|Fédération Cynologique Internationale|
|United Kennel Club|
Appenzell Cattle Dog(Appenzeller Sennenhund)
Driving-, watch-, guard-, house- and farm dog. Today also a versatile working and family dog.
|Group 2||Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid|
|Section 3||Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs|
|Without working trial|
Mrs. C. Seidler.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
In 1853 an Appenzell Cattle Dog was first described in the book “Tierleben der Alpenwelt” (Animal Life in the Alps) as a “high-pitch barking, short-haired, medium size, multicolour cattle dog of a quite even Spitz type, which can be found in certain regions and is used partly to guard the homestead, partly to herd cattle.” In 1895, the great promotor of the breed, head-forester Max Siber, asked the Schweizerische Kynologische Gesellschaft (SKG - Swiss Cynological Society) to do something for the breed. In 1898 the executive authorities of the Canton St. Gallen put the sum of SFr. 400.- at disposal to support the breeding of the Appenzell Cattle Dog. As a result, 8 Appenzell Cattle Dogs were shown at the first international dog show in Winterthur and entered in the newly introduced, separate class “Cattle Dogs”. At the instigation of Prof. Dr. Albert Heim, the “Appenzeller Sennenhund Club” was founded in 1906. The original breeding territory was the Appenzell region. Today the breed is distributed all over Switzerland and beyond its borders and bred in many European countries. Although the Appenzell Cattle Dog has found many admirers, the breeding stock is still very small. It is only by responsible and careful breeding that it will be possible to establish and consolidate its natural and outstanding hereditary qualities.
The four Sennenhunds were developed by the crossing of the Roman Mastiffs with the local Swiss working dogs during the time of the Roman invasion and conquest of Europe. These four breeds include the Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs, the Bernese Mountain Dog, the Entlebucher and the Appenzeller. It is generally accepted that the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog was the first of the breeds to develop, and the other three descended from it. Some Spitz influence is also suspected in the heritage of the Appenzeller, reflected by the carrying of the tail curled over the back, in its high energy level and watchfulness, and a more refined head and body than those of the other three Sennenhunds. The breed was and still is used as a cattle herder, as a home guardian and as an all-around farm dog. Currently the Appenzeller is also campaigned in obedience and Schutzhund work. The Appenzeller was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1993.
Tricolour, medium-sized, almost squarely built dog, balanced in all parts. Muscular, very agile and deft, with a cheeky expression.
The Appenzeller is a medium-sized breed. They are muscular, but not massive. They have a short, smooth coat and a tail that is carried curled over the back. The Appenzeller is always tri-colored - with a black ground coat and rich rust and clear white markings.
Height at withers to length of body = 9 10. Rather compact than long.
Length of muzzle to length of skull = 4 5.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Lively, high-spirited, self-assured, reliable and fearless. Slightly suspicious of strangers. A watchdog which cannot be bribed, and capable of learning.
Lively and high spirited, the Appenzeller is an intelligent, trainable breed that is a reliable worker and an excellent watchdog, due to its natural suspicion of strangers.
Balanced size in relation to body. Slightly wedge-shaped.
The slightly wedge shaped head is balanced in proportion to the body.
Skull fairly flat, broadest between the ears, tapering evenly towards the muzzle. Occiput barely pronounced. Frontal furrow moderately developed.
The skull is fairly flat on top and broadest between the ears, tapering in width towards the eyes. The occiput is not prominent. There is a moderate frontal furrow, and the stop is slight.
In black dogs black, in havana-brown dogs brown (as dark as possible).
The nose is black or brown, depending on the color of the coat.
Medium strength, tapering evenly, but not snipy, with strong lower jaw. Nasal bridge straight.
The muzzle is slightly shorter in length than the skull. It tapers gradually in width toward the nose but is never snipy. The lips are clean and rather tight. The cheeks are barely pronounced.
Clean and close fitting, with black pigmentation in black dogs or with brown pigmentation (as dark as possible) in havana-brown dog. Corner of the mouth not visible.
Strong, complete and regular scissor bite. Pincer bite tolerated. One missing PM1 or double PM1 (premolar 1) and missing M3 (molars) tolerated.
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite. A level bite is acceptable. Missing premolars (PM1) and M3 molars are not faulted.
Rather small, almond-shaped, not protruding. Set slightly oblique towards the nose. Expression lively. Colour in black dogs dark brown, brown; in havana brown dogs lighter brown, but as dark as possible. Eye-lids close fitting. Eye-rims black respectively brown (as dark as possible) corresponding to the colour of the coat.
The rather small eyes are almond shaped, not protruding and set slightly obliquely. In Black dogs they are brown to dark brown; in Havana brown dogs, they may be lighter brown, but the darker the better. Eye rims black or brown depending on the color of the coat.
Set on fairly high and broad; in repose hanging down flat and close to cheeks. Triangular shape with tips slightly rounded off. In alertness raised at set-on and turned forward so that the head and ears, seen from above, form a marked triangle.
The small to medium-sized, triangular shaped ears are rounded at the tips. They are set on high and hang down against the cheeks when the dog is at rest. They are carried slightly forward when the dog is alert. The top of the ear is level with the top of the skull.
Rather short, strong and clean.
Rather short, strong and clean.
In proportion, the Appenzeller is slightly longer than tall in a ratio of 10:9. The chest is broad and deep and there is definite forechest. The ribs are round to oval in shape. The backline is level; there may be a slight rise at the withers. The back is firm. The loin is strong. The croup is broad and flat, not sloping. There is a slight tuck up.
Moderately long, firm and straight.
Short and well muscled.
Relatively short, running in flat continuation of the topline.
Broad, deep, reaching to the elbows, with definite forechest. Sternum reaching sufficiently far back. Ribcage round-oval in diameter.
Underline and belly:
Only slight tuck up.
Set on high, strong, of medium length, densely coated. Hair slightly longer on underside. In movement carried tightly curled over the croup, carried sideways or in centre. In repose pendent tail in various shapes tolerated.
The high set, strong tail is densely coated. It is carried curled tightly over the back when the dog is in movement. When the dog is relaxed the tail may be pendant in various positions.
Strong and dry bone.
Well muscled; seen from front forelegs straight and parallel; standing not too close.
The shoulder blade and upper arms are long and sloping, forming a moderate angle.
Shoulder blade long and sloping.
Same length or only slightly shorter than shoulder blade. Angle with shoulder blade not too blunt.
The forelegs are straight, lean and muscular. The pasterns slope slightly. Dewclaws may be removed from the forelegs.
Seen from front in straight continuation of the forearm. Seen from the side, set at a very light angle.
Short, with tight, arched toes and solid pads.
Short, arched, tight toes; solid pads.
Well muscled. Seen from rear, hindlegs straight and parallel, standing not too close. The typical angulations result in relatively “steep” hindquarters.
The well muscled hindquarters are moderately angulated at the hip.
Fairly long, forming a relatively small angle to the hip-bone (coxo-femoral joint).
Seen from the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel and not too close together. The hock joint is fairly high and the rear pasterns are longer than the front pasterns. Dewclaws should be removed except in countries where it is not allowed.
Equally long or only slightly shorter than the upper thigh. Lean and well muscled.
Set relatively high.
Set vertical and parallel, slightly longer than the front pastern, turning neither in nor out. Dewclaws must be removed, except in those countries where their removal is prohibited by law.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Good rear drive, well reaching stride in front. Seen from either front or rear, limbs move in a straight line when trotting.
There is good reach in the forequarters and a powerful drive from the hindquarters, without any wasted action. As speed increases, the dog tends to single track.
Double coat (Stockhaar) Firm and fitting. Topcoat thick and shiny. Undercoat thick, black, brown or grey. It is undesirable for the undercoat to be visible through the topcoat. Slightly wavy coat only on withers and back just tolerated, but not desirable.
Double, firm and close fitting. The topcoat is thick and shiny; the undercoat is thick but should not show through the topcoat. Coat on the withers and back that is slightly wavy is acceptable, but not desirable.
Basic colour black or havana brown with reddish-brown and white markings as symmetrical as possible. Small reddish-brown spots over eyes. Reddish-brown markings on cheeks, chest (left and right in the region of the shoulder-joint) and on legs. The reddish-brown on the latter must invariably be located between the black, resp.havana brown and the white.
White markings: Distinct white blaze which runs from the skull without break over the bridge of the nose and can reach totally or partially round the muzzle.
White from chin, covering throat without break at chest.
White on all four feet.
White on tip of tail.
White spot on nape of neck or half collar tolerated.
Thin white ring all around neck tolerated but not desirable.
The Appenzeller is tri-colored, with a base color of black or Havana brown, each having rust and white markings that are as symmetrical as possible. The rust markings appear over each eye, on the cheeks (reaching to at least the corner of the mouth), on each side of the chest, on all four legs and under the tail. Wherever the rust markings appear, they are invariably located between the base color and white areas. White markings: Distinct white blaze which runs from the skull without break over the bridge of the nose and can reach totally or partially round the muzzle. White from chin, covering throat without break at chest. White on all four feet. White on tip of tail. White spot on nape of neck or half collar tolerated. Thin white ring all around neck tolerated but not desirable.
Height ranges, measured at the withers: males, 20½ to 22 inches; females, slightly smaller.
Height at withers:
Dogs 52 – 56 cm,
Bitches 50 – 54 cm.
Tolerance of plus or minus 2 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Lack of typical sex-specific appearance.
To long or unbalanced in body.
Bone fine or too coarse.
Very heavy or very light in head.
Stop too defined.
Muzzle too long, too short, narrow or pointed; nasal bridge not straight.
Lips too developed.
Absence of teeth other than 2 PM1 (premolars 1).
Cheeks too prominent.
Eyes round, protruding or light.
Ears too small, too large, standing off; set on too high or too low.
Swayback, roach back.
Croup overbuilt or falling away.
Belly tucked up.
Chest flat or barrel-shaped; lack of forechest; sternum too short.
Loosely rolled tail, its tip reaching at least the base of the tail.
Insufficient angulation of fore-and hindquarters.
Out at elbows.
Down on pastern.
Feet longish-oval (harefeet), splay feet.
Incorrect movement, e.g. short, stilted gait, close movement coming and going, crossing etc.
Undercoat visible through topcoat.
Faults in marking
- Black ticks on white.
- Broken blaze.
- Broad white collar around the hole neck.
- Divided white on chest.
- White reaching distinctly above pastern (“boots”).
- Absence of white on feet and tip of tail.
Insecure behaviour, absence of liveliness, slight sharpness.
Muzzle: Narrow or round skull. Rounded forehead. Excessively long, thin or curved muzzle. Stop too pronounced.
Eyes: Light eyes. Round eyes.
Ears: Short, pointed ears. Ears laying away from the head or carried badly.
Forelegs: Weak pasterns.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Overshot or undershot mouth.
- Entropion, ectropion.
- Wall eye.
- Sickle tail (its tip not reaching the base of the tail), definitely pendent tail; kink tail.
- Other than double coat (Stockhaar).
- Other than tricoloured coat.
- Other than black or havana-brown main colour.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite. Entropion or ectropion. Wall eyes. A tail that does not curl tightly when the dog is in motion. Single coat. Any base color other than black or Havana brown. Lack of tricolor markings.
Teeth: Overshot. Undershot.
Eyes: entropion or ectropion. Wall eyes.
Tail: A tail that does not curl tightly when the dog is in motion.
Coat: Single coat.
Color: Any base color other than black or Havana brown. Lack of tricolor markings. Albinism.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.