Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Australian Terrier

Australian Terrier

Australian Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Australia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
08.10.2012.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
One of the smallest of the working Terriers, was bred to be both a helper and companion in rough times and terrain.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 2Small-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Although produced from British ancestors, the Australian Terrier is one of the few breeds in the terrier group to have been developed outside the United Kingdom. It can also rightly claim to be the first breed developed in Australia. It appears reasonably certain that both the Australian Silky Terrier and Australian Terrier had a common ancestry from stock in Tasmania, New South Wales and Victoria, namely the Broken Coated Terriers. It is assumed this type of dog originated from a mixture of British breeds, namely the Skye Terrier, Scottish Terrier (Aberdeen) and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. At intervals the Yorkshire Terrier was introduced. It is reported that in the early 1800’s free settlers around Campbelltown and Ross in Tasmania were breeding broken coated dogs of a blue sheen body colour and tan markings. They were renowned for their prowess as watchdogs and weighed about ten pounds.
UKC
The Australian Terrier and the Australian Silky (both toy-type breeds) share common ancestors. One version of the breed's history states it is a cross of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, from which it gained the topknot; the Skye Terrier, from which it got its short legs, long coat and length of body; the Irish Terrier, from which the color of the reds and sandies came; and the Manchester Terrier, from which came the rich tan markings of the blue and tans. It is also said it was crossed with the Yorkshire Terrier to control the size. It is a typical terrier in character and temperament and an effective rodent killer and watchdog. The Australian Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1969.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A sturdy low-set dog, rather long in proportion to height with strong Terrier character, alertness, activity and soundness. Its untrimmed, harsh coat with definite ruff around the neck extending to the breastbone and its long strong head assist in developing its hard bitten, rugged appearance.
KC
A sturdy low-set dog rather long in proportion to height. Untrimmed, harsh coat with definite ruff around neck extending to breastbone, assists hard bitten and rugged appearance.
UKC
A sturdy, low-set dog, rather long in proportion to height. The desirable size is 10 inches high at the withers and 14 pounds in weight for adults. It has an untrimmed harsh coat, with a definite ruff around the neck, a docked tail and erect ears.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Strong terrier character; alertness, activity and soundness. Essentially a working terrier, it is equally suited as a companion dog owing to its loyalty and even disposition.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Essentially a working terrier, but its loyalty and even disposition make it equally suitable as a companion dog.
KC
Friendly, extrovert, obedient and anxious to please. Lives happily in town or country. Not aggressive but courageous if attacked.
UKC
Essentially a working terrier, it is equally suited as a companion dog owing to its loyalty and even disposition.

HEAD

:
KC
Head long with flat skull of moderate width, full between eyes, with slight but definite stop. Muzzle strong but powerful, of equal length to that of skull, which should be covered with a soft, silky ‘top-knot’. Nose black, of moderate size, leather extending to bridge of muzzle.
UKC
The head is long and strong, full between the eyes, with a slight but definite stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Long, flat, of moderate width, full between the eyes. Covered with a soft topknot.
UKC
The skull should be long and flat, not too broad and covered with a soft, silky topknot.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight but definite.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, of moderate size, the leather extending to the bridge of muzzle.
UKC
The black nose is of moderate size, the leather extending to the bridge of the muzzle.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong and powerful, equal in length to that of the skull; the muzzle must be strong and not fall away under the eyes. The length and strength of the muzzle are essential to give the strong, punishing jaw.
KC
Jaws strong and punishing, scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is strong and powerful, as long as the skull, with clean, tight, black lips.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, tight and clean.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong and punishing, teeth large and evenly spaced, the upper incisors fitting closely over the lower (scissor bite).
UKC
A full complement of strong, white evenly spaced teeth meet in a scissors bite with the upper incisors fitting closely over the lower.

Eyes

:
FCI
The eyes shall be small, oval, with keen expression, and of dark brown colour, set well apart and not prominent.
KC
Relatively small with keen expression and of dark brown colour, set well apart and not prominent.
UKC
The dark brown eyes should be small, oval in shape and set well apart, giving a keen expression.

Ears

:
FCI
The ears are small, erect, pointed, well carried, set on moderately wide, free from long hair and sensitive in their use (puppies under six months excepted).
KC
Small, erect, pointed, well carried, set on moderately wide, free from long hair and sensitive in their use (puppies under six months excepted).
UKC
The ears are small, erect, pointed, well carried and set on moderately wide. They are free from long hair and sensitive in their use.

NECK

:
FCI
The neck is of good length, slightly arched, strong and flowing into the well angulated (well-laid) shoulders.
KC
Long, slightly arched, shapely and strong, blending into long, well laid shoulders.
UKC
Strong, of good length, slightly arched and flowing smoothly into sloping shoulder blades.

BODY

:
FCI
Long in proportion to height, strongly constructed. In considering the body, attention must be paid to the opening description, "a sturdy low set dog, rather long in proportion to height".
KC
Long in proportion to height, strongly constructed, with well sprung ribs and chest of moderate depth and width. Level topline. Loins strong. Flanks deep.
UKC
Long in proportion to height, strongly constructed, with well-sprung ribs of moderate depth and width. Forechest is well developed. Level topline, strong loin, deep through the flank.

Back

:
FCI
Level topline.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong.

Chest

:
FCI
Of moderate depth and width, with well sprung ribs. Forechest well developed, brisket relatively deep.

TAIL

:
FCI
Traditionally docked. Whether docked or natural, the tail should be set on high, and well carried, but not over the back.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set high and carried erect but not over back. Undocked: Set high and carried upright as straight as possible, giving good overall balance.
UKC
Docked, leaving slightly less than one half; set high and well carried, but not over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well boned, straight and parallel when viewed from the front. The legs are slightly feathered towards the wrist.
KC
Forelegs well boned and perfectly straight, parallel when viewed from front. Pasterns strong without slope, slightly feathered to knee.
UKC
Shoulders are well angulated.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Forelegs are well boned and perfectly straight, parallel when viewed from the front. Pasterns strong and upright without slope.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong, without slope.

FEET

:
KC
Small, well padded, toes closely knit and moderately arched, turned neither in nor out, with strong black or dark toenails.
UKC
Small and round with compact, well padded, moderately arched toes. Feet turn neither in nor out. Dark nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, round, compact, well padded, toes closely knit and moderately arched. Turned neither in nor out, with strong black or dark toenails.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Moderate length of quarters, broad. Viewed from behind they should be parallel from hock to feet, neither too wide nor too close.
KC
Moderate length of quarters, broad with strong muscular thighs, stifles well turned and hocks well bent and let down. Viewed from behind, parallel, neither too wide nor too close.
UKC
Broad, muscular and well angulated.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strong and muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well turned.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Stifles well turned and hocks well bent and let down. Viewed from behind legs should be parallel, neither too wide nor to close.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well bent and let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The action to be free, true, springy and forceful. When viewed from the front, the forelegs should move truly without looseness of shoulder, elbows or pasterns. The hindquarters to have drive and power, with free movement of stifles and hocks. Viewed from the rear the legs from the hocks to the ground to be parallel, neither too close nor too wide.
KC
Free, springy and forceful. When viewed from front, forelegs move truly without looseness of shoulder, elbows or pasterns. Hindquarters have drive and power, with free movement of stifles and hocks. Seen from rear, legs from hocks to ground parallel, neither too close nor too wide.
UKC
The action to be free, springy and forceful. When viewed from the front, the forelegs move truly, without looseness of shoulder, elbows or pasterns. The hindquarters have drive and power, with free movement of stifles and hocks. Seen from the rear, the rear pasterns (from the hock joint to the ground) are parallel. They are neither too close or too wide.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The body coat consists of a harsh straight dense top coat approximately 6 cms long with short soft textured undercoat. The muzzle, lower legs and feet to be free from long hair.
KC
Body coat consists of harsh straight dense top coat, approximately 6.35 cms (21/2 ins) long with short, soft-textured undercoat. Muzzle, lower legs and feet free from long hair.
UKC
The coat should consist of a harsh, straight, dense top coat, approximately 2½ inches long, with short soft-textured undercoat. The forelegs are slightly feathered to the knee. Muzzle, lower legs and feet to be free from long hair.

COLOUR

:
FCI

a) Blue, steel blue or dark grey blue, with rich tan (not sandy) on face, ears, under body, lower legs and feet and around vent puppies excepted). The richer the colour and more clearly defined the better. Smuttiness is objectionable. Topknot blue, silver or a lighter shade than head colour.
b) Clear sandy or red, any smuttiness or dark shadings objectionable. A topknot of a lighter shade is acceptable.
In any colour, white markings on chest or feet must be penalised.
KC
(a) Blue, steel blue or dark grey blue, with rich tan (not sandy) on face, ears, under body, lower legs and feet and around the vent (puppies excepted). The richer the colour and more clearly defined the better. ‘Top-knot’ blue or silver of a lighter shade than head colour. (b) Clear sandy or red, smuttiness or dark shading undesirable. ‘Top-knot’ a lighter shade.
UKC
Acceptable colors include Blue and Tan, and Sandy or Red. Blue and Tan - the blue may be a dark blue, steel blue, dark gray blue or silver blue. The tan markings are as rich as possible on the face, ears, underbody, lower legs and feet and around the vent. The richer the color and more clearly defined the better. The topknot is silver or a lighter shade than head color. Sandy or Red - May be any shade of solid sandy or solid red, the clearer the color the better.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: approximately 25.5 cms (10 ins) at withers. Weight: approximately 6.5kgs (14 lbs).
UKC
The desired height is approximately 10 inches for males, slightly less for females. Desired weight is approximately 14 pounds for males, slightly less for females.

Height at withers

:
FCI
The desirable height is approximately 25 cms, , with bitches slightly less.

Weight

:
FCI
The desirable weight is approximately 6,5 kgs for dogs, with bitches slightly less.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Overshot or undershot bites.
Nose: Flesh-colored nose.
Feet: Flesh-colored nails.
Coat: Curly coat. Woolly coat.
Color: White on chest or feet. All black coat (except in puppies). Runaway tan in the blue portion of the coat. Dark smut in Sandy or Red dogs.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.