Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Basset Hound

Basset Hound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Scent Hound.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.3Scenthounds, Small-sized Hounds
With working trial

KC
Hound

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Basset was reputedly bred by monks in France in the Middle Ages to hunt in heavy cover and is able to hold its nose close to the ground. Though closely related to the entire family of French Bassets the breed was developed to perfection in Britain. He is a dog capable of hunting his natural prey, the hare, persistently at a relatively slow pace over prodigious distances.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Short-legged hound of considerable substance, well balanced, full of quality. It is important to bear in mind that this is a working hound and must be fit for purpose therefore should be strong, active and capable of great endurance in the field.
KC
Short-legged hound of considerable substance, well balanced, full of quality. It is important to bear in mind that this is a working hound and must be fit for purpose, therefore should be strong, active and capable of great endurance in the field.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Tenacious hound of ancient lineage which hunts by scent, possessing a pack instinct and a deep melodious voice.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Tenacious hound of ancient lineage which hunts by scent, possesses a pack instinct and a deep melodious voice. Placid, never aggressive or timid. Affectionate.
KC
Placid, never aggressive or timid. Affectionate.

HEAD

:
FCI
There may be a small amount of wrinkle at brow and beside eyes. In any event skin of head supple enough as to wrinkle slightly when drawn forward or when head is lowered.
KC
Domed with some stop and occipital bone prominent; of medium width at brow and tapering slightly to muzzle; general appearance of foreface lean not snipy. Top of muzzle nearly parallel with line from stop to occiput and not much longer than head from stop to occiput. There may be a small amount of wrinkle at brow and beside eyes. In any event skin of head supple enough as to wrinkle slightly when drawn forward or when head is lowered. Flews of upper lip overlap lower substantially. Nose entirely black except in light-coloured hounds when it may be brown or liver. Large and well opened nostrils may protrude a little beyond lips.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
Top of muzzle nearly parallel with line from stop to occiput and not much longer than head from stop to occiput.

Skull

:
FCI
Domed, with prominent occipital bone, of medium width at brow and tapering slightly to muzzle.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Entirely black except in light-coloured hounds, when it may be brown or liver. Large and well-opened nostrils, nose may protrude a little beyond lips.

Muzzle

:
FCI
General appearance of foreface lean, not snipy.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Flews of upper lip overlap lower substantially.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Eyes

:
FCI
Lozenge-shaped, neither prominent nor deep-set, dark but may shade to mid-brown in light-coloured hounds. Expression calm and serious. Light or yellow eye highly undesirable.
KC
Lozenge-shaped neither prominent nor deep-set, dark but may shade to mid-brown in light coloured hounds. Expression calm and serious. Light or yellow eye highly undesirable.

Ears

:
FCI
Set-on low, just below line of eye. Long; reaching only slightly beyond end of muzzle of correct length, but not excessively so. Narrow throughout their length and curling well inwards; very supple, fine and velvety in texture.
KC
Set on low, just below line of eye. Long; reaching only slightly beyond end of muzzle of correct length, but not excessively so. Narrow throughout their length and curling well inwards; very supple, fine and velvety in texture.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular, well arched and fairly long with pronounced but not exaggerated dewlap.
KC
Muscular, well arched and fairly long with pronounced but not exaggerated dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Long and deep throughout length; withers and quarters of approximately same height.
KC
Long and deep throughout length, breast bone prominent but chest neither narrow nor unduly deep. There should be adequate clearance between the lowest part of the chest and the ground to allow the hound to move freely over all types of terrain. Ribs well rounded and sprung, without flange, extending well back. Back rather broad and level; withers and quarters of approximately same height, though loins may arch slightly. Back from withers to onset of quarters not unduly long.

Back

:
FCI
Rather broad and level. From withers to onset of quarters not unduly long.

Loin

:
FCI
May arch slightly.

Chest

:
FCI
Forechest fitting neatly into crook when viewed from front. Breast bone prominent but chest neither narrow nor unduly deep. Ribs well rounded and sprung, without flange, extending well back.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
There should be adequate clearance between the lowest part of the chest and the ground to allow the hound to move freely over all types of terrain.

TAIL

:
FCI
Well set-on, rather long, strong at base, tapering, with moderate amount of coarse hair underneath. When moving, stern carried well up and curving gently, sabre-fashion, never curling or gay.
KC
(Stern) well set on, rather long, strong at base, tapering, with moderate amount of coarse hair underneath. When moving, stern carried well up and curving gently, sabre-fashion, never curling or gay.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upper forearm inclined slightly inwards, but not to such an extent as to prevent free action or to result in legs touching each other when standing or in action. Some wrinkles of skin may appear on lower legs, but this must on no account be excessive.
KC
Shoulder blades well laid back; shoulders not heavy. Forelegs short, powerful and with great bone; elbows turning neither in nor out but fitting neatly against side. Upper forearm inclined slightly inwards, but not to such an extent as to prevent free action or to result in legs touching each other when standing or in action; forechest fitting neatly into crook when viewed from front. Knuckling-over highly undesirable. Some wrinkles of skin may appear on lower legs, but this must on no account be excessive.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder-blades well laid back; shoulders not heavy.

Elbow

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out but fitting neatly against side.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs short, powerful and with great bone.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Knuckling over highly undesirable.

FEET

:
KC
Large well knuckled up and padded. Forefeet may point straight ahead or be turned slightly outwards but in every case hound always stands perfectly true, weight being borne equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large well knuckled up and padded. Forefeet may point straight ahead or be turned slightly outwards but in every case hound always stands perfectly true, weight being borne equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Large well knuckled up and padded. In every case hound always stands perfectly true, weight being borne equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Full of muscle and standing out well, giving an almost spherical effect when viewed from rear.
Some wrinkles of skin may appear between hock and foot, and at rear of joint a slight pouch of skin may be present, but on no account should any of these be excessive.
KC
Full of muscle and standing out well, giving an almost spherical effect when viewed from rear. Stifles well bent. Hocks well let down and slightly bent under but turn neither in nor out and just under body when standing naturally. Some wrinkles of skin may appear between hock and foot, and at rear of joint a slight pouch of skin may be present, but on no account should any of these be excessive.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks well let down and slightly bent under but turn neither in nor out and just under body when standing naturally.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Most important to ensure that the hound is fit for purpose. Smooth, powerful and effortless action with forelegs reaching well forward and hind legs showing powerful thrust, hound moving true both front and rear. Hocks and stifles never stiff in movement, nor must any toes be dragged.
KC
Most important to ensure that the hound is fit for purpose. Smooth, powerful and effortless action with forelegs reaching well forward and hind legs showing powerful thrust, hound moving true both front and rear. Hocks and stifles never stiff in movement, nor must any toes be dragged.

SKIN

:
FCI
Supple and elastic without any exaggeration.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Smooth, short and close without being too fine. Whole outline clean and free from feathering. Long hair, soft coat or feathering highly undesirable.
KC
Smooth, short and close without being too fine. Whole outline clean and free from feathering. Long hair, soft coat or feathering highly undesirable. Skin is supple and elastic without any exaggeration.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Generally black, white and tan (tri-colour); lemon and white (bi-colour); but any recognized hound colour acceptable.
KC
Generally black, white and tan (tri-colour); lemon and white (bi-colour); but any recognised hound colour acceptable.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: 33-38 cms (13-15 ins) at withers.

Height at withers

:
FCI
33 - 38 cms.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.