Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Russian Black Terrier

(Russkiy Tchiorny Terrier)

Russian Black Terrier

Black Russian Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Russia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Working dog, guarding dog, sporting- and companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 1.4Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Russkiy Tchiorny Terrier
Working trial optional

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Dr. E. Yerusalimsky, O. Kornienko. Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes/ Original version (EN).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Russian Black Terrier was created in Russia during the late 1940s and the early 1950s by selective interbreeding of breeds like the Rottweiler, Giant Schnauzer, Airedale Terrier and Newfoundland Dog. The Giant Schnauzer is considered to be the main ancestor of the breed. The initial breeding was supervised by the military cynological school outside Moscow and the dogs were based in their kennels named “Red Star”. The aim of the creators of the breed was the development of a large, brave, strong and manageable working dog with pronounced guarding instinct; a dog which could be useful for many services and adapts well to various climate conditions. The breed was recognized by the FCI in 1984.
UKC
The history of the Black Russian Terrier began in 1930. The breed was created by the selective interbreeding of Rottweilers, Giant Schnauzers and Airedales, by the Russian Military. The intent was to develop a native breed that would fulfill the need for a large, working terrier, suitable for a number of tasks, while being able to endure the harshness of the Russian winter. In 1956, this culminated in the establishment of foundation stock that bred true. The Black Russian Terrier was recognized by the Russian Ministry of Agriculture in May of 1981, and internationally by the FCI in May of 1984. The Black Russian Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Russian Black Terrier is a large dog with a slightly long body and very athletic built of a robust type and hardy constitution. The breed has qualities like massive bone and powerful muscles. It is symmetrical with a large head and compact body and a voluminous and deep chest. Differences between the sexes to be clearly defined.
KC
Large, imposing dog, above average size, strongly built with heavy bone. Well proportioned general appearance, sturdy and robust frame. Well developed muscles. Body almost square. A medium texture, weatherproof coat, well furnished on head and limbs. Trimmed.
UKC
The Black Russian Terrier is a strong, agile, larger than average sized dog. It is heavily boned, and has well-developed muscles. Its skin is thick and elastic, and without wrinkles or dewlap. The breed is capable of great endurance and is adaptable to a wide range of climates, including harsh conditions. Males are masculine and larger, stronger, bulkier and more powerful than bitches.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The length of the body is slightly longer than the height at the withers, could be more pronounced in females.
Depth of chest should not be less than half the height at the withers. Length of head should not be less than 40 % of the dog’s height at the withers. The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull.
KC
Natural guarding instincts. Easily trained. Very adaptable.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
A dignified and confident dog; well controlled in all situations. When circumstances require, he immediately assumes an active-defensive posture, however, quickly calms down at the disappearance of threat. This handsome breed is amiable and has great endurance; it is undemanding, smart and friendly. It adapts well to training and various climate conditions and is hard working and reliable.
KC
Alert, lively and even-tempered, wary of strangers. Resilient, brave and self-confident.
UKC
The breed is energetic, stable and lively. They are assertive, wary of strangers and have strong protective instincts. Black Russian Terriers are capable of being trained to a wide variety of tasks.

HEAD

:
KC
Well proportioned with moderately broad skull and rounded cheekbones. Eyebrows slightly pronounced. Skull flat, medium stop, not too accentuated. Top line of muzzle parallel to top line of skull. Muzzle solid with slight tapering towards the tip and length a little shorter than skull. Whiskers and beard give muzzle a squared-off shape. Lips thick and black in colour, tightly fitting. Large black nose.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
Head should be in proportion to body, although large, massive and long.

Skull

:
FCI
Moderately broad with flat forehead. Topline of skull is parallel with topline of muzzle. The superciliary arches and occipital bone are moderately pronounced.
UKC
The long head has a moderately narrow, flat skull and well rounded cheekbones. The toplines of the skull and muzzle are parallel. The stop is marked, but not too pronounced.

Stop

:
FCI
Noticeable but not sharp.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large and black.
UKC
The nose must be black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, broad and slightly shorter than skull. Muzzle is wide at base and narrowing slightly to the tip of the nose. Moustache and beard accentuated volume and give the muzzle a rectangular, blunt appearance.
KC
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full, strong dentition desirable.
UKC
Massive and slightly tapering in width from stop to tip, the muzzle is slightly shorter in length than the skull. The moustache and beard give the muzzle a square appearance. The lips are thick and full, meeting without forming flews.

Lips

:
FCI
Thick, well pigmented and tight. Lip rims dark.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Large, white teeth that are tightly adjacent to each other, the lower incisors positioned in a line. Full dentition (42 teeth). Scissors bite.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Dry cheek bones with rounded but not pronounced cheeks.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium size, oval shaped, set straight and wide apart, dark colour. Eye rims dry, tight and black.
KC
Medium, oval in appearance and dark. Set obliquely and wide apart. Eyelids dark and fitting tightly.
UKC
The small, dark eyes are oval shaped and set obliquely. They are dark brown in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Hanging. Set high and symmetrical, medium sized, triangular shaped. Front edge close to cheek. Ear leather is dense, without folds.
KC
High set, pendant, not too big, triangular in shape with the inner edge lying tightly against the cheekbone.
UKC
The short, triangular ears are high set. They are pendant; the front of the ears must fit closely to the cheeks.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, dry and muscular. The length of the neck is approximately equal to the length of head and set at an angle of 45-50 degree to the horizon. The nape is strong and well developed.
KC
Reasonably long, powerful, muscular and clean cut. Flows into the top line at an approximate 45º angle.
UKC
The long neck is massive and dry. It is carried in an approximate 45-degree angle from the shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Solid, deep and voluminous, well balanced.
KC
High withers clearly marked above top line, back level and muscular. Depth of chest level with elbows or slightly below. Chest deep with well-sprung ribs. Moderate tuck-up. Loin short, wide, muscular and slightly arched. Rump large and muscular with a barely visible slope towards the tail which is set high on the croup.
UKC
The length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttocks, is equal to, or slightly less than, the height at the withers. The broad, deep chest is well ribbed up. The depth of chest reaches to, or slightly below, the elbow. The withers are strongly pronounced, and form the highest point of the body. The back is level, broad, and strong. The short loins are well developed and muscular. The croup is broad, muscular and slopes almost imperceptibly to the tail, which is high set. There is moderate tuck up.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping from the withers to the root of the tail.

Withers

:
FCI
High and well developed, more pronounced in males than in females.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, straight and muscular. The length of the actual back is equal to ½ the length measured from the withers to the base of the tail.

Loin

:
FCI
Wide, short, muscular and slightly arched. The length is equal to ½ the length of the actual back.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad, muscular, slightly sloping and of moderate length.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, long and broad with slightly sprung ribs. The shape of the thorax (in cross section) is oval. The breast bone is long and the fore chest slightly extends the shoulder joint and is well muscled.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
On the same line as the elbow joint or slightly below. Belly moderately tucked up. Flanks only slightly developed.

TAIL

:
FCI
Thick at root and set high. In movement the tail is carried jauntily but the root of the tail does not incline over the back (squirrel tail).
Tail traditionally docked in country of origin. An undocked tails length or shape has no influence on the evaluation of the dog. Preferable shape of the undocked tail is sabre or sickle.
KC
Set high and thick. Previously customarily docked, leaving three to four vertebrae. Undocked, the tail set is more important than carriage. The tail may also curl over the back, but not gay. The length and thickness is determined by the proportions of the dog.
UKC
The thick, high-set tail is carried vertically. It is generally docked to three or four vertebrae.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs when viewed from the front are straight and parallel. The distance from the elbow ulna to the ground is equal to 50-52% of the dogs’ height at the withers.
KC
Shoulders well laid back. Seen from the front, legs straight and parallel, pasterns short and straight. Elbows carried close to body.
UKC
The shoulders are well laid back, with an angle of approximately 110 degrees between the shoulder blade and upper arm. The upper arm is strong.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long, broad and well-laid back. The angle between shoulder blade and upper arm is approximately 100 degrees.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Muscular and no shorter than the shoulder-blades.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The thick forelegs are straight and parallel when viewed from the front. The elbows lie close to the chest. Pasterns are straight and short.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight, thick, round bone. Vertical when viewed from the front and side.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short, massive and slightly sloping when viewed from the side.

FEET

:
KC
Large, well arched and rounded with thick pads. Black nails.
UKC
Round and thick with well arched pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large, compact and round in shape. Nails and pads are black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Slightly smaller than front feet and tending oval shape. Nails and pads are black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
When viewed from behind straight and parallel, set wider than the forelegs. When viewed from the side placed slightly behind the dog.
KC
Seen from behind, legs straight and parallel, set wider than the front legs. Thighs muscular and well developed. Stifles well bent and hocks set low.
UKC
The well-muscled hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, slightly inclined, wide with well developed, voluminous muscles.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Hind legs are straight and parallel when viewed from behind, standing slightly wider than the front legs. The lower thighs are long and the hock joint is dry. The rear pasterns are heavily boned, long and vertical.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
No shorter than thighs.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Strong, low and vertically positioned. No dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free and well balanced with smoothly bent joints. The typical gait is an energetic trot with long strides which comes from the powerful rear drive and significant reach in the forequarters. Topline to remain firm.
KC
At the trot, legs move in a straight line, with forelegs converging slightly. Fairly elastic movement. Ground-covering movement with good reach in the forequarters and good driving power in the hindquarters.
UKC
Easy and fluid. When trotting, the legs tend to converge toward a center line. The back and loin show elasticity when the dog is in motion.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight, well fitted without folds or loose skin, still elastic. Evenly pigmented.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Rough and thick double coat. Composed of a coarse, thick, slightly waved outer coat and a soft, short and dense undercoat. The outer coat covers the whole body. The natural and untrimmed coat length is between 5 – 15 cms. The head furnishing is very well developed and forms abundant eyebrows, moustaches and beard.
Legs are covered in long, dens furnishing coat. Grooming in the correct form is required.
The clipped coat should emphasise the character of a strong and assured dog and by no means be excessively decorative. The coat is left longest on legs and around the muzzle. The clipping should accentuate the massive head with flat forehead, well lying ears, strong neck and well constructed, strong body.
KC
Medium texture weatherproof coat, with dense undercoat. Not wiry or soft. When brushed the hair is broken coated and slightly waved. Furnishings well developed on eyebrows, beard and legs. The ears (from fold to tip), skull, cheeks, throat to sternum, underside of tail, buttocks and rear of stifle are closely trimmed.
UKC
The outer coat is rough, hard, broken and extremely dense, approximately 1½ to 4 inches (4 to 10 cm) in length, and covers the whole dog. The undercoat is well developed. The head features a wiry, brush-like mustache, beard, and eyebrows. On the neck and withers, the coat is longer and forms a mane. The legs are covered with rough and long coat.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Black, black with insignificant intermingling gray hair is permissible. (Grey intermingling hair not to cover more than a 1/3 of the whole body).
KC
Black; or black with grey hairs distributed through the coat, but not in confined areas, and in total no more than one third of the coat.
UKC
Black or black, with intermingled grey hairs.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: dogs 68-77 cms (27-30½ ins), bitches 66-72 cms (26-28½ ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 72 - 76 cms. but no less than 70 cms. and not more than 78 cms.

Females 68 - 72 cms. but no less than 66 cms. and not more than 74 cms.
Slightly taller specimens are tolerated providing they are proportionate and of excellent breed type.
UKC
The height range for males is from 26 to 28 inches. The height range for females is from 25 to 27 inches.

Weight

:
FCI
Males 50 – 60 kgs. Females 45 – 50 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
  • Skull rounded.
  • Partial lack of pigmentation on lips.
  • Incisors not in line in lower jaw. Small incisors.
  • Eyes round; slightly light coloured; oblique or narrow set.
  • Neck too short and not muscular enough.
  • Withers not pronounced.
  • Swayback, or narrow back.
  • Loin too long; narrow; not muscular enough.
  • Shoulders too straight.
  • Forearms too short.
  • Elbows turned in or turned out.
  • Feet turning in or turning out.
  • Hocks turned in, out or sickle.
  • Pacing interspersed when trotting.
  • Guardcoat soft or smooth.
  • Rusty shading in guard coat.
  • No undercoat.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Muzzle: Coarse head. Light, weak head. Fine head. Stop too steep. Snipey muzzle. Slack or loose lips.
Teeth: Misaligned incisors. Two or more missing teeth.
Eyes: Eyes too large. Too light. Round eyes. Visible haw or third eyelid.
Ears: Long or low-set ears. Flying ears set away from the cheekbones. Erect or semi-erect ears.
Forelegs: Little or no angulation between the shoulder blade and upper arm. Weak pasterns.
Tail: Low-set tail. Tail carried low while in action.
Coat: Insufficient brows, mustache or beard. Straight, soft unbroken hair. Hair too long. Wavy coat.
Color: Brown or grey tinge to black ground hairs. White markings.
Height: Over or under the stated height ranges for each sex.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Movement restricted; sluggish or heavy.
  • Guardcoat silky.
  • Deviation from sex type.
  • Timid or overexcited behaviour.
  • Head short or light.
  • Visible third eyelid, light coloured eyes.
  • Croup horizontal or too steep.
  • Chest shallow or short.
  • Squirrel tail.
  • Bowed forearms.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Deviation towards the ancestry breeds.
  • Nose other than black.
  • Wall eye or different coloured eyes.
  • Deviation from scissor bite or missing teeth.
  • Guardcoat smooth and lack of head, chest and leg furnishing.
  • Any other colour than the ones described.
  • White spots or markings.
  • Clearly defined patches of grey hair.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Any bite deviation from scissors. Albinism. Parti-colored
Teeth: Any bite deviation from scissors.
Color: Albinism. Parti-colored.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears. .


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.