Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Bichon Frise

(Bichon à Poil Frisé)

Bichon Frise


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Belgium/France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.04.2016.
KC
March 1994

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 1.1Bichons and related breeds, Bichons
Without working trial

KC
Toy

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis, brought up to date by Dr. J.-M. Paschoud.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Merry and playful little dog, with a lively gait, medium length muzzle, long very loose corkskrew-curled hair, very like the coat of the Mongolian goat. Head carriage is proud and high, the eyes dark, lively and expressive.
KC
Well balanced dog of smart appearance, closely coated with handsome plume carried over the back. Natural white coat curling loosely. Head carriage proud and high.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Gay, happy, lively little dog.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
KC
Friendly and outgoing.

HEAD

:
FCI
In harmony with the body.
KC
Ratio of muzzle length to skull length 3 : 5. On a head of the correct width and length, lines drawn between the outer corners of the eyes and nose will create a near equilateral triangle. Whole head in balance with body. Muzzle not thick, heavy nor snipey. Cheeks flat, not very strongly muscled. Stop moderate but definite, hollow between eyebrows just visible. Skull slightly rounded, not coarse, with hair accentuating rounded appearance. Nose large, round, black, soft and shiny.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Rather flat to the touch although the furnishings makes it appear round. The skull longer than the muzzle.

Stop

:
FCI
Not much marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
The nose is rounded, black, finely grained and glossy.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The muzzle must not be thick nor heavy, without however being snipey. The furrow between the superciliary arches slightly visible.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable. Lips fine, fairly tight and completely black.

Lips

:
FCI
The lips are fine, rather lean, less however than in the Schipperke, falling only enough so as to cover the lower lip, but never heavy nor pendulous; they are normally black up to the corner of the lips; the lower lip must not be heavy nor visible, nor slack and does not allow the mucous membranes to be seen when the mouth is closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Bite normal, i.e. the incisors of the lower jaw are placed immediately against and behind the point of the teeth in the upper jaw.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Flat and not very muscular.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark eyes, as much as possible with dark eyelids, of a rather round shape and not almond shaped; not placed obliquely; lively, not too big, not showing any white. Neither large nor prominent as in the Griffon Bruxellois and the Pekingese; the socket must not bulge. The eyeball must not stand out too much.
KC
Dark, round with black eye rims, surrounded by dark haloes, consisting of well pigmented skin. Forward-looking, fairly large but not almond-shaped, neither obliquely set nor protruding. Showing no white when looking forward. Alert, full of expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Drooping, well furnished with finely curled long hairs, carried rather forward when the dog is attentive, but in such a way that the front edge touches the skull and does not stand away obliquely; the length of the cartilage must not, like in the Poodle, extend to the nose, but stops halfway of the length of the muzzle. The ears are anyway not as broad and finer than the Poodle’s.
KC
Hanging close to head, well covered with flowing hair longer than leathers, set on slightly higher than eye level and rather forward on skull. Carried forward when dog alert, forward edge touching skull. Leather reaching approximately half-way along muzzle.

NECK

:
FCI
Reach of neck is fairly long, carried high and proudly. Round and fine near the skull, broadening gradually to merge smoothly into the shoulders. Its length is approximately a third of the length of the body (proportion of 11 cm to 33 cm for a dog of 27 cm high), the points of the shoulder blades against the withers taken as basis.
KC
Arched neck fairly long, about one-third the length of body. Carried high and proudly. Round and slim near head, gradually broadening to fit smoothly into shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Forechest well developed, deep brisket. Ribs well sprung, floating ribs not terminating abruptly. Loin broad, well muscled, slightly arched and well tucked up. Pelvis broad, croup slightly rounded. Length from withers to tailset should equal height from withers to ground.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and well muscled, slightly arched.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly rounded.

Chest

:
FCI
Well developed; the sternum is pronounced; the false ribs rounded and do not end abruptly, the chest having horizontally a rather great depth.

Flank

:
FCI
The flanks are well tucked up at the belly; the skin is fine and not loose, giving quite a whippety appearance.

TAIL

:
FCI
The tail is set a little more below the back line than in the Poodle. Normally the tail is carried raised and gracefully curved in line with the spine, without being rolled up; it is not docked and must not be in contact with the back; however the tail furnishings may fall onto the back.
KC
Normally carried raised and curved gracefully over the back but not tightly curled. Never docked. Carried in line with backbone, only hair touching back; tail itself not in contact. Set on level with topline, neither too high nor too low. Corkscrew tail undesirable.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, forelegs really straight and perpendicular; fine bone.
KC
Shoulders oblique, not prominent, equal in length to upper arm. Upper arm fits close to body. Legs straight, perpendicular, when seen from front; not too finely boned. Pasterns short and straight viewed from front, very slightly sloping viewed from side.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder is fairly slanted, not prominent, giving the appearance of being the same length as the upper arm, about 10 cm.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Not standing away from the body.

Elbow

:
FCI
Not turned out.

FORELEGS

:

Pastern

:
FCI
Short and straight seen from the front; very slightly oblique seen in profile.

FEET

:
KC
Tight, rounded and well knuckled up. Pads black. Nails preferably black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Sinewy. Nails preferably black; it is however an ideal difficult to obtain.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The pelvis is wide.
KC
Thighs broad and well rounded. Stifles well bent; hocks well angulated and metatarsals perpendicular.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad and muscular; well slanting.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock

:
FCI
Compared with the Poodle, the hock joint is more angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
KC
Balanced and effortless with an easy reach and drive maintaining a steady and level topline. Legs moving straight along line of travel, with hind pads showing.

SKIN

:
FCI
The pigmentation beneath the white coat is preferably dark; the genitals are then pigmented either black, bluish or beige.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Fine, silky, very loose corkscrew curls looking like the coat (fur) of the Mongolian goat, neither flat nor corded and 7 to 10 cm long.
Grooming: The dog may be shown with the feet and muzzle slightly tidied up.
KC
Fine, silky with soft corkscrew curls. Neither flat nor corded, and measuring 7-10 cms (3-4 ins) in length. The dog may be presented untrimmed or have muzzle and feet slightly tidied up.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure white.
KC
White, but cream or apricot markings acceptable up to 18 months. Under white coat, dark pigment desirable. Black, blue or beige markings often found on skin.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height 23-28 cms (9-11 ins) at withers.

Height at withers

:
FCI
The height at the withers should not exceed 30 cm, the small size being an element of success.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Slightly overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Coat flat, wavy, corded or too short.
  • Pigmentation extending into the coat and forming rusty (red) patches.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Pink nose.
Flesh coloured lips.
Prognathism (undershot-overshot) so developed to the extent that the incisors do not touch.
Light eyes.
Rolled up tail or twisted in a spiral.
Black spots in the coat.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.