Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Beauceron

(Berger de Beauce)

Beauceron

Beauceron


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.10.2006.
KC
September 2000

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sheepdog and Guard Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
With working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
John Miller, Raymond Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
“Beauce Dog”, “Beauceron” and “Red-Stocking” were the names chosen at the end of the XIX century to designate these ancient French Sheepdogs of the plains, all of the same type, with smooth hair on the head, a harsh, short coat and ears normally cropped. The body had tan markings, notably at the extremities of the four legs, which led the breeders at that time to call these dogs “Red-Stockings”. The coat was commonly black and tan but there were also grey, entirely black and even wholly tan dogs. These dogs were bred and selected for their aptitude to conduct and guard flocks of sheep.
UKC
The Beauceron, or Berger de Beauce, is relatively unknown outside of its native France, although the breed is gaining popularity in the United States. It is a cousin of the Briard, and before the French Revolution both were used mainly as livestock guarding dogs. After the French Revolution, the breed developed into a herding dog. Since the French farmer was not concerned with anything but the working ability of the dogs, it wasn't until the late 19th century that a clear distinction was made between the two breeds - the long-haired variety was called the Briard, and the short-haired was called the Beauceron. The Beauceron was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1994.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Beauce Sheepdog is big, solid, hardy, powerful, well built and muscular, but without lumber.
KC
Large and solid. Unexaggerated, powerful, muscular build, without heaviness.
UKC
The Beauceron is a large animal with a rustic look and a powerful, muscular build, without heaviness. Appearance emphasizes effortless movement and a direct and fearless manner. The conformation of the Beauceron is balanced, harmoniously constructed and free from exaggeration.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The Beauce Sheepdog is medium in all its proportions. The length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock should be slightly greater than the height at the withers.
The head is long 2/5 the height at the withers. The height and width of the head are slightly less than half its total length. The skull and muzzle are of equal length.
KC
Versatile, working/sheep herding dog.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Frank approach and self-assured. The expression is candid, never mean timid or worried. The character of the Beauceron should be gentle and fearless.
KC
Bold, fearless, intelligent.
UKC
The Beauceron is gentle, fearless and self-assured. He has an open and candid expression. This breed must never appear mean, timid or worried.

HEAD

:
FCI
The head is well chiselled with harmonious lines. Seen in profile, the top lines of skull and muzzle lie roughly in parallel planes.
KC
In proportion to body. Skull flat or slightly rounded from side to side, slight furrow between eyes. Occiput well defined. Moderate stop set midway between tip of nose and occiput. Width of skull and depth of head slightly less than half length of head. In profile, top of strong muzzle appears parallel to top of skull. When viewed from side, narrow or snipy appearance undesirable.
UKC
The head is long and well-chiseled. The width and the depth of the head are slightly less than half of its total length. There is a moderate stop that is placed equidistant from the nose to the occiput. The skull and muzzle are of equal length and their top lines should lie in approximately parallel planes.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat or slightly rounded from one side to the other. The median groove is only slightly marked, the occipital protuberance can be seen on the summit of the skull.
UKC
The skull may be flat or slightly arched. The furrow between the eyes is slight. The occiput is well marked.

Stop

:
FCI
The stop is only slightly pronounced and is equidistant from the occiput and the end of the muzzle.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Proportionate to the muzzle, well developed, never split and always black.
UKC
Well developed and always black in color. Never split.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Neither narrow or pointed.
KC
Teeth strong, full dentition. Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, ie upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is neither narrow nor pointed. In profile, the nose must be in line with the upper lip. The tight lips are always well pigmented. The upper lip should overlap the lower without any looseness. The slight flews at the corner of the mouth are always firm.

Lips

:
FCI
Firm and always well pigmented. The upper lip should overlap the lower without any looseness. At their commissure, the lips should initiate a very slight pouch which should stay firm.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong teeth with a scissor bite.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite, with the upper teeth lightly touching the lower teeth.

Eyes

:
FCI
Horizontal, slightly oval in shape. The iris should be dark brown, and in any case never lighter than dark hazel even if the tan is light coloured. For the harlequin variety, wall eyes are admitted.
KC
Dark, oval, medium sized, with well pigmented rims. Horizontally placed.
UKC
The eyes are always dark, never being lighter than dark hazel even if the markings are light in color. The eyes are oval in shape, and set on the horizontal. Wall eyes are acceptable in the harlequin color.

Ears

:
FCI
Set high. Ears are half-pricked or drop-ears. They should not be plastered against the cheeks. They are flat and rather short. The length of the ear should be half the length of the head.
KC
Dropped, flat, not set close to head. Length equal to half that of head.
UKC
The ears are set high. They may be cropped or left natural. Cropped ears are erect, never converging nor diverging, and point slightly forward. Uncropped ears are flat and rather short. They are not carried flat against the cheeks. The length of the uncropped ear is about half the length of the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular, of good length, united harmoniously with the shoulders.
KC
Muscular, blending smoothly into withers. Strong, to give proud head carriage.
UKC
The neck is muscular and of good length, allowing the head to be carried proudly. It blends smoothly into the shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Firm, level back. Ribs long and well sprung. Loin wide, very muscular. Slightly sloping croup which determines the set of the tail. Length of body from withers to set on of tail slightly longer than height at withers. Bitches may be slightly longer than dogs.
UKC
In proportion, the Beauceron is slightly longer than tall, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttocks, and from the top of the withers to the ground. The chest is wide and deep, descending to the elbow. The girth of the chest is greater than the height at the withers by approximately 20%. The withers are well marked. The back is straight. The broad loin is well muscled. The rump slopes slightly to the point of attachment of the tail.

Topline

:
FCI
The back is straight. The loin is short, broad and well muscled. The croup is only slightly inclined.

Withers

:
FCI
Quite visible.

Chest

:
FCI
The girth of the chest is greater than the height at the withers by more than one fifth. The chest is well let down to the point of the elbow. It is wide deep and long.

TAIL

:
FCI
Whole, carried low, it reaches at least to the hock, without deviating, forming a slight hook in the form of a “J”. When in action, the tail can be carried higher, an extension of the top line.
KC
Carried low and hanging straight, reaching to hock and with loose hook at end.
UKC
The tail is not docked. It is carried low and straight down, reaching at least to the hock. It is in the shape of a hook at the tip.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright when seen from the front or in profile.
KC
Shoulder blade and upper arm approximately equal in length and with moderate angulation. Well defined withers. Brisket reaching elbow. Chest wide and deep. Forelegs clean and muscular, medium bone and straight when seen from all angles.
UKC
The shoulder blades are moderately long and sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping and moderately long.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are perfectly straight when viewed from the front or from the side. The forearms are muscular.

Forearm

:
FCI
Muscled.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, round, tight, turning neither in nor out. Nails black, pads hard but supple.
UKC
Large, round and compact with hard pads and black nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large, round, compact. The nails are always black. The pads are hard but nevertheless resilient.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Large, round, compact.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright when seen from profile and from behind.
KC
Moderately angulated stifle. Vertical from low set hock joint to foot. Well muscled. Seen from behind, legs parallel. Double dewclaws set close to foot.
UKC
The hindquarters are powerful and well-muscled, with angulation that matches the forequarter.

Thigh

:
FCI
Wide and muscled.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The thighs are strongly muscled. The hock joint is strong and not too close to the ground. The rear pasterns are vertical and form a well open angle with the second thigh. When viewed from behind, the rear pasterns are parallel to one another. The toes turn out slightly. There must be double dewclaws on the inside of the hind legs. They are well defined, placed close to the foot, and distinct from one another.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Hock joint Substantial, not too close to the ground, the point situated roughly at ¼ the height at the withers, forming a well open angle with the second thigh.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical, slightly further back than the point of the buttock. By tradition, shepherds are much attached to the conservation of double dewclaws. The dewclaws form well separated “thumbs” with nails, placed rather close to the foot.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Supple and free. The limbs move well in line. The Beauce Sheepdog should have an extended trot with long reaching movement.
KC
Effortless, supple and free, with good reach, to display strength and endurance in the extended trot.
UKC
The movement is supple and free, showing a long, extended stride at the trot. The head is carried somewhat low, along the line of the topline.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Smooth on the head, short, thick, firm and lying close to the body, 3 to 4 cm in length. The buttocks and the underside of the tail are lightly but obligatorily fringed. The undercoat is short, fine, dense and downy, preferably mouse grey, very close, and can’t be seen through the top coat.
KC
Short on head. Short, rough, thick and coarse laying close to body. Approximately 3-4cm (1.25-1.5 ins) long. Slight breeching on rear of thigh and under tail. Undercoat short, fine, soft and dense, preferably light grey and not showing through topcoat.
UKC
The Beauceron is double coated, with a coarse, dense, flat lying outer coat that is approximately 1½ inches long on the body; and a fine, dense undercoat that is mouse gray and does not show through the outer coat. Coat on the head, ears and lower legs is short and fine. The hair is somewhat longer around the neck and the tail and the back of the thighs are lightly fringed.

COLOUR

:
FCI

A faint while spot on the chest is tolerated.
a) Black and tan (Black with tan markings) “red stockings”. The black is pure black and the tan, red squirrel coloured. The tan markings are distributed as follows:
  • Spots over the eyes.
  • On the sides of the muzzle, diminishing gradually on the cheeks, never attaining under the ear.
  • On the chest, preferably two spots.
  • Under the neck.
  • Under the tail.
  • On the legs, disappearing progressively while rising, without covering in any case more than 1/3 of the leg and rising slightly higher on the inside.
b) Harlequin (blue-mottled with tan markings) grey, black and tan, the coat being black and grey in equal parts, the spots well distributed, with sometimes a predominance of black. The tan markings are the same as for the black and tan.
KC
Black and Tan: Markings rich and bright. Tan above eyes, on side of muzzle, narrowing on to cheeks but not reaching under ears. Two spots preferred on forechest rather than continuous band. Marked also on throat, under tail and on feet up to hock and pastern. Leg markings narrowing upwards on outside, but blending higher on inside. A few white hairs on chest permissible. Tricolour - Grey, Black and Tan: Coat has grey and black patches which are evenly distributed over body, with more black than grey. Tan markings as in Black and Tan.
UKC
The acceptable colors are Black and Tan and Harlequin. BLACK AND TAN: The black is deep. The bright rust markings appear above the eyes; on the side of the muzzle, fading off on the cheeks and never reaching under the ear, on the chest (where two spots are preferred to solid markings across the chest); on the throat; under the tail; on the feet up to the hocks and wrist. On the limbs, the markings should become progressively narrower upwards. On the outside, they should not go higher than one-third at the leg. They will blend higher on the inside of the leg. A few white hairs on the chest are permissible. HARLEQUIN (blue mottled with tan markings): Gray, black and tan, in a pattern of blue-gray patches evenly distributed over the body. Sometimes there is a predominance of black. The tan markings are the same as for the Black and Tan.

SIZE

:
KC
Dogs: 65-70 cms (25½-27½ ins); Bitches: 63-68 cms (25-27 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Male from 65 cm to 70 cm.
Female from 61 cm to 68 cm.
UKC
Height for males is 25½ to 27½ inches at the withers. For females, 24 to 26½ inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Size outside the standard limits.
Too light-boned.
Eyes too light, or wall eyes (except for harlequins).
Split nose, of a colour other than black, with unpigmented areas.
Overshot or undershot with loss of contact, absence of 3 or more teeth (the first premolars not counting).
Natural ears carried totally upright and firm.
Rear feet turned excessively to the exterior.
Simple dewclaws or absence of dewclaws on hind legs.
Shortened tail or tail carried over the back.
Coat Colour and texture other than those defined by the standard. Complete absence of tan markings. Shaggy coat. Well defined, quite visible white spot on chest. For the harlequin variety too much grey, black on one side and grey on the other, head entirely grey (absence of black).
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Over or under the specified height.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot or overshot with teeth not touching. Three or more missing teeth, not counting pre-molars. Yellow eyes. Wall eyes in the Black and Tan dogs. Split nose. Nose other than black. Unpigmented areas in nose. Natural, uncropped ears that are carried upright and rigid. Lack of double dewclaws on the rear legs. Docked tail, or a tail carried over the back. Shaggy coat. A complete absence of tan markings. Any color other than Black and Tan or Harlequin. A visible white spot on the chest that measures more than 1 inch in diameter. In the Harlequin, an entirely gray head or a body that is gray on one side and black on the other.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot with teeth not touching. Three or more missing teeth, not counting pre-molars.
Eyes: Yellow eyes. Wall eyes in the Black and Tan dogs.
Nose: Split nose. Nose other than black. Unpigmented areas in nose.
Ears: Natural, uncropped ears that are carried upright and rigid.
Hind Legs: Lack of double dewclaws on the rear legs.
Tail: Docked tail, or a tail carried over the back.
Coat: Shaggy coat.
Color: A complete absence of tan markings. Any color other than Black and Tan or Harlequin. A visible white spot on the chest that measures more than 1 inch in diameter. In the Harlequin, an entirely gray head or a body that is gray on one side and black on the other.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.