Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Picardy Sheepdog

(Berger de Picardie - Berger Picard)

Berger Picard


ORIGIN

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FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
04.11.2008.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Shepherd and guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
With working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

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FCI
Jennifer Mulholland in collaboration with R. Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
The Picardy Sheepdog has very ancient origins. Of course it is not certain that the Picardy Shepherd originates strictly from the Picardie region; it is possible, even probable, that it was widerspread as harsh-coated sheep and cattle dogs were typical throughout north west Europe.
In 1863, the first Picardies were judged at a show in the same class as Beaucerons and Briards. In 1898 it became evident that the Picardy was a breed. Paul Megnin drafted the first standard in 1922. The breed obtained definitive recognition in 1925.
The breed stagnated somewhat until the second world war and it was only afterwards that fanciers, who wanted to revive interest in the breed, began searching in Picardie, at the source, for the most typical subjects for breeding.
After many years, during which the Breed Club had difficulties in obtaining official recognition, Mr Robert Montenot, an eminent dog specialist, created the “Les Amis du Berger Picard” Club in 1955.
The club obtained definitive recognition in 1959 and a new breed standard was approved by the S.C.C. in 1964. The present standard was drawn up by Mr. J.C. Larive, President of the Club, and his committee in collaboration with Mr. R. Triquet.
UKC
The Berger Picard, named for the Picardie region in northeast France, is one of the oldest French breeds of sheep-herding dogs. Some scholars believe the breed was introduced by the Celts, while others claim it is descended from dogs of Asian tribes who invaded Europe in the Middle Ages. Some experts insist that this breed is related to the more well-known Briard and Beauceron, while others suppose it shares a common origin with Dutch and Belgian Shepherds. Although the Berger Picard made an appearance at the first French dog show in 1863, the breed’s rustic appearance did not lead to popularity as a show dog. The two World Wars nearly caused the extinction of the Berger Picard and it is still rare, even in France. The Berger Picard was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1994.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
The Picardy Shepherd is a medium-sized dog. It is solid, hardy, well muscled and well built without ever being heavy. It remains very elegant whether standing or in action.
Its lively and alert expression is characterized by its rugged appearance.
UKC
The Berger Picard is a medium-sized, well-muscled dog, slightly longer than tall, with a distinctive rough coat, erect ears, and a natural tail that normally reaches to the hock and is carried with a slight J-curve at the tip. The Berger Picard should be evaluated as a working sheep-herding dog, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog’s ability to work.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI

The Picardy Sheepdog is mediolinear (of medium proportions). The length of the body, from the point of the shoulder to the point of buttock, should be slightly more than the height at the withers (from 5 to 8%). Females are generally a little longer than males.
The skull and muzzle are of equal length.
The distance from the elbow to the ground is equal to half the height at withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
The Picardy Sheepdog is even tempered. It is neither aggressive, shy nor nervous. It should be both obedient and fearless. These qualities enable it to easily accomplish its work which consists of driving and protecting flocks of sheep. It is also a very good guard for the home and an excellent family dog who enjoys close contact with children.
UKC
Britain has fewer predators and its sheep are less tame than in France. While British sheep traditionally lived outdoors in enclosed pastures, French sheep were usually grazed in an open pasture each day and returned each evening to a stable or enclosure. These differences resulted in significant variations in the temperament and herding style of British and French dogs. The Berger Picard shares many characteristics with the Briard, the Beauceron, and the other continental herding breeds. Because of the French practice of grazing in unenclosed areas, often adjoining land planted with crops, the Berger Picard developed a herding style referred to as “boundary” or “tending.” This contrasts with the “fetching” style of the British herding dogs. Because of the increased threat of predators, French shepherds preferred a herding dog with a strong protective instinct that has led many of the more well-known continental herding breeds into police work. The Berger Picard is a lively, energetic, affectionate dog that is still primarily used in France for herding. Their intelligence and protective instincts make them suitable as guard dogs as well. They are excellent family companions and very good with children.

HEAD

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FCI
Without being heavy, it should be in proportion to the size. Delicately chiselled, it should not give the impression of being pointed.
Seen from the side, the lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel. The type is stamped by the rugged aspect; distinct eyebrows (hair approximately 4cm long and which should not veil the eyes) along with beard and moustaches.
UKC
The head is free of wrinkles and proportional to the size of the dog. The skull and muzzle are of equal length, parallel to one another, and joined at a very slight stop. There is a slight median furrow between the bony arches over the eyes.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Seen from the front, the forehead should not be flat but slightly convex, with a minimal depression in the middle.
UKC
The skull is broad and slightly domed. It is covered with harsh-textured hair approximately 1½ inches in length, which causes the skull to appear nearly flat when viewed from the front. The cheeks are just slightly rounded. The hair above the eyes falls forward, forming rough eyebrows that are not trimmed nor are they so thick or long as to obscure the eyes.

Stop

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FCI
Only slightly defined; it is placed at equal distance from the occiput and the tip of the nose.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Well developed. Always black, well opened nostrils.
UKC
The nose is large and always black.

Muzzle

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FCI
Strong and not too long. It should not end in a point. The nosebridge is straight. Presence of thin beard and moustaches.
UKC
Viewed from above, the muzzle tapers slightly from the stop to the nose, but is powerful and never snipey. In profile, the bridge of the muzzle is straight. Lips are thin and tight with dark pigment. The hair on the muzzle forms a distinct moustache and beard.

Lips

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FCI
Thin and tight-fitting.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Powerful jaws. Scissors bite. Dentition should be complete.
UKC
The Berger Picard has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

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FCI
Should be moderately round.

Eyes

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FCI
Horizontal, of medium size, oval, not prominent, dark colour (the colour can be more or less dark depending on that of the coat, but never lighter than hazel).
UKC
The eyes are of medium size, oval, and set on a horizontal axis. Eye color is brown, with the darkness of the color varying with the color of the coat, but never lighter than hazel. The eye rims are tight-fitting and black. The expression is intelligent and confident.

Ears

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FCI
Of moderate size, wide at set-on, high set, always carried naturally erect with slightly rounded tips. A diverging carriage is tolerated, but not sought after.
UKC
Ears are of moderate size (approximately 3 inches tall), set rather high, and always carried naturally erect. They are broad at the base and slightly rounded at the tips. From the front, the outer edge of the ear points straight up, although it may point slightly outward and still be acceptable.

NECK

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FCI
Strong and muscled, of reasonable length, springing cleanly from the shoulders to allow for proud carriage.
UKC
The neck is long but strong and muscular, blending smoothly into well-laid-back shoulders. The head is carried proudly erect.

BODY

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FCI
The bone structure is solid, without exaggeration, and the muscles are lean.
UKC
The body is slightly longer than tall. The ribs are well sprung out from the spine, forming a strong back, then curving down and inward. The chest reaches no deeper than the elbows and extends in a gently rounded oval in front of the forelegs. The line of the back is straight. The loin is well-muscled and broad. The croup is slightly sloping and blends into the hindquarters in a gentle curve. The belly is slightly tucked up.

Back

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FCI
Straight.

Loin

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FCI
Strong.

Croup

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FCI
Sloping slightly and progressively into the buttocks.

Chest

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FCI
Reaches the elbows but not beyond. The correct chest perimeter measurement, taken immediately behind the elbows, is superior by 1/5th to the height at withers. The ribs are well sprung at the top then gradually flatten towards the sternum.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Slightly tucked up.

TAIL

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FCI
Naturally long. At rest, it should reach the point of the hock joint and be slightly curved at the tip. In action, it can be carried higher but never over the back. The hair on the tail is the same length as that on the body.
UKC
The tail is a natural extension of the topline. The tail is never docked; is thick at the base, and tapers to the tip. When the dog is in repose, the tail just reaches to the hock, with the bottom of the tail forming a hook shaped like the letter “J” when viewed from the side. When the dog is in action, the tail is carried higher than, but never above, the level of the back. The tail is covered with hair of the same length as the body coat.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Upright, seen from the front and side.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long, smoothly muscled, and moderately laid back.

Shoulder

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FCI
Long and sloping.

Elbow

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FCI
Tight to the body.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The forelegs are straight and strong, with slightly sloping pasterns. The elbows are neither close to the body nor out, but are set on a plane parallel to the body.

Forearm

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FCI
Straight and well muscled.

Pastern

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FCI
Sloping slightly forwards.

FEET

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UKC
Feet are compact, well-knit, and round in shape. Toes are well-arched. Pads are firm and supple. Nails are strong and dark in color. Double dewclaws on the rear legs may be present, but are not preferred.

Forefeet

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FCI
Rounded, short and compact.

Hind feet

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FCI
Rounded, short and compact. No dewclaws or supernumery digits. Pads are firm. Nails dark in colour.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Parallel seen from behind and upright seen from the side.
UKC
The angulation of the pelvis and femur is in balance with the angulation of the forequarters.

Thigh

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FCI
Long and well muscled.

Stifle

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FCI
Strong articulation.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The hind legs are long and well muscled. The stifle and hock joints are moderately angulated. Rear pasterns are strong, lean, and of moderate length. Viewed from any angle, they are parallel to one another and perpendicular to the ground. When standing naturally, rear legs are spaced moderately apart and are set neither too far out behind the dog nor under.

Hock

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FCI
Moderately bent; neither too open or closed.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Upright.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Supple and free. Giving the impression of being both elegant and effortless. Moderate reach of forelegs; limbs remaining parallel.
UKC
The Berger Picard moves freely, with long, easy steps, giving the impression of being both elegant and effortless. His structure permits the abrupt turns, springing starts and sudden stops required of a herding dog. Reach is moderate; limbs remain parallel.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI
Harsh, semi-long. It should feel crisp when touched. Should measure from 5 to 6 cms over the entire body including the tail. Fine, dense undercoat.
UKC
The Berger Picard’s shaggy, rough, double coat is a distinctive characteristic of the breed. The length of the coat is approximately 2 to 2½ inches all over the body except for the head, where it is slightly shorter; and around the neck, where the mane may be slightly longer. The texture of the outer coat is harsh and crisp to the touch. The undercoat is soft and dense.

COLOUR

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FCI

Fawn, fawn with dark overlay, fawn brindle and grey which generally remains dark.
Without any large white patches (a slight white mark is tolerated on the forechest and the end of the feet).
UKC
Color may be gray, gray-black, gray with black highlights, gray-blue, gray-red, light or dark fawn, brindle, or a mixture of these shades. A slight white marking is allowed on the chest and on the tips of the toes.

SIZE

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UKC
Desirable height at maturity for males is between 23½ and 25½ inches and, for females, between 21½ and 23½ inches.

Height at withers

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FCI

At the withers Males 60 – 65 cms
Females 55 – 60 cms
Tolerance +/- 1cm

FAULTS

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FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC

Skull: Eyebrows absent or too full. Skull too flat or too domed. Forehead too flat or too steep.
Muzzle: Absence of moustache or beard. Pendulous lips. Absence of pigment in lips.
Teeth: Missing up to two premolars. Level mouth.
Ears: Ears taller than 5 inches. Ears set too low or too close together. Outer edge of ear that points inward toward the tip.
Neck: Neck too thin and weak. Neck too short and thick. Ewe neck. Dewlap.
Forelegs: Pastern too steep; down in pastern.
Tail: Absence of coat on tail. Plush coat on tail. Tail too short. Kink in tail.
Color: White patch on the chest forming a “shirtfront.” White all over the toes.
Size: Up to three-quarters of an inch above the maximum.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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FCI

Absence of 2 teeth except for PM4 in the lower jaw (PM1 are not taken into consideration).
Reverse bite without loss of contact of the incisors.
Eyes very light in colour.
Tail curled over the back or excessively short.
Coat which has tendency to curl. Coat too flat; length less than 4 cm or more than 7 cm. Limp or woolly coat.
Very irregular conformity of limbs; especially, faulty hindquarters, excessively turned-out feet, cow-hocked.
UKC

Teeth: Missing up to four premolars.
Eyes: Eyes set obliquely. Eyes too light.
Tail: Tail continuously carried over the back.
Coat: Body coat shorter than 2 inches; longer than 3 inches.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
Lack of type.
Overshot or undershot with loss of contact of incisors.
Absence of 2 PM4 or more than 2 teeth other than PM4 (The PM1 are not taken into consideration).
Wall eye or light eye tending to yellow.
Ears not naturally erect.
Tail rudimentary or absent.
Colour black, white, harlequin or pied; white spreading too much over the forechest, completely white feet, white elsewhere than stated above.
  • Height not within the limits of the standard (including tolerance). Heights of 67cms for a male and 62cms for a female can only be tolerated for subjects of exceptional quality.
Any dogs clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. More than four missing teeth. Overshot or undershot. Nose any color other than black. Wall eyes. Non-matching eyes. Ear not fully erect. Tail absent or bobbed. Body coat shorter than 1½ inches. Soft or woolly coat. Curly coat. Flat coat. Pure black or white. Harlequin or pied. All white chest or feet. White on the coat anywhere other than chest or feet.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: More than four missing teeth. Overshot or undershot.
Nose: Nose any color other than black.
Eyes: Wall eyes. Non-matching eyes.
Ears: Ears not fully erect.
Tail: Tail absent or bobbed.
Coat: Body coat shorter than 1½ inches. Soft or woolly coat. Curly coat. Flat coat.
Color: Pure black or white. Harlequin or pied. All white chest or feet. White on the coat anywhere other than chest or feet. Albinism.
Size: Mature dog below the minimum height (23½ for males; 21½ for females). Height over 27 inches for males; 25 inches for females.
Size: Height over 27 inches for males; 25 inches for females.
Size: Mature dog below the minimum height (23½ for males; 21½ for females).


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.