Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Black and Tan Coonhound

American Black & Tan Coonhound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
U.S.A.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
30.01.1991.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hound.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.1Scenthounds, Large-sized Hounds
Without working trial

UKC
Scenthound

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Black & Tan is one of many tracking breeds that were developed in the southern United States. The breed can trace its immediate ancestry to the American Foxhound and the Virginia Foxhound of colonial days, with probably the introduction of some Bloodhound stock. This latter would not only explain the coloration of the Black & Tan, but its tendency toward being larger boned than other breeds, its long ears and its famous cold nose. The American Black & Tan can probably be traced to the English Foxhounds, and before that to the Tolbot Hounds and St. Hubert hounds of France. These hounds were first brought to England following the Norman invasion in the eleventh century. The American Black & Tan was the first coonhound breed to be admitted into the registry with UKC. When they were first registered in 1900, and for several years after that, they were registered as American Black & Tan Fox and Coonhound.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Black and Tan Coonhound is first and fundamentally a working dog, a trail and tree hound, capable of withstanding the rigors of winter, the heat of summer, and the difficult terrain over which he is called upon to work. Used principally for trailing and treeing raccoon, the Black an Tan Coonhound runs his game entirely by scent. The characteristics and courage of the Coonhound also make him proficient on the hunt for deer, bear, mountain lion and other big game. Judges are asked by the club sponsoring the breed to place great emphasis upon these facts when evaluating the merits of the dog. The general impression is that of power, agility and alertness. He immediately impresses one with his ability to cover the ground with powerful rhythmic strides. Considering their job as a hunting dog, the individual should exhibit moderate bone and good muscle tone. Males are heavier in bone and muscle tone than females.
UKC
The Black & Tan Coonhound is a working hound that trails his quarry completely by scent. He is strong and sturdy without being coarse or cloddy. He is balanced, agile and sound, with the ability to cover ground easily, efficiently and tirelessly in the pursuit of game.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Measured from the point of shoulder to the buttocks and from withers to ground the length of body is equal to or slightly greater than the height of the dog at the withers.
Height is in proportion to general conformation so that the dog appears neither leggy nor close to the ground.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Even temperament, outgoing and friendly. As a working scent hound, must be able to work in close contact with other hounds. Some may be reserved but never shy or vicious. Aggression toward people or other dogs is most undesirable.
UKC
Active, fast, bright, kind, confident and courageous, with open trailing and treeing instinct and ability.

HEAD

:
FCI
The head is cleanly modeled. From the back of the skull to the nose the head measures from 9 to 10 inches in males and from 8 to 9 inches in females.
Expression: Expression is alert, friendly and eager. The skin is devoid of folds.
UKC
Carried well up, very slightly domed and broad between the ears, never narrow.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

:
FCI
Tends toward oval outline. Viewed from profile the line of the skull is on a practically parallel plane to the foreface or muzzle.

Stop

:
FCI
Medium stop occuring midway between occiput bone and nose.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Nostrils well open and always black.

Muzzle

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UKC
Well-balanced with the other features of the head, medium square, with flews sufficient to give a square appearance. Nostrils large, open; black in color, never butterfly or pink.

Lips

:
FCI
The flews are well developed with typical hound appearance. Teeth Fit evenly with scissors bite.

Jaws/Teeth

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UKC
Scissors bite preferred, even bite acceptable.

Eyes

:
FCI
Are from hazel to dark brown in color, almost round and not deeply set.
UKC
Prominent, hound-like, pleading expression. Dark brown or black, not lighter than hazel. Eyelids firm and close (no drooping).

Ears

:
FCI
Are low set and well back. They hang in graceful folds, giving the dog a majestic appearance. In length they extend naturally well beyond the tip of the nose and are set at eye level or lower.
UKC
Set medium low, well attached to head and devoid of erectile power, should reach approximately to end of nose when drawn out. Should hang gracefully, inside part tipping toward muzzle, should not be too pointed at tip, slightly oval, soft and velvety, hanging in a roll when head is raised.

NECK

:
FCI
The neck is muscular, sloping, medium length. The skin is devoid of excess dewlap.
UKC
Not too thick, nor too long, but graceful and strong; minimum of dewlap.

BODY

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UKC
Chest: Deep, moderately wide, showing large lung space. Back: Short and slightly arched, well muscled and strong. This is one important part of the breed. A good rule to breed to is the same distance from root of tail to shoulder as height at shoulder.

Back

:
FCI
The back is level, powerful and strong.

Chest

:
FCI
Chest reaches at least to the elbows.
Ribs: The dog possesses full, round, well sprung ribs, avoiding flatsidedness.

TAIL

:
FCI
Is strong, with base slightly below level of backline, carried free and when in action at approximately right angle to back.
UKC
Heavy, strong at root tapering there, rather long without brush, carried free, well-up, saber like.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
The forelegs are straight .
UKC
Shoulders: Muscular and sloping; indicating speed and strength.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Powerfully constructed.

Elbow

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

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UKC
Straight, smooth forearms, muscular, straight at knees, perfectly in line with upper leg.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and erect.

FEET

:
UKC
Tight and well padded. Toes short to medium and close knit. Neither cat-footed nor splay-footed. Foot to be proportionate to the size of the body.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Are compact, with well knuckled, strongly arched toes and thick, strong pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Quarters are well boned and muscled. From hip to hock long and sinewy, hock to pad short and strong. When standing on a level surface, the hind feet are set back from under the body and the leg from pad to hock is at right angles to the ground.
Stifles and hocks: Well bent and not inclining either in or out.
UKC
Hips: Smooth, round, proportionately wide, flanks gracefully arched, muscular at the loins.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Strong and muscular above hock. Slightly bent at hock and stifle, not cow hocked, free of dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
When viewed from the side, the stride of the Black and Tan Coonhound is easy and graceful with plenty of reach in front and drive behind. When viewed from the front the forelegs, which are in line with the width of the body, move forward in an effortless manner, but never cross. Viewed from the rear the hocks follow on a line with the forelegs, being neither too widely nor too closely spaced, and as the speed of the trot increases the feet tend to converge toward a center line or single track indicating soundness, balance and stamina. When in action, his head and tail carriage is proud and alert; the topline remains level.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
Short but dense to withstand rough going.
UKC
Smooth haired, fine, glossy, but thick enough for protection.

COLOUR

:
FCI
As the name implies, the color is coal black with rich tan markings above eyes, on sides of muzzle, chest, legs and breeching, with black pencil markings on toes.
UKC
Predominately deep, rich black, with tan trim covering not more than 10-15 percent of body. Small pumpkin seeds over the eyes. A little white on breast is not a fault, but no white elsewhere.

SIZE

:
UKC
Slightly more at shoulders than at hips. Males: 23-27 inches. Females: 21-26 inches.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Measured at the shoulder Males 63, 5 to 68,5 cm (25 to 27 inches);
Females 58 to 63, 5 cm (23 to 25 inches).
Oversized dogs should not be penalized when general soundness and proportion are in favor.

Weight

:
UKC
Dogs being shown slightly under weight due to hunting will not be penalized. This is a working breed and should appear as such. Males: 50-75 pounds. Females: 40-65 pounds.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Head Excessive wrinkles.
  • Bite Excessive deviation from scissors bite.
  • Eyes Yellow or light eyes.
  • Ears Ears that do not reach the tip of nose and are set too high on the head.
  • Hindquarters Rear dewclaws.
  • Feet Flat or splayed feet.
  • Colour lack of rich tan markings, excessive areas of tan markings, excessive black coloration. White on chest or other parts of body is highly undesirable.
  • Size Undersize.
Inasmuch as this is a hunting breed, scars from honorable wounds shall not be considered faults.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
A solid patch of white which extends more than one inch in any direction.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot.
Eyes: Blind.
Ears: Deaf.
Color: Albinism.
Weight: Males under 23 inches or over 27 inches. Females under 21 inches or over 26 inches. (Entries in Puppy Class are not to be eliminated for being undersize.)


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.