Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Bichon Frise

(Bichon à Poil Frisé)

Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Belgium/France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.04.2016.
KC
March 1994

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 1.1Bichons and related breeds, Bichons
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis, brought up to date by Dr. J.-M. Paschoud.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
Existence of the Bichon Frise breed has been documented since the 14th century, when French sailors brought them back from Tenerife, one of the Canary Islands. The breed is thought to have been brought there by traders, using the Phoenician trade route, as items of barters. The breed's area of origin is thought to be Italy and the areas around that country, where most of the Bichon breeds were found. The Bichon Frise is unique among the Bichon breeds as it is double coated, having both an under and outer coat. This gives the breed its characteristic "powder puff" appearance. The Bichon Frise was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1981.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Merry and playful little dog, with a lively gait, medium length muzzle, long very loose corkskrew-curled hair, very like the coat of the Mongolian goat. Head carriage is proud and high, the eyes dark, lively and expressive.
KC
Well balanced dog of smart appearance, closely coated with handsome plume carried over the back. Natural white coat curling loosely. Head carriage proud and high.
UKC
The Bichon Frise is small, compact and sturdy in appearance, with medium bone, never appearing coarse or fine. Its dense, white coat gives the breed the appearance of a white powder puff. It moves jauntily, with high head carriage and its plumed tail carried over its back.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Gay, happy, lively little dog.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
KC
Friendly and outgoing.
UKC
The breed has a merry, playful temperament. It is sensitive, gentle and affectionate and has a soft, inquisitive expression with sparkling dark eyes.

HEAD

:
FCI
In harmony with the body.
KC
Ratio of muzzle length to skull length 3 : 5. On a head of the correct width and length, lines drawn between the outer corners of the eyes and nose will create a near equilateral triangle. Whole head in balance with body. Muzzle not thick, heavy nor snipey. Cheeks flat, not very strongly muscled. Stop moderate but definite, hollow between eyebrows just visible. Skull slightly rounded, not coarse, with hair accentuating rounded appearance. Nose large, round, black, soft and shiny.
UKC
The head is in harmony with the size of the body. To be considered properly balanced, measured from the nose to the stop and from the stop to the occiput, the head should be three parts muzzle to five parts skull. There is a slight stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Rather flat to the touch although the furnishings makes it appear round. The skull longer than the muzzle.
UKC
The skull is slightly rounded, allowing for a round and forward-looking eye. Cheeks are flat and not very muscular.

Stop

:
FCI
Not much marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
The nose is rounded, black, finely grained and glossy.
UKC
Prominent and always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The muzzle must not be thick nor heavy, without however being snipey. The furrow between the superciliary arches slightly visible.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable. Lips fine, fairly tight and completely black.
UKC
Strong, but not thick or heavy, with fine, lean, black lips that are never heavy or pendulous. The slight degree of chiseling under the eyes does not cause the foreface to appear weak or snipey.

Lips

:
FCI
The lips are fine, rather lean, less however than in the Schipperke, falling only enough so as to cover the lower lip, but never heavy nor pendulous; they are normally black up to the corner of the lips; the lower lip must not be heavy nor visible, nor slack and does not allow the mucous membranes to be seen when the mouth is closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Bite normal, i.e. the incisors of the lower jaw are placed immediately against and behind the point of the teeth in the upper jaw.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Flat and not very muscular.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark eyes, as much as possible with dark eyelids, of a rather round shape and not almond shaped; not placed obliquely; lively, not too big, not showing any white. Neither large nor prominent as in the Griffon Bruxellois and the Pekingese; the socket must not bulge. The eyeball must not stand out too much.
KC
Dark, round with black eye rims, surrounded by dark haloes, consisting of well pigmented skin. Forward-looking, fairly large but not almond-shaped, neither obliquely set nor protruding. Showing no white when looking forward. Alert, full of expression.
UKC
The eyes are black or dark brown in color. They are round and are set in the skull in such a way that they look directly forward. Eye rim pigment is black. The skin surrounding the eyes (halo) is always black or very dark brown.

Ears

:
FCI
Drooping, well furnished with finely curled long hairs, carried rather forward when the dog is attentive, but in such a way that the front edge touches the skull and does not stand away obliquely; the length of the cartilage must not, like in the Poodle, extend to the nose, but stops halfway of the length of the muzzle. The ears are anyway not as broad and finer than the Poodle’s.
KC
Hanging close to head, well covered with flowing hair longer than leathers, set on slightly higher than eye level and rather forward on skull. Carried forward when dog alert, forward edge touching skull. Leather reaching approximately half-way along muzzle.
UKC
Characteristically dropped ears are covered with long, flowing hair. They are set forward on the skull at slightly higher than eye level, framing the face when the dog is alert. In proportion, when the ears are pulled toward the nose, they extend approximately half the length of the muzzle.

NECK

:
FCI
Reach of neck is fairly long, carried high and proudly. Round and fine near the skull, broadening gradually to merge smoothly into the shoulders. Its length is approximately a third of the length of the body (proportion of 11 cm to 33 cm for a dog of 27 cm high), the points of the shoulder blades against the withers taken as basis.
KC
Arched neck fairly long, about one-third the length of body. Carried high and proudly. Round and slim near head, gradually broadening to fit smoothly into shoulders.
UKC
The long, arched neck is carried proudly, blending smoothly into the shoulders. It holds the head erect. Measured from the occiput to the withers, the length of the neck is about one-third the distance of the body length, which is measured from the forechest (prosternum) to the point of the buttocks.

BODY

:
KC
Forechest well developed, deep brisket. Ribs well sprung, floating ribs not terminating abruptly. Loin broad, well muscled, slightly arched and well tucked up. Pelvis broad, croup slightly rounded. Length from withers to tailset should equal height from withers to ground.
UKC
Measured from the prosternum to the point of the buttocks, the body is one-quarter longer than tall, measured from the withers to the ground. The measurement from the withers to the lowest point of the chest is one-half of the distance from the withers to the ground. The backline (from the rear end of the withers to the tail root) is level except for a slight muscular arch over the loin. The well-developed chest is wide, allowing free and unrestricted movement of the front legs. The lowest point of the chest extends at least to the elbows, which are placed directly below the withers. The moderately-sprung rib cage extends back to the short, muscular loin. The well-pronounced forechest projects slightly past the point of the shoulder. The underline has a moderate tuck-up.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and well muscled, slightly arched.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly rounded.

Chest

:
FCI
Well developed; the sternum is pronounced; the false ribs rounded and do not end abruptly, the chest having horizontally a rather great depth.

Flank

:
FCI
The flanks are well tucked up at the belly; the skin is fine and not loose, giving quite a whippety appearance.

TAIL

:
FCI
The tail is set a little more below the back line than in the Poodle. Normally the tail is carried raised and gracefully curved in line with the spine, without being rolled up; it is not docked and must not be in contact with the back; however the tail furnishings may fall onto the back.
KC
Normally carried raised and curved gracefully over the back but not tightly curled. Never docked. Carried in line with backbone, only hair touching back; tail itself not in contact. Set on level with topline, neither too high nor too low. Corkscrew tail undesirable.
UKC
The well-plumed tail is set on level with the topline. It is carried curved gracefully over the back so that the tail hair rests on the back. The tail, if extended toward the head, measures at least halfway to the withers.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, forelegs really straight and perpendicular; fine bone.
KC
Shoulders oblique, not prominent, equal in length to upper arm. Upper arm fits close to body. Legs straight, perpendicular, when seen from front; not too finely boned. Pasterns short and straight viewed from front, very slightly sloping viewed from side.
UKC
The shoulder blade (scapula) and upper arm (humerus) are about equal in length. The shoulder layback is at approximately a 45-degree angle.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder is fairly slanted, not prominent, giving the appearance of being the same length as the upper arm, about 10 cm.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Not standing away from the body.

Elbow

:
FCI
Not turned out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The medium-boned, straight legs do not curve in the forearm or wrist. The elbows are held close to the body. The pasterns slope slightly. Dewclaws may be removed.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short and straight seen from the front; very slightly oblique seen in profile.

FEET

:
KC
Tight, rounded and well knuckled up. Pads black. Nails preferably black.
UKC
Feet (paws) are tight and round, cat-like; they point directly forward, turning neither in nor out. Pads are black. Nails are to be kept short.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Sinewy. Nails preferably black; it is however an ideal difficult to obtain.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The pelvis is wide.
KC
Thighs broad and well rounded. Stifles well bent; hocks well angulated and metatarsals perpendicular.
UKC
The pelvis is broad and the hindquarters are well muscled.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad and muscular; well slanting.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The medium-boned legs are placed moderately wide apart and are well-angulated at the stifle and hock joints. From hock joint to foot pad, the leg is perpendicular to the ground. Dewclaws may be removed.

Hock

:
FCI
Compared with the Poodle, the hock joint is more angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
KC
Balanced and effortless with an easy reach and drive maintaining a steady and level topline. Legs moving straight along line of travel, with hind pads showing.
UKC
At a trot, movement is free and effortless, yet precise. From the side, the front and hind legs extend equally with easy reach and drive, maintaining a steady topline. While in action, the head and neck remain somewhat erect. As speed increases, the dog tends toward convergence to a center line of travel. The hindquarters maintain a moderate width between them while moving, and the footpads can be seen. Movement is precise and true coming and going.

SKIN

:
FCI
The pigmentation beneath the white coat is preferably dark; the genitals are then pigmented either black, bluish or beige.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Fine, silky, very loose corkscrew curls looking like the coat (fur) of the Mongolian goat, neither flat nor corded and 7 to 10 cm long.
Grooming: The dog may be shown with the feet and muzzle slightly tidied up.
KC
Fine, silky with soft corkscrew curls. Neither flat nor corded, and measuring 7-10 cms (3-4 ins) in length. The dog may be presented untrimmed or have muzzle and feet slightly tidied up.
UKC
Coat texture is of utmost importance. The coat consists of both an undercoat, which is soft and dense, and an outer coat, which is coarser and curlier. The coat is soft, but substantial, feeling similar to plush or velvet; and springs back when patted. After bathing and brushing, the coat stands off from the body, giving an overall powder puff appearance. The coat is trimmed only as needed to reveal the natural outline of the body. It may be rounded off, but never cut so short as to be sculpted and/or squared off. The hair on the head, beard, moustache, ears and tail are left longer. The head hair is trimmed to create an overall rounded, but not unnatural, appearance. The coat is left long enough to maintain the breed’s characteristic powder puff look.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure white.
KC
White, but cream or apricot markings acceptable up to 18 months. Under white coat, dark pigment desirable. Black, blue or beige markings often found on skin.
UKC
White is the acceptable color, but shadings of buff, cream or apricot around the ears or on the body are acceptable. Pigmentation beneath the coat is preferably dark.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height 23-28 cms (9-11 ins) at withers.
UKC
In the adult, both dogs and bitches 9½ inches to 11½ inches are the ideal. However, quality is not to be sacrificed if a superior specimen outside of this range is presented; not to be extended to under 9 inches or over 12 inches.

Height at withers

:
FCI
The height at the withers should not exceed 30 cm, the small size being an element of success.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Slightly overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Coat flat, wavy, corded or too short.
  • Pigmentation extending into the coat and forming rusty (red) patches.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Any deviations from the breed standard are to be penalized to the extent of deviation. The very nature of this breed is one of balance and soundness; any structural faults are undesirable.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Muzzle: Flesh-colored lips.
Teeth: Undershot bite. Overshot bite.
Eyes: Broken pigment or total lack of pigment around the eyes. Blank and/or staring expression. Eyes any other color than black or dark brown.
Tail: Low tail set. Drooping tail. Corkscrew tail.
Coat: Coat flat, wavy, corded or too short. Lack of undercoat.
Color: Any color, other than white, in excess of 10 percent of the entire coat on a mature dog, (not faulted in puppies).

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Pink nose.
Flesh coloured lips.
Prognathism (undershot-overshot) so developed to the extent that the incisors do not touch.
Light eyes.
Rolled up tail or twisted in a spiral.
Black spots in the coat.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Flesh colored nose.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.