Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Bolognese

Bolognese

Bolognese


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Italy.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.11.2015.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 1.1Bichons and related breeds, Bichons
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Its origins are confused with those of the Maltese, because its distant ancestors are the same little dogs mentioned in Latin by Aristotle (384-322 BC) under the denomination of « canes melitenses ». Already known in the Roman era, the Bolognese appears most especially among the very appreciated gifts which were made during a whole era by the powerful of that world. Cosimo de Medici (1389-1464) brought no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to as many Belgian noblemen. Philipe II, king of Spain from 1556 to 1598, after having received two as a gift from the Duke d’Este, thanks the donor in writing saying « that these two little dogs are the most royal gifts one can make to an emperor ». Bolognese are represented in paintings of Titian, of Pierre Breughel called le Vieux and Goya.
UKC
The Bolognese is an ancient Bichon type breed that originated in Italy. It was frequently given as a gift to noblemen and leaders. The Bolognese was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small size, stocky and compact, covered with a pure white coat, long and fluffy.
KC
Small white Toy dog with square, compact outline and distinctive coat.
UKC
The Bolognese is a small, stocky, compact dog that is covered with a pure white, long fluffy coat. It must be square in appearance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Square built, the length of the body being equal to the height at the withers.
KC
Intelligent, companionable.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Very serious, generally not very active. Enterprising, docile, very much attached to his master and his entourage.
KC
Friendly but reserved with strangers.
UKC
Docile and serious, the Bolognese is a calm breed that is devoted to its family.

HEAD

:
FCI
Of medium length reaching 1/3 of the height at the withers. Its width, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches is the same as its length.
KC
Wide flat skull. Nose to stop slightly shorter than from stop to occiput. Accentuated stop. Nose large, black.
UKC
The length of the head is approximately equal to 1/3 of the dog’s height at the withers. The skull is slightly longer than the muzzle, and the stop is well defined. The toplines of the skull and muzzle lie in parallel planes.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Of slightly ovoid (egg-shaped) shape in the sagittal direction and rather flat in its upper part, has rather convex sides; the protuberances of the frontal bones are well developed - The longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle are parallel; the frontal furrow is only slightly accentuated and the occipital protuberance only slightly marked. The length of the skull is slightly more than that of the muzzle.
UKC
Fairly flat on top, with only a slight occipital protuberance. The frontal bones are well defined and the cheeks are slightly convex in shape.

Stop

:
FCI
Rather accentuated.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
On the same line as the topline of the muzzle; seen in profile, its front side is on the vertical. Is large and must be black.
UKC
Large and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Its length is equal to 2/5 of the length of the head; the topline of the muzzle is straight and the sides of the muzzle are paralell, so that the forepart of the muzzle is almost square. The lower orbital region is well chiselled.
KC
Jaws level, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Somewhat shorter than the skull, and square, with no taper towards the end and a very strong underjaw. Well-chiseled under the eyes. The lips are black and the upper lips are tight and do not cover the lower lips (no flew).

Lips

:
FCI
Upper lips being hardly developed in depth, they do not cover the bottom lips, and the lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the lower jaw.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws normally developed, with top and bottom arches perfectly adapted. Teeth white, evenly aligned, with strong and complete dentition. Articulation of incisors as scissor bite; pincer bite tolerated.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite is preferred. A level bite is permissible.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set on an almost frontal plan; well opened, of superior to normal in size. Eyelid opening is round; the eyeball must not be prominent; the white of the eye is not visible. The rims of the eyelids must be black, and the iris of a dark ochre colour.
KC
Large, round, dark with well pigmented rims.
UKC
The eyes must be well open, large and round, but eyeballs should not protrude. No white of the eye should be visible. Eye rim pigmentation is black and the iris is a dark ochre color.

Ears

:
FCI
High set, they are long and hanging, but rather rigid at their base, so that the upper part of the external ear is detached from the skull, giving thus the impression of the head being larger than it really is.
KC
Set on high, long, pendulous, carried away from head giving a broad appearance to head.
UKC
Set high on the head, long and hanging, but rather rigid at the base, which holds the ears slightly away from the skull and gives the head the impression of being larger than it is.

NECK

:
FCI
Without dewlap; its length is equal to the length of the head.
KC
Clean, medium length.
UKC
Same length as the head. Free from dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
The dog being of a square construction, the length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock bone is equal to that of the height at the withers.
KC
Well sprung ribs, brisket reaching to elbows making half overall height at withers. Level back, loins slightly arched. Point of shoulder to point of buttock equals height at withers.
UKC
Distance from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttocks is equal to the height at the withers. The chest reaches to the elbow, and the ribs are deep and well-sprung. Sternum protrudes moderately in front of the point of the shoulder. The back is level to the loin, which is slightly arched. The croup is very broad and slightly sloping. There is a slight tuck up.

Topline

:
FCI
The straight profile of the back, and that of the loin, slightly convex, merge harmoniously in the line of the croup.

Withers

:
FCI
Only slightly prominent from the top line.

Croup

:
FCI
Very slightly sloping; is very wide.

Chest

:
FCI
Brisket: Point of the sternum (manubrium) only slightly prominent.
Chest: Ample, let down to level of elbows, with well sprung ribs, the height reaching almost half of the height at the withers.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Following the profile of the sternum, then rises slightly towards the belly.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set in the line of the croup, carried curved over the back.
KC
Set on at level of croup carried curved over back. Well feathered.
UKC
Set on the natural line of the croup, and carried curved over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Considered on the whole, they are perfectly straight and parallel in relation to the median plane of the body.
KC
Shoulders well laid, legs straight with slightly sloping pasterns. Elbows close to body.
UKC
The shoulder blades are sloping, and have free action. The upper arm is the same length as the shoulder blade, but is more vertical in placement.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The length of the shoulder blades is equal to 1/4 of the height of the withers; in relation to the horizontal, they are slanting and are near the vertical in relation to the median plane of the body. They are well free in their movements.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Well joined to the body, of an almost equal length to that of the shoulder, but less slanting.

Elbow

:
FCI
They are on a parallel plane to the median plane of the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Perfectly straight and parallel to one another, with short, slightly sloping pasterns. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Its length is equal to that of the upper arm; follows a perfect vertical direction.

Pastern

:
FCI
Seen from the front, they continue the vertical line of the forearm. Seen in profile, the pastern is a little bit slanting.

FEET

:
KC
Oval, black nails and pads.
UKC
Oval in shape; with well-cushioned, dark pads and strong black nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval shaped, with well cushioned dark pads and very hard black nails.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Same characteristics as the front feet, but less oval.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Considered on the whole and viewed from the back, they must follow from the point of the buttock bone to the ground a perfectly vertical line - they are parallel to each other.
KC
Well muscled, moderate turn of stifle, hocks well let down.

Thigh

:
FCI
Their length is equal to 1/3 of the height of the withers. They are slanting from top to bottom and back to front and perfectly parallel to the median plane of the body.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Rear legs are straight from hip to foot when viewed from behind. Angulation matches that of the forequarter. The second thigh is longer than the upper thigh. There is little angulation at the hock joint. Rear pasterns are short.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Is longer than the upper thigh.

Hock joint

:
FCI
The tibia-tarsal angle is not very closed.

Hock

:
FCI
The distance from the point of the hock to the ground is slightly less than a third of the height at the withers.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, energetic, with a noble and distinguished head carriage.
KC
Normal and smart. Legs moving parallel. Ambling highly undesirable.
UKC
Free and energetic, with high head carriage.

SKIN

:
FCI
Well taut and welded to the body all over, the visible mucuous membranes and the third eyelids strictly pigmented black.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Long all over the body, from head to tail, from the top line to the feet. It is shorter on the muzzle. Rather fluffy, thus not lying flat, but in flocks; never forms fringes.
KC
Long, flocked without curl covering entire head and body. Shown in natural state.
UKC
The hair is long and rather fluffy on the entire dog; somewhat shorter only on the muzzle. It lies in flocks, not fringe. The coat is shown natural length, with no trimming except for neatening around the bottom of the feet and for hygienic purposes.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure white, without any patches nor any shades of white.
KC
Pure white without markings, not even simple shadings. Lips, eyelids, nose and nails black.
UKC
Pure white, with no patching or shading of any other color.

SIZE

:
KC
Dogs 27-30.5 cms (101/2-12 ins). Bitches 25.5-28 cms (10-11 ins).
UKC
Height range for males is from 10½ to 12 inches, measured at the shoulders. Height range for females is from 9½ to 11 inches, measured at the shoulder. Weight averages from 5.5 to 9 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Males 27 to 30 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
From 2,5 to 4 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Strabismus (Squinting).
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Accentuated convergence or divergence of the upper longitudinal axes.
  • Convex muzzle (Roman nose).
  • Prognathism, if it alters the outer look of the muzzle.
  • Size under 25 cm and more than 33 cm in the males and under 22 cm or more than 32 cm in females.
UKC

Head: Divergent planes.
Muzzle: Roman nose.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Depigmentation of the nose.
  • Nose of any other colour than black.
  • Undershot mouth.
  • Bilateral depigmentation of the eyelids.
  • Wall-eyed.
  • Tail less.
  • Shortened tail whether natural or artificial.
  • Any other colour than white.
  • Patches and flecks.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot bite. Complete lack of pigment of the eye rims. Wall eyes. Dudley nose. Nose any color other than black. Any color other than white, or any patching or flecking of color in the coat. Natural bob or a docked tail.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: Undershot bite.
Eyes: Complete lack of pigment of the eye rims. Wall eyes.
Nose: Dudley nose. Nose any color other than black.
Tail: Natural bob or a docked tail.
Color: Albinism. Any color other than white, or any patching or flecking of color in the coat.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.