Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Artesian-Norman Basset

(Basset Artésien Normand)

Basset Artesien Normand


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
12.12.1991.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Small game hunting dog used for hunting with the gun. Hunts as well by himself as in a pack, with giving tongue. His short legs allow him to penetrate the most dense vegetation, there where the big dog cannot go, and to flush out the hidden game. His favourite is hunting the rabbit, but he can just as well hunt the hare as the deer. He tracks and flushes with great determination driving the game not fast, but with perseverance and giving voice.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.3Scenthounds, Small-sized Hounds
With working trial

UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The controlled breeding of the short haired French Basset began in the years 1870. From Bassets having an apparently common origin, Count Le Couteulx of Canteleu has fixed a utilitarian type with straight front legs called Artois, whereas Mr. Louis Lane has developed a more spectacular type, with crooked front legs, called Normand. Only in 1924 the name Artesien Norman Basset (Basset Artésien Normand) was finally adopted for the breed and the club Mr. Léon Verrier, who took over as chairman of the club in 1927, at the age of 77, has wanted to strengthen the Norman character of the breed and in the book of standards of hunting dogs of 1930, where the two breeds, Basset d’Artois and Basset Artésien-Normand figure, we find the following reference to this breed “The committee of the “Société de Vénerie” (Game Society) decides and notes that the Basset Artésien-Normand should not be but one stage of transition towards a Norman type, without any trace of Artois”.
UKC
A group of serious French breeders formed a breed society to combine the Normand (from Normandy) and Artesien (from Artois) Bassets strains, merging them to develop the one breed that we have today. Although the breed has been streamlined from the original cumbersome, unwieldy dog, some people feel that this resulted in a lack of stamina and hound voice. No one can argue, however, that the resulting Basset Artesien Normand has a good temperament and is an energetic extrovert. The appealing nature of the breed makes them attractive to pet homes and families. Dedicated breeders strive to maintain the hunting instincts of the breed. The Basset Artesien Normand was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Long dog in relation to its size, well balanced, compact, recalling in his head the nobility of the big Norman hound.
UKC
The B.A.N. (as it is often referred to), is a well-made, long dog, with the ratio of length of body to height at withers being about 8:5. It stands firm and balanced. It is a sound breed, and moves well, with great gaiety. Because the Basset Artesien Normand is first and foremost a hunting hound, scars (the result of honorable wounds) shall not be considered faults nor shall they be penalized by Judges. This includes cuts, nicks, notches on the ears, and/or ears that are frayed at the edges from working in brush, tall grass, etc. Hounds lacking in substance should be penalized.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Height at withers length of body = about 5 : 8
Depth of chest height at the withers = about 2 : 3
Width of skull length of head = about 1 : 2
Length of muzzle length of skull = about 10 : 10

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Gifted with an excellent nose and a melodious voice, persevere but not too fast on the line, he permits his master to fully enjoy the hunting work. Outgoing and of very affectionate nature.
UKC
The breed is extremely intelligent and full of energy. They are eager to please and are generally obedient. All parts of this dog indicate a long history of pure breeding and adherence to the standard.

HEAD

:

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

:
FCI
Dome shaped, medium width; occipital bone apparent. On the whole the head must have a dry look.
UKC
The width of the skull is approximately equal to half the length of the entire head. The skull is domed shaped, and dry in appearance, with a prominent occiput. The stop is marked but not exaggerated.

Stop

:
FCI
Marked without exaggeration.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black and large, slightly protruding over the lips; nostrils well open.
UKC
The nose is black and wide, coming a little over the lips. The nostrils are well open.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Approximately the same length as that of the skull and slightly aquiline.
UKC
The muzzle is approximately the same length as the skull and slightly aquiline. The upper lips well cover the lower lips without being too pendulous.

Lips

:
FCI
Upper lip covering considerably the lower lip, without, however, being too pendulous nor too tight-lipped.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite, i.e. upper incisors covering the lower ones in close contact are squarely set in relation to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Formed by one or two folds of skin.

Eyes

:
FCI
Oval shaped, large, dark (in harmony with the coat), expression calm and serious; the haw (= conjunctival lining) of the lower lid may sometimes show without excess.
UKC
The large, dark oval shaped eyes have a calm, serious expression. A haw may be present.

Ears

:
UKC
The ears are set as low as possible, never above the line of the eye. They are supple, very fine and delicate in texture. They are narrow where attached to the skull, and curl well inward in the characteristic corkscrew fashion. The ears are very long and preferably have pointed ends.

Leathers

:
FCI
Set as low as possible, never above the line of the eye, narrow at the base, well curled inwards corkscrew fashion, supple, fine, very long, reaching at least the length of the muzzle and preferably ending in a point.

NECK

:
FCI
Rather long, with some dewlap but without exaggeration.
UKC
The neck is fairly long. There may be a dewlap, but it should never be exaggerated.

BODY

:
UKC
The chest is oval in shape, with a long sternum that is prominent in front and carries well back. The brisket is well developed and descends distinctly below the elbows. The wide, well-supported back is straight and level. The loins are slightly tucked up. The full flanks extend downward. The croup is slightly slanted.

Back

:
FCI
Wide and well supported.

Loin

:
FCI
Slightly tucked up.

Croup

:
FCI
Hips a little oblique, giving a slight slant to the rump.

Chest

:
FCI
Of ovalized section, long, sternum well prolonged backward and prominent in front, with developed brisket. Full flanks. The brisket sternal line is distinctly below the elbows. Ribs long, carried well back.

TAIL

:
FCI
Quite long, thick at base and thinning down progressively. At rest the tip of the tail must just touch the ground. Carried sabre fashion but never falling on the back; its extremity must not be like a plume. On that subject it is absolutely forbidden to modify the look of the stern of show dogs.
UKC
The tail is quite long, thick at the base, and tapering toward the end. At rest, the tip must just touch the ground. The tail is carried in saber fashion but never falling on the back. It must not have a plume and the hair on the tail may never be trimmed.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Seen on the whole: Forelegs are short and well-boned; they are half-crooked or a little less than half-crooked, provided there is a sufficient principle of crook visible. Some folds of skin, without excess, on the pasterns, must be considered as a quality.
UKC
The shoulders are muscular and oblique. Some folds of skin, without exaggeration, on the pasterns are considered a quality.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Muscular, oblique.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The short forelegs are heavy boned. They are half crooked or a little less than half crooked, providing there is a sufficient principle of crook present. The elbows are close to the body.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are oval in shape and a little elongated. The toes are rather close and placed firmly on the ground for maximum support.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval shaped, a little elongated, toes rather close and placed firmly on the ground giving maximum support.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
On the whole: and seen from the back, a vertical line going from the point of the high (buttock) goes through the middle of the leg, the hock, the metatarsal and the foot.
UKC
The thighs are well developed, fleshy and muscular.

Thigh

:
FCI
Fleshy and muscular.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are short, corresponding in balance to the forelegs. The strong hocks are relatively bent, which places the hind foot slightly under the dog when he is at rest. A small pouch of skin at the point of the hock is not a fault. The rear pasterns are short and strong.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong, quite low, relatively bent, which places the hind foot slightly under the dog when he is at rest. A small pouch of skin at the point of the hock (calcaneum) is not a fault.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short and strong.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Even, quite effortless and steady movement.
UKC
Even, effortless and steady.

SKIN

:
FCI
Supple and fine.
UKC
The skin is supple and fine.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
Close, short and smooth without being too fine.
UKC
The coat is short, close and smooth, without being too fine.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Fawn with black blanket and white (“tricolour”) or fawn and white (“bi-colour). In the tricoloured dog, the head should be largely covered with tan hair and show a circle of darker hairs on each temple. The black blanket or the black patches should be composed of solid black hairs or black hair with “grizzle” (realising thus the former characteristic of “hare pied” or ”badger-pied”).
UKC
Tri-color or fawn and white. In the tri-color, the head should be largely covered with tan hair, and show a circle of darker hairs on the temples. The black blanket or patches should be comprised of solid black hairs or black hair with ‘grizzle’.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males and bitches 30 – 36 cm.
Tolerance +/- 1 cm for exceptional subjects.
UKC
The acceptable height range for males and females is 12 to 14 inches, with a slight tolerance in either direction for exceptional individuals.

Weight

:
FCI
15 – 20 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Head: Flat skull. Wide forehead. Medial furrow too pronounced. Eyes light, round and protruding, showing too much haw. Leathers flat, too round, thick, high set and broad at base.
  • Neck: Short.
  • Body: Topline soft or swayback. Xiphoid process either too short or absent. Ribs flat or deformed.
  • Tail: Too long, deviated or coarse.
  • Forequarters: Shoulder straight, short, insufficiently muscled. Out at elbows. Pasterns touching each other, knuckling over. Exaggerated crook with feet turning out excessively. Flat feet. Splay-feet.
  • Hindquarters: Thighs flat.Hocks close, too wide apart.
  • Coat: Hair soft, distinctly long or fringed. Colour black shading on the head.
  • Behaviour: Timid subjects.
UKC

Ears: Flat, thick, or high-set ears.
Forelegs: Forelegs touching or knuckled.
Body: Flat ribs.
Hind Legs: Closed hocks.
Feet: Flat feet. Splayed toes.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Timid or aggressive subject.
  • Serious anatomical anomaly.
  • Hereditary identifiable and disabling defect.
  • Lack of type.
  • Undershot or overshot mouth.
  • Eye very light.
  • Rear end of sternum too short with absence of xiphoid process.
  • Ribs very much deformed.
  • Forelegs completely straight.
  • Legs too weak.
  • Too much dark shading on the head.
  • Too much black-mottled giving the white a bluish tint.
  • Height at withers other than that of the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot or overshot bite. Completely straight forelegs. Albinism. Too much black mottling in the white, giving it a bluish tint.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Forelegs: Completely straight forelegs.
Color: Too much black mottling in the white, giving it a bluish tint.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.