Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Beagle

Beagle

Beagle


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
January 2010

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Scent Hound.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.3Scenthounds, Small-sized Hounds
With working trial

KC
Hound
UKC
Scenthound

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Beagle, said to have been bred down from the larger Foxhound to hunt with men on foot, preferably after the hare. He is still used in packs, very often organised by institutions, including colleges and schools. A bustling, eager little dog, full of enthusiasm and vigour, ever ready for any activity which involves him. Everything about the breed gives the impression of athleticism and there is no better sight than a Beagle pack in full pursuit, their heads down to the scent, their sterns up in rigid order as they concentrate on the chase.
During the reigns of King Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth I there were wirehaired Beagles, some of which were small enough to be carried in the pocket of a hunting jacket. Size has increased over the years but smaller versions of the breed, called ‘pocket Beagles’, are sometimes born.
UKC
There is considerable doubt as to the origin of the Beagle. Beagles are known throughout Europe, and are the smallest of the scent hunting hounds. In literature, they were mentioned as far back as 1475. Their popularity has been greater in the United States and Canada. Beagles have been in the "Top Ten" of most popular breeds for over 30 years, and are one of the most popular breeds in America. The UKC Hunting Beagle is a "total" dog, excelling as a hunter while possessing excellent conformation. Looks and ability go hand-in-hand in developing the ideal UKC Hunting Beagle.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A sturdy, compactly-built hound, conveying the impression of quality without coarseness.
KC
A sturdy, compactly built hound, conveying the impression of quality without coarseness.
UKC
The Beagle has been referred to as “a foxhound in miniature”. A smooth, short-haired hound, slightly longer than tall. Ears lay close to the head. Usually tri-color (black, white and tan), but all typical hound color combinations are acceptable. Because the Beagle is first and foremost a hunting hound, scars (the result of honorable wounds) shall not be considered faults nor shall they be penalized by Judges. This includes cuts, nicks, notches on the ears, and/or ears that are frayed at the edges from working in brush, tall grass, etc.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Length of head, between occiput and tip of nose, divided by stop, as equally as possible. Height to elbow about half height at withers.
KC
A merry hound whose essential function is to hunt, primarily hare, by following a scent. Bold, with great activity, stamina and determination. Alert, intelligent and of even temperament.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
A merry hound whose essential function is to hunt, primarily hare, by following a scent. Bold, with great activity, stamina and determination.
Alert, intelligent and of even temperament. Amiable and alert, showing no aggression or timidity.
KC
Amiable and alert, showing no aggression or timidity.
UKC
An independent personality is a generalization of most hounds, although individuals may vary. Has a good hound voice. Usually friendly disposition. Can make a good house pet or outside dog.

HEAD

:
FCI
Fair length, powerful without being coarse, finer in the bitch, free from frown and wrinkle.
KC
Fair length, powerful without being coarse, finer in the bitch, free from frown and wrinkle. Skull slightly domed, moderately wide, with slight peak. Stop well defined and dividing length, between occiput and tip of nose, as equally as possible. Muzzle not snipy, lips reasonably well flewed. Nose broad, preferably black, but less pigmentation permissible in lighter coloured hounds. Nostrils wide.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Slightly domed, moderately wide, with slight peak.
UKC
The skull is fairly long. It is slightly domed at the occiput. The cranium is broad and full. The muzzle is of medium length. It is straight, and square cut, with the stop moderately defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined, dividing length, between occiput and tip of nose, as equally as possible.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Broad, preferably black, but less pigmentation permissible in lighter coloured hounds. Nostrils wide.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Not snipy.
KC
The jaws should be strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Reasonably well flewed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws should be strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark brown or hazel, fairly large, not deep set or prominent set well apart with mild appealing expression.
KC
Dark brown or hazel, fairly large, not deep set or prominent, set well apart with mild, appealing expression.
UKC
The large eyes are set well apart. They have a soft, hound-like expression; gentle and pleading. They are brown or hazel in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Long, with rounded tip, reaching nearly to end of nose when drawn out. Set on low, fine in texture and hanging gracefully close to cheeks.
KC
Long, with rounded tip, reaching nearly to end of nose when drawn out. Set on low, fine in texture and hanging gracefully close to cheeks.
UKC
The ears are set moderately low, setting close to the head. The forward edge turns slightly into the cheek. They are long reaching when drawn out, extending nearly to the end of the nose. They are fine in texture. The ears are fairly broad and rounded at the tip; with almost no erectile power.

NECK

:
FCI
Sufficiently long to enable hound to come down easily to scent, slightly arched and showing little dewlap.
KC
Sufficiently long to enable hound to come down easily to scent, slightly arched and showing little dewlap.
UKC
The medium-length neck rises free and light from the shoulders. It is strong in substance, yet not loaded. The throat is clean and free of folds of skin. A slight wrinkle below the angle of the jaw is acceptable.

BODY

:
FCI
Short in the couplings, but well balanced.
KC
Topline straight and level. Chest let down to below elbow. Ribs well sprung and extending well back. Short in the couplings but well balanced. Loins powerful and supple, without excessive tuck-up.
UKC
The chest is deep and broad, but not so much as to interfere with the free play of the shoulders. The back is muscular and strong. The broad loins are slightly arched. The well-sprung ribs provide an abundance of lung room.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight and level.

Loin

:
FCI
Loins powerful and supple.

Chest

:
FCI
Let down to below elbow. Ribs well sprung and extending well back.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Without excessive tuck-up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Sturdy, moderately long. Set on high, carried gaily but not curled over back or inclined forward from root. Well covered with hair, especially on underside.
KC
Sturdy, moderately long. Set on high, carried gaily but not curled over back or inclined forward from root. Well covered with hair, especially on underside.
UKC
The tail is set moderately high. It is carried gaily over the back with a slight curve, not turned forward. It is short as compared with the size of the hound, and has a brush.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders well laid back, not loaded. Forelegs straight and upright well under the hound, good substance, and round in bone, not tapering off to feet. Pasterns short. Elbows firm, turning neither in nor out. Height to elbow about half height at withers.
UKC
The clean, muscular, sloping shoulders convey the idea of freedom of action with activity and strength. They are not heavy nor loaded.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back, not loaded.

Elbow

:
FCI
Firm, turning neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The straight forelegs have plenty of bone in proportion to the size of the hound. The pasterns are short and straight.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs straight and upright well under the hound, good substance and round in bone, not tapering off to feet.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short.

FEET

:
KC
Tight and firm. Well knuckled up and strongly padded. Not hare-footed. Nails short.
UKC
The feet are close, round, and firm. The pads are full and hard.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Tight and firm. Well knuckled up and strongly padded. Not hare-footed. Nails short.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Muscular thighs. Stifles well bent. Hocks firm, well let down and parallel to each other.
UKC
The strong, well-muscled hips and thighs provide an abundance of propelling power.

Thigh

:
FCI
Muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The stifles are strong and well let down. The firm, symmetrical hocks are moderately bent.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Firm, well let down and parallel to each other.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Back level, firm with no indication of roll. Stride free, long reaching in front and straight without high action; hind legs showing drive. Should not move close behind nor paddle nor plait in front.
KC
Back level, firm with no indication of roll. Stride free, long-reaching in front and straight without high action; hindlegs showing drive. Should not move close behind nor paddle nor plait in front.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, dense and weatherproof.
KC
Short, dense and weatherproof.
UKC
The Beagle has a close, hard, hound coat of medium length.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Tricolour (black, tan and white); blue, white and tan; badger pied; hare pied; lemon pied; lemon and white; red and white; tan and white; black and white; all white.
With the exception of all white, all the above mentioned colours can be found as mottle. No other colours are permissible. Tip of stern white.
KC
Tricolour (black, tan and white); blue, white and tan; badger pied; hare pied; lemon pied; lemon and white; red and white; tan and white; black and white; all white. With the exception of all white, all the above mentioned colours can be found as mottle. No other colours are permissible. Tip of stern white.
UKC
All typical hound color combinations. No solid colors are acceptable.

SIZE

:
KC
Desirable minimum height at withers: 33 cms (13 ins). Desirable maximum height at withers: 40 cms (16 ins).
UKC
Not to exceed 15 inches. Height is measured across the shoulders at the highest point (withers), with the hound standing in a natural position, with its feet well under it, not leaning forward or backward.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Desirable minimum height at the withers 33 cms.
Desirable maximum height at the withers 40 cms.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Neck: A thick, short neck carried on a line with the top of the shoulder. Throat showing dewlap and folds of skin, termed ”throatiness”.
Forelegs: Straight, upright shoulder. Out at the elbows. Knees buckled or bent backwards. Crooked or bowed forelegs.
Body: Disproportionately wide chest. Lack of chest depth. Very long, swayed, or roached back. Flat, narrow loins. Flat, narrow ribs.
Feet: Long feet. Open, spreading feet.
Tail: A long tail. Excessive curve. Inclined forward from the root. Rat tail with absence of brush.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC



Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: Overshot bite. Undershot bite. (Overshot or undershot is defined as having a visible gap between the upper and lower teeth.)
Eyes: Blind.
Ears: Deaf.
Color: Albinism.
Size: Over 15 inches in height.
Eyes: Blind.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Note: Albinism.
Teeth: Overshot bite. Undershot bite. (Overshot or undershot is defined as having a visible gap between the upper and lower teeth.)
Ears: Deaf.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.