Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Bearded Collie

Bearded Collie

Bearded Collie


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.11.2014.
KC
February 2014

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sheepdog & companion.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Herding Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The origin of the Bearded Collie is said to stem from the breeding of Polski Owczarek Nizinnys (Polish Lowland Sheepdogs), left in Scotland in the 1500's, to local herding dogs. The Bearded Collie was a common breed in Scotland, used extensively as a sheep herding dog and cattle drover. They became familiar to the rest of the world in the 1940's and have become very popular since that time. The Bearded Collie was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1979.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Lean, active dog. Though strongly made, should show plenty of daylight under body and should not look too heavy. Bright, enquiring expression is a distinctive feature.
KC
Lean active dog, longer than it is high in an approximate proportion of 5 to 4, measured from point of chest to point of buttock. Bitches may be slightly longer. Though strongly made, should show plenty of daylight under body and should not look too heavy. Bright, enquiring expression is a distinctive feature.
UKC
A medium-sized breed, the Bearded Collie has a medium-length hair coat that follows the natural lines of the body and does not fall to the ground, but allows daylight to be seen under the body. The strongly made body is long and lean. A distinctive characteristic of the breed is its bright, inquiring expression. The breed is always shown in a natural stance and a near-to-natural state. Unnecessary trimming is not desirable.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Longer than it is high in an approximate proportion of 5 to 4 measured from point of chest to point of buttock.
Bitches may be slightly longer.
Distance between stop and occiput should be equal to width between orifices of ears.
KC
Alert, lively, self-confident and active.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Alert, lively, self-confident and active. Steady, intelligent working dog, with no signs of nervousness or aggression.
KC
Steady, intelligent working dog, with no signs of nervousness or aggression.
UKC
The breed stems from true working stock, and all characteristics associated with such dogs should be perpetuated in the Bearded Collie. They are an active, agile and intelligent dog, which can demonstrate a degree of stubbornness and independence. This is one of the few breeds that demonstrate a dominant fading gene. Puppies that are born black begin graying at approximately eight weeks of age. The same is true of blues, which turn silver; browns, which lighten to a cinnamon or milky chocolate; and fawns, which lighten to a champagne hue. The coat colors fade until the dogs reach approximately one year of age. Then the process reverses and they begin to darken, but do not become as dark as their birth color.

HEAD

:
FCI
In proportion to size. Whole effect being that of a dog with strength of muzzle and plenty of brain room.
KC
Head in proportion to size. Skull broad, flat and square, distance between stop and occiput being equal to width between orifices of ears. Muzzle strong and equal in length to distance between stop and occiput. Whole effect being that of a dog with strength of muzzle and plenty of brain room. Moderate stop. Nose large and square, generally black but normally following coat colour in blues and browns. Nose and lips of solid colour without spots or patches. Pigmentation of lips and eye rims follows nose colour.
UKC
The size of the head is in proportion to the size of the individual dog. SKULL - The skull is broad and flat. The distance between the stop and occiput is equal to the width between the orifices of the ears. The stop is moderate. The cheeks are well filled in beneath the eyes.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, flat and square.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large and square, generally black but normally following coat colour in blues and browns. Nose of solid colour without spots or patches.
UKC
The nose is large and square.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong and equal in length to distance between stop and occiput.
KC
Teeth large and white. Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite preferred, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Level bite tolerated but undesirable.
UKC
The muzzle is strong and full. The foreface is equal in length to the distance between the stop and the occiput.

Lips

:
FCI
Of solid colour without spots or patches. Pigmentation follows nose colour.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth large and white. Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite preferred, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Level bite tolerated but undesirable.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Toning with coat colour, set widely apart and large, soft and affectionate, not protruding. Pigmentation of eye rims follows nose colour. Eyebrows arched up and forward but not so long as to obscure eyes.
KC
Toning with coat colour, set widely apart and large, soft and affectionate, not protruding. Eyebrows arched up and forward but not so long as to obscure eyes.
UKC
The eyes are set wide apart, are large, expressive, soft and affectionate. Generally, eye color will follow the tone of the coat color. Lighter-colored eyes are characteristic of the dogs born blue or fawn. The eyebrows arch to the side and frame, but do not obscure, the eyes. The hair is long enough to blend smoothly into the coat on the sides of the head.

Ears

:
FCI
Of medium size and drooping. When alert, ears lift at base, level with, but not above top of skull, increasing apparent breadth of skull.
KC
Of medium size and drooping. When alert, ears lift at base, level with, but not above, top of skull, increasing apparent breadth of skull.
UKC
The ears are medium-sized, hanging and covered with long hair. They are set level with the eyes. When the dog is at alert, the ears have a slight lift, which brings the base level with the top of the skull.

NECK

:
FCI
Moderate length, muscular and slightly arched.
KC
Moderate length, muscular and slightly arched.
UKC
The neck is strong and slightly arched, blending smoothly into the shoulders, and is in proportion to the length of the body.

BODY

:
FCI
Length of back comes from length of rib cage and not that of loin.
KC
Length of back comes from length of ribcage and not that of loin. Back level and ribs well sprung but not barrelled. Loin strong and chest deep, giving plenty of heart and lung room.
UKC
The body is longer than high, at a ratio of five to four. The length is measured from the point of the chest to the point of the buttocks. The height is measured at the highest point of the withers. Bitches may be slightly longer. The length of back comes from length in the ribcage, not in the loin. The back is level, blending smoothly into the curve of the rump. The ribs are well sprung from the spine, but are not barreled. The deep chest reaches at least to the elbows. The loins are strong.

Back

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, giving plenty of heart and lung room. Ribs well sprung but not barrelled.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set low, without kink or twist. and long enough for end of bone to reach at least point of hock.. Carried low with an upward swirl at tip whilst standing or walking, may be extended at speed.
Never carried over back. Covered with abundant hair.
KC
Set low, without kink or twist, and long enough for end of bone to reach at least point of hock. Carried low with an upward swirl at tip whilst standing or walking, may be extended at speed. Never carried over back. Covered with abundant hair.
UKC
The tail is abundantly covered with hair. It is set low, and extends at least to the hocks. When at ease, it is normally carried low with an upward swirl at the tip. When in action or at alert, the curve of the tail is accentuated, and it is carried higher but never over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Legs straight and vertical with good bone, covered with shaggy hair all round.
KC
Shoulders sloping well back. Legs straight and vertical with good bone, covered with shaggy hair all round. Pasterns flexible without weakness.
UKC
The shoulders are well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping well back.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight, with substantial bone, and are covered with shaggy hair. The pasterns are flexible.

Pastern

:
FCI
Flexible without weakness.

FEET

:
KC
Oval with soles well padded. Toes arched and close together, well covered with hair, including between pads.
UKC
The oval-shaped feet have well-padded soles. The toes are close together, are well-arched, and are well-covered with hair, including the area between the pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval with soles well padded. Toes arched and close together, well covered with hair, including between pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well muscled.
KC
Well muscled with good second thighs, well bent stifles and low hocks. Lower leg falls at right angle to ground and, in normal stance, is just behind a line vertically below point of buttocks.
UKC
Well-muscled, with strong second thighs.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The stifles are well bent, and the hocks are low to the ground. Rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground, and when the dog is standing normally, they are just behind a vertical line dropped from the point of the buttocks.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Good.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Low.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Lower leg falls at right angle to ground and, in normal stance, is just behind a line vertically below point of buttock.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Supple, smooth and long-reaching, covering ground with minimum of effort.
KC
Supple, smooth and long-reaching, covering ground with minimum of effort.
UKC
Movement is free, supple, powerful and ground covering. Balanced movement is achieved with good reach in the forequarters accompanied by strong drive from the rear, during which the back remains firm and level. The feet are lifted only enough to clear the ground, giving the impression that the dog is gilding, making minimum ground contact. Lithe and flexible movement enables the dog to make the stops and sharp turns necessary during herding work. As speed increases, the dogs single track.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double with soft, furry and close undercoat. Outer coat flat, harsh, strong and shaggy, free from woolliness and curl, though slight wave permissible. Length and density of hair sufficient to provide a protective coat and to enhance shape of dog, but not enough to obscure natural lines of body. Coat must not be trimmed in any way. Bridge of nose sparsely covered with hair slightly longer on side just to cover lips. From cheeks, lower lips and under chin, coat increases in length towards chest, forming typical beard.
KC
Double with soft, furry, and close undercoat. Outer coat flat, harsh, strong and shaggy, free from woolliness and curl, though slight wave permissible. Length and density of hair sufficient to provide a protective coat and to enhance shape of dog, but not enough to obscure natural lines of body. Coat must not be trimmed in any way. Bridge of nose sparsely covered with hair slightly longer on side just to cover lips. From cheeks, lower lips and under chin, coat increases in length towards chest, forming typical beard.
UKC
The hair is rich and dense, giving good protection against wet and cold. The undercoat is soft, furry and close. The outer coat is flat, harsh, strong and shaggy. It is free from woolliness and curl. A slight wave is permissible. The cost naturally parts to either side, but must never be induced artificially. Coat length and density provides protection and enhances the shape of the dog. The bridge of the nose is sparsely covered with hair. The hair is slightly longer on the sides, covering the upper lips. Coat length increases on the lower lips, the cheek and under the chin; lengthening toward the chest, forming the characteristic beard.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Slate grey, reddish-fawn, black, blue, all shades of grey, brown and sandy with or without white markings.
When white occurs it appears on foreface, as a blaze on skull, on tip of tail, on chest, legs and feet and, if round the collar, roots of white hair should not extend behind shoulder. White should not appear above hocks on outside of hindlegs. Slight tan markings are acceptable on eyebrows, inside ears, on cheeks, under root of tail and on legs where white joins main colour.
KC
Slate grey, reddish-fawn, black, blue, all shades of grey, brown and sandy with or without white markings. Never merle/dapple. When white occurs it appears on foreface, as a blaze on skull, on tip of tail, on chest, legs and feet and, if round the collar, roots of white hair should not extend behind shoulder. White should not appear above hocks on outside of hindlegs. Slight tan markings are acceptable on eyebrows, inside ears, on cheeks, under root of tail and on legs where white joins main colour.
UKC
Black, brown, fawn and blue, with or without white markings in the Irish Pattern. Tan trim may occur on all colors. PIGMENTATION - Pigmentation color (eye rims, nose, lips) follows coat color. In a born black, pigmentation is black. In a born blue, the pigmentation is blue-gray. In a born brown, the pigmentation is brown. In a born fawn, the pigmentation is a lighter brown. All pigmentation is completely filled in and shows no signs of spots.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height: dogs: 53-56 cms (21-22 ins); bitches: 51-53 cms (20-21 ins). Overall quality and proportions should be considered before size but excessive variations from the ideal height should be discouraged.
UKC
Ideal height for adult males is 21 to 22 inches; ideal height for adult females is 20 to 21 inches. The height criteria are to be adhered to for the express purpose of maintaining the medium size of the breed.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 53 – 56 cm
Females 51 – 53 cm
Overall quality and proportions should be considered before size but excessive variations from the ideal height should be discouraged.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Eyes: Round eyes. Protruding eyes.
Forelegs: Too heavy bone. Weak pasterns.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Muzzle: Snipey muzzle.
Body: Flat croup. Steep croup.
Coat: Excessively long, silky coat. Trimmed or sculptured coat. Curly hair. Lack of sufficient undercoat to form a double coat.
Size: Height over or under the standard.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Tail carried up over the back.
Tail: tail carried up over the back.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.