Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Beauceron

(Berger de Beauce)

Beauceron


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.10.2006.
KC
September 2000

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sheepdog and Guard Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
With working trial

KC
Pastoral

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
John Miller, Raymond Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
“Beauce Dog”, “Beauceron” and “Red-Stocking” were the names chosen at the end of the XIX century to designate these ancient French Sheepdogs of the plains, all of the same type, with smooth hair on the head, a harsh, short coat and ears normally cropped. The body had tan markings, notably at the extremities of the four legs, which led the breeders at that time to call these dogs “Red-Stockings”. The coat was commonly black and tan but there were also grey, entirely black and even wholly tan dogs. These dogs were bred and selected for their aptitude to conduct and guard flocks of sheep.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Beauce Sheepdog is big, solid, hardy, powerful, well built and muscular, but without lumber.
KC
Large and solid. Unexaggerated, powerful, muscular build, without heaviness.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The Beauce Sheepdog is medium in all its proportions. The length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock should be slightly greater than the height at the withers.
The head is long 2/5 the height at the withers. The height and width of the head are slightly less than half its total length. The skull and muzzle are of equal length.
KC
Versatile, working/sheep herding dog.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Frank approach and self-assured. The expression is candid, never mean timid or worried. The character of the Beauceron should be gentle and fearless.
KC
Bold, fearless, intelligent.

HEAD

:
FCI
The head is well chiselled with harmonious lines. Seen in profile, the top lines of skull and muzzle lie roughly in parallel planes.
KC
In proportion to body. Skull flat or slightly rounded from side to side, slight furrow between eyes. Occiput well defined. Moderate stop set midway between tip of nose and occiput. Width of skull and depth of head slightly less than half length of head. In profile, top of strong muzzle appears parallel to top of skull. When viewed from side, narrow or snipy appearance undesirable.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat or slightly rounded from one side to the other. The median groove is only slightly marked, the occipital protuberance can be seen on the summit of the skull.

Stop

:
FCI
The stop is only slightly pronounced and is equidistant from the occiput and the end of the muzzle.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Proportionate to the muzzle, well developed, never split and always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Neither narrow or pointed.
KC
Teeth strong, full dentition. Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, ie upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Firm and always well pigmented. The upper lip should overlap the lower without any looseness. At their commissure, the lips should initiate a very slight pouch which should stay firm.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong teeth with a scissor bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Horizontal, slightly oval in shape. The iris should be dark brown, and in any case never lighter than dark hazel even if the tan is light coloured. For the harlequin variety, wall eyes are admitted.
KC
Dark, oval, medium sized, with well pigmented rims. Horizontally placed.

Ears

:
FCI
Set high. Ears are half-pricked or drop-ears. They should not be plastered against the cheeks. They are flat and rather short. The length of the ear should be half the length of the head.
KC
Dropped, flat, not set close to head. Length equal to half that of head.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular, of good length, united harmoniously with the shoulders.
KC
Muscular, blending smoothly into withers. Strong, to give proud head carriage.

BODY

:
KC
Firm, level back. Ribs long and well sprung. Loin wide, very muscular. Slightly sloping croup which determines the set of the tail. Length of body from withers to set on of tail slightly longer than height at withers. Bitches may be slightly longer than dogs.

Topline

:
FCI
The back is straight. The loin is short, broad and well muscled. The croup is only slightly inclined.

Withers

:
FCI
Quite visible.

Chest

:
FCI
The girth of the chest is greater than the height at the withers by more than one fifth. The chest is well let down to the point of the elbow. It is wide deep and long.

TAIL

:
FCI
Whole, carried low, it reaches at least to the hock, without deviating, forming a slight hook in the form of a “J”. When in action, the tail can be carried higher, an extension of the top line.
KC
Carried low and hanging straight, reaching to hock and with loose hook at end.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright when seen from the front or in profile.
KC
Shoulder blade and upper arm approximately equal in length and with moderate angulation. Well defined withers. Brisket reaching elbow. Chest wide and deep. Forelegs clean and muscular, medium bone and straight when seen from all angles.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping and moderately long.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Muscled.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, round, tight, turning neither in nor out. Nails black, pads hard but supple.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large, round, compact. The nails are always black. The pads are hard but nevertheless resilient.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Large, round, compact.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright when seen from profile and from behind.
KC
Moderately angulated stifle. Vertical from low set hock joint to foot. Well muscled. Seen from behind, legs parallel. Double dewclaws set close to foot.

Thigh

:
FCI
Wide and muscled.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock joint

:
FCI
Hock joint Substantial, not too close to the ground, the point situated roughly at ¼ the height at the withers, forming a well open angle with the second thigh.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical, slightly further back than the point of the buttock. By tradition, shepherds are much attached to the conservation of double dewclaws. The dewclaws form well separated “thumbs” with nails, placed rather close to the foot.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Supple and free. The limbs move well in line. The Beauce Sheepdog should have an extended trot with long reaching movement.
KC
Effortless, supple and free, with good reach, to display strength and endurance in the extended trot.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Smooth on the head, short, thick, firm and lying close to the body, 3 to 4 cm in length. The buttocks and the underside of the tail are lightly but obligatorily fringed. The undercoat is short, fine, dense and downy, preferably mouse grey, very close, and can’t be seen through the top coat.
KC
Short on head. Short, rough, thick and coarse laying close to body. Approximately 3-4cm (1.25-1.5 ins) long. Slight breeching on rear of thigh and under tail. Undercoat short, fine, soft and dense, preferably light grey and not showing through topcoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI

A faint while spot on the chest is tolerated.
a) Black and tan (Black with tan markings) “red stockings”. The black is pure black and the tan, red squirrel coloured. The tan markings are distributed as follows:
  • Spots over the eyes.
  • On the sides of the muzzle, diminishing gradually on the cheeks, never attaining under the ear.
  • On the chest, preferably two spots.
  • Under the neck.
  • Under the tail.
  • On the legs, disappearing progressively while rising, without covering in any case more than 1/3 of the leg and rising slightly higher on the inside.
b) Harlequin (blue-mottled with tan markings) grey, black and tan, the coat being black and grey in equal parts, the spots well distributed, with sometimes a predominance of black. The tan markings are the same as for the black and tan.
KC
Black and Tan: Markings rich and bright. Tan above eyes, on side of muzzle, narrowing on to cheeks but not reaching under ears. Two spots preferred on forechest rather than continuous band. Marked also on throat, under tail and on feet up to hock and pastern. Leg markings narrowing upwards on outside, but blending higher on inside. A few white hairs on chest permissible. Tricolour - Grey, Black and Tan: Coat has grey and black patches which are evenly distributed over body, with more black than grey. Tan markings as in Black and Tan.

SIZE

:
KC
Dogs: 65-70 cms (25½-27½ ins); Bitches: 63-68 cms (25-27 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Male from 65 cm to 70 cm.
Female from 61 cm to 68 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Size outside the standard limits.
Too light-boned.
Eyes too light, or wall eyes (except for harlequins).
Split nose, of a colour other than black, with unpigmented areas.
Overshot or undershot with loss of contact, absence of 3 or more teeth (the first premolars not counting).
Natural ears carried totally upright and firm.
Rear feet turned excessively to the exterior.
Simple dewclaws or absence of dewclaws on hind legs.
Shortened tail or tail carried over the back.
Coat Colour and texture other than those defined by the standard. Complete absence of tan markings. Shaggy coat. Well defined, quite visible white spot on chest. For the harlequin variety too much grey, black on one side and grey on the other, head entirely grey (absence of black).
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.