Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Artois Hound

(Chien d’Artois)

Chien d’Artois


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.07.1996.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
The Artois Hound is a briquet (small type), nowadays especially used in hunting with the gun. He drives the game closer taking advantage of their faults with cleverness, and his speed is average but maintained. He is a hardy animal, endowed with a marvellous tongue in a high pitched voice which can be heard from far away. Six to eight tricolour matching Artois hounds constitute a small pack susceptible of giving pleasure to a most demanding huntmaster.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.2Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds
With working trial

UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
This breed, formerly named Picard, was much appreciated in ancient hunting at the time of Henri IV and Louis XIII and much sought after. Selincourt already made much of it, wondering and amazed to see these dogs pulling in a hare which had passed by one hour ago in dry weather.
Le Couteulx de Canteleu, in Manuel de Vénerie Française: (1890 - Manual of French Hunting), praises also the Artois Hound. He reports that the artesien breed was crossbred and difficult to find pure but, in spite of that, it still remained one of the best breeds for hare hunting. He has taken care, however, of placing representatives of the breed in the big kennel of the Jardin d’Acclimatation, so that it would be know by the general public. At the end of the XIXth century and at the beginning of our century, M. Levoir in Picardy has attempted the re-establishment of the old Artois type without really succeeding. During that period and until the beginning of the First World War, it was another Picard breeder, M. Mallard, who dominated the raising of the breed. But if he produced very pretty dogs, as witnessed by his numerous awards in canine shows. After the second World War, it was believed that the Artois Hound was one of the breeds lost for ever. But at the beginning of the 1970s M. Audrechy, of Buigny les Gamaches in the Somme, has fixed as a task to reconstitue the kennel. It is thanks to his efforts and those of Mme Pilat that this breed regains its place amongst the scenthounds.
UKC
Formerly named the Picard, the Chien d’Artois is an ancient French hunting breed that is widely used on deer, hare and wild boar. They generally hunt in a small pack of six to eight hounds. Following the Second World War, it was feared that the breed was one that had been lost, but in the early 1970’s the breed was reconstructed in its homeland. The Chien d’Artois was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Well constructed dog, muscled and not too long, giving the impression of strength and energy.
UKC
A well constructed, muscular, medium sized, short coated scenthound breed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Size/Length of body between 10 : 10 and 10 : 11
Depth of chest / Size between 1 : 2
Width of skull/Length of head between 5 : 9
Length of muzzle/Length of skull between 8 : 10

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Vigorous and hardy dog, with a very fine nose, assembling well in the pack, balanced and affectionate.
UKC
Vigorous and hard, with a well developed nose, and a strong pack instinct.

HEAD

:

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Strong, broad, quite short, rounded and flat at its upper part but with the occipital protuberance only slightly pronounced.
UKC
Strong, broad, and not too long, the skull is rounded on top, but there is no prominence of occiput. The stop is accentuated.

Stop

:
FCI
Accentuated.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, strong, with well opened nostrils.
UKC
Strong and black, with well opened nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Straight and, seen in profile, moderately elongated.
UKC
Slightly shorter than the skull, with a straight nasal bone. The upper lip covers the lower lip and forms a square profile.

Lips

:
FCI
The upper lip largely covering the lower lip and must be rather important so as to give a square shape to the extremity of the muzzle, seen in profile.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite, the upper incisors covering the lower in a narrow contact and are well set squarely in relation to the jaws.
UKC
The Chien d’Artois has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
In relation to the width of the forehead, the eyes are not very close together; they are round, level with the head surface, with a melancholic and soft expression; dark brown in colour. The mucous membranes of the lower lids must not be visible.
UKC
The eyes are set rather well apart. They are round in shape and dark brown in color. The expression is soft and melancholy.

Ears

:
UKC
Set at eye level, broad at the base, and rounded at the tips. Nearly flat and quite long, reaching to the nose.

Leathers

:
FCI
Set at eye level, a little thick, broad, round at the tip, almost flat and quite long, reaching the beginning of the nose.

NECK

:
FCI
Moderately long, powerful; very little dewlap.
UKC
Moderately long and powerful, with little dewlap.

BODY

:
UKC
In proportion, the body is just slightly longer than tall. The chest is let down to the elbow, and the ribs are rounded. The back is broad and straight, and the loin is slightly arched. The croup inclines slightly. The flanks are full.

Back

:
FCI
Broad and well supported.

Loin

:
FCI
Slightly arched.

Croup

:
FCI
The hips give a slight inclination to the croup, which is well muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and long, rather let down so that the sternal line arrives at elbow level. Ribs well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Flanks full.

TAIL

:
FCI
Strong, quite long; there should be some longer and coarser, slightly offstanding hairs (like ears of grain) towards the tip; carried sickle fashion, never falling forward.
UKC
Strong and quite long, the tail is carried in sickle fashion. There is a brush on the underside of the tail.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The limbs are strong and vertical.
UKC
The shoulders are oblique and muscular.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Oblique and muscled.

Elbow

:
FCI
Set well in the axis of the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Strong and vertical. The length of the foreleg is one half the height at the withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Slightly oblique.

FEET

:
UKC
Oval in shape, with tight toes and black pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Slightly elongated, strong but sufficiently tight; the pads are black, tough and compact.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from behind, the point of the buttock, the middle of the leg, the hock, the metatarsal and the foot are on the same vertical line.

Thigh

:
FCI
Let down and well muscled.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are straight and parallel when viewed from behind. There is moderate angulation at the hock, and the rear pasterns are short and vertical.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Strong and moderately angulated.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short and strong.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Even and easy.
UKC
Even and easy.

SKIN

:
FCI
Quite thick.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, thick and quite flat.
UKC
Short, thick and flat.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Dark fawn tricolour, similar to the coat of the hare or the badger, with mantle or large patches, the head usually fawn, sometimes with black overlay.
UKC
Dark fawn hound tricolor, similar to hare or badger, with a mantle or large patches. The head is usually fawn, sometimes with a black overlay.

SIZE

:
UKC
Height for males and females is between 21and 23 inches at the withers. Weight is from 62 to 66 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males and females 53 to 58 cm
With a tolerance of 1 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
On average 28 to 30 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Head: Narrow skull, dome shaped. Muzzle too pointed. Upper lip insufficiently let down and tight. Eye slightly light, conjunctiva visible. Ears set below eye level, short, not flat enough.
  • Neck: Long reach of neck, light.
  • Body: Dorsal region too long, topline soft, hollow. Ribs flat. Whippety flanks.
  • Tail: Too long, deviated.
  • Forequarters: Straight shoulder. Out at elbows. Straight pastern. Flat feet. Toes splayed, too long.
  • Hindquarters: Thighs flat. Hocks straight, either cow-hocked or barrel-shaped.
  • Colour: Mottled.
  • Behaviour: Timid subject.
UKC

Eyes: Light eyes.
Ears: Low set, short or curled ears.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Shy or aggressive subject.
Lack of type (the dog on the whole not sufficiently resembling his fellow creatures of the same breed).
Anatomical anomaly.
Determined hereditary disabling defect.
Under- or overshot mouth.
Eye very light.
Weak limbs.
Other colour than that of the standard.
Distinctly mottled.
Height at the withers other than that of the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Height over or under the accepted measurements.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite. Yellow (hawk) eyes. Any color other than described.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Eyes: Yellow (hawk) eyes.
Color: Any color other than described.

other

:
FCI
Utilization (details):In the country: Because of his acute sense of smell, he is capable of out manoeuvring the tricks of the hare.
In the wood: With his incontestable qualities of a hunter, in the sparse and well scattered groups of tall trees, he hunts a deer beautifully in the desired direction.
In the thicket: His intrepidity and bravery means that he can stir up and even obstinate boar.
Moreover: He is a hardy animal, endowed with a marvellous tongue in a high pitched voice which can be heard from far away.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.