitive in their use.

NECK

:
FCI
Of good length, strong and muscular, slightly arched and broadening to shoulders.
KC
Of good length, strong and muscular, slightly arched and broadening to shoulders.
UKC
Strong and muscular; of good length. Slightly arched at the crest and broadening as it merges with the shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Athletic in appearance. Slightly longer than height at withers.
KC
Athletic in appearance, ribs well sprung, chest deep and rather broad, loins deep and muscular, but not tucked up. Body slightly longer than height at shoulder.
UKC
Slightly longer than tall. Athletic in appearance, with well-sprung ribs and a deep, rather broad chest. The loin is deep and muscular, not tucked up. The croup slopes gently to the set on of the tail.

Loin

:
FCI
Deep and muscular but not tucked up.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and rather broad, ribs well sprung.

TAIL

:
FCI
Moderately long, the bone reaching at least to hock, set on low, well furnished and with an upward swirl towards the end, completing graceful contour and balance of dog.
Tail may be raised in excitement, never carried over back.
KC
Moderately long, the bone reaching at least to hock, set on low, well furnished and with an upward swirl towards the end, completing graceful contour and balance of dog. Tail may be raised in excitement, never carried over back.
UKC
Moderately long, reaching at least to the hock joint. Set on low, well furnished with hair, and with an upward sweep at the end which completes the graceful appearance of the dog. The tail may be raised in excitement, but never carried over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Front legs parallel when viewed from front. Bone strong but not heavy.
KC
Front legs parallel when viewed from front, pasterns slightly sloping when viewed from side. Bone strong but not heavy. Shoulders well laid back, elbows close to body.
UKC
Shoulders are well laid back, and the elbows are held close to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight and parallel when viewed from the front, from the side the pasterns are slightly sloping. Bone is strong, but not coarse.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping when viewed from side.

FEET

:
KC
Oval, pads deep, strong and sound, toes arched and close together. Nails short and strong.
UKC
Oval in shape, with deep pads and tight, well arched toes. Nails are short and strong.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval, pads deep, strong and sound, toes arched and close together. Nails short and strong.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Broad, muscular, in profile sloping gracefully to set on of tail.
KC
Broad, muscular, in profile sloping gracefully to set on of tail. Thighs long, deep and muscular with well turned stifles and strong well let down hocks. From hock to ground, hindlegs well boned and parallel when viewed from rear.
UKC
Strong and muscular. Thighs are long and deep, stifles and hocks are well turned. Rear pasterns are well boned and parallel when viewed from the rear.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, deep and muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well turned.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Strong, well let down.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
From hock to ground, hindlegs well boned and parallel when viewed from rear.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, smooth and tireless, with minimum lift of feet, conveying impression of ability to move with great stealth and speed.
KC
Free, smooth and tireless, with minimum lift of feet, conveying impression of ability to move with great stealth and speed.
UKC
Free, smooth and tireless, keeping the feet close to the ground. Gait conveys the impression of being able to move with great stealth and speed.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
In both, topcoat dense and medium textured, undercoat soft and dense giving good weather resistance. In the moderately long-coated variety, abundant coat forms mane, breeching and brush. On face, ears, forelegs (except for feather), hindlegs from hock to ground, hair should be short and smooth.
KC
Two varieties: 1) Moderately long; 2) Smooth. In both, topcoat dense and medium textured, undercoat soft and dense giving good weather resistance. In moderately long-coated variety, abundant coat forms mane, breeching and brush. On face, ears, forelegs (except for feather), hindlegs from hock to ground, hair should be short and smooth.
UKC
Varied lengths: long, medium or smooth. May be straight or wavy. The long-coated dog will have well-feathered forelegs, breeches and tail, and an abundant mane. The top coat is dense and of medium texture. The undercoat is soft, short and dense to provide adequate weather resistance.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Variety of colours permissible. White should never predominate.
KC
Variety of colours permissible. White should never predominate.
UKC
Black and red. Less predominant colors include gray, blue merle, red merle, lemon and sable. May have white trim only, or may be accompanied by tan points.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height: dogs: 53 cms (21 ins); bitches slightly less.
UKC
Ideal height at the withers for males is 21 inches, slightly less for females.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Ideal: Males 53 cm (21 ins), Females slightly less.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Appearance: Any tendency to coarseness or weediness in the general appearance of the dog.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.