Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Basset Hound

Basset Hound

Basset Hound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Scent Hound.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.3Scenthounds, Small-sized Hounds
With working trial

KC
Hound
UKC
Scenthound

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Basset was reputedly bred by monks in France in the Middle Ages to hunt in heavy cover and is able to hold its nose close to the ground. Though closely related to the entire family of French Bassets the breed was developed to perfection in Britain. He is a dog capable of hunting his natural prey, the hare, persistently at a relatively slow pace over prodigious distances.
UKC
The Basset Hound originated in France, possibly as early as 1585. After the French Revolution, the breed again rose in popularity among the peasants. Before the Revolution, hunting hounds were used only by the nobility. The peasants could not hunt from horseback, only on foot, so they required a shorter-legged, slower hound. The Basset Hound was also ideal for hunting in heavy cover due to its shape and size. The breed found its way to England in the 1860's, the initial dogs were gifts from Comte de Tuornow to Lord Galway. The Basset Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1928.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Short-legged hound of considerable substance, well balanced, full of quality. It is important to bear in mind that this is a working hound and must be fit for purpose therefore should be strong, active and capable of great endurance in the field.
KC
Short-legged hound of considerable substance, well balanced, full of quality. It is important to bear in mind that this is a working hound and must be fit for purpose, therefore should be strong, active and capable of great endurance in the field.
UKC
A short-legged, long-bodied, well-balanced hound of considerable substance. Legs are short, but with enough length to afford proper movement at all times. Bone is heavy in relation to the size of the dog, but movement is not compromised and is not clumsy. Any good hound color is acceptable. The coat is short, close and smooth, and a certain amount of loose skin is desirable. There must be adequate clearance between the lowest part of the chest and ground to allow the dog to move freely over all types of terrain. This is a working hound and therefore must be strong, active, and capable of great endurance in the field. Working dogs are not to be penalized under any conditions for scars or blemishes that are due to hunting injuries.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Tenacious hound of ancient lineage which hunts by scent, possessing a pack instinct and a deep melodious voice.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Tenacious hound of ancient lineage which hunts by scent, possesses a pack instinct and a deep melodious voice. Placid, never aggressive or timid. Affectionate.
KC
Placid, never aggressive or timid. Affectionate.
UKC
The Basset is a tenacious hunting hound of ancient lineage. It hunts by scent, and has a pack instinct, and a deep, melodious voice. The breed is capable of great endurance. It is friendly and affectionate, never aggressive or timid.

HEAD

:
FCI
There may be a small amount of wrinkle at brow and beside eyes. In any event skin of head supple enough as to wrinkle slightly when drawn forward or when head is lowered.
KC
Domed with some stop and occipital bone prominent; of medium width at brow and tapering slightly to muzzle; general appearance of foreface lean not snipy. Top of muzzle nearly parallel with line from stop to occiput and not much longer than head from stop to occiput. There may be a small amount of wrinkle at brow and beside eyes. In any event skin of head supple enough as to wrinkle slightly when drawn forward or when head is lowered. Flews of upper lip overlap lower substantially. Nose entirely black except in light-coloured hounds when it may be brown or liver. Large and well opened nostrils may protrude a little beyond lips.
UKC
The head is large, lean and well proportioned. The skin over the entire head is loose and it is wrinkled over the brow and beside the eyes when the head is lowered but not so much as to impede its health or performance.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
Top of muzzle nearly parallel with line from stop to occiput and not much longer than head from stop to occiput.

Skull

:
FCI
Domed, with prominent occipital bone, of medium width at brow and tapering slightly to muzzle.
UKC
The skull is domed and shows a pronounced occiput. It is of medium width at the brow, and tapers slightly towards the muzzle. The length from the nose to the stop is approximately the same or slightly longer as the length from the stop to the occiput. The stop is moderate.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderate.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Entirely black except in light-coloured hounds, when it may be brown or liver. Large and well-opened nostrils, nose may protrude a little beyond lips.
UKC
Entirely black, except in light-colored hounds, where it may be brown or liver. Large, wide-opened nostrils may protrude a bit over the lips.

Muzzle

:
FCI
General appearance of foreface lean, not snipy.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is lean and deep; never snipey. The flews of the upper lip overlap the lower substantially. The top of the muzzle is nearly parallel, with a line from the stop to the occiput.

Lips

:
FCI
Flews of upper lip overlap lower substantially.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Lozenge-shaped, neither prominent nor deep-set, dark but may shade to mid-brown in light-coloured hounds. Expression calm and serious. Light or yellow eye highly undesirable.
KC
Lozenge-shaped neither prominent nor deep-set, dark but may shade to mid-brown in light coloured hounds. Expression calm and serious. Light or yellow eye highly undesirable.
UKC
The eyes are brown, but they may be hazel in light-colored hounds. The eyes are lozenge-shaped, and neither too prominent nor too deep. The expression is calm and serious, and the third eyelid is visible, but not excessively.

Ears

:
FCI
Set-on low, just below line of eye. Long; reaching only slightly beyond end of muzzle of correct length, but not excessively so. Narrow throughout their length and curling well inwards; very supple, fine and velvety in texture.
KC
Set on low, just below line of eye. Long; reaching only slightly beyond end of muzzle of correct length, but not excessively so. Narrow throughout their length and curling well inwards; very supple, fine and velvety in texture.
UKC
The ears are set low on the skull, just below the line of the eye. They are long, reaching beyond the end of the nose when pulled forward. They are thin and velvety in texture; narrow and curl inward.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular, well arched and fairly long with pronounced but not exaggerated dewlap.
KC
Muscular, well arched and fairly long with pronounced but not exaggerated dewlap.
UKC
Muscular, well arched and fairly long, with a slight dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Long and deep throughout length; withers and quarters of approximately same height.
KC
Long and deep throughout length, breast bone prominent but chest neither narrow nor unduly deep. There should be adequate clearance between the lowest part of the chest and the ground to allow the hound to move freely over all types of terrain. Ribs well rounded and sprung, without flange, extending well back. Back rather broad and level; withers and quarters of approximately same height, though loins may arch slightly. Back from withers to onset of quarters not unduly long.
UKC
The body is long and deep throughout its length. The withers and the hindquarters are approximately the same height. The chest fits neatly into the crook of the forearm when seen from the front. The breastbone is prominent, and the chest is neither narrow nor unduly deep. The topline is straight and level, and the back is fairly broad. The loin may arch slightly.

Back

:
FCI
Rather broad and level. From withers to onset of quarters not unduly long.

Loin

:
FCI
May arch slightly.

Chest

:
FCI
Forechest fitting neatly into crook when viewed from front. Breast bone prominent but chest neither narrow nor unduly deep. Ribs well rounded and sprung, without flange, extending well back.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
There should be adequate clearance between the lowest part of the chest and the ground to allow the hound to move freely over all types of terrain.

TAIL

:
FCI
Well set-on, rather long, strong at base, tapering, with moderate amount of coarse hair underneath. When moving, stern carried well up and curving gently, sabre-fashion, never curling or gay.
KC
(Stern) well set on, rather long, strong at base, tapering, with moderate amount of coarse hair underneath. When moving, stern carried well up and curving gently, sabre-fashion, never curling or gay.
UKC
Well set and rather long, strong at the base and tapering towards the end. It appears to be a continuation of the spine, but with a slight curve. It is carried well up and in saber fashion, never curled over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upper forearm inclined slightly inwards, but not to such an extent as to prevent free action or to result in legs touching each other when standing or in action. Some wrinkles of skin may appear on lower legs, but this must on no account be excessive.
KC
Shoulder blades well laid back; shoulders not heavy. Forelegs short, powerful and with great bone; elbows turning neither in nor out but fitting neatly against side. Upper forearm inclined slightly inwards, but not to such an extent as to prevent free action or to result in legs touching each other when standing or in action; forechest fitting neatly into crook when viewed from front. Knuckling-over highly undesirable. Some wrinkles of skin may appear on lower legs, but this must on no account be excessive.
UKC
The shoulder blades are well laid back. The shoulders are not heavy. The elbows fit neatly into the sides. There are wrinkles of skin on the lower legs.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder-blades well laid back; shoulders not heavy.

Elbow

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out but fitting neatly against side.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are short and powerful, and heavy in bone. Skin may be slightly wrinkled. The forearms incline inward slightly, but not so much as to prevent free action or result in the legs touching each other when standing or in action. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs short, powerful and with great bone.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Knuckling over highly undesirable.

FEET

:
KC
Large well knuckled up and padded. Forefeet may point straight ahead or be turned slightly outwards but in every case hound always stands perfectly true, weight being borne equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.
UKC
Massive, well-knuckled and well-rounded; with tough, heavy pads. The front feet may turn slightly out or point straight ahead, but in any case the hound always stands true, with the weight equally distributed so the toes and pads all touch the ground.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large well knuckled up and padded. Forefeet may point straight ahead or be turned slightly outwards but in every case hound always stands perfectly true, weight being borne equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Large well knuckled up and padded. In every case hound always stands perfectly true, weight being borne equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Full of muscle and standing out well, giving an almost spherical effect when viewed from rear.
Some wrinkles of skin may appear between hock and foot, and at rear of joint a slight pouch of skin may be present, but on no account should any of these be excessive.
KC
Full of muscle and standing out well, giving an almost spherical effect when viewed from rear. Stifles well bent. Hocks well let down and slightly bent under but turn neither in nor out and just under body when standing naturally. Some wrinkles of skin may appear between hock and foot, and at rear of joint a slight pouch of skin may be present, but on no account should any of these be excessive.
UKC
The hindquarters are full of muscle, standing out well and rounded. Approximately equal to the shoulders in width.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The stifles are well bent. Wrinkles of skin may appear between the hock joint and the foot, and at the back of the hock joint there might be a slight pouch resulting from loose skin. The hocks are well let down and slightly bent under, but turn neither in nor out and are just under the body when standing naturally.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks well let down and slightly bent under but turn neither in nor out and just under body when standing naturally.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Most important to ensure that the hound is fit for purpose. Smooth, powerful and effortless action with forelegs reaching well forward and hind legs showing powerful thrust, hound moving true both front and rear. Hocks and stifles never stiff in movement, nor must any toes be dragged.
KC
Most important to ensure that the hound is fit for purpose. Smooth, powerful and effortless action with forelegs reaching well forward and hind legs showing powerful thrust, hound moving true both front and rear. Hocks and stifles never stiff in movement, nor must any toes be dragged.
UKC
The gait of the Basset Hound is a most important feature. It must be smooth, free and true, with good reach in front and strong thrust from behind. The hocks and stifles should never be stiff, and no toes should drag on the ground.

SKIN

:
FCI
Supple and elastic without any exaggeration.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Smooth, short and close without being too fine. Whole outline clean and free from feathering. Long hair, soft coat or feathering highly undesirable.
KC
Smooth, short and close without being too fine. Whole outline clean and free from feathering. Long hair, soft coat or feathering highly undesirable. Skin is supple and elastic without any exaggeration.
UKC
Smooth, close and hard with sufficient density for protection. The skin is loose and elastic while remaining free from exaggeration.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Generally black, white and tan (tri-colour); lemon and white (bi-colour); but any recognized hound colour acceptable.
KC
Generally black, white and tan (tri-colour); lemon and white (bi-colour); but any recognised hound colour acceptable.
UKC
Generally black, tan and white, or lemon and white, but any good hound color is acceptable. The distribution of color and markings is not important.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: 33-38 cms (13-15 ins) at withers.
UKC
13 to 15 inches at the withers.

Height at withers

:
FCI
33 - 38 cms.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Teeth: Even bite.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Appearance: Dewlap so exaggerated or excessive as to appear “sloppy”, which would be a detriment in the field. Excessive wrinkles. Overweight.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Body: Roach back. Sagging back. Slackness of loin. Flatsidedness.
Hind Legs: Cowhocks. Straight hocks. Weak hocks. Bowed legs.
Coat: Long haired, soft coat.
Size: Over 15 inches in height.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC


Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Entropionism, ectropionism.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Eyes: Entropionism, ectropionism.
Forelegs: Knuckling over on front legs.
Color: Albinism.
Forelegs: Knuckling over on front legs.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.