Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

American Water Spaniel

American Water Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
U.S.A.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
14.02.1995.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
The American Water Spaniel was developed in the United States as an all-around hunting dog, bred to retrieve from skiff or canoes and work ground with relative ease.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 3Water Dogs
With working trial

UKC
Gun Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The breed is "American made." It was developed in the Wolf and Fox River Valley region of East-Central Wisconsin. The rivers and large lakes they feed - Poygan, Butte des Morts and Winnebago - provided a waterfowl gunner's paradise in the late 1800's. They required a sturdy little dog that could shake off the cold and work marsh cover, yet could fit into a small canoe or skiff. It was for this purpose the breed was developed. Some say the breed developed from crosses of the now extinct English Water Spaniel, Irish Water Spaniel and the Flat Coated Retriever. On February 8, 1920, the UKC registered the first American Water Spaniel, "Curly Pfeifer", named after Dr. F.J. Pfeifer, the first person to register the breed. By 1924, his kennel had developed the breed to the level of having three generations of his line of dogs and as a result was given the Purple Ribbon status. (At least three generations of the ancestors registered with UKC). The American Water Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1920.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The American Water Spaniel is an active muscular dog, medium in size with a marcel to curly coat. Emphasis is placed on proper size and a symmetrical relationship of parts, texture of coat and colour.
A solidly built and well-muscled dog full of strength and quality. The breed has as much substance and bone as necessary to carry the muscular structure but not so much as to appear clumsy.
UKC
The American Water Spaniel is a moderate-sized hunting dog, weighs from 25 to 45 pounds, is from 15 to 18 inches high at the withers, and is compact. It has a curly coat that is dark brown to liver in color, with a moderate length, rocker shaped, hair covered-tail. Working dogs are not to be penalized under any conditions for scars or blemishes that are due to hunting injuries.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Is slightly longer than tall, not too square or compact. However, exact proportion is not as important as the dog being well-balanced and sound, capable of performing the breed’s intended function.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Demeanor indicates intelligence, eagerness to please and friendly. Great energy and eagerness for the hunt yet controllable in the field.
UKC
A sturdy little dog, with a good nose and a fondness for water, he is a busy worker, both eager to please and easily trained.

HEAD

:
FCI
The head must be in proportion to the overall dog. Moderate in length. Expression is alert, self-confident, attractive and intelligent.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Rather broad and full.
UKC
Rather broad and full, moderate in length. Stop moderately defined. Forehead covered with short smooth hair and without tuft or topknot.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderately defined, but not too pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Dark in colour, black or dark brown. The nose sufficiently wide and with well-developed nostrils to insure good scenting power.
UKC
Sufficiently wide and with well-developed nostrils to insure good scenting power.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Moderate in length, square with good depth. No inclination to snipiness.
UKC
Of medium length and square, with no inclination towards snipiness.

Lips

:
FCI
Clean and tight without excess skin or flews.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Either scissor or level bite.
UKC
A full complement of strong, straight, well shaped, white teeth meet in a bite that is neither undershot nor overshot.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium size, set well apart, while slightly rounded, should not appear protruding or bulging. Lids tight, not drooping. Eye colour can range from a light yellowish brown to brown, hazel or dark tone to harmonize with coat. Disqualify yellow eyes. Yellow eyes are a bright colour like that of lemon, not to be confused with the light yellowish brown.
UKC
Well set apart, and somewhat round in shape. Color, hazel or brown, or of dark color to harmonize with the coat.

Ears

:
FCI
Set slightly above the eye line but not too high on the head, lobular, long and wide with leather extending to nose.
UKC
Long, wide and lobular, set slightly above the level of the eye. Leather extending to end of nose and well-covered with close curls.

NECK

:
FCI
Round and of medium length, strong and muscular, free of throatiness, set to carry head with dignity, but arch not accentuated.
UKC
Round and of medium length, strong and muscular, free of throatiness, set to carry head with dignity; arched, but not accentuated.

BODY

:
FCI
Well developed, sturdily constructed but not too compactly coupled.
UKC
General outline gives the impression of a symmetrical relationship of parts. Body is well-developed, sturdily constructed, but not too compactly coupled. Brisket deep, but not excessively broad. Well-sprung ribs. Strong loins slightly arched, without a tucked-up appearance.

Topline

:
FCI
Level or slight, straight slope from withers.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong.

Chest

:
FCI
Well-developed brisket extending to elbow neither too broad nor too narrow. The ribs well-sprung, but not so well-sprung that they interfere with the movement of the front assembly.

Flank

:
FCI
Not showing tuck up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Is moderate in length, curved in a rocker fashion, can be carried either slightly below or above the level of the back. The tail is tapered, lively and covered with hair with moderate feathering.
UKC
Is of moderate length, slightly curved in a rocker shape. Carried below the level of the back, tapered and covered with hair to tip. Action is lively.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs medium in length, straight and well-boned, but not so short as to handicap for field work or so heavy to appear clumsy.
UKC
Shoulders sloping, clean and muscular.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping, clean and muscular.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Medium length, powerful, well boned and reasonably straight. Dewclaws may be present.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong with no suggestion of weakness. Front dewclaws are permissible.

FEET

:
UKC
Feet in proportion with size of dog. Toes closely coupled, well-padded and webbed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Size of feet to harmonize with size of dog. Toes closely grouped, webbed and well-padded.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The whole rear assembly shows strength and drive. Legs from hock joint to foot pad moderate in length, strong and straight with good bone structure.
Hips: Well-developed.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well-developed.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Muscular, with suitably bent stifles and strong, well let down hocks that are rounded, not sharp or pointed in shape.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Slightly rounded, should not be small and sharp in contour, moderately angulated.

Hock

:
FCI
Parallel.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The American Water Spaniel moves with well-balanced reach and drive. Watching a dog move towards one, there should be no signs of elbows being out. Upon viewing the dog from the rear, one should get the impression that the hind legs, which should be well-muscled and not cowhocked, move as nearly parallel as possible, with hocks doing their full share of work and flexing well, thus giving the appearance of power and strength.
UKC
Well-balanced, with matching front reach and rear drive. No tendency for legs to cross over or interfere with one another. Hind legs move nearly parallel to front legs when viewed from behind.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
Coat can range from marcel (uniform waves) to closely curled. The amount of waves or curls can vary from one area to another on the dog. It is important to have undercoat to provide sufficient density to be of protection against weather, water or punishing cover, yet not too coarse or too soft. The throat, neck and rear of the dog well-covered with hair. The ear well-covered with hair on both sides with ear canal evident upon inspection. Forehead covered with short smooth hair and without topknot. Tail covered with hair to tip with moderate feathering. Legs have moderate feathering with waves or curls to harmonize with coat of dog. Coat may be trimmed to present a well-groomed appearance; the ears may be shaved; but neither is required.
UKC
The coat should be closely curled or have marcel effect and should be of sufficient density (and texture) to be protection against the elements.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Colour either solid liver, brown or dark chocolate. A little white on toes and chest permissible.
UKC
Solid liver or dark chocolate. A little white on toes or chest is permissible.

SIZE

:
FCI
15 to 18 inches for either sex. Males weighing 30-45 lbs. Females weighing 25-40 lbs. Females tend to be slightly smaller than the males. There is no preference for size within the given range of either sex providing correct proportion, good substance and balance is maintained.
UKC
Height ranges from 15 to 18 inches for either sex. Males, 28 to 45 pounds; females, 25 to 40 pounds.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC

Tail: Rat or shaved tailed.
Coat: Coat too straight, soft, coarse, fine or tightly kinked.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Yellow eyes.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Yellow (lemon) eyes.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Eyes: Yellow (lemon) eyes.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.